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Thomas Beard, a minister of that town: from whence he was sent to Cambridge, entered into Sydney-Sussex College, April 23, 1616, and placed under the taition of Mr. Richard Howlett (c).

What progress in learning he made in the curiosa, vol. university we have no particular account of, 66. Wood's but as he understood fome Latin, and had ii. c. 88. a tafte for polite literature, probably his

(c) Peck's Defiderata

ii. b. 2. p.

Fafti, vol.

Brit. ib.

'Tis no the Hampdemos me of our molt a his fath


to a king by a subject, had a great estate, and was a " zealous royalist (d),' but • had his composition re

(d) Biog. • mitted by the parliament for his kinsman's fake (e).' 'Tis no wonder then to find a family of such a rank (?) White allied to the Hampdens, the St. Johns, and the Bar- morials, 20.

lock’s Mes ringtons, names of some of our most antient and emi-edit. p. 300. nent families. Mr. Coke tells us, his father being casked whether he knew the Protector, he said, Yes, • and his father too, when he kept his brew-house in Huntington (f). Dugdale will explain this.- Ro bert Cromwell, says he, though he was by the coun. De

tion, vol. tenance of his elder brother, (Sir Oliver) made a juf- ii. p. 57.

tice of peace in Huntington Mire, had but a slender Lond. 1694. • eftate; much of his support being a brew-house, in Hurtington, chiefly managed by his wife, who was

lister to Sir Robert Stewart of the city of Ely, knight, ' and by her had issue this out famous Oliver (g).' Short This every reasonable and confiderate person will think View, po no discredit to the family. For in England trade is not 459. disgraceful to a gentleman. The younger brothers of our beit families engage in it, and thereby raise themselves to fortune and independency, and advance the riches and power of their country. A much more honourable method of procuring a maintenance than following the levees of ministers and favourites, and engaging to execute their mischievous and fatal schemes!

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time was not wholly misemployed there


12mo. p.

Lond. 1722. 12 mo.

During his continuance at Cambridge, his father dying, he returned home to his mo

(B) He understood fome Latin, and had a taste for polite literature.] Here are my authorities. Burnet says, • he had no foreign language, but the little Latin that

stuck to him from his education, which he spoke very (1) History Of his own ' vitiously and scantily (b).' Another writer observes that times, « The usurper loved, or affected to love, men of wit Dutch edit. " Mr. Waller frequently waited on him, being his kins109. 1725.' man; and as he often declared, observed him to be very

well read in the Greek and Roman story (0). The (0) Waller's following more I give Life prefix'd onowing panage 1. give to bis Po- reader will be pleased with it. When Cromwell took ems, p. 30. « on him the protectorship, in the year 1653, the very

2• • morning the ceremony was to be perform'd, a mef.

<senger came to Dr. Manton, to acquaint him that he
• muft immediately come to Whitehall: the Doctor
• asked him the occasion ; he told him he should know
' that when he came there. The Protector himself,
< without any previous notice, told him what he was to
• do, i. e. to pray upon that occasion : the Doctor la-
- boured all he could to be excused, and told him it
' was a work of that nature which required some time
e to consider and prepare for it. The Protector replied,
? That he knew he was not at a loss to perform the
• service he expected from him; and opening his study-
* door, he put him in with his hand, and bid him con-

• sider there'; which was not above half an hour: the

.Doctor employed that time in looking over his books, (4) Life of

' which he said was a noble collection (k). Manton ton, p. 20. was a judge, Svo. Lond. These passages do not indeed prove Oliver's applica1925.

tion in the university; but as a taste for books and learning is generally acquired in the early part of life, 'tis no way improbable that he form'd it there.

Dr. Man


ther, who after some time sent him to Lincolns Inn, where, instead of applying himself to the study of the law, he learn'd the follies and vices of the towr


(c) Instead of studying the law, he learn'd the vices and follies of the town.] His small proficiency at Lincolns Inn, we may, I think, fairly enough conclude from the following passage of a profess’d panegyrist. “He came 6 to Lincolns Inn, where he associated himself with those I of the best rank and quality, and the most ingenuous ' persons; for though he were of a nature not averse I to study and contemplation; yet he seemed rather

addicted to conversation and the reading of men, and " their several tempers, than to a continual poring up- () Pour< on authors (1). But this is by no means sufficient to traitu:e of

his royal give us an idea of Oliver in his younger years. We are by one writer furthermore told, that Shree hus ome Writer Gurihm

highness mis on

the first Oliver, p. 8. • years of his manhood were spent in a diffolute course 12mo.

