« PreviousContinue »
I'll break a custom. Is he yet poffeft,
Shy. Ay, ay, three thoufand ducats.
Sby. When Jacob graz'd his uncle Laban's Theep, -This Jacob from our holy Abraham was (As his wise mother wrought in his behalf) The third poffeffor ; ay, he was the third.
Anth. And what of him ? did he take interest ?
Shy. No, not take int’reft; not, as you would say, Directly, int'reft; mark, what Jacob did. When Laban and himself were compromis'd, That all the yeanlings, which were streak'd and pied, Should fall as Facob's hire; the ewes, being rank, In th’end of autumn iurned to the rams; And when the work of generation was Between these woolly breeders in the act, The skilful shepherd peeld me certain wands ; And, in the doing of the deed of kind, He stuck them up before the fulsome ewes.; Who, then conce ving, did in yeaning time Fall party-colour'd lambs, and those were Jacob's. This was a way to thrive, and he was bleft ; And thrift is blessing, if men steal it not.
Anth. This was a venture, Sir, that Jacob serv'd for; A thing not in his pow'r to bring to pass, But sway'd, and fashion'd, by the hand of heav'n. Was this inserted to make int'reft good ? Or is your gold, and silver, ewes and rams?
Shy. I cannot tell ; I make it breed as fast; But note me, Signior.
Antb. Mark you this, Belanie?
The devil can cite fcripture for his purpose. (2) -
Sby. Three thousand ducats !—'tis a good round sum. Three months fiom twelve, then let me see the rate.
Anth. Well, Shylock, shall we be beholden to you?
Sby Signior Anthonio, many a time and oft
(2'- rancite scripture for bis purpose.
0, wbat a goodly outside falshood tarb !) But this is not tru that fallhood hath always a goodly ou:side. Nor does this take in the force of ite speaker's sentiment; who would observe ihat that fallhood which quotes fcripture for its purpose bas a goodly outside. We should therefore read,
O, wbat a good'y out fide's falfood bath! i. e. bis falfhood, Sbylock's.
WARBURTON. I wish any copy would give me authority to range and read the lines thus :
O! what a godly outfide falsbood batb !
With bated breath, and whisp’ring humbleness,
Anth. I am as like to call thee fo again,
Sby. Why, how you storm ?:
Anth. This were kindness.
Sby. This kindness will I show :
fair flesh, to be cut off and takenIn what part of your body it shall please me.
Anth. Content, in faith. I'll seal to such a bond, And say, there is much kindness in the Jew.
Ball. You shall not seal to such a bond for me, I'll rather * dwell in my neceffity.
(3) A breed of barren metal of his friend ?}. A breed that is ia-terelt money bred from the principal. By the epithet barrer the au- . thor would instruct us in the argument on which the advocates against usury went, which is this, that money is a barren thing, and cannot like corn and cattle multiply itself. Acd to set off the absure . dity of this kind of usury, be pui breed and.borren in opposition.
WARBURTON. * To dwell seems in this place to mean the same as to continue. To abide has both the senses of babitation and continuance. .
Anth. Why, fear not, man ; I will not forfeit it;
Shy O father Abraham, what these christians are !
! pray you, tell me this,
To buy his favour, I extend this friendship;
Anib. Yes, Shylock, I will seal unto this bond.
Sby. Then meet me forthwith at the Notary's. Give him direion for this
bond, And I will go and purse the ducats ftrait; See to my house, left in the fearful guard (4)
(4) left in the FEARFUL quaid, &c.] But lurely fearful was the most trusty guard for a house-keeper in a populous city ; where houses are not carried by storm like fortreffes. For fear would keep them on their watch, which was all that was necessary for the owner's security. I suppose therefore Stokespeare wrole
i, e. Careless ; and this, indeed, would expose his house to the only danger he had to apprehend in the day-time, which was clandeftine pilfering. This reading is much confirmed by the character he gives iti guard, of an unebrifry krave, and by what be says of him afterwards, that he was,
- a buge fevder : Snail-fiw in profil, but be deeps by day More than the wild-cat
WARBURTON. Dr.Warburton has forgotten that fearful is not ooly that which fears, but that which is feared or causes fear. Fearful guard, is a guard that is not to be trusted, but gives cause of fear. To fear was anciently to give as well as feel terrours I tell thec, Lady, this ar. pect of mine halb fear'd the valiant.
Of an unthrifty knave, and presently
Anth. Hie thee, gentle Jew.
Anth. Come on, in this there can be no dismay;
Enter Morochius, a Tawney-Moor, all in white ; and
three or four Followers accordingly; with Portia,
Neriffa, and ber train. Flourish Cornets.
The shadow'd livery of the burnish'd sun,
Por. In terms of choice I am not solely led
(5) I like not fair terms] Kind words, good language.
(6) To prove wbofe blood is reddeft, bis or mine ] To understand how the tawney Prince, whose savage dignity is very well supported, means to recommend himself by this challenge, it must be remem bered that red blood is a traditionary sign of courage : Thus Macbeth calls one of his frighted soldiers, a lilly liver'd Lown ; again in this play, Cowards are said to have livers wbite os milk; and an effemi. Date and timorous man is termed a milk pop.