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THE SEAT OF
DUKE OF NORFOLK.
Worksop is an estate which is held by the peculiar tenure of assisting at the Coronation, with the privilege of providing a glove for the right-hand of the King, and supporting his right arm while he holds the sceptre ; which service was originally attached to the manor of Farnham Royal, in the county of Bucks; but when, by way of exchange, that manor was surrendered to Henry the Eighth, the honorable office was reserved to the possessors of Worksop.
Soon after the Conquest, it came to the family of Lovetot, and passed from them, by marriage, to the Barons Furnival. Thomas Nevil, who married Joan, sole daughter and heir of William, Lord Furnival, left two daughters co-heirs ; Maud married the celebrated and victorious Sir John Talbot, who, in her right, became Lord Furnival, and was afterwards created Earl of Shrewsbury; and on the death of Gilbert, seventh Earl of that title, in 1616, the estate and stately mansion, which had been erected with princely magnificence by the Countess of Shrewsbury in the reign of Queen Elizabeth, devolved to his daughter and co-heir, Alathæa, consort of Thomas, Earl of Arundel, the patron of the arts; and from whom, in regular succession, it has descended to the present Duke of Norfolk, whose only son and heir, the Earl of Surrey, has made it his residence. It is situated on the borders of Sherwood Forest, the entrance to the Park being about half a mile from the town of Worksop on the Mansfield road; this opens to a long umbrageous avenue leading direct to the Court of Offices. Thc Park is extensive, being eight miles in circumference, and containing within its limits the greatest diversity of scene, and a range of hills sufficiently high to bound the view from the house on one side, and richly covered with woods. Near one thousand acres of wood in the vicinity were planted, at various periods, by the late Duke and his father.
The ancient mansion, on which £22,000 had been recently expended, was unfortunately destroyed by a fire, which happened on November 22, 1761; and the loss in paintings, statuary, (including part of the Arundelian collection,) books, and furniture, was estimated at more than £100,000. The foundation-stone of the present edifice, which is erected on the same spot, was laid on the 25th of March, 1763, by Edward, ninth Duke of Norfolk; and it was intended to render this one. of the noblest residences in the kingdom, but the death of the heir-apparent occasioned the design to be limited. Paine was the architect.
The Front represented in our engraving, 318 feet in length, was only one side of an intended quadrangle ; it faces the north; and had the original magnificent plan been completed, the principal front would have been to the south. The entrance is to a Hall, of noble proportions, with the Staircase in front; this occupies a space of 37 feet by 25, the walls of which are painted in chiaro-scuro by Thomas de Bruyn, with emblematical representations of the arts and sciences. The grandest apartments are to the east. They contain many valuable paintings and other curiosities, among which may be numbered the bed of silk damask, in which George the Third was born, in Norfolk House, London, May 24, O. S. 1738. Our limits will only permit us to give a very brief
List of tbe Principal Pictures at Worksop Manor. Mary Queen of Scots, when young... Catharine of | Howard, ob. June 16, 1694... Lord Edm. Howard Arragon, at the age of 16...Ditto, æt. 40... Tho- | ...Earl of Effingham...King Charles I. by Vanmas, Duke of Norfolk, beheaded, 1572...Thomas, dyck...His Queen, Henrietta Maria...King James Earl of Arundel, and Alathæa, his Countess, by II. whole-length...His Queen, Ditto... Edward, Vandyck... Thomas, Earl of Arundel, 1618, whole | Duke of Norfolk... William Howard, Earl of Staflength, sitting, by Paul Vansomer.. Alathæa Tal ford...Mrs. Brockholes...A Roman Pontiff. ..Mar. bot, his Countess, Ditto...Philip, Earl of Arundel, tin Clifford...Mary, Duchess of Norfolk. ..Her · ob. 1595...Henry, Earl of Surrey, the Poet, be Sister, Miss Blount...Duchess of Milan...Lady headed Jan. 1547...Henry, 6th Duke of Norfolk, Petre. ---The School of Athens...Cain and Abel, ob. 1683.. Anne Somerset, his Duchess...Henry, | by Vandyck...The Transfiguration, by Carracci... Earl of Arundel, ob. 1652...Lord Thomas Howard | A Sportsman reposing, by Snyders.. .Martyrwho lost his life at sea, Nov. 1689...Cardinal | dom of Bishop Blaise...A Crucifixion, &c.
