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courteous and obliging, affable and conde


faid that it intermitted : at which suddenly startled, • he looked pale, fell into a cold sweat, almost fainted • away, and orders himself to be carried to bed, where • being refreshed with cordials, he made his will, but « only about his private and domestic affairs. Next ( morning early, when one of his physicians came to I visit him, he asked him, why he look'd so sad ? and ( when he made answer, that so it becomes any one,

who had the weighty care of his life and health upon i him: Ye physicians, said he, think I shall die. Then " the company, being removed, holding his wife by the • hand, to this purpose he spoke to him, I tell you I « shall not die of this disorder, -I am sure of it. And 6 because he observed him to look more attentively • upon him at these words, Don't think, said he, that "I am mad; I speak the words of truth, upon surer

grounds than your Galen or Hippocrates furnih you 6 with. God Almighty himself hath given that an• swer, not to my prayers alone, but also to the praycers of those who entertain a stricter commerce, and « greater intimacy with him. Go on chearfully, baI nishing all fadness from your looks, and deal with ' me as you would with a serving-man. Ye may have • skill in the nature of things, yet nature can do more " than all physicians put together; and God is far more above nature.'

Burnet confirms this account of the assurance of the divines concerning Cromwell's recovery (9). 1(7) History will rest the evidence of the enthusiasm of Oliver here of his own

times, vol. i. (though many more proofs can be brought of it) 1:ot." doubting but it will appear strong and convincing; and account, in some degree, for those actions and expressions which we shall meet with in the following sheets: account in fome degree, I say; for whoever thinks him wholly under the power of this principle, will be greatly mistaken. Cromwell ranks in this re


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scending, and even strongly, at times (6),



spect with Mahome., and Auringzebe, who were great masters of themselves, though, by nature, strongly tinctured with enthusiasm.

(c) He was courteous and affable, and inciin'd to buffoonery] Here are the authorities. Sir Philip War. wick does honor to this part of his character in the following paragraph. In his conversation towards me • he was ever friendly; tho' at the latter end of the

? day finding me ever incorrigible,, and having some (Me. « inducements to suspect me a tamperer, he was sufmoirs, p.

** "ficiently rigid (r).' Whitlock, even under a sense of

me an injury done him by Cromwell, owns he was goodHáls, p. 627. ' natured (s). His affability and condescension will

appear also from the fame writer. " As they [Cromwell and Ireion) went home from my house, their ? coach was stopped and they examined by the guards,

' to whom they told their names; but the captain of .? the guards would not believe them, and threatned to

carry these two great officers to the court of guard,

Ireton grew a little angry, but Cromwell was chearful 384.

with the soldiers, gave them twenty shillings, and « commended them and their captain for doing their ? duty (t).' In another place he writes as follows: "The Prrtecior often advis’d about this [The petition " and advice) and other great businesses with the Lord · Brogbill, Pierpoint, myself, Sir Charles IV ofely and

Thurloe, and would be shut up three or four hours « together in private discourse, and none were admit• ted to come in to bim; he would sometimes be very ( chearful with us, and laying aside his greatness he ' would be exceeding fan iliar with us, and by way

of diversion, would make verses with us, and every ! one must try his fancy; he commonly callid for to(bacco, pipes, and a candle, and would now and ? then take tobacco himself; then he would fall again ļ to his serious and great business, and advise with us

(1) Id. p.

inclin’d to practise some little arts of buf- : foonery.


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(in those affairs; and this he did often with us, and • our counsel was accepted and followed by him, in

most of his greatest affairs (w).' These passages, rials, p. 656. fimply and artlesly told, strongly indicate the chearfulness and pleasantry of Cromwell, and shew how well qualified he was to conciliate the affection and regard of those whom he thought it worth his while to (o) See more court (x).

(PPP) Let us now proceed to the buffoonery which is mentioned in the text. “Mr. IV aller lived mostly at Bea« censfield, where his mother dwelt in her widowhood, « and often entertained Oliver Cromwell there, during • his usurpation, he being related to her. But not.

withstanding her relation to the usurper, and Colonel ! Hampden, she was a royalist in her principles; and < when Oliver visited her at Beaconsfield, she would + frankly tell him how his pretensions would end. • The usurper us'd merrily to throw a napkin at her in < return, and said he would not enter into further disç putes with his aunt; for lo he us’d to call her, though • not quite so nearly related (3). Mr. Cowley speaks !!

