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own behaviour) we make guilty of our disasters, the fun, the moon, and stars; as if we were villains on necessity, fools, by heavenly compulsion; knaves, thieves, and treacherous, by spherical predominance : drunkards, liars, and adulterers, by an inforced obedience of planetary influence; and all that we are evil in, by a divine thrusting on. An admirable evasion of whore. master man, to lay his goatish disposition on the charge of a star! my father compounded with my mother under the dragon's tail, and my nativity was under Urla major; so that it follows, I am rough and letcherous. I should have been what I am, had the maidenliest star in the firinament twinkled on my bastardizing
SCENE XV. A Father cursing his Child.
Hear nature !
Without beginning; for no date prefixt
How sharper than a ferpent's tooth it is
Ingratitude in a Child.
(6) Ingratitude! thou marble-hearted fiend, More hideous, when thou shew'st thee in a child, Than the sea-monster.
Flattering Sycophants. That such a slave as this should wear a sword, Who wears no honesty: (7) such smiling rogues (as these,]
(6) Ingratitude, &c.] Ingratitude, a marble-hearted fiend, is more hideous and dreadful when shewing itself in a child, than even that fea-monster, which is the emblem itfelf of impiety and ingratitude : by which monster he means the Hippotamus, or river-horse, “ which, says Sandys, in his travels, p. 105. fig. nify'd murder, impudence, violence, and injustice : for they say, that he killeth his fire, and ravishes his own dam.” Mr. Upton's alteration of, Than i'th' sea-monster, seems unnecessary : for the poet makes ingratitude, a fiend, a monster itself, and one more odious than even this hieroglyphical symbol of impiety. See Observations on Shakespear, p. 203,
(7) Sych, &c.] The words, as these, may be safely omitted without injuring the sense ; they are fiat and spoil the metre. The next lines are read thus in the old editions ;
Like rats, oft bite the holy cords atwaine,
Which are t'intrince t’unloose. Atwaive is doubtiess the genuine word, which was commonly used, fignifying, in tro, asunder, in train. And Mr. Upton.observing that Shakespear sometimes Itrikes off a syllable or more from the latter part of a word, would preserve intrince in the text, which he explains by intrinsicale. 'Tis certain the author ufes intrinsicaie, but I don't remember ever to have met with intrince : “ This shortening of words, is indeed too much the genius of our language;" and as the Reader knows the sense of
Like rats oft bite the holy cords atwain
Plain, blunt Men.
This is some fellow,
SCENE VII. Description of Bedlam Beggars.
While I may 'scape,
conteinpt Brought near to beast: my face I'll grime with filth ; Blanket my loins ; elle all my hair in knots ;
the word, and what the critics would read, I have kept to the old editions, notwithstanding the quotation made by me from Mr. Edwards, in the place just referred to. I forbear quoting any similar passages here: Horace and Juvenal abound with + them, and Shakespear himself hath excellently painted the character in Polonius. See, particularly Hamki, Act
(8) Silly.] Some read silky : Filly is not always taken in a bad sense amongst the old writers. Vol. III.
And with presented nakedness out-face
country gives me proof and president
Scene X. The faults of Infirmity pardonable.
Fiery? the fiery duke? tell the hot duke, that
SCENE XI. Unkindness. .
[Points to bis hearh
SCENE XII. Offences mistaken. All's not offence that indiscretion (9) finds, And dotage terms fo.
Rifing (9) Finds] Finds is an allusion to a jury's verdict: and the word fo relates to that as well as to terms. We meet with the very same expreffion in Hamlet, Acto si Sc. 1.
Rising Pation. I pr’ythee, daughter, do not make me mad, I will not trouble thee, my child. Farewel; We'll no more meet, no more fee one another; But yet, thou art my flesh, my blood, my daughter, -Or rather a disease that's in my flesh, Which I must needs call mine; thou art a bile, A plague-fore, or imbossed carbuncle, In my corrupted blood; but I'll not chide thee. Let shame come when it will, I do not call it; I do not bid the thunder-bearer fhoot, Nor tell tales of thee to high-judging fove.
The Necessaries of Life, few. (10) O, reason not the need : our baseft beggars Are in the poorest things superfluous ;
Why, 'tis found for
The coroner hath set on her, and finds it christian burial. Ib. As you like it. A. 4. S. 2. Leander was drown'd, and the foolish chroniclers (perhaps coroners] of that age found it was-Hero of Seftos." Edwards,
(10) O, reason, &c.] The poets abound with sentiments fimilar to this : take the two following passages from Lucretius and Lucan.
O wretched man! in what a milt of life,