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accumulations accused advantage afford amount annum appears ascer Bill Britain British calculation capital punishments cent charged classes coffee colonies committed comparative consumed convictions cost crime criminal cwts degree Depositors Ditto effect employed employment England and Wales equal estimate evil exceeding expenditure expense exports fact favour females foreign Forgery French wine gallons greater House of Commons House of Lords important improvement increase India inhabitants instruction invested Ireland island Joseph Lancaster labour land London Lord Males Malta manufactures means ment miles millions monopoly moral nearly Nova Scotia number of persons Offences against property paid parliament passed population possession present century produce profitable progress proportion quantity rate of duty real property respect result returns revenue schools Scotland Ships society South Wales square miles sugar sumption tion Tons Total trade United Kingdom various vessels violence whole wine
Page 314 - To found a great empire for the sole purpose of raising up a people of customers, may at first sight appear a project fit only for a nation of shopkeepers.
Page 314 - ... a nation of shopkeepers. It is, however, a project altogether unfit for a nation of shopkeepers ; but extremely fit for a nation whose government is influenced by shopkeepers. Such statesmen, and such statesmen only, are capable of fancying that that they will find some advantage in employing the blood and treasure of their fellow-citizens to found and maintain such an empire.
Page 241 - To hear was to obey. So I sent Mrs. Aphra Behn, curiously sealed up, with c private and confidential ' on the packet, to my gay old grand-aunt. The next time I saw her afterwards she gave me back Aphra, properly wrapped up, with nearly these, words — ' Take back your bonny Mrs. Behn, and if you will take my advice put her in the fire, for I found it impossible to get through the very first novel. But is it not...
Page 314 - ... alone; and by the third, to bring them to her in a raw or unmanufactured state, that her own manufacturers might secure to themselves all the advantages arising from their further improvement. This latter principle was carried so far in the colonial system of Great Britain, as to induce the late Earl of Chatham to declare in parliament, that the British colonists in America had no right to manufacture even a nail for a horse-shoe.
Page 315 - ... the better ; and upon that account proposed that their market should be confined to the countries south of Cape Finisterre. A clause in the famous act of navigation established this truly shopkeeper proposal into a law. The maintenance of this monopoly has hitherto been the principal, or more properly perhaps the sole end and purpose of the dominion which Great Britain assumes over her colonies.
Page 274 - This is the most numerous class of schools, and they are generally in the most deplorable condition. The greater part of them are kept by females, but some by old men, whose only qualification for this employment seems to be their unfitness for every other.
Page 315 - ... did not find it convenient to buy every part of it. Some parts of it imported into England might have interfered with some of the trades which they themselves carried on at home. Those particular parts of it, therefore, they were willing that the colonists should sell where they could — the further off the better ; and upon that account proposed that their market should be confined to the countries south of Cape Finisterre. A clause in the famous Act of Navigation established this truly shopkeeper...
Page 313 - The leading principle of colonisation in all the maritime States of Europe (Great Britain among the rest) was commercial monopoly. The word monopoly in this case admitted a very extensive interpretation. It comprehended the monopoly of supply, the monopoly of colonial produce, and the monopoly of manufacture. By the first, the colonists were prohibited from resorting to foreign markets for the supply of their wants ; by the second, they were compelled to bring their chief staple commodities to the...
Page 259 - Of all obstacles to improvement, ignorance is the most formidable, because the only true secret of assisting the poor is to make them agents in bettering their own condition, and to supply them, not with a temporary stimulus, but with a permanent energy.
Page 314 - The price, indeed, was very small, and instead of thirty years' purchase, the ordinary price of land in the present times, it amounted to little more than the expense of the different equipments which made the first discovery, reconnoitred the coast and took a fictitious possession of the country. The land was good and of great extent...