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lant admiral. Very few commanders ever shewed like conduct and bravery. Nor were


<Aleet, and in few hours obtaining a compleat victory,

< possessed himself of all the ships ; but being not able (1) Burn "to bring them off, he set them on fire, and they were 296.'" every one burnt (u).' Sixteen galleons were destroy(*) Thur. ed, besides others. Most of them had a great part of Joe, vol. Vi, their loading aboard, which perished all with the ships (x). p. 312.

The last intelligence from Cadiz (says Mr. Maynard, - the English consul at Lisbon, in a letter to Mr Thurlo, 6 dated June 6, 1657, N. S.) faies, that the losse of 6 those thips in the Canaries goes near their hearts; they « thinking it a greater lofse to them than the galleons

with the plate taken formerly; for the consequence of • this lofse will be greate, in respect they are wholly • disappointed of furnishing the W eft India with such ne

ceflaries as they wante ; for those thips were designed

to have gone from thence in few days, if general Blake • had not prevented them ; so now they are driven to

• their laste shifte to freight Hollanders, and send them (y) Id. ibid. 6 fome, and some for the India (y).'- Such were the

naval exploits under the Protector ! Exploits, which Mr. Waller has celebrated in more than one of his Poems.

Britain, looking with a just disdain
Upon this gilded Majesty of Spain;
And knowing well, that empire must decline,
Whose chief support, and finews are of coin;
Our nation's solid virtue did oppose,
To the rich troublers of the world's répose.
And now some months, incamping on the main,
Our naval army had besieged Spain :
They that the whole world's monarchy design'd,
Are to their ports by our bold fleet confin'd;
From whence, our red cross they triumphant see,
Riding without a rival on the sca.


the English less successful on the continent. A body of men being sent into Flanders,


And again,

The sea's our own: and now all nations greet,
With bending fails, each vessel of our feet :
Your pow'r extends as far as winds can blow,
Or swelling fails upon the globe may go.

He has not used too much poetical licence.

Blake, ' after this glorious atchievement, returned to the coast of Spain, and having cruised there some time, • was coming home with the fleet to England, when he * fell ill of a scorbutic fever, of which he died just as he ' was entring Plymouth found. Cromwell's parliament, • upon the news of his exploit at Santa Cruz, had or

dered him a jewel of five hundred pound, and now • upon his death bestowed on him a solemn and sump

tuous funeral, interring him in Hinry VII's chap- (x) Burs < ple (z).' This was on the 4th of September, 1657, chett, pur • When his corps was conveyed from Grienwich house 396.

by water in a barge of state, adorned with mourning, • escutcheons, standards, &c. and attended by divers of

his highness's privy council, the commiflioners of the • admiralty, the officers of the army, and navy, the « Lord Mayor and aldermen of the city of London, &c. . In their passage along the river on the farther side of • the bridge and at the Tower, the great guns were dil6 charged, as also on this side of the bridge, till they < came to Westminster in the New-Palace Pud. From " thence the corps was by the same persons of honor ' conducted to Henry VII.'s chapple in the Abbey, • where it was interred in a vault made on purpose ; " and at the interment, the regiments of horse and foot

which attended gave many great volleys of shot. The • whole was very honourably performed, according to

the merit of that noble person, who had done so ma. ny eminent services for his country both by sea and


joined the French under Turenne, who taking (hah) Dunkirk, immediately put it in the



Fl. Lond

(a) Mercu- land (a).' I would not have given this detail of the rius Politicho Nos honors paid to the corps of this most virtuous, valiant 380, p. and disinterested man, who loved his country, and was 1606. And beloved and praised by men of all parties who had any Fali, vol. i. lente of merit: I lay,

w sense of merit: I say, I would not have done this, were c. 205.

it not to shew how different his treatment was now, from what it was after the return of Charles II. when his body (in virtue of his Majesty's express command) was taken up and buried in a pit with others in St. Margarei's church-yard, September 12, 1661 : • In which

• place, says I'ood, it now remaineth, enjoying no other (7) Wond's

• monument, but what is reared by his valour, which Faiti, ubi fupra.

i time itself can hardly deface (b). This base action

bishop Konnet being, as I suppose, alhamed of, veils and Chroni- over, by saying only his body was taken up and bu. cle, p. 536. • ried in the church-yard (c). What authority a late 1728.

ond. ingenious writer had to say that Blake's ' remains were já) Biogra- with great decency re-interred in St. Margaret's churchphia Britan- yard,' is hard to say (d). He refers indeed to Kennet in nica, p. 816. the place above cited. His authority will by no means,

we sec, bear him out. Some of the other bodies taken up, and treated thus ignominiously at the same time, were admiral Dean's, a man of bravery, who loft his life in the service of his country; col. Hump. Mack. worths ; Sir William Constable's; col. Bofcawen's, a Cornish gentleman, of a family distinguished by its constant attachment to liberty, and flourishing in great reputation, by the well known exploits of the admiral of that name; and many others too long to be here mentioned. Such was the politeness and humanity introduced by the restoration!

