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hear you.

I'll break a custom. Is he yet poffeft,
How much you would ?

Shy. Ay, ay, three thoufand ducats.
Ant. And for three months.
Shy. I had forgot, three months, you told me fo but
Well then, your bond ; and let me see,
Methought, you said, you neither lend nor borrow
Upon advantage.
Anth. I do never use it.

Sby. When Jacob graz'd his uncle Laban's Theep, -This Jacob from our holy Abraham was (As his wise mother wrought in his behalf) The third poffeffor ; ay, he was the third.

Anth. And what of him ? did he take interest ?

Shy. No, not take int’reft; not, as you would say, Directly, int'reft; mark, what Jacob did. When Laban and himself were compromis'd, That all the yeanlings, which were streak'd and pied, Should fall as Facob's hire; the ewes, being rank, In th’end of autumn iurned to the rams; And when the work of generation was Between these woolly breeders in the act, The skilful shepherd peeld me certain wands ; And, in the doing of the deed of kind, He stuck them up before the fulsome ewes.; Who, then conce ving, did in yeaning time Fall party-colour'd lambs, and those were Jacob's. This was a way to thrive, and he was bleft ; And thrift is blessing, if men steal it not.

Anth. This was a venture, Sir, that Jacob serv'd for; A thing not in his pow'r to bring to pass, But sway'd, and fashion'd, by the hand of heav'n. Was this inserted to make int'reft good ? Or is your gold, and silver, ewes and rams?

Shy. I cannot tell ; I make it breed as fast; But note me, Signior.

Antb. Mark you this, Belanie?


The devil can cite fcripture for his purpose. (2) -
An evil soul, producing holy witnels,
Is like a villain with a liniling cheek ;
A goodly apple rotten at the heart.
o, what a goodly outside falthood hath?

Sby. Three thousand ducats !—'tis a good round sum. Three months fiom twelve, then let me see the rate.

Anth. Well, Shylock, shall we be beholden to you?

Sby Signior Anthonio, many a time and oft
In the Rialto you have rated me,

monies and

my usances.
Still have I born it with a patient shrug;
(For sufferance is the badge of all our tribe)
You call me misbeliever, cut-throat dog,
And spit upon my Jeu iso gaberdine;
And all for use of that, which is my own.
Well then, it now appears, you


my help:
Go to then ;- you come to me, and
Shylock, we would have monies - You say som
You, that did void your rheume upon my beard, .
And foot me, as you spurn a stranger cur
Over your threshold Mony is your

suit :
What should I say to you ? should I not fay,
Hath a dog mony? is it poffible,
A cur can lend three thousand ducats ? or
Shall I bend low, and in a bondman's key,

you say,

(2'- rancite scripture for bis purpose.

0, wbat a goodly outside falshood tarb !) But this is not tru that fallhood hath always a goodly ou:side. Nor does this take in the force of ite speaker's sentiment; who would observe ihat that fallhood which quotes fcripture for its purpose bas a goodly outside. We should therefore read,

O, wbat a good'y out fide's falfood bath! i. e. bis falfhood, Sbylock's.

WARBURTON. I wish any copy would give me authority to range and read the lines thus :

O! what a godly outfide falsbood batb !
An evil Juul producing bily witness,
Is like a villain with a smiling cheek.
Or goodly apple rotten är ebe beart.

love ;

With bated breath, and whisp’ring humbleness,
Say this,-fair Sir, you spit on me last Wednesday,
You spurn'd me such a day; another time
You calld me dog; and for these curtesies
I'll lend you thus much monies ?

Anth. I am as like to call thee fo again,
To spit on thee again, to spurn thee too.
If thou wilt lend this mony, lend it not
As to thy friend, (for when did friendship take
A breed of barren metal of his friend)? (3)
But lend it rather to thine enemy;
Who, if he break, thou may't with better face.
Exact the penalty.

Sby. Why, how you storm ?:
I would be friends with

and have

Forget the shames that you have staind me with ;
Supply your present wants, and take no doit
Of ulance for my monies, and you'll not hear me ;.
This is kind I offer:

Anth. This were kindness.

