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The story is taken from Ariosto, Orl. Fur. B. V. Pope.
It is true, as Mr. Pope has observed, that somewhat resem. bling the story of this play is to he found in the fifth book of the Orlando Furioso. In Spenser's Faery Queen, B. II, c. iv, as remote an original may be traced. A novel, however, of Belleforest, copied from another of Bandello, seems to have furnished Shakspeare with his fable, as it approaches nearer in all its parti. culars to the play before us, than any other performance known to be extant. I have seen so many versions from this once popu. lar collection, that I entertain no doubt but that a great majority of the tales it comprehends, have made their appearance in an English dress. Of that particular story which I have just mentioned, viz. the 18th history in the third volume, no translation bas hitherto been met with. This play was entered at Stationers' Hall, Aug. 23, 1600.
Steevens. Ariosto is continually quoted for the fable of Much ado about Nothing; but I suspect our poet to have been satisfied with the Geneura of Turberville. , “ The tale (says Harington) is a pretie comical matter, and hath bin written in English verse some few years past, learnedly and with good grace, by M. George Turbervil.” Ariosto, fol. 1591, p. 39. Farmer.
I suppose this comedy to have been written in 1600, in which year it was printed. See an Attempt to ascertain the Order of Shakspeare's Plays, Vol. I. Malone.
Don Pedro, Prince of Arragon.
dro. Benedick, a young lord of Padua, favoured likewise by
two foolish officers.
Hero, daughter to Leonato.
Vesteraret; } gentlewomen attending on Hero.
Messengers, Watch, and Attendants.
ACT I.....SCENE I.
Before LEONATO's House.
Enter LEONATO, HERO, BEATRICE, and Others, with a
Leon. I learn in this letter, that Don Pedro of Arragon comes this night to Messina.
Mess. He is very near by this; he was not three leagues off when I left him.
Leon. How many gentlemen have you lost in this action?
Mess. But few of any sort,2 and none of name.
Leon. A victory is twice itself, when the achiever brings home full numbers. I find here, that Don Pedro hath bestowed much honour on a young Florentine, called Claudio.
Mess. Much deserved on his part, and equally re · member'd by Don Pedro: He hath borne himself be
Innogen, (the mother of Hero) in the old quarto that I have seen of this play, printed in 1600, is mentioned to enter in two several scenes. The succeeding editions have all continued her name in the Dramatis Personæ. But I have ventured to expunge it; there being no mention of her through the play, no one speech address'd to her, nor one syllable spoken by her. Neither is there any one passage, from which we have any reason to determine that Hero's mother was living. It seems as if the poet had in his first plan designed such a character: which, on a survey of it, he found would be superfluous; and therefore he left it out.
Theobald. The name of Hero's mother occurs also in the first folio. “Enter Leonato governor of Messina, Innogen his wife,” &c. Steevens.
-of any sort,] Sort is rank, distinction. So, in Chapman's version of the 16th Book of Homer's Odyssey:
“ A ship, and in her many a man of sort.” I incline, however, to Mr. M. Mason's easier explanation. Of any sort, says he, means of any kind whatsoever. There were but few killed of any kind, and none of rank. Steevens.
yond the promise of his age; doing, in the figure of a lamb, the feats of a lion: he hath, indeed, better better'd expectation, than you must expect of me to tell
Leon. He hath an uncle here in Messina will be very much glad of it.
Mess. I have already delivered him letters, and there appears much joy in him; even so much, that joy could not show itself modest enough, without a badge of bitterness. 3
Leon. Did he break out into tears?
Leon. A kind overflow of kindness: There are no faces truer5 than those that are so washed. How much better is it to weep at joy, than to joy at weeping?
Beat. I pray you, is signior Montanto returned from the wars, or no?
-joy could not show itself modest enough, without a badge of bitterness.] This is judiciously expressed. Of all the tran. sports of joy, that which is attended with tears is least offensive; because, carrying with it this mark of pain, it allays the envy that usually attends another's happiness. This he finely calls a modest joy, such a one as did not insult the observer by an indication of happiness unmixed with pain. Warburton.
A somewhat similar expression occurs in Chapman's version of the 10th Book of the Odyssey:
our eyes wore “ The same wet badge of weak humanity.” This is an idea which Shakspeare seems to have been delighted to introduce. It occurs again in Macbeth:
my plenteous joys,
“ In drops of sorrow." Steevens. A badge being the distinguishing mark worn in our author's time by the servants of noblemen, &c. on the sleeve of their liveries, with his usual licence he employs the word to signify a mark or token in general. So, in Macbeth:
“ Their hands and faces were all badg’d with blood.” Malone. 4 In great measure.] i. e. in abundance.
Steevens. 5 — no faces truer -] That is, none honester, none more sincere. Johnson.
is signior Montanto returned-] Montante, in Spanish, is a huge two-handed sword, (a title] given, with much humour, to one (whom] the speaker would represent as a boaster or bravado. "Warburton.