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penham in Cambridgeshire. His daughters were, 1. Bridget, married to commiffary general Ireton, and afterwards to lieutenant




ion and

<tained ; and in all other things according to the laws (3) Jou

And Thur6 of these nations and not otherwise (s).'- On the loe, vol. vi. 25th, the humble petition and advice being presented p.310. by the parliament, was solemnly sworn to by his Highness, who with great pomp was then anew inaugurated (t) — Thus Cromwell was baulked in his hopes of account of the diadem by his near relations and intimate friends ! it in note Men of principle we may suppose, who chose rather (H). to disoblige him, and forfeit their employments than to build again what they had destroyed. Rare examples of integrity.--Had the crown been placed on the head of the Protector, in pursuance of the advice of the par. liament, 'cis not improbable it might have strengthned his own government, and enabled him to transmit to cu See the posterity many very valuable priviledges (u). But for humble Pewant of this, his house of peers was of no weight; his fati

Advice. army was necessary, but troublesome; and he was perpetually exposed to the clamours or conspiracies of reveral factions.--Certain 'tis, it was eligible in his own eye, and in the eye of Thurloe, and therefore it may well be supposed they saw many advantages in it.It appears at first sight that it would have restored the constitution, as founded on an original contract. As mention has been made more than once of Cromwell's house of lords, 'tis proper the reader should have some information concerning them. The second article of the petition and advice recommended the calling of parliaments consisting of two houses. This suited well with the title of King, which was at first intended for the Protector; and probably, if that had been assumed, many of the antient nobility and gentry would have been pleased to have had seats in the upper house. But though the crown was refused, the project of a house of lords was continued. The number was not to exceed


general Fleetwood. 2. Elizabeth, wife to

Fohn Cleypole, Elg; 3. Mary; married to jord Fauconberg. 4. Frances, wife to Mr.


seventy, nor to he less than forty. Their nomination was placed in the Protector, wi h the approbation of the houle or commons. Cromwill was under fome difficulty about the choice. Some were fit, but not willing to serve; others willing and desirous, but very unfit. At length, on the roth of December, 1657, another house was nominated, and writs issued out for fummoning the members of it; who on the 20th of January following, fat in that which was formerly the koule of lords. The number of the members of this house were sixty two, among whom were the earls of Manchester, Ninlravi, and IVa: wick; the lords Say and Scle, torcenierz, Ilartin, Eure, and Howard, afterwards earl of Carlsie; the viscount Lisie, eldest son of the earl of Leicester, the lord Broghill, and the earl of Cafzis; belides many gentlenien of the best families, such as Montaut, Rull, Ho'art, Orpw, St. j chr, Pierpcini, Crow, Pophani, Lampd. n, and others. Intermixed with these were men who had risen by their own valour and interest from very small beginnings and mean cmplovinients; of which fort u ere jones, Pride, I'enyn, Bu kjlearl, i la'lu, Goff, Berry and Cooper, To these were added the Protećior's two sons, his fons in-law Clipile and Fleetwo:d, the commillioners of the Great Seal, and of the treasury, with others of near relation to the court (*). A! the old nobility, lord Eure excepted, refused to fit in this new assembly, on account, I suppose, of the mean original of some of the company, or of the authority by which they n ere convened. - lowever, they did nothing of any importance. The fecluded mer.burs being admitted into the house of

{") Walk';'s New Catalogue of Lords, &c. and second Narrative of the late Parliament, &c. printed in the 5th year of Englana's slavery under its new monarchy. 4:0, 16,8.


Rich, grandson of the Earl of Warwick, and afterwards to Sir John Rzfjel, of Chippenkam, : in Cambridgeshire.


commons, as before observed, turned all things against the court; refused any intercourse with the new houle of lords, and behaved so ill in the eye of the protector, that, in great heat, he dissolved them.---This was the last parliament that fat during Cren.cuei's life, 'he 6 being compelled to wrestle with the difficulties of his • place, says Mr. Maidilone, so well as he could, with• out parliamentary atillance, and in it met with so

great a burden, as (I doubt not to say it, drank up his. • spirits, of which his natural conftitution yie'ded a vast stocke) aid brought him ta his grave (u).' This - Thurloe,

"vol. i. p.766, < seems to confirm what Burnet says, that ic was geonerally believed that his life and all his arts were ( exhaulted at once, and that if he had lived much (x)} voli.

