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pence of the house of Orange, to whom


merchants should enjoy liberty of conscience in the

worship of God in their own houses and aboard their « ships, enjoying also the use of English Bibles, and • other good books, taking care, that they did not ex• ceed this liberty. This article does honor to the humanity of Cromwell. But the King of Portugal, who was under the influence of superstition and her priests, stuck at confirming a treaty so contrary to their maxims and views. - " Upon sending Mr. Meadows, says the • protector, unless we will agree to submit this article ( to the determination of the Pope, we cannot have it ; < whereby he would bring us to an owning of the Pope, « which we hope, whatever befall us, we shall not, by " the grace of God, be brought unto. And upon the < same issue is that article put, whereby it is provided ' and agreed by his ambassador, that any ships coming " to that harbour, any of whose company, if they shall o run from their laid ships Mall be brought back again ç by the magistrate, and the commanders of the said "ships not required to pay the said runaways their wa“ges, upon pretence that they are turned Catholiques, " which may be colour for any knave to leave his duty, ' or for the Roman Catholiques to seduce our men,

which we thought necessary to be provided against ; yet to this also, as I said before, they would not con

sent without the approbation of the Pope, although it • was agreed also by their anıbassador. Upon the whole

matter, we find them very falle to us, who intended • nothing but what was simply honelti'- To treat farther with men of this cast of mind, Oliver, I fuppose, thought was bootless. He knew the right way to go to work with them ; and he took it. This appears from tbe instructions he gave, May 6, 1656, to the generals Blake, and Mountague, in the following words: « Whereas the King of Portugal doth refuse to ratify • the treaties lately made with this commonwealth by his extraordinary ambassador here, or to perform any


they were in a great measure indebted for


< part thereof, either in what relates to the state, or to
e the people and merchants; and by his proceedings

gives ground to believe, that nothing is less in his in-
- tentions, than to give just satisfaction therein ; where-
'fore we do hereby authorize and require you, as it

will consist with the present condition of the fleet un

der your command, and with your other principal in' ftructions, to use your best endeavours, by the feet, ' or such part thereof as you shall judge necessary, to

take, arrest, and seize upon the fleet or fleets belong

ing to the King of Portugal, or any of his subjects, ' with their guns, cash, goods and merchandizes what

ever, now expected from the East and West Indies, " and to keep and deteyne the same without breaking of - bulk or embezilment, towards such satisfaction for the • wrongs and damages, which this state hath suffered • from Portugal, and to give notice forthwith of what " you shall do therein. And in case any of the ships of • the said King or his people fall make any resistance, " you have hereby power to fight with, kill, and destroy, • and to seck for, and burn all such as shall so resist. • Nevertheless, if Mr. Philip Meadows, our envoy with 16 the King of Portugal, Thall before any seizure or act • of hostility as aforesaid, give you assurance, that sa(tisfaction is obtained upon the said treaties, that this (s). Thurlue, 6 instruction shall be void (s).' The admirals on the

the vol, iv. p. receipt hereof failed towards Lilvon, and made known their orders to the English agent, who informing the . court, obtained a speedy figning of the treaty by the King, and a very large sum of money for satisfaction ; which was shipped on board the fleet, and sent to Eng-(4) Id. vol. land (t). Mountague indeed seems not to have been well :P

"" 124, 125. pleased with the peace. He thought they had now Portugal at mercy, and should have imposed more rigorous terms. You have, says he, (in a letter to Thurlne, • dated June 17, 1656) at this time the Portugal upon « his knees, and if we had authority to make farther

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their independency, and freedom.

The prin.

! demands, we might ask what we would, (almost) and ! he durft not but perform it, or his country would be « all in rebellion. But this is to no purpose, the season

being part.' Men of such spirit and resolution as these, were capable of executing any commands. We may suppose an action like this must have inspired Crimüell's neighbours with a fear of offending !- After what has been re ated in this note, the following par{ages from turret well easily find credit, especially as several of them may be authenticated by incontestable vouchers. Cr.mwell's maintaining the honor of the ' nation in all foreign countries, gratifyed the vanity ? which is very natural to Engliji,min; of which he was

fo careful, that though he was not a crowned head, • yet his ambassadors had all the respect paid them

which our Kings amballadors ever had. He said the ! dignity of the crown was upon the account of the : nation, of which the King was only the representa