(HHH) Dunkirk was immediately put in poffefsion of the Protector.) France and England had been but on indifferent terms. Lourdeaux had arrived in London and entered on a negotiation for peace. He met with various difficulties and delays; and during the treaty, news are

possession of the protector.-- Such were


portile acts of chat croll refuse

ter to Bound for the peace and great wa f. There'

rived that an embargo was laid on the English, in the ports of France. This was by way of reprisal for some hostile acts said to be done by them on the subjects and possessions of that crown. Hereupon the treaty was at a stand, and Cromivell refused absolutely to conclude on any thing till the embargo was taken off. The French were forced to comply, and great was the joy expressed by them for the peace. Cardinal Mazarine, in a letter to Bourdeaux, dated Paris, December 8, 1655, N. S. writes as follows. "You will understand by montieur de Brienne all the rejoicings that were made here for " the peace. I will only tell you, that amongst other « signs of joy, the King hath ordered all the guns to be « discharged generally in all the frontier places of this • kingdom; a thing which was never done ; and like6 wise his Majesty will have me to have the honor to • entertain him to day to dinner in publick, and you • may believe we shall not forget to remember in a (e) Thurloe, • solemn manner, the health of the lord protector (e). Volg

۱۰ vol. i. p.

25+. After this, in the year 1657, a league offensive and de." fensive against Spain, was made between France and England; by which the protector engaged to send six thousand foot into Flanders, on condition that the French should undertake the siege of Mardyke, Gravelin, or Dunkirk, and that if either of the two former places were first taken, it Dould be put into his hands, to be as a hostage till he should be made master of Dunkirk, (1) Life of which he was to keep, restoring the other to Franie ). Turenne,

V vol. i. p. These troops were fent into Flanders at the joint ex. 29 pence of the contracting powers, but on their landing were taken into French pay, and took place of all the

() Thura regiments of Turenne's army, fave the two old regiments

loe, vol. vi. of guards (g). Mardyke the first campaign being taken, p. 287 and was delivered up to the English, who greatly compiain- 346. And ed of their being ill used by the French, in respect of Note (o provisions. Cromwell was ill pleased that Dunkirk had not been besieged instead of Mardyke, and therefore



the actions of Cromwell abroad; — actions which drew the eye of by-standers, and pro


peremptorily infifted on its being undertaken early in the year 1658. Mazarine durft not refuse. Turenne had orders to invest it. He obeyed, and was fíon joined by the English forces. Lockhart, the English ambassador, had the command in chief of these, under whom was Morgan, an officer of great bravery and experience. The Spaniards, on hearing of the fiege, marched to raise it. This produced a battle, in which the victory fell to the allied army, and Dunkirk surrendered on conditions. The next day Lewis XIV. and all bis court entered triumphantly into the town, and then delivered it up, according to treaty, to the English, June 15, 1658, O.S. Thus had 'Oliver his defire, of obtaining a footing on the continent, at the expence almost wholly of France. Lockhart in his letter to Thurl.e, written the day before Dunkirk was delivered into his hands, has the following expressions. "To-morrow before

five of the clock at night, his highness's forces under • my command, will be possessed of Dunkirk. • have a great many disputes with the cardinal, about « several things. I have agreed he shall have all the ( cannon in the town, that have the armes of France upon • them; but some other things, concerning shipping in • the harbor, and the quartering the French guards, and < lodging the chief officers of the army, is yett in con• troverfie; nevertheleffe I must say, I find him willing ( to hear realon: and though the generallity of court and ( arms are even mad to see themselves part with what

they call un fi bon morceau, or so delicait a bit, yet he c is still constant to his promises, and seems to be as • glad in the generall (notwithstanding our differences in « little particulars) to give this place to his highness, as · I can be to receive it. The King is also exceeding

oblyging and civil, and hath more trew worth in him C. • than I could have imagined (b).'- From this letter, lo", vol. vii. Pr i t demonftrably appears that the following anecdote of


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