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'Tis not the devil's crest.

Enter Servani. How now who's there?

Serw. One Ilabel, a fifter, defires access to you.

Ang. Teach her the way. (Solus.] Oh heav'ns!
Why does my blood thus muster to my heart,
Making both That unable for itself,
And difpoffesling all my other parts
Of necessary fitness?
So play the foolish throngs with one that swoons ;
Come all to help hiin, and so stop the air
By which he should revive : and even fo
The genral subjects to a well-wish'd King (9)
Quit their own part, and in obsequious fondness
Crowd to his presence, where

their untaught love Mult needs appear offence.


Enter Isabella. How now, fair maid?

Ifab. I am come to know your pleasure.

Therefore, Let us but aurile gred angel on the devil's hors; Pie give him the appearance of an angel ;) and what chen ? Is't nii the ucvil's creft? (i. e. he shall be elteem'd a devil) WARBURTON.

I am still incline! to the opinion of the Oxford Editor. Angelo, reflecting on the difference between his feerring character, and his real disprifition, obferves that he could change his gravity for a plume. He then digresses into an apostrophe, O Dignity, how do ibou impofe upon the world! then returning to hirrself, Blied, says he, thou art but blood, however, concealed with appearances and decora. tions. Title and character do not alter nature, which is still corrups however dignified.

Lei's write good Angel on the devil's borni

l'r not-or rather—'Tis yetmihe Devil's creft. (9) Ibe gen'ral subjects to a well-willbe'd King.) So the l'ater Editions : but the old copies read, the General subject to a wellwißid King. The gene' al subject seems a harsh expreffion, but general subje&ts has no senie aí all; and general was in our Authour's time a word for people, so that the general is the people or multitude subject to a King. So in Hamlee, the play pleajad net sbe million, wus Caviare to ibe General.

Ang. Ang. Yea.


Ang. That you might know it, would much better

please me, Than to demand, what 'tis. Your brother cannot live.

Isab. Ev'n so ?-Heav'n keep your Honour! (Going.
Ang. Yet


he live a while; and, it may be, As long as you or I; yet he must die.

Ilub. Under your sentence ?

Ifab. When? I beseech you ; that in his reprieve,
Longer or shorter, he may be so fitted,
That his foul sicken not.

Ang. Ha ? fie, these filthy vices ! 'twere as good
To pardon him, that hath froin nature stol’n
A man already made, as to remit
Their Tawcy sweetness, that do coin heav'n's image
In Itamps that are forbid: 'tis all as easie. Tot
Falsely to take away a life true made ;72)
As to put metal in restrained means, (3)
To make a talfe one.

Isab. 'Tis Tet down fo in heav'n, but not in earth.

Ang. And say you fo? then I thall poze you quickly, Which had you racher, that the most just law Now took

your brother's life ; or, to redeem hiin,
Give up your body to such sweet uncleanness,
As she, that he hatha staind?

Ifub. Sir, believe this,
I had rather give my body than my soul. ·

Ang. I talk not of your soul; our compelld fins
Stand more for number than for compt.

Isab. How fay you?
Ang. Nay, I'll not warrant that ; for I can speak

'tis all as easie,] Easy is here pat for light or trifling. 'Tis, says he, as light or trifling a crime to do so, as so, &c. Which the Oxford Editor not apprehendiog, has alter'd it to juff ; fortis much easier to conceive what Shakespear should say, than what he does say: So just before, she poet said, with his usual licence, their lawry sweetness, for fawcy indulgence of the opferise. And this, forsooth, must be changed to fawcy lewdness, tho the epithet confines us, as it were, to the poet's word.

WARBURTON. (2) Falfely is the same with dishonestly, illegally, so false in the next line bu! one is illegal ; i legitimate.

(3) In reftrained means j in forbidden moulds. I suspect means Rot to be the right wurd, but I cannot find another.


Against the thing I say. Answer to this :
I, now the voice of the recorded law,
Pronounce a sentence on your brother's life ;
Might there not be a charity in fin,
To save this brother's life?

Isab. Please you to do't,
I'll take it as a peril to my soul,
It is no sin at all, but charity.

Ang. Pleas'd you to do't at peril of your soul, (4)
Were equal poize of fin and charity.

Isab. That I do beg his life, if it be sin,
Heav'n, let me bear it! you, granting my fuit,
If that be fin, I'll make it my morn-pray'r
To have it added to the faults of mine,
And nothing of your answer. (5)

Ang. Nay, but hear me :
Your fense pursues not mine ; either, you're ignorant ;
Or seem fo, craftily, and that's not good.

Isab. Let me be ignorant, and in nothing good,
But graciously to know I am no better.