of life, in good fellowship and gaming (m). Dugdale 1059. is more large. In his youth, says he, he was for (m) War. « some time bred up in Cambridge; [he omits his be. wick's Me. ing at one of the inns of court] where he made nom

"° 249. 8vo. great proficiency in any kind of learning; but then Lond. 1702. 6 and afterwards forting himself with drinking compa. onions, and the ruder sort of people (being of a rough < and blustering disposition) he had the name of a Ray

ster amongst most that knew him; and by his exorbi"tances so wasted his patrimony; that, having attemptred his uncle Stewart for a supply of his wants, and < finding that by a smooth way of application to him she could not prevail, he endeavoured by colour of

law to lay hold of his estate, representing him as a 5 person not able to govern it. But therein he fail-,

*(n) Short o ed (n)."

Wood observes, that his father dying whilst he was 459.
at Cambridge, he was taken home and sent to Lincolns
B 3

o Inn

rs, p.

View, p.

This involved him in expences which his fortune would ill bear, and reduced him to some difficulties. But his vices were of no long continuance. He soon recovered himself, and at the age of twenty one years, married Elizabeth (D) daughter of Sir James


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Inn to ftudy the common law, but making nothing

• of it, he was sent for home by his mother, became Fahi " a debauchee, and a boysterous and rude fellow ().' vol.ii.c.88. Thus, according to these writers, Oliver mifpent his

time, and fell into vice; and tho' very probably his faults are heightened by the authors here quoted, yet I make no doubt but there is some foundation for the charge For in a letter to Mrs. St. Woln, bis cozen, dated Ely, 13th Oct, 1639, he has the following expressions. You know what my manner of life hath

been. O, I lived in, and loved darkness, and hated "the light; I was a chief, the chief of sinners. This

' is true, I hated god iness, yet God had mercy on 0) Thur. o meio

to Joe's State

me ().' Which words undoubtedly imply some perPapers, vol. fonal vice or other to which he had been addicted, 1. p. 1. Fol. though we cannot, at this distance, well tell what it Lond. 1742. was with certainty.

(D) He married Elizabeth Bouchier who liewed due submission to him.] The Buuchiers were antient as a family; from hence probably arose the spirit and pride of Mrs. Cromwell. Whether these led her into any indecencies with respect to her neighbours, appears not even from the foes of the family. With regard to her husband she had merit, i. e. she was affcctionate, obedient, submissive, and delirous to please: qualities vastly beyond any which result from birth, beauty, parts or wealth. What led me to consider her in this light, is the following letter to Oliver, which will be read I dare say with pleasure, especially as it is the only one of hers which has been handed down to pofterity.


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dient and there foes of to her there le

Bouchier, of Essex, knight, said to be a woman of spirit and parts, and not wanting in pride (g), tho' she shewed all due fubmif- (a) See fion to her husband. Soon after his mar- Heath's

arFlagellum, riage he settled at Huntington, his native p. 4. country; but upon the death of his uncle,

. Sir

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Desember the 27th, 1650. My Dearif, "I Wonder you should blame me for writing nowe

oftnir, when I have sent thre for one : I canenot but thenk they ar miscarid. Truly if I knog my . one hart I should are foune neglect myself afe to the

leaft thought towards you, hoe in douing of it I muft

doe it to myself; but when I doe writ, my dear, I ' seldome have any satisfactore anser, wich makse me

thenk my writing is sited, as well it mae; but I cannot but thenk your love covene my weknisis and in

firmetis. I should rejoys to hear your desire in see'ing me, but I desire to submit to the providens of • God, howping the Lord, houe hath seperated us,

and heth oftune brought us together agane, wil in ' heis good time breng us agane, to the prase of heis

name. Truly my lif is but half a lif in your abseinse, ' deid not the Lord make it up in heimself, which I 'must acknoleg to the prase of heis grace. I would you ' would thenk to writ sometims to your deare frend me 'Lord Chef Justes, of hom I have oftune put you in ' mind; and truly, my deare, if you would thenk of ' what I put you in mind of sume, it might be of as ' much purpos ase others, writting sumetims a letter. 'to the Presedent, and sometims to the Speiker. In

deid, my deare, you cannot thenk the rong you doe yourself in the whant of a letter, though it wer but) Milton's

State Pa. s seldome. I pray think of, and soe rest yours in all pers, by « faithfulnise,

6 Eliz. CROMWELL (ri, Lond. 1743. B 4

Nickolls, po


40. Fol.'**

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