longer, he could not have held things together (*).' p. 68. Mr. Couly observes, that he seemed evidently to be

near the end of his deceitful glories, and his own ar- (Discourfe 6 my grew at last as weary of him as the rest of the on the gopeople (.' In another place he tells us, it was be-vernment of

Oliver . lieved Crimwell died with grief and discontent, because Crom

he could not attain to the honest name of a king, and p. 96. • the old formality of a crown, though he had before ( exceeded the power by a wicked usurpation.'---That care, anxiety, disappointment and vexation prey on the spirits, and waste the constitution, is known to all; that these were the lot of Cromwell, as they are of most of those who are placed on the pinnacle of glory, and attentive to their duty and their fame, may very easily be conceived by such as have read the foregoing notes; that the government of C orwell was greatly embarrassed by the madness of parties, the eltrangement of friends, and the want of money to pay the armies which it was neceflary to keep on foot: I say that this was fo, is too evident to be denicd. ----But had


In his death he displayed his wonted (BBBB) firmness and enthusiasm. His body was buried with more than regal magnificence (*) in Westminfier-Abbey, from


the life of the protector been prolonged, 'tis not impoffible he might have got the better of his difficulties, and maintained his post in spight of all opposition. For we are to remember it was Cromwell who had dared to seize the government; to raise money by his own authority ; to create and diffolve parliaments; to combat with Kings, and to scatter terror through the nations.

By what means he would have done this, whether by (z) Thur.. securing Fleetwood and Deforowe, to whom he owed his loe, vol. vil. disappointment, in assuming the crown, and calling ano1.99.

ther parliament, must be left to the conjecture of the reader. The latter he certainly had thoughts of before his sickness (z).

(BBBB) In his death he displayed tis wonted firmness and enthusiasm] · When the symptoms of death, says « Mr. Ludlow, were apparent upon him, and many mio nisters and others afsembled in a chamber at I'sitehall, praying for him, whilst he manifested so little • remorfe of conscience for his betraying the publick • cause, and sacrificing it to the idol of his own ambi« tion, that some of his last words were rather be• coming a mediator than a finner, recommending to . God the condition of the nation that he had fo in• famously cheated, and expreffing a great care of the

people whom he had so manifeitly despised. But he • seemed, above all, concerned for the reproaches he

said men would calt upon his name, in trampling on

(his alhes when dead. In this teniper of mind he de(a) Vol. ii, o parted this life (a)'-Ifancy Mr. Ludiow had in his eye p. 612.

the following expressions which Cromwell is said to have made use of in his fickness, in a prayer addressed to the Su

(*) The expences of his funeral are said to have amounted to 60,000 1.

preme po 375 His

whence, after the restoration, it was removed, and treated with all possible indignity. His character has been very diffe


is fck.

groom of his bed-cham

preme Being. "Lord, although I am a miserable and I wretched creature, I am in covenant with thee, " through grace, and I may, I will come to thee for • thy people, thou haft made me (though very unwor• thy) a mean instrument to do them some good, and

thee service, and many of them have set too high a " value upon mee, though others wilh, and would be

glad of my death; but Lord, however thou dost ' dispose of mee, continue and go on to do good for (6) Collec" them. Give them consistency of judgment, onetion of seheart, and mutual love, and go on to deliver them, veral

No es concerne 6 and with the work of reformation, and make theing his late < name of Christ glorious in the world. Teach those, Highnesle,

in the time who look too much upon thy instruments, to depend of more upon thyself; pardon such as defire to trampleness, by one

upon the dust of a poor worm, for they are thy peo-that was. o ple too (b).' This was all in character.- Two or three more of his expressions, when death was in his ber. 4to. view, will shew us in what temper he leít the world. Lond. p. 12. • Lord, thou knowelt, if I do desire to live, it is to

"(*) Id. p. 6. • shew forth tify praise, and declare thy works (*) See the Guo. Again he said, I would be willing to live to be fur.tation fiom • ther serviceable to God and his peopie, but my work

note [F]. cis done, yet God will be with his people.' These sayings seem to evince the greatness of his mind; the main thing he had in view, to have been the publick good ; and strongly confirm what is said to have been the avowed opinion of the most excellent Tillotson, « That at last Cromwell's enthusiasm got the better of • his hypocrisy.'-- The night before his death, and not before, lord Fauconberg says, he declared his son Richard his succellor, in presence of four or five of his (9, Thurloe,

vol, vii. council (c).


good thing more

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