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lasts, but will always remain in the community; because without this there can be no community, no commonwealth, which is contrary to the original agreement: so also when the society hath placed the legislative in any assembly of men, to continue in them and their successors, with direction and authority for providing such successors, the legislative can never revert to the people whilst that government lasts ; because, having provided a legislative with power to continue for ever, they have given up their political power to the legislative, and cannot resume it. But if they have set dimits to the duration of their legislative, and made this supreme power in any person, or assembly, only temporary, or else, when by the miscarriages of those in authority, it is forfeited; upon the forfeiture, or at the determination of the time set, it reverts to the society, and the people have a right to act as supreme, and continue the legislative in themselves; or erect a new form, or under the old form place it in new hands, as they think good,

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I. THE introduction .....

....... 212
II. Of paternal and regal power ..........................
III. Of Adam's title to sovereignty, by creation ............
IV. Of Adam's title to sovereignty, by donation, Gen. i. 28. .. 227
V. Of Adam's title to sovereignty, by the subjection of Eve ...

VI. Of Adam's title to soyereignty, by fatherhood ..........

VII. Of fatherhood and property considered together as foun-1

tains of sovereignty ................................1

VIII. Of the conveyance of Adam's sovereign monarchical power
IX. Of monarchy, by inheritance from Adam ....... ..........
X. Of the heir to Adam's monarchical power .............
XI. Who heir ? ...............












· Lot,



Absolute monarchy, the absurdity

of supposing it to descend from
ABRAHAM, (the patriarch) Adam by heirship, 290

1 his war proves not a sove. -- no proof of it from Ja.
reign power,

310 cob, or other patriarchs, 297,
- had no authority over. &c.-nor from Noah's sons, 317


- nor from the dispersion
Absolute monarchy, being “ jure of Babel


divino," a new doctrine, 214

not enjoyed by them,
not proved divine from

321, 322
Adam's sovereignty by creation,

- Nimrod had no right to
222—nor from his sovereignty it,
by donation,


the dukes of Edom, and
how destructive it is to several kings mentioned in scrip-
mankind among the Turks, 452 ture, proofs against it, 325
Eve's subjection proves

- inconsistent with civil
it not to be “jure divino,'' 244 society,
nor Adam's fatherhood, 249, &c. - why the subjects of it are
- it is not proved divine kept from destroying one an.
: by the command, “ Honour thy other,

391, &c.
257, &c.

how it came to be re-
it flows not from father. strained by laws,

hood annd property, 267, &c. Adam, no proof of his absolute

supposing “ jure divi. power over his children, 218-220
no,” it is necessary to know the para had no absolute authority by
person invested with it, 275, &c. creation,



li 4




Adam had no absolute authority by Clipped money, the charge of re

God's appointment, 227, &c. coining it should not be bome - the grant (Gen. i. 28.) gave by the public, him no power over men, 228 Coin. Vid. Money, - the same grant was given to Coinage, paid for, by a tax on all men,


wine, 90. Costs nothing to the --- supposing he was proprietor owner, ibid. 105.--Makes not

of all things, this proves not his standard silver worth less than sovereignty,


122 - his absolute dominion not - the charge of it comput. proved by Eve's subjection, 244 - of the conveyance of his sup.

ascertains the quantity of posed monarchical power, 273 silver, by a public mark, 143—

the absurdity of supposing and so is a security to the reany one heir of his autho- ceiver,

; 144 rity,


the art of it should be the difficulties of discovering kept secret,

203 the true heir, 292, 302, &c. Commodities, the goodness of them Arbitrary government, worse than does not always increase their none, 420 price

41 -- no right to it from con - the consumption of them quest,

443 enhances their

enhances their value, ibid. Authority (political) not required

how the vending of them in the fifth commandment, 261, is increased,

43 Vid, Political Power,

Commonwealth, how men come

under the government of it, and B, how far,

409, 414

i the end of it is the preDALANCE of trade. Vid. servation of property, 412 .

- the several forms of it, Bills of exchange, the only use of

415–16 them,

22 - how the word is used by Birth-right, dominion does not na. the author,

416 turally belong to it, 302, &c.

its highest power cannot Bullion. Vid. Silver.

be absolutely arbitrary, 417 Buyers, plenty of them make things

to most be governed by dear, - 39 standing laws,

423 three kinds of power therein,


- the subordination of its CHILDREN not born in a full powers,

426 state of equality, 368 Community, how the supreme pow.

yet they are born to er is ultimately therein, 426 it,

369 Conjugal society, how made, 383 when they come to be

the cause of its long con, free,

. 371 tinuance in mankind, 384 - how they are said to be Conquest gives not right of govern. born free,

372 ing to the aggressor, 443 Civil society, Vid. Political saciety, - if anjust, the conquered Clipped money should pass only for may appeal to Heaven for jus. its weight, 196--the great mis.


444 - chief ofits passing otherwise, za






Conquest, when just, it gives an Filmer, (Sir R.) his reasons against

absolute power over the lives of native freedom considered, 215 the conquered,


his notions of fatherly au.. yet not over their estates, thority,

217 and why,

447, 448 he affirms kings to be above Corn, the price of it depends on its law,

ibid. plenty,


his strange interpretation of scripture,

sufficiently confutes his own TOUALITY (natural) may schemes,

270, 271 I be altered by several things, ca says, it matters not how

340, &c. kings come by their power, 274 Esau, his forces proved him not an - makes an usurper have right heir to Adam's dominions, 314, to govern,

ibid. 315 First-born, has no natural right, by Exchange (of money) in several being so, to dominion, 301 places, how regulated, 50 Force, when without authority, to

- when it is high or low, 149 be opposed with force, 443, 444 &c.the reasons of both, ibid. promises extorted by it, not


451 Free, men are naturally so, 213, 339

Freedom, (natural) men not deLATHERS, Filmer's account prived of, without their own con T of their authority, 225, 226 sent,

have not an absolute power +how men subject themselves over their children, 263 to any government, 409, 414 give not life to their chil.

251. - seldom intend to commu." nicate life, and sometimes wish N AMESTERS injurious to the the contrary,

J public welfare, 28, 29 have no power to expose God speaks in scripture so as to be their children, 253 understood,

245, 246 - some fathers have fattened Gold, altering its value by a law and eat their children, 254 in proportion to silver, tends to

have not power to sacrifice impoverish a nation, 98, &c. their offspring,


not the measure of commerce their authority cannot be as silver is,

151 transferred more than that of a - why it should, notwithstand. husband, . . 286 ing this, he coined, ibid.

their power may be for the proportion between it and feited, but not alienated, 287 silver,

193 how they in time became Government cannot naturally deprinces,

382 · scend by hereditary right, 275, Fatherhood, Moses and Joshua not

&c. made governors by the right of

how it differs from pro330 perty,

283 - the judges and kings of

- that which gives right to Israel ruled not by this title, 331 it, in the present possessor, must Filmer, (Sir Robert) a breviate of give it to the successor, 284, &c. his system of government, 215

it is absoluteiy necessary po asserts that none are born to know who has the right to free, ibid.

275 . Government,



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