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neither in silence, as filence ; but in an holy dependance of the mind upon God: from which dependance filence necessarily follows, in the first place, until words can be brought forth, which are from God's spirit. And God is not wanting to move, in his children, to bring forth words of exhortation, or prayer, when it is needful; so that of the many gatherings and meetings of such as are convinced of the truth, there is scarce any, in which God raiseth not up fome or other, to minister to his brethren; that there are few meetings, that are altogether, filent._" And when any are, through the breaking forth of this power, constrained to utter a sentence of exhortation or praise, or to breathe to the Lord, in prayer, then all are sensible of it; for the same life in them aníwers to it, as, in water, face answereth to face."--" And there being many joined together in the same work, there is an inward travail and wrestling; and also, as the measure of grace is abode in, an overcoming of the power and spirit of darkness (in the mind:) and thus we are often greatly strengthened and renewed in the spirits of our minds, without a word, and we enjoy and possess the holy fellowJhip and communion of the body and blood of Christ; by which our inward man is nourished and fed; which makes us not to dote upon outward water, and bread and wine, in our spiritual things.”-“This is that divine and spiritual worship, which the world neither knoweth nor understandeth, which the vulture's eye feeth not into."--"? And its excellency is such, that it can neither be stopped, intercepted nor counterfeited by the malice, or power of men or devils, as all others can."

As that, which is necessary to make a man a Christian, fo as without it he cannot be truly one, of their must consequently be much more necessary to make ministry. a man a minister of Christianity, (seeing the one is a degree above the other, and has it included in it) to this people accordingly maintained that, as the

inward call, power and virtue of the spirit of God is indispensably necessary to make a man a true Chriftian, so it must of consequence be much more so, for the qualification of the ministry; without which

they believe none can possibly be a true minister of Barclay's the new testament; insomuch that they affert, “ that apology. not only in a general apostacy it is needful men be

extraordinarily called, and raised up by the spirit of God; but that, even when several assemblies, or churches, are gathered by the power of God, (not only into the belief of the principles of truth, so as to deny errors and heresies, but also into the life, spirit and power of Christianity, fo as to be the body and house of Christ indeed, and a fit spouse for him) that he, who gathers them, doth also, for the preserving them in a lively, fresh and powerful condition, raise up, and move, among them, by the inward immediate operation of his own spirit,

ministers and teachers, to instruct, teach and watch The qualifi- over them: who being thus called, are manifest in cation, call, the hearts of their brethren; and their call is thus their mini- verified in them; who, by the feeling of that life iters. and power, that pafseth through them, being in

wardly builded up, by them daily, in the moft holy faith, become the seals of their apostleship. And this is answerable to the saying of the apostle Paul: “ fince

ye seek a proof of Christ's speaking in me, which to you-wards is not weak, but is mighty in you.”—“ So this is that, which gives a true, substantial call and title to a minister; and not of the bare name: And to such ministers we think the outward ceremony of ordination, or laying on of hands, not necessary:"-neither' are the outward qualifications of letter-learning, and school divinity absolutely requisite:” * “ But, in a true church of

Christ Through they held, as above, a spiritual teaching and infruction, in

the mind, most suitable, reasonable, adequate and necessary to a spiritual See R. B's. intelligence in religion, yet they never meant thereby that natural science writings, and the knowledge of languages and literature, &c. were not useful, as

the proper means, or medium, of communicating external knowledge



Christ gathered together by God, not only into the belief of the principles of truth, but also into the power, life and spirit of Christ, the spirit of God is the orderer, ruler and governor; as in each particular, fo in the general. And when they affemble together, to wait upon God, and to worship and adore him; then such as the spirit sets apart for the ministry, by its divine power and influence, opening their mouths and giving them to exhort, reprove and instruct with virtue and power; these are thus of God ordained and admitted into the ministry; and their brethren cannot but hear them, and receive them, and also bonour them for their works fake. And so this is not monopolised to a certain kind of men, as the Clergy (who are to that purpose educated and brought up, as other carnal artists) and the rest to be despised as Laicks; but it is left to the free gift of God to choose any whom he seeth meet thereunto, whether rich or poor, servant or master, young or old, yea, male or female. And such as have this call verify the gospel, by prcaching not in Speech only, but also in power, and in the holy ghost, and in much fulness; and cannot but be received and heard by the sheep of Christ.

