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scene- His Majesty was treated with very great respect by the army; every thing


• it must seem only the act of Mr. Joyce; Cromwell • protested he knew nothing of it (though he was the

man that appointed it to be done, as appears by ( what has been recited, taken out of fome of their • own authors); Sir Thomas Fuirfax writes a letter to o the house, prosesses the same for himlelf as in the pre< sence of God, with a large undertaking for the rest of • his officers, and the body of the army: and, perhaps, « he said true; I would fain be fo charitable as to be

lieve it ; nor, indeed, do I think the good man is • privy to all their plots; he must have no more than • what they are pleased to carve and chew for him, but must swallow all, and own them when they come abroad. Here then they have the King, Joyce drives

away the guards, forced colonel Greaves to fly, whom ç else they threatened to kill (murther being no sin in • the visible faints); carries away his Majesty, and the

$ commissioners that attend him, prisoners, and imnie( Helles's "diately sends up a letter to certify what he had done, Memoirs, p. $ with directions it should be delivered to Cromu eid (m): 96.

Ludlow, who understood the designs and actions of the
army, frobably, better than Holles, speaking of the di-
vifions between it and the parliament, adds, "The axis
• tators of the army, fenfible of their condition, and
• knowing that they must fall under the mercy of the
< parliament, unlets they could secure themtelves from
• their power, by prosecuting what they had begun ;
6 and fearing thule who had thewed themselves fo for-
Sward to close with the King, out of principle, upon
« any terms, would now, for their own preservation,
« receive him without any, or rather put themselves un-
• der his protection, that they might the better fubdue
• the army, and reduce them to obedience by force ;
< sent a party of horse under the command of cornet
« Joyce, on the 4th of June, 1647, with an order in
r writing, to take the King out of the hands of the


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was rendered as agreeable as possible to
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commissioners of parliament. The cornet, having • placed guards about Holmby houte, sent to acquaint

the King with the occasion of his coming, and was " admitted into his bedchamber, where, upon promise

that the King should be used civilly, and have his ser"vants and other conveniencies continued to him, he

obtained his consent to go with him. But whilst cor-
'net Josce was giving orders concerning the King's re-
"moval, the parliament's commissioners took that occa-

fion to discourse with the King, and persuaded him
"to alter his resolution; which Joyce perceiving at his

return, put the King in mind of his promise, ac-
•quainting him, that he was obliged to execute his or-
• ders; whereupon the King told him, that, since he
" had passed his word, he would go with him; and, to
• that end, descended the stairs to take horse, the
• commissioners of the parliament being with him.

Colonel Brown and Mr. Crew, who were two of "them, publickly declared, that the King was forced

out of their hands; and fo returned, with an account r of what had been done, to the parliament (n).' This

(n) Vol.i.

p. 191. was a very bold stroke indeed! performed in the name of soldiers only under the command of Fairfax, but . no doubt contrived by Cromwell and Ireton, in order to make themselves arbiters between King and parliament, and advance their own ambitious proje&ts. ' Lord Clarendon assures us, that the King did, in truth, • believe that their purpose was to carry him to some s place where they might more conveniently murder • him (6). The author of the Icon Bafilike more sensi. 0.1. V. bly observes, in his Majesty's person, This surprize of P• 4°.

me tells the world, that a King cannot be so low but• he is considerable, adding weight to that party where (b) King she appears ().' The King had no reason to fear Charles's murther : Joyce behaved with civility to him; promised »

708. Fol. him all conveniencies ;, did what in him lay to please Lond. 1689.


le, ale ning hadiey to him; po please con

entered into a negociation with him, in order to his 'restoration ; but terms being


him, and rendered him more pleased with his situation than he had before been. Let us hear Fairfax. So s soon as I heard of it (the King's seizure at Holmby] ? I immediately sent away two regiments of horle, « commanded by colonel Whalley, to remove this force, • and to set all things again in their due order. But • before he came to Holmby, the King was advanced

two or three miles on his way to Cambridge, attended by Joyce, where colonel Whaley acquainted the King, « he was sent by the general to let him know how much • he was troubled at those great insolencies that had been

committed so near his person; and, as he had not the

least knowledge of them before they were done, so • he had omitted no time in seeking to remove that « force, wbich he had orders from me to see done; " and therefore he delired his Majesty that he would be. s pleased to return again to Holmty, where all things • Thould be settled again in as much order and quiet“ness as they were before. And also he desired the ' commisioners to reassume their charge, as the parlia"ment had directed them, which he was also to desire

