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OR, A

History of the Settlement by the Whites, of North-
western Virginia, and of the Indian Wars and Massacres
in that section of the State

WITH

REFLECTIONS, ANECDOTES, &c.

BY

ALEXANDER SCOTT WITHERS

& get* gditiotx

EDITED AND ANNOTATED BY

REUBEN GOLD THWAITES

Secretary of the Wisconsin Historical Society, editor of "Wisconsin Historical Collections."

and author of "The Colonies, 1493-1750," " Historic Waterways,"

"Story of Wisconsin," etc.

With the addition of a Memoir of the Author; and several Illustrative Notes

BY THE LATE

LYMAN COPELAND DRAPER

Author of "King's Mountain and Its Heroes." "Autograph Collections
ot the Signers," etc.

FOURTH IMPRESSION

CINCINNATI

STEWART & KIDD COMPANY

Copyright, 1895
By Reuben Gold Thwaitks

All rights reserved

First Impression, 1895
Second Impression, 1903
Third Impression, 1908
Fourth Impression, 1912

CONTENTS.

Editor's Preface T

Memoir of the Author, by Lyman C. Draper viii

Original Title-page (photographic facsimile) xiii

Original Copyright Notice xiv

Original Advertisement xv

Original Table of Contents (with pagination revised) xvii

Author's Text (with editorial notes) 1

Index, by the Editor 431

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EDITOR'S PREFACE.

It is sixty-four years since the original edition of Withers's Chronicles of Border Warfare was given to the public. The author was a faithful recorder of local tradition. Among his neighbors were sons and grandsons of the earlier border heroes, and not a few actual participants in the later wars. He had access, however, to few contemporary documents. He does not appear to have searched for them, for there existed among the pioneer historians of the West a respect for tradition as the prime source of information, which does not now obtain; to-day, we desire first to see the documents of a period, and care little for reminiscence, save when it fills a gap in or illumines the formal record. The weakness of the traditional method is well exemplified in Withers's work. His treatment of many of the larger events on the border may now be regarded as little else than a thread on which to hang annotations; but in most of the local happenings which are here recorded he will always, doubtless, remain a leading authority—for his informants possessed full knowledge of what occurred within their own horizon, although having distorted notions regarding affairs beyond it.

The Chronicles had been about seven years upon the market, when a New York youth, inspired by the pages of Doddridge, Flint, and Withers, with a fervid love for border history, entered upon the task of collecting documents and traditions with which to correct and amplify the lurid story which these authors had outlined. In the prosecution of this undertaking, Lyman C. Draper became so absorbed with the passion of collecting that he found little opportunity for literary effort, and in time his early facility in this direction became dulled. He was the most successful of collectors of materials for Western history, and as such did a work which must earn for him the lasting gratitude of American historical students; but un

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