Theology and Slavery: Charles Hodge and Horace Bushnell
This book examines two important American Protestant theologians: the archconservative Charles Hodge (1797?1878), and the archliberal Horace Bushnell (1802?1876), and their stances on racial slavery. Hodge, with his rigid doctrine of biblical inerrancy, and Bushnell, with his open-ended experiential theology, represent two poles of thought that continually assert themselves when American Protestants speak out on social issues. This book provides a case study in the moral implications of each of these enduring polarities and upsets conventional understandings of the relationship of conservative and liberal Protestantism to slavery and race. The ambivalent attitudes of both men toward slavery and race are significant aspects of both of their enduring intellectual legacies. This is the first book-length comparison of these two theologians on this subject.
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A. A. Hodge abolition of slavery abolitionism abolitionists affirmed African colonization African inferiority African-American American Antebellum anthropological assumptions antislavery argued Assembly biblical BRPR Bushnell's Charles Hodge Charles Hodge Revisited Charles Scribner's Sons Christ Christian Nurture Civil Congregational Congregationalism defend Discourse Distinctions of Color divine doctrine emancipation emancipationists Enlightenment essential Eugene Genovese Evangelical evil former slaves freedom Grimke Hartford History Hodge and Bushnell Hodge's Horace Bushnell human unity Ibid idea institution intellectual interpretation language laws Mark Noll moral Noll Northern opposition to slavery polygenetic theory predominant loyalties Presbyterian Presbyterian Church Princeton Review Princeton Theological Seminary principle of virtue proslavery argument Puritan as Yankee quoted racial slavery racism Religion religious Scripture Seminary Singular Genius slaveholding slavery and race Slavery Question Social Gospel society South Southern clergy statements on slavery Systematic Theology theologians theological method tradition truth United unity of humankind University Press views on slavery Virtuous Republic Walter Rauschenbusch York
Page 23 - Edmund S. Morgan, American Slavery, American Freedom: The Ordeal of Colonial Virginia (New York: WW Norton & Company, 1975); Orlando Patterson, Slavery and Social Death: A Comparative Study (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1982). 21. Joan W. Scott, "The Evidence of Experience," Critical Inquiry 17 (Summer 1991): 776.
Page 3 - Sydney E. Ahlstrom, A Religious History of the American People (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1972); a more compact account is by Winthrop S.