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of the illustrious actions of Cromwell : actions


o desired again and again to be excused: telling him,
* he had served King Charles all along, and been of his
• private council; and that it no ways consisted with
I his principles, that either the Protector should ask, or
• he (the marquis) adventure to give him any advice.
• This notwithstanding would not satisfy Cromwell, but
che prest him ftill, and told him he would receive no

excuses nor denials; but bid the marquiss speak freely, • and whatever he said, it should not turn in the least to ' his prejudice. The marquiss seeing himself thus

preft, and that he could not avoid giving an answer,
faid, Sir, upon this assurance that you have given me,

I will declare to your highness my thoughts, by which ' you may continue to be great, and establish your • name and family for ever. Our young master that is

abroad (that is, my master, and the master of us all) • restore him to his crowns, and by doing this you may « have what you please. The Protector, no way dir

turbed at this, answered very fedately, that he had 'gone so far, that the young gentleman could not for• give. The marquiss replied, that if his highness pleafced, he would undertake with his master, for what he 5 had said. He replied again, that in his circumstances; he could not trust. Thus they parted, and the

(f) Peck's , marquiss had never any prejudice hereby so long as pero

'S as Preface to Cromwell lived ().' Lord Clarendon speaks allo of his Memoirs Cromwell's 6 making addresses to some principal noble. of Oliver • men of the kingdom, and some friendly expostulations ..

p. 37. 5 with them, why they reserved themselves, and would co I have no communication or acquaintance with him (g)? vi. p. 393

From these facts, we may judge of Cromwell's ad. dress, and his knowledge of the human heart, which by Aattery is foonest of all things captivated and enfrared. His method of treating his enemies was many times also very mild and generous. He understood • fays Burnet, that one Sir Richard IVillis was chan• cellor Hyde's chief confident, to whom he wrote of


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still more remarkable, as his reign was short,


<ten, and to whom all the party submitted, looking on

him as an able and wise man, in whom they con• fided absolutely. So he found a way to talk with

him: He said, he did not intend to hurt any of the « party; his design was rather to save them from ruin :

they were apt after their cups to run into foolith and

ill-concerted plots, which signified nothing but to ruin · those who engaged in them: he knew they consulted chim in every thing: all he desired of him was to • know all their plots, that he might so disconcert them < that none might ever suffer for them : if he clapt any

of them up in prison, it should only be for a little • time: and they should be interrogated only about • some triling discourse, but never about the business " they had been engaged in. He offered Willis whate. • ver he would accept of, and to give it when or as he

pleased. He durft not ask or take above 2000 pounds

a year. None was trusted with this but his secretary · Thurle, who was a very dexterous man at getting in• telligence. Thus Cromwell had all the King's party e in a net. He let them dance in it at pleasure: and

upon occasions clapt them up for a short while; but (b) Vol. i. nothing was ever discovered that hurt any of them (b).' p. 101.

What is about to be related, will still more difplay the truth of the text. " One day, in a gay man

ner, Oliver told Lord Broghill that an old friend of his was just come to town. The Lord Brog bill de

firing to know, whom his highness meant ? Cromwell o to his great surprize, answered, The marquiss of Or« mond. The Lord Broghill protesting he was wholly 'ignorant of it: I know that well enough (says the · Protector ;) however, if you have a mind to preserve - your old acquaintance, let him know, that I am not o ignorant either where he is, or what he is doing. • He then told him the place where the marquiss lodged; 6 and Lord Broghill having received this generous per• mission to save his friend, went directly to him, and

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and his revenue (ele) scanty.—But his go


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acquainted him with what had passed;' who finding

himself discovered, instantly left London, and with the « first opportunity returned to the King. Soon after Cromwell being informed that the Lady Ormind was c engaged in several practices against the government, < and corresponded with her husband, for the better ac6 complishing of them, had resolved to use her with

great severity; and told the Lord Broghill with a • frown, the first time he saw him, you have passed yout

word for the quiet behaviour of a fine person : thé

Lady Ormond is in a conspiracy with her husband I against me, though at your request, i permit her to k stay in London, and allow her 2000l. per annum. I • find she is an ungrateful woman, and shall use her ac

cordingly. Lord Broghill, who saw the Protector was
• thoroughly provoked, but knew that a soft answer usu-
cally appeased him, told him in the most submissivë
6 manner, That he was sorry the Lady Ormond had give
i en bis highness any occasion to be displeased with her,
6 but humbly desired to know, what ground he had for
< suspecting her ? Enough : (says Cromwell) I have let-
(ters under her own hand, which were taken out of

her cabinet : and then throwing him a letter, bid him
• read it. He had no fuoner perused it, than he assured

the Protector with a smile, that what he had read,
< was not the hand of Lady Ormond, but of Lady Isa-
I bella Thyn, between whom and the marquiss of Ore

mond, there had been some intrigues. Cromwell ha-
< ftily asked him, how he could prove that? Lord Bud