Life, p. 4. of • his Ainging of cushions, and playing at snowballs *** ( with his servants (2).' --- And Mr. Ludlow. relates (z) Dir. that Cromwell contriv'd a conference to be held in course con.

'cerning the Kingstreel, between those call’d the Grandees of the government ¢ house and army, and the Commonwealths-men, in of Oliver " which the Grandees, of whom Lieutenant-general Crom

• P. 95. Cromwell was the head, kept themselves in the clouds, < and would not declare their judgments either for a • monarchical, aristocratical, or democratical govern

ment; maintaining that any of them might be good « in themselves, or for us, according as Providence • should direct us. The Commonwealths-men declarsed that monarchy was neither good in it'elf, nor for sus.- Notwithstanding what was said, Cromwell




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"- profess'd himself unresolved, and having learn'd « what he could of the principles and inclinations of " those present at the conference, took up a cuthion

" and flung it at my head, and then ran down the (©) Lud. " frairs; but l overtook him with another, which low's Memoirs, vol. i.' made him hasten down faster than he defired (a).' p. :40. 8vo. This fact occurr’d to Mr. Hume, but he could not reSwit".. Jate it as it was. -- Hear his words. “After debate, land, 1698 10 fays he, on this subjec: [government) the most impor

tant which could fall under the discussion of human (creatures, Ludlow tells us, that Cromweil, by way of

frolic, threw a cushion at his head ; and when Lud

' low took up another cushion, in order to return the (b) History ' compliment, the General ran down stairs, and had of Great almost broke his bones in the hurry (6).'--But to Britain, vol. ii. p. 74.

- proceed. At the signing of the warrant for the King's

execution, we are told that Cromwill with his pen (0) Exact "mark'd Harry Marien in the face; and Marten did an, impar. " the like to him (c);' and also that whilst Hugh tial account of the TrialPeter's was fhewing the lawfulness of the said execuof the Regi.. tion, and, in his way, exciting them to it from the cides, p. 5 pulpit, he laughed (d) I will add but one pafiage Lond. 166o. more. "Minores ductores congiariis frequentius de(d) Id. p. 6 vincire, nonnunquam in media cibatione, fame non

• dum pacata gregarios milites pulsatis tympanis intro“ mittere ut femesas rapterent reliquias. Robusos ac « vere militares nocivis & validis exercitiis tractare, ( veluti prunà candente nonnunquam ocreis injecta, ' vel culcitris hinc inde in capita vibratis. Semel au( tem præludiis hujufmodi probe laffos & risu laxatos

præfectos ad cordis apertionem provocavit ; eoque

modo ab incautis elicuit arcana qua dam, quæ per(e) Bates's "petuis tenebris optabant poftmodùm involuta; dumn Elenchi,

ople, sententias omnium scrutatus, celaret suam (c): pars 2¢a. i.e." He would often make feasts for the inferiour ofp. 179. oficers, and whilst they were feeding, before they had


24. 4to.


to the full (H); appear’d with the pomp


• satisfied their hunger, cause the drums to beat and

let in the private soldiers to fall on, and snatch away • the half-eaten dishes. The robust and sturdy soldiers - he loved so divert with violent and hazardous exer• cises; as by making them fometimes throw a burn

ing coal into one anothers boots, or cushions at one 5 anothers heads. When the officers had sufficiently

laugh'd, and tired themselves with these preludes, « he would wheedle them to open their hearts freely ; ' and by that means he drew some secrets from the un(wary, which afterwards they wished might have been "wrapp'd up in everlafi ing darknel ; whilst he, in the I mean time, pumping the opinion of all others, con

cealed his own. Thus even diverfions were made subfervient to his policy! ,

(H) He kept flate to the full, and appeard on proper occasions with pomp and magnificence.] Cromwell was one of those genius's who are oftimes buried in obscurity, through want of occasion of being known. Thousands spend their lives in retirement who are capable of greater things than most of those whose names are toss'd from every tongue, and voic'd for wise, skilful, able, or valiant. In times of peace these men are little notic'd or known; but they are overlook'd among the herd, or treated with a coolness or disregard which damps their ambition, and establishes their virtue. But when civil commotions arise, when the struggle is for liberty or enslavement, then a free and active

spirit is rais'd which overspreads the country; every « man finds himself, on such occasions, his own mal"ter, and that he may be, whatever he can make "himself: he knows not how high he may rise, and

is unaw'd by laws, which are then of no force: he ' finds his own weight, tries his own strength, and, if

there is any hidden worth, or curbed mettle in him, certainly shews and gives it vent. Accordingly we

y are over men are little able

i see,

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