Page images

parliament. The steps taken by them in it. Their plan

excellent, p. 288–293.

Parliament attempts to reform the law, enact all law-pro-

ceedings to be in the English tongue, p. 294–296.

The best pens sought out and rewarded by the parliament for

writing in behalf of civil and religious liberty. Of

Milton, Nedham, the Parkers and others, p. 297-305.

Of the provision made for the state clergy and universities

Bishops, and dean and chapters lands fold-of ecclefiafti-

cal Revenues-- Produce of the sale of the bishops lands in

the province of York. Chancellor Oxenstiern admires

the great actions of the parliament, Mr. Hume censured,

p. 306-315.

Cromwell puts a period for a time to the commonwealth-

Discourse between him and Whitlock concerning his

taking on him the Kingship. Account of his turning the

members out of the house-Gensured by Whitlock, and

Ludlow, p. 316-323.

Justifications of Cromwell by himself and his apologists on

this head Remarks thereon-Cromwell and the com-

monwealth leaders characterised by Dr. Warburton,

p. 324-329.

Cromwell constitutes a council of state and calls a parlia-

ment-Aicount of their proceedings. Lord Clarendon's

representation of them virulent and false. - Hatred of eco

clesiasticsParliament resign back their power into the

hands of Cromwell. Remarks thereon, p. 330-340.

Cromwell assumes the title of Lord Pronetr-Of the in-

firument of government - The Protefter endeavours 19
juftify himself to the army-Rea; ons given for the new
settlement -- His government, at first, almost universally

acquiefced in, p. 341351.

Cromwell rivals the greaiell of cur monarchs in glory, and

makes himself courted and dreaded by the nations around

him. Proofs of it, p. 352-361.

Cromwell gives peace to the Durch-Conditions of it,

p. 362-365.

of the medals struck by the Dutch, and the poetical pane-

grics made on Oliver on this occasion by the universities

of Oxford and Cambridge, p. 366---369.

of the negotiations between England, France and Spain-


proceedings, and calls ad


Cromwell censured by various writers for entering into

a war with Spain, and leaguing wiih France - Rea.

fons in behalf of his conduct on this occafion -A picture

of Lewis XIV, in miniature--Cromwell's irresolution

and delay justly blameworthy, p. 370-385.

Account of the expedition to Hispaniola-Reasons of the ill

fuccess there, p. 386–389.

Of the taking and settling of Jamaica - Cromwell's en,

deavours to settle it-A remarkable letter written by him

to Major General Fortescue-Importance of Jamaica

ta Great Britain, p. 390-395...

Gallant actions performed by Admiral Blake-His magni-

ficent burial - His excellent character -- His body taken

up and buried in a pit.-Politeness and humanity intro-

duced by the Reforation, p. 396-399.

Dunkirk taken by the French, and immediately put into the

Dolellion of the English-Remarks on an Anecdote of Dr.

Welwood's—The great use of state papers, p. 400-


Cromwell interposes in behalf of the Vaudoism Protestantism

vindicated from the ridicule and misrepresentation of fame
late writers.-Cruel usage of the Vaudois-The Protec-
ter orders a colletion through the kingdom for a supply of
their necessities-- Account of the negotiations carried on by

him abroad for the redress of their grievances, p. 404-


Mr. Morland's panegyric on Cromwell--Other panegyrics

on bim, p. 412-416. .

Ill character given of courts—Cromwell's distinguished by

its fobriety and decency, p. 417–419.

The benches filled with able and honest judges-An account

of them, p. 420. .

Cromwell seeks out every where for men of abilities, and

gives them proper employment, p. 422-427. :

Favours learning, and is munificent to such as excell in

science, p. 428-430.

Makes ufe of the method of kindness and condescension to his

enemies, p. 431-434.

Of the revenue of Cromwell-force of economy, p. 435.

Of tbe faults in Cromwell's government-Cruel edift against

the episcopal clergy, p. 436-439.


[merged small][ocr errors][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small][merged small]

OLIVER Cromwell, son of Robert

Cromwell, and Elizabeth Stuart,

his wife, was born at Huntington,

y on the twenty fourth of April, one thousand five hundred ninety nine. His family, which was considerable, I shall give some account of in the note (A).


(A) I Mall give some account of his family.) We are naturally inquisitive about the descents and alliances of those who have figured in the world. Whether they sprung from new or old families ? whether their fathers were men of renown? or they themselves first gave luftre to their name? are questions usually asked by such as read or hear concerning them. To gratify the curiosity of the reader then, the following account


He was educated in grammar learning in the Free-school at Huntington, under Dr.



has been collected. That his (Oliver's) extracclion by the father's fide, was from Sir Richard Williams, Knight, a gentleman of eminent note (says < Sir William Dugdale) in the court of king Henry VII. and son to Morgan ap Williams (a 1Velchman) by

fifter to Thomas lord Cromwell earl of Elex, is not to be doubted. Who being by his uncle

• preferred to the service of king Henry, was for that (a) Short 'cause (and no other) called Cromwell, as is apparent View of the “ enough from testimonies of credit (a).' If I have troubles in England,

not been misinformed, many gentlemen of the name 48. Ox. of 1Villiams, in Wales, value themselves on this descent ford, 1681. of Oliver Cromwel. Dugdale's account has been lately

contested by a gentleman who thinks it' more proba-
• ble that this family descended by the females from
« Ralth lord Cromwell of Tattenhall in Lincolnshire, the
" last heir male of which was lord High Treasurer in

the reign of Henry VI. and one of his coheiresses mar• ried Sir William IVilliams,whose descendents might af

terwards take the name of Cromwell, in hopes of at• taining that title which Humphry Bouchier, a younger <fon of the then earl of Essex, who married the eldest

" of the coheiresses, actually had, and was killed at (5) Bingra- • Painet field, fighting on the side of king Eduard phia Eritan- " IV. (6-Which of these accounts is most probable pica, vol.

ce must be left to the judgment of the reader.--HowCromwell, I ever, ihis is certain, that Sir Richard Cromwell above nute (a). "mentioned was sheriff of Cambridgeshire and Hun

tingtor./Bire in the time of Henry VIII. was a great fa(vourite and commander in the wars, and had grants 6 of abbey lands in Huntingtonshire to the amount, as

they were then rated, of three thousand pounds a year. • Lis fon, Sir Henry, was four times sheriff of the 6 county. Sir Oliver, uncle to ihe Protector, gave 'king Janes I. the greatest feast that had been given

« PreviousContinue »