Page images

issued by a son-in-law of the lamented author. Besides a brief sketch of his life, it contains the “Dairyman's Daughter," with an appendix of several new letters, the “ Young Cottager,” the “Negro Servant,” the “Cottage Conversation" and a “Visit to the Infirmary.” The last two pieces were originally inserted in the Christian Guardian, and now for the first time accompany the larger tracts. The Claims of Jesus. By Robert Turnbull, Pastor of Boylston

Church, Boston. Boston: Gould, Kendall & Lincoln. 1841.

pp. 120.

The author divides his treatise into four chapters, in which he considers successively the Humanity of Christ, the Divinity of Christ, the Mystery of the Incarnation, and Christ as a Prophet, Priest and King. “Commencing at the lowest point at which the glory of Jesus is visible, he has aimed to advance, step by step, till he should arrive at its loftiest elevation.” The views presented are just, and the temper of the discussion is unexceptionable. Tellström, the first Swedish Missionary to Lapland; with an

Appendix, giving an Account of the Stockholm Mission. By George Scott, Pastor of the English Congregation at Stockholm. New-York: John S. Taylor & Co. 1841. pp. 86.

This is an interesting sketch of a humble but devoted Christian. We prize it chiefly, however, from its being the farewell gift of the estimable author. Hymns for the Vestry and the Fireside. Boston: Gould, Ken

dall & Lincoln. 1841. pp. 216. There are nearly four hundred hymns in this collection, most of which are well known to the public. Some new and beautiful specimens of devotional poetry have been added.



Great Britain. MR. BLACKIE, the translator of Faust, has commenced his labors as Prof. of Humanity in Marischal College, Aberdeen; the difficulty growing out of his objection to signing the Confession of Faith having been compromised. Dr. Arnold, the historian of Rome, has been appointed to the professorship of Modern History, at Oxford, in the place of Dr. Nares.-Prof.

well has been chosen Master of Trinity College, Cambridge, in the place of Dr. Wordsworth, resigned.- Rotteck's History of the World has just been published; we presume it is a reprint of the American translation by Mr. Jones. This history has reached its 14th edition in Germany.-The second volume of Blunt's Exposition of the Pentateuch, including Exodus and Leviticus, was to appear at the close of the year.Rev. Samuel Davidson, LL. D., is preparing his Sacred Hermeneutics Developed and Applied, a sequel to his former volume.—The Popular Theology of Dr. Schmucker has been favorably received in England ; his Fraternal Appeal is highly commended.

Among the later English publications we notice The Kingdom of Christ Delineated, in two Essays, by Archbishop Whately; The Theology of the Early Christian Church (quotations from the first three centuries) by James Bennett, D.D.; the second and last volume of Neander's History of the Christian Religion and Church during the first three centuries, translated by Rose.

Germany. Dr. Lechler has published a History of English Deism, which has produced quite a sensation in Germany ; it is noticed very favorably in Gersdorf's Repertorium. Dr. J. G. F. Höfling has undertaken to rescue the writings of Origen from the perversion of the Romanists. The title of the work is Originis Doctrinam de Sacrificiis Christianorum in Examen vocavit ; its object is to show that this father did not consider the eucharist to be a sacrifice in the sense of the Romish church. Dr. Meier's translation and exposition of Joel is mentioned with approbation. The theological faculty of Jena made the writings of Justin Martyr a prize question for 1839; J. C. T. Otto, a young scholar, obtained the prize, and the essay is now published. It is surpassed in learning, however, by another work on the same subject, of which C. Semisch is the author. Christ the Conqueror, a new Christian epic by K. Moritz, is commended by the journals. B. Tauchnitz, Jr. is publishing, in a cheap edition, the principal works of the Latin Fathers, under the supervision of Gersdorf. Nine volumes have appeared, containing the works of Clement, Cyprian, Tertullian and Ambrose. The next two volumes will embrace the writings of Lactantius; these will be followed by Minucius Felix, Arnobius, Augustine, etc.

