History of the War in Afghanistan, Volume 2

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R. Bentley, 1851 - Afghan Wars - 164 pages
This historic book may have numerous typos and missing text. Purchasers can usually download a free scanned copy of the original book (without typos) from the publisher. Not indexed. Not illustrated. 1857 edition. Excerpt: ... chapter ii. 1837--1839. The Siege of Herat--Shah Kamran and Yar Mahomed--Return of the Shah--Eldred Pottinger--Preparations for the Defence--Advance of the Persian Army--Progress of the Siege--Negotiations for Peace--Failure of the Attack--The Siege raised. Sukrounded by a fair expanse of country, where alternating corn-fields, vineyards, and gardens varied the richness and beauty of the scene; where little fortified villages studded the plain, and the bright waters of small running streams lightened the pleasant landscape, lay the city of Herat. The beauty of the place was beyond the walls. Within, all was dirt and desolation. Strongly fortified on every side by a wet ditch and a solid outer wall, with five gates, each defended by a small outwork, the city presented but few claims to the admiration of the traveller. Four long bazaars, roofed with arched brickwork, meeting in a small domed quadrangle in the centre of the city, divided it into four quarters. t In each of these there may have + Arthur Conolly. The correctness of this description is confirmed by Eldred Pottinger, in his unpublished journal I have been obliged to write it in the past tense. "The late war," says Pottinger, "and its consequences have so changed the entire neighbourhood of the city, that, under its present appearance, it would not be recognised by its former visitants. Moreover, the city and its surrounding places have been so well described.by Lieut. A. Conolly, that I need not repeat the description."--Eldred Pottinger' ms. Journal. t Of these bazaars Pottinger writes: "The interior of the city is divided into four nearly equal divisions, by two streets which, at right been about a thousand dwelling-houses and ten thousands of inhabitants. Mosques and...
 

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Page 642 - The insult of eight hundred years is at last avenged. The gates of the temple of Somnauth, so long the memorial of your humiliation, are become the proudest record of your national glory; the proof of your superiority in arms over the nations beyond the Indus.
Page 550 - Cabool ; and you must feel as I do, that the loss of another army, from whatever cause it might arise, might be fatal to our Government in India. ' I do not undervalue the aid which our Government in India...
Page 639 - To force a sovereign upon a reluctant people would be as inconsistent with the policy as it is with the principles of the British Government, tending to place the arms and resources of that people at the disposal of the first invader, and to impose the burden of supporting a sovereign, without the prospect of benefit from his alliance.
Page 272 - A faithless enemy, stained by the foul crime of assassination, has, through a failure of supplies, followed by consummate treachery, been able to overcome a body of British troops, in a country removed, by distance and difficulties of season, from the possibility of succour. But the GovernorGeneral in Council, while he most deeply laments the loss of the brave officers and men, regards this partial reverse only as a new occasion for displaying the stability and vigour of the British power, and the...
Page 639 - Sincerely attached to peace for the sake of the benefits it confers upon the people, the Governor-General is resolved that peace shall be observed, and will put forth the whole power of the British Government to coerce the state by which it shall be infringed.
Page 457 - With regard to our withdrawal at the present moment, I fear that it would have the very worst effect ; it would be construed into a defeat, and our character as a powerful nation, would be entirely lost in this part of the world. It is true that the garrison of Jellalabad has been saved, which it would not have been, had a force not been sent to its relief; but the relief of that garrison is only one object; there still remain others which we cannot disregard. I allude to the release of the prisoners.
Page 639 - Content with the limits nature appears to have assigned to its empire, the Government of India will devote all its efforts to the establishment and maintenance of general peace...
Page 639 - The enormous expenditure required for the support of a large force, in a false military position, at a distance from its own frontier and its resources, will no longer arrest every measure for the improvement of the country and of the people.
Page 550 - If you determine upon moving upon Ghuznee, Cabool, and Jellalabad, you will require, for the transport of provisions, a much larger amount of carriage ; and you will be practically without communications, from the time of your leaving Candahar. Dependent entirely upon the courage of your army, and upon your own ability in directing it, I should not have any doubt as to the success of the operation ; but...
Page 679 - If you should be enabled by a coup-de-main to get possession of Ghuznee and Cabul, you will act as you see fit, and leave decisive proofs of the power of the British army, without impeaching its humanity. You will bring away from the tomb of Mahmood of...