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of both universities, whose names stand in

the

accomplished, and the blood and treasure of the people preserved, as well as their ease and safety secured. On such an occasion, therefore, as the peace with the Dutch, it was bụt natural for the muses to exult. And, in fact, they did it. The most learned men, the best geniuses, and those who afterwards made the greatest figure in the literary world, joined in celebrating this glorious event. The verses composed at Cambridge were published there, with the following title; Oliva • Pacis. Ad Illuftriflimum Celfiflimumque Oliverum,

• Reipub. Angliæ, Scotiæ, & Hiberniæ Dominum Pro(?) Ex cele-s tectorem ; de Pace cum Fæderatis Belgis feliciter fanberrimæ Aca

i cita, Carmen Cantabrigiense (4). Dr. Seaman, vicepographeo. chancellor, introduces them to his highness in a poem, 4to. 1654. of which the following lines make a small part.

caden

Des veniam; nomen, Dux invictissime, veftrum
Noftris inscriptum versibus esse finas.
Te Protectorem Respublica nostra salutat
Te Dominum, domino tu mihi major eris.
Quàm facile eft, Olivere, tuum grandescere nomen,
Si meritis titulos accumulare licet.
Primus Marte, nec Arte minor, pietate secundus
Nulli, Militiæ gloria, Pacis amor.

Te Duce, sołennes agit Anglia lata triumphos,
Juncto cum Batavis fædere tuta magis.

Among the names subscribed to the poems that follow after, are Arriwsmith, Tuckney and Horton, men of fame in their own days; then come those of Whichcot, and Cudworth, whose fame still survives, and whose writings render them immortal. Dillingham, Duport, Worthington, Wray [Ray] Glisson, and Bright, eminent for their skill in various branches of learning, bear a part in the collection, besides a variety of others, now little known or regarded.

The

the first rank among the learned. - Cromwell, I know, has been almost universally blamed for breaking with Spain, and allying

him

The university of Oxford addressed his highness likewise. The book, in which their poems are contained; is entitled, “ Musarum Oxoniensium 'EAAIOOOPI'A. < Sive, ob Foedera, Auspiciis Sereniffimi Oliveri Reis pub, Ang. Scot. & Hiber. Domini Protectoris, inter ( Rempub. Britannicam & Ordines Federatos Belgii • Fæliciter Stabilita, Gentis Togatæ ad vada Isidis Ce- (m) Oxonić, • leusina Metricum (m):' The dedication to this 4to. 16546 piece is in prose by Dr. Owen, vice-chancellor, and is full of expressions of gratitude to Oliver for his favours to, and protection of the univerfity. After which we have a copy of verses by the same hand, and a great variety of others in several languages by different pens. Zouch, doctor of the civil law, Harmer, greek-profesfor, and Dr. Ralph Bathurst, names well known in the republic of letters, contributed to this collection, and joined in celebrating the protector. Besides there, we find here the names of Busby (who so long ruled in Westminster school, and complied with every change of government in his time) and Lacke : the poem of the latter I will here insert, as it may, I am persuaded, be acceptable to the learned reader.

Pax regit Augufti, quem vicit Julius orbem :
Ille fago factus clarior, ille toga.
Hos sua Roma' vocat magnos & numina credit,
Hic quod fit mundi victor, & ille quies.

Tu bellum et pacem populis des, unus utrisq; .
Major es ; ipse orbem vincis, & ipse regis.
Non hominem è cælo millum Te credimus; unus
Sic poteras binos qui superare deos!

I will only add some lines out of Mr. afterwards Dr.
South's poem, in the same collection.
Bb

T#

himself to France ; whether justly (DDD) or

no,

-Tu Dux pariter Terræ Domitorq; profundi,
Componant laudes cuncta elementa tuas.
Cui mens alta subeft pelagoq; profundior ipso,
Cujus fama sonat, quam procul unda sonat.

Tu poteras folus motos componere fluctus,
Solus Nertunum sub tua vincla dare.
Magna fumul fortis vicisti & multa : Trophæis
Ut mare, fic pariter cedit arena cuis.
Nomine Pacifico gestas insignia pacis,
Blandaq; per titulos serpit Oliva tuos.'

Sen ons,

hislume is Cloon But this without

.) South's

Would any one think this panegyrist should after

wards, in print, stile Cromwell ' a lively copy of Jeropol i. pó loam (»)? or have the face to say of the ruling ec160. 8vo. clefiaftics of these times, that Latin was with them Lund, 1692.