Holme-Pierrepont, Nottinghamshire :
THE RESIDENCE OF
This large and curious edifice forms a quadrangle, situated on an even flat of ground, about four miles E. by S. from Nottingham; it is immediately adjacent to the church belonging to the village of the same name, the spire of which is seen over the building in the view.
The lordship of Holme appears to have been possessed by the family of Manvers as early as the reign of Henry I. : in that of Edward I., Annora, daughter of Michael de Manvers, and sister and heiress to Lionel and John de Manvers, conveyed the estate by marriage to Sir Henry de Pierrepont, a descendant of Robert de Pierrepont, who came into England with William of Normandy, in the retinue of the famous Earl Warren, and who, as appears from Domesday Book, subsequently became a great landholder. Holme becoming henceforth the principal residence of the Pierreponts, acquired from them its present appellation.
Sir Henry's son Simon was summoned to parliament as Baron, anno 22 Edward I., and dying without issue male, was succeeded by his brother Sir Robert, who was of great eminence in the two following reigns, and served with much honour in the wars with Scotland; in the eleventh year of Edward II.. he was governor of Newark Castle in Nottinghamshire. He married Sarah, daughter and at length heiress of Sir John Heriz, of Wingfield in Derbyshire, Knt., by whom he had a son and a daughter. From the son Henry, was descended the unfortunate Robert Pierrepont, celebrated for his attachment to Charles I., by whom he was created, in 1627, Baron Pierrepont and Viscount Newark, and in the following year, Earl of Kingston-upon-Hull in Yorkshire. This nobleman, who obtained great popularity in consequence of his charity and munificence, was commonly styled the Good Earl of Kingston. At the commencement of the civil war he is said to have brought two thousand men to the royal standard, and to have procured arms and money for the same cause for two thousand more ; his influence among the people rendering him a formidable enemy to the opposite party. The Parliament were however soon relieved from their fears concerning him, for being, with others, surprised and made prisoner at Gainsborough in Lincolnshire, by the Lord Willoughby of Parham, their general, he was sent towards Hull by water, and was accidentally shot by some of the regal adherents, on the 30th of July, 1643. He was succeeded by his son Henry, who was one of the king's commissioners in the treaty of Uxbridge, in 1644-5, and was soon after created Marquess of Dorchester. He did not actively assist the king, except by pecuniary supplies, employing himself principally in the studies of law and medicine. Upon his death in 1680, the title of Marquess of Dorchester became extinct, but the Earldom descended successively to his great-nephews, Robert, William, and Evelyn. William, Earl of Kingston, was the patron of the poet Oldham, who was an inmate of Holme Pierrepont for a few years, and died here, December 9, 1683, in his 30th year. He was buried in the church of Holme-Pierrepont, the Earl attending as chief mourner, who soon after erected a monument to his memory, with a Latin inscription. The extinct Marquisate was revived in the person of Evelyn, on December the 23d, 1706, and on the 20th of July, 1715, he was advanced to the dignity of Duke of Kingston. His grandson, the second Duke, succeeded him in March, 1725-6; and when the Scotch rebellion of 1745 broke out, was one of the first noblemen who evinced their attachment to the Brunswick family, by raising regiments for the king's service: he did not, however, actively engage in any state affairs. In 1773 the honours of the house became extinct by his death ; but the family estates were left in reversion, after the death of the Dutchess of Kingston, to Charles, second son of Philip Medows, Esq., and the Lady Frances Pierrepont, only sister of the late Duke, and he succeeded to them accordingly at the death of the Duchess, in the year 1788, when, by his Majesty's permission, he took the name of Pierrepont. In July, 1796, he was created Baron Pierrepont and Viscount Newark, and in 1806, was further created Earl Manvers. Since his Lordship's death, in 1816, the Countess, his widow, has resided at this seat.