The number of students in the universities during the summer semester was as follows: At Berlin there were 1561 (loss from the winter semester 117); of these 410 were foreign students (loss from the winter 80). The theological department had 350 (73 foreign), law 463 (111 foreign), medicine 381 (112 foreign), philosophy 367 (1ì4 foreign). Others attended lectures to the number of 374. At Bonn there were 609 students (gain from the winter semester 13); of these 133 were foreigners (gain from the winter 13); 175 belonged to the theological department,-87 (42 foreign) to the Protestant, and 88 (2 foreign) to the Catholic. At Breslau there were 612 (loss from the winter semester 19) of these only 7 were foreigners. In the theological department there were 281,-173 in the Catholic, in the Protestant 108. At Freiburg there were 288 students (loss from the winter semester 13), of whom 80 were foreigners; 104 (foreign 28) were studying theology, and only 5 philosophy. At Giessen there were 423 students (gain from the winter 16), of whom 102 (gain from the winter 26) were foreigners; 115 were attending to theology,—73 to Protestant and 42 to Catholic theology. At Göttingen the number of students amounted to 703 (loss from the winter semester 1), of these 211 were foreigners. At Halle there were 705 (gain from the winter 23), of whom 103 were foreigners; 425 (foreign 103) were connected with the theologi. cal department. At Heidelberg the number of students was 654 (gain from the winter 40); of these 477 were foreigners. At Jena there were 447 (loss from the winter 13), of whom 213 were foreigners; 130 studied theology. At Leipsic the whole number of students was 903 (loss from the previous semester 32), of whom 265 were foreigners ; 255 (69 foreign) were in the theological department. At Marburg the whole number was 264 (loss from the winter 21), of whom 46 were foreigners; 67 attended to theology. At München there were 1297 (loss from the winter 80), of whom 170 were theological students. At Tübingen there were 731 (loss from the winter 8), of whom 43 were foreigners; 165 were pursuing Protestant and 98 Catholic theology. At Würzburg there were 458 students; 83 theological.

United States. Allen, Morrill & Wardwell will soon publish the works of Pres. Edwards, in two volomes, with a memoir by Rev. T. Edwards, of Rochester, N. Y. It will be the first complete edition of the writings of this eminent theologian. The first No. of the Hebrew Concordance, edited by Dr. Nordheimer and Mr. Turner, will be issued in few weeks. It will be superior to any other, even to that of Fürst.




APRIL, 1842.





By Enoch Pond, D. D., Professor in the Theological Seminary, Bangor, Me.

[Concluded from No. XIII. p. 145.]


The objections of President Quincy to Cotton Mather are not confined to the subject of witchcraft. Various other objections are urged, the more material of which we shall briefly notice.

He accuses Cotton Mather, as he had done his father, of indulging in a very improper spirit and language in controversy. And in order to show the truth of this charge, he runs over some of his controversial pamphlets, and some parts of his diary, culling out, and exhibiting in marks of quotation, the stronger and more objectionable words and phrases. To all this I have only to reply, that while the quotations of President Quincy do not exhibit the writings of Mather in any thing like a fair light, making them to appear much worse than they are, still, it is to be conceded that he did not always treat his opponents with what we might denominate due forbearance and courtesy. He well knew how to put words together, so as to make them thunder heavily on the ear of an opponent; and he SECOND SERIES, VOL. VIII. NO. II.


sometimes indulged himself in this way, beyond what the circumstances of the case required. It is a mistake, however, to suppose that Cotton Mather was, to a great extent, a controversial writer. Nearly all his three hundred and eighty-three publications were on devotional and practical subjects. He expressly says of himself:

“ Though I have had, first and last, such a number of pamphlets thrown at me, that if I had been vulnerable, I might appear stuck as full of darts as the man in the signs of the almanack; yet, upon considering the sorry and silly stuff which they have consisted of, and the despicable quality of the scribblers, and remembering, too, that lies have no legs, and what I had learned about treating insolent men with humility, and angry men with meekness; I have thought that Proverbs xxvi. 4, was a full answer to them. I have had so much better work to spend my precious time in, that I don't call to mind I have ever once yet published a direct and formal answer to any of them all; but instead thereof, and once for all, I gave to the public my “True Way of Shaking off a Viper. »*

In regard to controversial asperity, as has been remarked in another place, much regard is to be had to the spirit and customs of the age. In the times of the Mathers, and for a long period before and since, the most of those who dipped into religious controversy, seem first to have dipped their pens in gall. As choice specimens of what I here mean, I would refer President Quincy to some of the pamphlets written against the New Lights,” about the middle of the last century; and above all, to the reply of the late Dr. Mayhew, of Boston, to good old Mr. Cleaveland, of Ipswich.

President Quincy says, that “in many instances, in the voluminous writings of Cotton Mather, the conviction is forced

upon the mind, that he was not quite so scrupulous as might be wished, in his relation of facts." And in one instance, at least, he charges him with known and wilful falsehood. The circumstances were these: In the progress of the difficulties respecting the institution of the Brattle-street church, an effort was made at reconciliation; and this was so far successful, that the two Mr. Mathers consented to attend the dedication of the church, and to take part in the exercises. In his diary of January 21, 1700, Cotton Mather represents this effort at reconciliation as having originated with himself: “I drew up a pro

* The title of one of Mather's publications. Remarkables, etc., p.


« PreviousContinue »