'ca nortal crime, and Greek, instead of being owned
" for the language of the Holy Ghost (as in the New
« Tiflament it is) was looked upon as the fin against it;
• fo chat, in a word, they had all the confusions of

< Babel amongst them without the diversity of (-) Id. Vol. ' tongues (©)?' But this was Dr. South. The tii. p. 544. volume is closed with some verses from the printer to

his highness the lord protector. This was Leonard Lichfield, esquire, bedle of divinity, as he stiles himself. He lived to perform the same honour to Charles II. as did many of the gentlemen above mentioned. For praise, for the time, follows fortune: and he who has the power of conferring benefits will never want flatterers. We see, however, from hence, that Cromwell had equal honours paid him at home as well as abroad, with our kings; which was no unacceptable thing, we may assure ourselves, to so ambitious a mind as his, who fought greedily for fame, and was willing to perpetuate his name by deeds of renown.

(DDD) Cromwell has been blamed for his breach with Spain and alliance wish France; but whether justly, &c.]

la

no, may be questioned, notwithstanding the

num

Instead of amusing the reader with the uncertain conjectures of various writers, on this very important subject, I will give him Mr. Thurloe's account of the negotiations between England, France and Spain, as far as they relate to Oliver; then will naturally follow the censures past on his conduct, which will produce some observations tending to the protector's justification.

"Upon Cromwell's assuming the government, Don Alonso de Cardenas, the Spanish ambassador then re

siding in London, after making the general compliments in the high strain, mentioned in the note (AAA), came to particular propofitions on the part of Spayne,

propounding a conjunction between England and Spaynė ļ against France, upon two grounds: 1., To bring · France to a good peace, and thereby to obtain reit

and quiet to all Christendome, which was miserably o embroiled through the ambition of France, who I would listen to no reasonable terms of peace, unless • they were constrained thereto; and the most likely s and visible means to effect that was, by the united

counsels and forces of England and Spayne. 2. In this peace the establishment of Oliver in the govern

ment of these nations should be provided for, and s particularly secured, against the clayme and title of

his now Majesty [Charles II.); propounding, that r one of the articles of the peace should be to defend « Oliver in the aforesaid government, declaring that

Spayne would never lay downe their arms, nor make

peace with France, till that crowne also would agree . thereto; by which means the standing of Olivor would

be made firm and stable, having, belides his own in' tereft here, two of the chiefest crownes of Europe to

support and strengthen him : making mention here, • by way of inducement, and to perswade that Spa,ne ' was real, and in good earnest in this particular, of the

great disobligations, that the late King had put upon the King of Spayne, and the ill dealing he had reBb. 2

ecived

number and quality of the censurers. For

the

« ceived from him in several rencounters, which his « Majesty of Spayne did so much resent, that there could • never be any confidence again between Stayne and that • family; nor would it be the interest of Spaynı, that • any of that lyne should be restored to this govern«ment. Thence concluding, that Oliver could not • relye in this matter, upon any prince or state in Ex

6 rope, so much as upon Spagne, labouring, at the same .. time, to render the alliance with France not only use« less but dangerous, fave in the way before expressed ; • wherein the treaty might be so ordered, that if France • did break any of the articles, in prejudice of Oliver, • or his government in England, Spajne would be obliged • to join with England for the making good thereof. • The particulars which he desired of England in this • conjunction against France, was at firft only four thou« sand foldiers to serve with the Spanish army, and • twelve ships of war to be joined with their feet in the 6 deligns they had againft France about Bourdeaux. • This proposition came afterwards to an entire English • army of horse and foot, that might be able to march • in any part of France. And as to the charge of trans• porting and keeping such an army, Don Alonso pro• pounded (as I remember) that Spayne fhould bear * (wo third parts, and the like of the feet, which be

ing computed, he was willing to pay part downe, • and so much yearly, as long as this war fhould con

6 tinue.

* At the same time arrived here monsieur Ligné from < the prince of Cinde, besides monsieur Barriere, that was s here also, and some deputies from the town of Bour. deaux, offering reasons for a war against France, and

propounding designs relating to Bourdeaux, and the • parts thereabouts, wherein England might engage (as " they thought) with great advantage ; and this part " was also managed by Din Aionjo

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