Sby. This kindness will I show :
Go with me to a Notary, seal me there
Your single bond ; and in a merry sport,
If you repay me not on such a day,
In such a place, such sum, or fums, as are.
Express'd in the condition, let the forfeit
Be nominated for an equal pound

fair flesh, to be cut off and takenIn what part of your body it shall please me.

Anth. Content, in faith. I'll seal to such a bond, And say, there is much kindness in the Jew.

Ball. You shall not seal to such a bond for me, I'll rather * dwell in my neceffity.

(3) A breed of barren metal of his friend ?}. A breed that is ia-terelt money bred from the principal. By the epithet barrer the au- . thor would instruct us in the argument on which the advocates against usury went, which is this, that money is a barren thing, and cannot like corn and cattle multiply itself. Acd to set off the absure . dity of this kind of usury, be pui breed and.borren in opposition.

WARBURTON. * To dwell seems in this place to mean the same as to continue. To abide has both the senses of babitation and continuance. .


Anth. Why, fear not, man ; I will not forfeit it;
Within these two months (that's a month before
This bond expires) I do expect return
Of thrice three times the value of this bond.

Shy O father Abraham, what these christians are !
Whose own hard dealings teach them to suspect
The thoughts of others

! pray you, tell me this,
If he should break his day, what should I gain
By the exaction of the forfeiture ?
A pound of man's flesh, taken from a man,
Is not fo estimable or profitable,
As flesh of muttons, beefs, or goats. I say,

To buy his favour, I extend this friendship;
If he will take it, fo ; if not, adieu
And for my love I pray you wrong me not.

Anib. Yes, Shylock, I will seal unto this bond.

Sby. Then meet me forthwith at the Notary's. Give him direion for this


bond, And I will go and purse the ducats ftrait; See to my house, left in the fearful guard (4)

(4) left in the FEARFUL quaid, &c.] But lurely fearful was the most trusty guard for a house-keeper in a populous city ; where houses are not carried by storm like fortreffes. For fear would keep them on their watch, which was all that was necessary for the owner's security. I suppose therefore Stokespeare wrole


i, e. Careless ; and this, indeed, would expose his house to the only danger he had to apprehend in the day-time, which was clandeftine pilfering. This reading is much confirmed by the character he gives iti guard, of an unebrifry krave, and by what be says of him afterwards, that he was,

- a buge fevder : Snail-fiw in profil, but be deeps by day More than the wild-cat

WARBURTON. Dr.Warburton has forgotten that fearful is not ooly that which fears, but that which is feared or causes fear. Fearful guard, is a guard that is not to be trusted, but gives cause of fear. To fear was anciently to give as well as feel terrours I tell thec, Lady, this ar. pect of mine halb fear'd the valiant.


Of an unthrifty knave, and presently
I will be with you.

Anth. Hie thee, gentle Jew.
This Hebrew will turn christian ; he grows
Bal: I like not fair terms, (5) and a villain's mind.

Anth. Come on, in this there can be no dismay;
My ships come home a month before the day. (Exeunt.

grows kind.




Enter Morochius, a Tawney-Moor, all in white ; and

three or four Followers accordingly; with Portia,

Neriffa, and ber train. Flourish Cornets.


ISLIKE me not for my complexion,

The shadow'd livery of the burnish'd sun,
To whom I am a neighbour, and near bred.
Bring me the faireft creature northward born,
Where Phæbus' fire scarce thaws the isicles,
And let us make incision for your love,
To prove whose blood is reddest, his or mine. (6)
I tell thee, lady, this aspect of mine
Hath fear'd the valiant; by my love, I swear,
The best regarded virgins of our clime
Have lov'd it too. I would not change this bue,
Except to steal your thoughts, my gentle Queen.

Por. In terms of choice I am not solely led
By nice direction of a maiden's eyes:

(5) I like not fair terms] Kind words, good language.

(6) To prove wbofe blood is reddeft, bis or mine ] To understand how the tawney Prince, whose savage dignity is very well supported, means to recommend himself by this challenge, it must be remem bered that red blood is a traditionary sign of courage : Thus Macbeth calls one of his frighted soldiers, a lilly liver'd Lown ; again in this play, Cowards are said to have livers wbite os milk; and an effemi. Date and timorous man is termed a milk pop.


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