William Penn, in his account of the rise and pro- See w. gress of this people, printed among his literary Penn's ride works, further observes:" And as God had de- and pro

grefs of the livered their souls of the wearisome burden of sin Quakers. and vanity, and enriched their poverty of spirit, 1694and satisfied their great hunger and thirst after eter


and information among mankind, even, in religious affairs; (which is plainly manifested in the labours and literary works of this very author, R. Barclay, and divers others of that fociety) as well as in the common outward concerns of life, and those things, for which they are adequate and suitable: and therefore, they had schools and seminaries of learning among them, for the acquisition thereof, and other useful sciences, as other people have. But their excluding literature, or school-learning, from being absolutely necessary in divinity, according to the Chriftian fyr: den; and the great harm, which they believed and declared the general perversion, or misuse thereof, had produced in Christendom, occafioned divers of them to be so severe on the subject, that many, from thence, bave mistakenly supposed, they entirely disapproved of human learning in every respect.

The man

ner and purport their


nal righteousness, and filled them with the good things of his own house, and made them stewards of his many-fold gifts; so they went forth to all quarters of these nations, to declare to the inhabitants thereof what God had done for them; what they had found, and where and how they had found it, viz. the way to peace with God; inviting all to come and fee and taste, for themselves, the truth of what they declared unto them.”

“ And as their testimony was to the principle of God in man, the precious pearl and leaven of the king

dom, as the only blessed means, appointed of God, preaching. to quicken, convince and fanctify men; so they

opened to them what it was in itself, and what it was given to them for: how they might know iť from their own spirit and that of the fubtil appearance of the evil one: and what it would do for those, whose minds should be turned off from the vanity of the world, and its lifeless ways and teachers, and adhere to this blessed light in themselves, which discovers and condemns fin, in all its appearances, and shows how to overcome it, if minded and obeyed in its holy manifestations and convictions; giving power to such, to avoid and resist those things, that do not please God, and to grow strong in love, faith and good works: that so man, whom fin hath made a wilderness, over-run with briars and thorns, might become as the garden of God, cultivated by his divine power, and replenished with the most virtuous and beautiful plants of God's

own right hand planting, to his eternal praise.” They could

“ But these experimental prcachers of glad tidingsi not pray & of God's truth and kingdom, could not run when when they they list, nor pray or preach when they pleased, pleased, &c. but, as Christ, their redeemer, prepared and mov

ed them, by his own blessed spirit; for which they waited in their services and meetings, and spoke as that gave them utterance; and which was, as those having authority, and not like the dreaming, dry


and formal Pharisees. And so it plainly appeared to the serious minded, whose spiritual eye the Lord Jesus had, in any measure, opened: so that to one was given the word of reproof, to another the word of exhortation, to another the word of consolation, and all by the same spirit, and in the good order thereof, to the convincing and edifying of many."

" And truly (faith W. Penn) they waxed strong and bold, through faithfulness; and by the power and spirit of the Lord Jesus became very fruitful; thousands, in a short time, being turned to the truth, in the inward parts, through their testimony, in ministry and sufferings; infomuch as, in most countries, and many of the considerable towns of England, meetings were settled, and daily were added such as should be saved, for they were diligent to plant and to water; and the Lord blessed their labours with an exceeding great increase; notwithstanding all the opposition, made to their bleffed progress by the false rumours, calumnies and bitter persecutions; not only from the powers of the earth, but from every one that listed to injure and abuse them: so that they seemed, indeed, to be as poor Sheep appointed to the Naughter and as a people, killed all the day long.—“So many and cruel were the sufferings of this people on a religious fufferings account, and, in part, recorded in their writings, in 2 vols. which they endured from professors, as well as from Belle, &c profane, and from magistrates, as well as the rabble, that it may be truly said of this abused and despised people, they went forth weeping, and sowed in tears, bearing testimony to the precious feed, even, the seed of the kingdom, which stands not in words, the finest, the highest, that man's wit can use, but in power; the power of Christ Jesus, to whom God the Father, hath given all power, in heaven and in earth; that he might rule angels above, and men below; who empowered them, as their work witnesseth, by the many, that were turn


See their

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