Reports of Cases Decided in the Supreme Court of Appeals of West Virginia, Volume 4

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Page 334 - On the contrary, if war be actually levied, that is, if a body of men be actually assembled for the purpose of effecting by force a treasonable purpose, all those who perform any part, however minute, or however remote from the scene of action, and who are actually leagued in the general conspiracy, are to be considered as traitors.
Page 92 - They bore, indeed, this character upon their face, for they were made payable -after the ratification of a treaty of peace between the Confederate States and the United States of America.
Page 224 - In short, ex post facto laws relate to penal and criminal proceedings which impose punishments or forfeitures, and not to civil proceedings which affect private rights retrospectively.
Page 151 - The time and manner of their operation, the exceptions to them, and the acts from which the time limited shall begin to run, will generally depend on the sound discretion of the legislature, according to the nature of the titles, the situation of the country, and the emergency which leads to their enactment.
Page 27 - That rule is, that a covenant will be construed to be joint or several according to the interest of the parties appearing upon the face of the deed, if the words are capable of that construction; not that it will be construed to be several by reason of several interests, if it be expressly joint.
Page 142 - This argument rests on the assumption of two propositions, each of which is without foundation in the established law of nations. It assumes that where a civil war exists, the party belligerent, claiming to be Sovereign, cannot, for some unknown reason, exercise the rights of belligerents, although the revolutionary party may.
Page 360 - An act further to provide for the collection of duties on imports, and for other purposes...
Page 683 - It was for the building of a bridge, which it recites the party of the second part "desires to build across the Allegheny river, and in accordance with specifications and plans * * * heretofore submitted to the. party of the first part by the .party of the second part.
Page 534 - A notice, no particular mode of serving which is prescribed, may be served by delivering a copy thereof in writing to the party in person; or, if he be not found at his usual place of abode...
Page 141 - The appellants contend that the term "enemy" is properly applicable to those only who are subjects or citizens of a foreign State at war with our own. They quote from the pages of the common law, which say, "that persons who wage war against the King may be of two kinds, subjects or citizens. The former are not proper enemies, but rebels and traitors; the latter are those that come properly under the name of enemies.

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