Ang. Thus wisdom wishes to appear most bright,
When it doth tax itself ; as these black masks
Proclaim an en-fhield beauty ten times louder,
Than beauty could displayed. But mark me,
To be received plain, I'll speak more gross ;
Your brother is to die.

Tab. So

Ang. And his offence is fo, as it appears
Accountant to the law upon that pain (6)

Isab. True.
Ang. Admit no other way to save his life,

(4) Pl ai'd you to do'l or peril

, &c.) The reasoning is thus: Angelo aks, whether there might not be a charity in fom in jave this broiber. Tabilla answers, that if Angelo will save bim, jie would liuke ber Joul that it woré chari'y nat fin. Angelo replies, that if Ifabella wnuld fave him at the hazard of her foul, it would be not indeed no fin, tui a fen to which the charity would be equivalent. (5) And nothing of your answer. ] I think it should be read,

And nothing of yours answer.
You and whatever is yours be exempt from penalty.

(6) Accountant to the laws upsr shot goix.] Pain is here for penally, puni/bment.

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(As I subscribe not that, nor any other,
But in the loss of question,) (7) that you his fifter,
Finding yourself defir'd of such a person,
Whofe credit with the judge, or own great place,
Could fetch your brother from the manacles
Of the * all-binding law ; and that there were
No earthly mean to save him, but that either
You must lay down the treasures of your body
To this supposed, or else let him suffer ;
What would you do?

Isab. As much for my poor brother, as myself
That is, were I under the terms of death,
Th' impression of keen whips I'd wear as rubies,
And strip myself to death, as to a bed
That longing I've been seek for, ece I'd yield
My body up to fhame.
Ang Then must


brother die.
Ifab. And 'twere the cheaper way ;
Better it were, a brother dy'd at once ; (8)
Than that a fitter, by redeeming him,
Should die for ever.

Ang. Were not you then as cruel as the fentence,

have flander'd co?
Ifab. Ignominy in ransom, and free pardon,
Are of two houses; lawful mercy, sure,
Is nothing kia to fout redemption.

Ang. You seemd of late to make the law a tyrant,
And rather prov'd the liding of your brother
A merriment, than a vice.

Ifab. Oh pardon me, my lord; it oft falls out,

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(7) But in the loss of question, ] The loss of question I do not wel understand, and should rather read,

But in ibe toss of question. In the agitalim, in the discussion of the question. To toss an argument is a common phrase.

* The old editions read all-building law, from which the Editors have made all-bolding ; yet Mr. Theobald has binding is one of his copies. (8) A brother dy'd at once ;] Perhaps we should read,

Better it were o brother dy'd for once,
Than that a fiftor, by redeeming him,
Should dig for ever.


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To have what we would have, we speak not what we
I something do excuse the thing I hate,

mean; For his advantage that I dearly love.

Ang. We are all frail.

ifab. Else let my brother die,
If not a feodary, but only he, (9)
* Owe, and succeed by weakness.

Ang. Nay, women are frail too.
Ifab. Ay, as the glasses where they view themselves ;
Which are as easy broke, as they make forms. (1)
Women !--help heav'n! men their creation mar,
(2) In profiting by them. Nay, call us ten times frail ;
For we are soft as our complexions are,
And credulous to false prints. (3)

Ang. I think it well;
And from this testimony of your own sex,
Since, I suppose, we're made to be no stronger,
Than faults may shake our frames, let me be bold.
I do arrest your words : Be That you are,
That is, a woman ; if you're more you're none ;
If you be one, as you are well express’d
By all external warrants, thew it now,
By putting on the destin'd livery.

Ijab. I have no tongue but one. Gentle my lord,
(9) If not a feodary, but only he, &c.] This is so obscure, but the
allusion lo fine, chat it deserves to be explain'd. A feodary was one,
that in the times of vassalage he'd laods of the chief lord, under the
tenure of paying rent and service : which teoures were callid feuda
amongst the Garbs. Now, says Angelo, we are all frail ; yes, re-

plies Isabella ; if all mankind were not feodaries, who owe what

they are to this tenure of imbecillity, and who succeed each other “ by the same tenure, as well as my brother, I would give him up." The comparing maokind, lying uoder the weight of original sin, to a feodary, who owes furt and service to his lord, is, I think, not ill imagined.

WARBURTON * To owe is in this place, to own, to bold, to bave possession. (1) Glalles

Which are as easy broke, as they make forms.] Would it not be better to read, take forms ?

(2) In profiting by them.] la imitating them, in taking them for examples. (3) And credulous to falfo prinis.d 1. c. take any impression.



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