live head, so the nation being still the same, he would " have the same regards paid to his ministers. An• other inttance of this pleased him much. Blake with • the feet hai pened to be at Nial ga, before he made • war upon Spain: and some of bis seamen went on

thore, and met the hostie carried about; and not only • paid no respect to it, but laughed at those that did. • So one of the priests put the people on resenting this

indignity; and they fell upon them and beat them severeiy. When they returned to their ship they com

plained of this uiage: and upon that Blake sent a : trumpet to the viceroy, to demand the.priest who was • the chict instrument in that ill usage. The Viceroy ' answered he had no authority over the priest, and so • could not dispose of him.' Blake upon that sent him

word, that he would not encuire who had the power • to send the priest to him, but if he were not sent ? within three hours he would burn their town: and they, being in no condilion to resist him, sent the priest

principal articles of it, I shall mention be


? to him, who justified himself upon the petulant be• haviour of the seamen. Blake answered, that if he

had sent a complaint to him of it, he would have pu!nished them severely, since he would not suffer his

men to affront the established religion of any place Eat which he touched : but he took it ill, that he set o on the Spaniards to do it ; for he would have all the ? world to know, that an Englisman was only to be

punished by an Englishman. So he treated the priest o civilly, and sent him back, being satisfied that he had ! him at his mercy. Cromwell was much delighted with

this, and read the letters in council with great fatis• faction; and said, he hoped, he should make the 6 name of an Englisoman as great as ever that of a Ro! man had been. The states of Holland were in such • dread of him, that they took care to give him no fort

of umbrage : and when at any time the King or his < brothers came to see their sister, the Princess Royal, s within a day or two after they used to send a depu• tation to let them know that Cromwell had required of " the States that they should give them no harbour. ? King Charles, when he was seeking for colours for the 6 war with the Dutch in the year 1672, urged it for

one, that they suffered some of his rebels to live in ( their provinces. Borel, then their ambassador, an• swered, that it was a maxim of long standing among " them, not to enquire upon what account strangers o came to live in their country, but to receive them all, ? unless they had been concerned in conspiracies against

the persons of Princes. The King told him upon • that, how they had used both himself and his broi ther. Borel, in great fimplicity, answered: Ha! ! Sire, c'étoit une autre chose : Cromwell etoit un grand homme, & il se faisoit craindre Es par terre & par mer.

This was very rough. The King's answer was : Ye ? me ferai craindre aufi à mon tour : tut he was scarce & as good as his word. All Italy trembled at the

* name + Gefa Bri. This sea-fight was on the 2d and gd of June, the next on the 29th tannorum, and 30th of July following t. So that Mr. Burchett was negligent and Lond. 1659. miftaken,

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This was vil le faileire chose :

low (BBB), for the information of my rea


name of Cromwell, and seemed under a pannick fear

r as long as he lived. His feet scoured the Mediterra. (u) Vol. i. 6 nean : and the Turks durst not offend him ; but dep. 126, & « livered up Hide, who kept up the character of an amfeq. See also Thurloe, bassador from the King there, and was brought over vol. iii. p.6. 6 and executed for it (u). Many more proofs might

be brought of Cromwell's being courted and feared by the nations around him. But these posibly may be deemed sufficient: if not, many things will be found in the following notes more fully to confirm it.

(BBB) The principal articles of the piace I mall mention below.] In the note (MM) I have given an account of the commencement of the Dutch war, and the negatiations for peace until the interruption of the parliament by the power of Cromwell. From this change in the governinent, the enemy expected many advantages. But they soon found themselves mistaken ; for the preparations for war were carried on with equal diligence as before, and the Dutch found to their cost that they had people of like fpirit and resolution to deal with. For notwithstanding the ridicule with which the little parliament is almost conitantly treated, they shewed. bravery in carrying on the war; justice, generosity and good policy in rewarding the gallantry of their admirals, and inferiour commanders; and a regard to the honor of the nation in the terms they inlifted on to make peace. In the year 1653 *, a bloody battle was I fought between Van Tromp and the English admirals i Dian and Moncke, wherein the Dutch were worted, ( which occasioned tumults in Holland : and the same 6 year in August, there was another bloody engagement,

wherein the Dutch were again defiated, and Vin

Tromp slain in the action. The rest of the fleet be. (ing by this time cruelly broken and shattered, dis

o cour

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