The Mansion was much enlarged by the first Earl of Kingston, and further additions and improvements were made by his son the Marquess of Dorchester. “The bowling-green,” says Deering, in his “ Nottinghamia Vetus et Nova,” Nottingham, 1751, " is as large and as fine as any in the kingdom, in which the first Duke of Kingston used to take singular delight.” In the time of his successor, part of the building was taken down; the remainder underwent a thorough repair a few years ago, and was cased with a composition, which imparts to it the character of an edifice constructed with stone.
WILLIAM GEORGE MONCKTON ARUNDEL,
THE SEAT OF
This estate is situated seven miles north-west of Retford, and was purchased, about the year 1722, by John Monckton, the first Viscount Galway, who married Lady Elizabeth Manners, daughter of John, the second duke of Rutland.
The Mansion, though not large, is elegant and commodious, the south Front commanding a view of the most beautiful part of the Park, forming an extensive lawn, interspersed with clumps of trees; and to the west, there is a fine wood of forty-five acres, containing avenues and shady walks, which open to the most striking prospects of the vicinity. To the north Front there is a noble Terrace, and the view from the drawing-room windows is bounded by some ornamented rising grounds, which most happily screen the inhabitants of Serlby from the northern blast, and render it a very desirable residence at all seasons. · There are many valuable paintings and family portraits in the various apartments, amongst which are,
A portrait of King Henry the Eighth, by Holbein.
Thomas Herbert, Earl of Pembroke, by Vandyck. · Full-length portraits of Lord Francis and Lord William Russel, sons of William, Earl of Bedford, created Duke of Bedford in 1694.-Vandyck.
A very large picture, being twelve feet two inches in height, and fifteen feet four inches in breadth, by Daniel Mytens, containing portraits of King Charles the First and his Queen, with horses and several dogs, all as large as life. In the fore-ground, the celebrated Dwarf, Jeoffrey Hudson, is represented exerting all his strength to keep back two Italian greyhounds. This singular painting formerly belonged to Queen Anne, who presented it to Addison, from whom it came to the Honourable Richard Arundel, and, with considerable other property, was bequeathed by his widow, Lady Frances Arundel, to her nephew William Monckton, second Viscount Galway.
A full-length portrait of King Charles the First, with his page.- Vandyck. · Full-length portrait of Lady Catherine Manners, afterwards Duchess of Buckingham, with her family.-Vandyck.
À full-length portrait of Sir Philip Monckton, Ser Peter Lely. This gentleman was son of Sir Francis Monckton, of Cavil Hall and Newbald, both in the East Riding of Yorkshire, descended from Simon Monckton, of Monckton, near Boroughbridge, which place his family enjoyed until it was made a nunnery in 1326, and has since been called Nun Monckton. Sir Philip Monckton was born at Heck, near Howden, and served the office of High Sheriff for Yorkshire in 1669. He represented the borough of Scarborough, and was knighted in 1643. His faithful adherence to his unfortunate Monarch, Charles the First, brought him into troubles of every kind, and he fought in the battles of Hessey Moor, Aderton Moor, Marston Moor, and Rowton Heath, near Chester, where he was severely wounded in his right arm, but continued fighting with his bridle in his mouth, until he was again wounded and made prisoner. He was also at the siege of Pontefract Castle and at York. Sir Philip married Miss Eyre, of the ancient family of Hassop, in Derbyshire, ancestors of the present Earl Newburgh. Sir Philip Monckton was grandfather of the first Viscount Galway, and his manuscripts are in the possession of the present Viscount.
A full-length portrait of Major-General the Honourable Robert Monckton, by West.—The interior of St. Peter's Church at Rome, by Paul Panini.-Eight views of Venice, by Canaletti. With many other fine paintings.
The Sketch, from which the Drawing was made for this Plate, was most obligingly contributed, with the Description, by the Noble Proprietor.