Warfare Under the Anglo-Norman Kings, 1066-1135
This is a study of the warfare waged between 1066 and 1135 by the Anglo-Norman kings of England - William the Conqueror, William Rufus and Henry I. Bringing together the two major trends in recent medieval military history, the study of military organisations and the study of campaigns, Stephen Morillo illuminates the interrelationship of military organisation and social and political structures. The familia regis, the king's military household, emerges in a central role: its influence extended from castle garrisons, engineering and supply to the organisation of armies; its permanence and professionalism dictated tactical practices in battle. By contrast, the military importance of the feudal system is considerably reduced. Stephen Morillo's examination of the roles of armies and castles and the normal activities of warfare shows why ravaging and plundering the land and besieging castles were far more common than pitched battles. He analyses siege and battle tactics in the context of social and political influences, administrative structures and campaign patterns, and he proposes a connection in most pre-modern warfare between government strength and infantry quality. Among the new perceptions that the author brings to this perennially interesting field of study are an explanation of the Anglo-Norman knights' tendency to dismount and fight as infantry, and a dismissal of the widely-held view that the use of the stirrup was the fundamental reason for the tactical dominance of medieval cavalry. This is a major restatement of the nature of medieval warfare in the eleventh and twelfth centuries.
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Anglo Anglo-Norman armies Anglo-Norman kings Anglo-Norman military system Anglo-Norman royal armies Anglo-Norman warfare Anglo-Saxon England armor assault attack barons battle of Hastings battle tactics besiegers Brown campaign cavalry Chibnall combat command defense discipline discussed dismounted duchy Duke effective elite enfeoffed English familia feudal host Feudal Society field armies field forces fighting fleet Florence forage fyrd fyrd service garrison Gillingham Harold Hastings Henry Henry's Hollister horses housecarls important infantry invasion king's land leadership lordship manpower medieval warfare mercenaries Middle Ages Military Household Military Obligation motte-and-bailey mounted naval Norman kings Normandy offensive organization Pipe Roll pool Prestwich probably problems ravage and plunder realm rebellion rebels regis reign roads Robert Curthose Robert of Belleme role royal forces RRAN Rufus scutage ships siege soldiers sources stirrup strategic stronghold subinfeudation supplies Symeon terms of service territorial thegns threat transport troops Vegetius William of Poitiers William the Bastard William the Conqueror