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commons, after it had voted his Majesty's


* bim, I was sent to safeguard, and not to murther him. . I wisht him to be confident no such thing should be • done. I would firft die at his foot in bis defence; " and I therefore fhewed it him, that he might be ar

• sured, though menacing speeches came frequently to 13) Peck's his eare, our general officers abhorred' so bloody and Desiderata

Filib. - villanous a fact (s). Milton's vindication of Crearix. p. 42. well, against the charge of persuading the King to with

draw into the Isle of Wight, must not be here omitted.

— Alierum est crimen persuasisse regi Cromuellum, ut sin insulam Vectim clanculum se subduceret. Constat • regem Carolum rem suam multis aliàs rebus; ter fuga o perdidisse; primùm cum Londino Eboracum fugit, de

inde cum ad Scoios in Anglia conductitios, poftremò cum • ad insulam Vectim. At hujus poftremæ suasor erat

Cromuellus. Optime; sed tamen ego regios illos prie (mùm miror, qui Carolum toties affirmare non dubi• tant fuisse prudentisfimum, & eundem fimul vix un« quam suæ fpontis ; five apud amicos sive inimicos,

in aula vel in caftris, in aliena ferè poteftate femper • fuiffe; nunc uxoris, nunc episcoporum, nunc purpu'ratorum, nunc militum, denique hoftium : pejora < plerumque consilia, & pejorum fermè sequutum; Carolo persuadetur, Carolo imponitur, Carolo : illuditur “ metus incutitur, fpes vana oftenditur, velut præda omInium communis, tam amicorum quam hoftium, agitur • & fertur Carolus. Aut hæc è scriptis suis tollant, aut “ sagacitatem Caroli prædicare desistant. Fateor dein• de, quam vis prudentia atque consilio præftare pul

crum fit tamen ubi respublica factionibus laborat, • suis incommodis haud carere ; & confultiffimum quem

que eo magis obnoxium calumniis utriusque partis

reddere : hoc fæpe Cromuello obfuit : binc Presbyte• riani, inde hostes quicquid in se durius fieri putant « non id communi fenatus confilio, fed Cromuello foli ' imputant; immo si quid per imprudentiam ipfi malè ' gerunt, id dolis & fraudibus Cromuelli affignare non


c erubefcunt ; culpa omnis in eum derivatur, omnis in
« eum faba cuditur. Et tamen certiffimum est fugam ad
< vectim regis Caroli abfenti tum aliquot millibus para
c suum Cromuells, tam novum accidiffe & inopinatum,
s quàm cuilibet ex fenatu tum in urbe versanti, quem
« ut de re inopinatissima fibi recens allata per literas cer-
• tiorem fecit. Res autem ita fe habuit ; exercitus
• universi vocibus rex territus, qui eum nullis officiis
« fuis aut pollicitis facium meliorem, ad fupplicium pof-
< cere jam tunc cæperat, statuit cum duobus tantum.
• modo consciis nocturna fugâ fibi confulere : verùm

fugiendi certior, quàm quo fugeret, per comitum fuo

rum vel imperitiam vel timiditatem, inops consilii « quo se reciperet, Hamundo Vectis insulæ præfidi fe • uitro dedidit ; ea fpe, facilem fibi ex ea insula, para• to jam navigio, transitum in Galliam aut in Belgium • fore. Hæc ego de fuga regis in Vectim ex iis comperi 6 quibus rem totam pernoscendi quàm proxima facultas • erat (b).' i.e.' Another crime is, that Cromwell per- (0) Profe

Works, " suaded the King to withdraw himself privately to the vol, ü... « Isle of Wight. Now its plain King Charles ruined his 336. 's own affair otherwise in many things, and no less " than three times by Aight: as, first, when he Aed < from London to York; afterwards, when he ran to the « hireling Scots in England ; and, last of all to the Isle "" of Wight. But Cromwell was the persuader of this

last flight! Good indeed! But I first admire those

royalists, who never stick to affirm so often, that Charles was one of the most prudent persons living, • and still, that the same man was hardly ever at his s'own disposal: that, whether with his enemies or his

friends, in the court or in the camp, he was almost ( always in the power of another ; now of his wife, " then of the bishops ; now of the peers, then of the • soldiery ; and last of his enemies : that, for the molt < part, he followed the worfer counsels; and, almost • always, of the worser' men. Charles is persuaded ; Charles is imposed on ; Charles is deceived ; fear is im. pressed on him ; vain hope is set before him ; Charles c is carried and hurried about, as if he was the common prey of all, both friends and enemies. But let N2


them either blot these things out of their writ

ings, or else give over trumpeting up the fagacity of « Charles. Next, I confess, though it be honoura<ble to excel in prudence and counsel, yet that, • where a commonwealth labours under factions, this « doth not always want its inconveniencies; but ren• ders any, even the most prudent, so much the more o obnoxious to the calumnies of each party. This ofo o ten was the case of Cromwell. On the one side, the • Presbyterians; on the other, the enemy (Royalists] o whatever hardships they are loaded with, impute it