them to do from the general. But the King refused

to return, and the commissioners to act; where upon • colonel II halley urged them to it, saying, he had an • express command to see all things weli settied about * his Majeliy, which could not be done, but by his re" turning again to Holmby. The King said porilively, • he would not do it: so the colonel pressed him no . more to it, having, indeed, a special direction from

me to use all tenderness and respect, as was due to « his Majesty. The King came that night, or the next, ( to Sir John Cutis's house near Cambridge ; and the « next day I waited on his Majesty, it being also my bu• finess to persuade his return to Honniy, but he was

s otherwise resolved. I prest the commiflioners also to To act according to the power given them by the parlia


not agreed on, or dangers of some kind or other (DD) being apprehended, Cromwell


ment, which they also refused to do : so having spent the

whole day about this business, I returned to my quar• ters; and, as I took leave of the King, he said to 6 me, Sir, I have as good interest in the army as you ; " by which I plainly saw the broken reed he leaned on. • The agitators could change into that colour which • served next to their ends, and had brought the King • into an opinion that the army was for him. That is might appear what a real trouble this act was to me, though the army was almost wholly infected with this humour of agitation, I called for a council of

war to proceed against Joyce for this high offence , • and breach of the articles of war; but the officers,

whether for fear of the distempered soldiers, or ra« ther (as I suspecied) a secret allowance of what was (w) Shoot • done, made all my endeavours in this ineffectual ().' Memorials, I have transcribed Fuii fax's account at length, that the p. Ingreader may the better be enabled to judge of the jura"? tice of Clarendon's narrative above mentioned, and also of the truth of the message, delivered to the house of lords by the Earl of Dumfermline, from the King, that (r) Parlia • his Majesty went from Holdenby unwillingly (r).'-- Hifory! • Thus, I ys Perinchief, was that religious Prince made vol. xv. ' once more the mock of fortune, and the sport of the P• 399. 6 factious, and was drawn from his peaceful contem- ' 6 plations and prospect of heaven, tobchold and con. Life of

verse with men set on fire of hell (1). Whether prefixed to the reader be disposed to laugh or be serious at this his works, solemn paragraph is very indifferent to me; but the P. 40. writer, who composed it, stands little chance for credit with such as with attention have studied the character of his hero.

(DD) Terms being nit agreed on, er danger leing apprehended, Cromwell broke off all thoughts of friendship with Charles, &c.] The King no sooner found himself in the hands of the army, than he had reason to be sa


to behold and con- K. Charles,

broke off all thoughts of friend hip with the King, and openly declared for bringing him


tisfied with their civility and respect Ludlow, with fome indignation, speaks of the atiendance and homage that was paid him by some chief officers. Lord Claren. don has given us a particular account of the treatment he received, which I will here transcribe for the fatiffaction of the reader. The King found himself at Newma, ket, attended by greater troops and fuperior 6 officers; fo that he was present'y freed from any lub• jection to Mr. Joyce, which was no small satisfaction

to him; and they who were about him appeared men • of better breeding than the former, and paid his Ma. · jefty all the respect imaginable, and seemed to defire .to please him in all things. All restraint was taken • off from persons resorting to him, and he saw every • day the faces of many who were grateful to him ; • and he no sooner desired that some of his chaplains • might have leave to attend upon him for his devotion, < but it was yielded to, and they who were named by • him (who were Dr. Sheldon, Dr. Morley, Dr. Sander"fon, and Dr. Hammond) were presently fent, and gave • their attendance, and performed their functions at the

ordinary hours, in their accustomed formalities; all • persons, who had a mind to it, being suffered to be

present, to his Majesty's infinite satisiaction, who be• gan to believe that the army was not so much his • enemy as it was reported to be; and the army had * fent an address to him full of protestation of duty, « and besought him, that he would be content, for ' fome time, to reside among them), until the affairs of • the kingdom were put into such a posture as he might « find all things to his own content and security, which « they infinitely desired to see as soon as might be ; and, • to that purpose, made daily instances to the parlia* ment. In the mean time his Majesty sate ftill, or " removed to such places as were most convenient for the march of the army ; being in all places as well

• pro

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