Memoirs of < Braghill answered very easily; and shewed him some the Boyles, c oiher letters from the Lady Isobella; of whom he told p. 59. Bio. (two or three stories, so pleasant, as made Cromwell graphia B

tannica, p. Ć lose all his resentment in a hearty laugh (i):

899. 62. (OR) His revenue fcanty. ] Whoever considers what Cromu ell did at home and abroad; the greatness of his fleets and armies ; his spies and intelligencers; bis ambassadors and envoys, and the state he on fome occa



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vernment, however, was far from being free from blame. His edict against the (RRR)


sions assumed; I say, whoever considers his government which made so great a figure in the eyes of Europe, and is still talked of with admiration, will be astonished to find

that the whole revenue of England, Scotland and Ireror's Speech, land, amounted to but 1,900,000 l. (k) His enemies April 21, moreover add, that when he assumed the government, 2057.

« The publick ftock was five hundred thousand pounds • in ready money, the value of seven hundred thousand

• pounds in stores, and the whole army in advance, o World's

< some four, and none under two months; fo that Minake in though there might be a debt of near five hundred Oliver thousand pounds upon the kingdom, he met with Croniwell, s above twice the value in lieu of it (1). Mr. Cowley P. 3.

says, “ He found the commonwealth in a ready stock of (m) Dif- about 8co,oco pounds, and left it some two millions

" I and an half in debt (m).'--Allowing all this to be cerning the Government true, Cromwell must have been an excellent æconomift. of Oliver For what prince almoft, could have done so much on Cromwell, so little? We may be sure there could have been no P. 92.

great waste of the public treasure on favourites, no needless parade, or expensive follies, when the sum to be managed for every purpose was so contracted. But the force of economy is great; its efficacy powerful ; and he who spends or gives when 'tis proper, and only when 'tis so, may do things beyond the imagination of most *.

(RRR) His edict against the episcopal clergy, was very cruel.] Cromwell by nature, as I have more than once had an opportunity of shewing, was generous and humane, kind and compassionate; but when he was pro

voked he shewed his resentment, and made his enemies (n) See Note feel the weight of it. With respect to religion he was (x). no bigot (n); and yet, exasperated by the conduct of


• Turning to Thurloe, I find the following estimate of the charge of a year, ending the first of November 1657. This estimate is fome

episcopal clergy was very cruel, as it depriv


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the cavaliers, who had so foolishly risen against him under Wagstaff, Penruddock, and Grove in the west, he treated the clergy of that party very rigorously. In a declaration bearing date, October 4, 1655, we find the following prohibitions. • His highness, by the advice of « his council, doth publish, declare and order, that no e person or persons aforesaid (whose estates had been re« queftered for delinquency, or who had been in arms

against the parliament) do, from and after the first day of January 1655, keep in their houses and families,

as chaplains or school-masters, for the education of ' their children, any sequeftered or ejected minifter, fel• 'low of any college, or school-master, nor permit any • of their children to be taught by such, upon pain of

being proceeded against in such sort, as the said or! ders do direct in such cases. And that no person who • hath been sequeftered or ejected out of any benefice,

college or school for delinquency or scandal, shall, • from and after the first day of January, keep any • school, either public or private, nor any person who

after that time Ihall be ejected for the causes aforesaid.

thing beyond what I have given from the protector's speech ; but as it has the air of exactness it possibly may deferve the attention of the public.

I. S. d. The charge at sea

994, 500 0 4 The charge of the army in the threc kingdoms - 1,132,489 0 0 The government

200,000 0 0 Sum is · 2,326,989 o o The present Reveque.

1. s. d. The affefsment in England, Scotland and Ireland 7,464,000 4 0 The excise and customs, eftimated at

700,000 0 0 The other revenue payable into the receipt, estimated at 198,000 o 0.

Sum is - 2,362,000 4 O N. B. Cromwell had only 400,000 1. from his par.

liament towards the war with Spain. See Thur.
loe, Vol. iv. p. 596.

? And


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