all, not to the common advice of parliament, but • of Cromwell only. Nay, if themselves imprudently " act any thing amiss, do not blush to lay it wholly to • the deceits and frauds of Cromwell! All the fault is

thrown upon him ; all the black is stuck upon his • coat. And yet it is most certain, that the fight of « King Charles to the Ife of Wight fell out as new and • unexpeciedly to Cromwell (who was then some miles • off) as it was surprising to any of the parliament, at " that time residing in London, whom he made acquaint• ed with it by letter, as of a most unlooked-for acci• dent, the news whereof was just then brought him. * Now the matter happened thus : the King (affrighted • by the menaces of the whole army, who, finding him ' nothing amended, either by their good offices or pro« mises for him, had now begun to require he should • be brought to punishment) determined, with only two ' attendants, to provide for his own safety by a noctur• nal Alight; but lurer of flying, than whither he thould

fly, either by the unskilfulness or timidity of his com• panions; and, not knowing where to betake himself, • he, at last, voluntarily threw himself into the hands 6 of Hammond, governor of the Isle of Wight; with

this hope, that he might find an easy passage out of • that island, a small vessel being provided privately • for the purpose, either into France or Holland. And

these matters, touching the King's fight into the Ise of Wight, I learnt of them, who had as great advantage cas may be for knowing the truth.' This seems very strong in Cromwell's bchalf.. But, had he wrote the


concessions a sufficient ground (EE) to pro


perhapsere, his the fame peich andhaving throw he lle

mired by men Coated the Wecharles having in of the Isle

letter to Wholley, with the design suggested, of which there is no proof, where would have been the harm of it, as I before faid, or who would not have thought himself at liberty to have acted a like part with a man of such a character and such views? The statesman, perhaps, would not easily be found; or, if such an one there were, his understanding would not be greatly ada mired by men of the same profession.

(BE) He defeated the Welch and Scots, and purged the bouse of commons, &c.] Charles having thrown him. self into the hands of Hammond, governor of the Isle of Wight, was treated by him with great civility and respect. And the parliament, who had been much alarmed at his Majesty's escape, being informed of the place of his abode, determined to send commissioners io the Isle of Wight, in order to treat with him concerning peace, so necessary to hiniself and the kingdom. But, on the King's refusal to agree to the preliminary. propositions, they immediately determined to make no more addresses to him, but to proceed to the settlement of the nation without him. Their reasons they submitted to the public, in a declaration which was printed and dispersed in every corner. This declaration, and the votes on which it was founded, very juftly alarmed the fears of Charles and his friends. They wrote, they petitioned, they were tumultuous at the door of the house of commons, and, at length, had recourse to arms in his favour. But none of these things, for the present, succeeded. The insu. recti in under the lords Gering and Capel, on the surrender of Colcheller to Fairfax, came to nothing; that in Wales, under colonel Poyer, Cromwell, with no very great difficulty, subdued ; and, immediately, with very speedy marches, he came up with Duke Hamilton, who himself was taken prifoner, and the whole body of Scois and English, under his command, routed. This, properly, put a period to the second civil war, in which the rathness and impru

N 3


ceed upon for the settlement of the peace


minished ballad been all tod part of themsechs with an

dence of the one side was as remarkable, as the valour
and good conduct of the other. •All this great vic-
• tory,' says Clarendon, was got by Cromwel, with an
« army amounting to a third part of the Scots in num- .
·ber, if they had been all together; and it was not di-
( minished half an hundred in obtaining this victory,

? after the English forces, under Langdule had been de* Vol. v. 1 6.622. p. 165.

feated (i).' This was the battle of Preston, fought Auguft 17, 1648. The Scots army were ' twelve " thousand foot, well armed, and five thousand horse. ! Langdale had two thousand five hundred foot, and ( one thousand five hundred horse; in all twenty one * thousand; and in the parliament's army, in all, about • eight thousand six hundred! and, of the enemy, about « two thousand were fain, and about nine thousand

• prisoners taken, besides what were lurking in hedges ( Whit- ' and private places, which the country people daily lock, p-532.“ brought in or destroyed (j). For this victory a so

lemn thanksgiving was ordered throughout the kingTortua dom, on the seventh of September following (*). After of the house this Cromwel marched forward for Scotland, in order of con- efleétually to suppress the Hamiltonian party. In his mons, Aug. more

So march his discipline was very exact, and his order fo 23, 1548.

good, that no ground of complaint was given to the inhabitants. At length he arrived at Edinburgh, where « he was received with great ceremony, and demanded, • that none, who had been in action in the late wicked • engagement and invasion, miglit, henceforward, be • employed in any public place of trust; to which the « committee of estates there gave a fatisfaéiory answer. • He had also visits and conferences with commissioners • from the kirk, and from the provost and magiftrates of Edinburgh, and a strong guard of soldiers at his • li dging. At the time of his being at Edinburgh fer « veral other demands were made by him to the com' mittee of estates, who gave him very fair answer, • and he reserved liberty for the parliament of England

o to

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