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tague and Manwaring were his creatures ; the pocket-book says, that his majesty's royal assent to their preferment was signed by order of this prelate, (when only bishop of London,) and himself was the person that consecrated them. It would be too long to go into particulars, but every body knows, that the disposal of all, or most of the bishoprics, deanries, and considerable benefices since the year 1627, have been under the direction of this archbishop; and what sort of persons liave been preferred is apparent to all men, by the present distracted condition of the church and universities.

The king's declaration for prohibiting preaching on the five controverted points, was an artifice of the archbishop's to introduce the arminian errors, by preventing orthodox ministers from awakening the minds of people against them. And whereas he avers, that he has carried it with an even hand, and could bring witnesses from Oxford to prove it, we challenge bim to name one schular or minister that was ever imprisoned, deprived, silenced, prosecuted in the high commission, or cast out of favor on this account; there was indeed one Rainsford an arminian, who, in the year 1632, was obliged publicly to confess his error in disobeying his majesty's declaration, and that was all his punishment; whereas great numbers of the other side have been persecuted, so as to be forced to abandon their native country, at a time when the most notorious and declared armin. ians were advanced to the best preferments in the church, as Montague made a bishop, Harsnet an archbishop, Lindsey promoted to two bishoprics ; Potter to a deanry, and Duppa to a deanry and bishopric, and made tutor to the prince, &c.*

The mangers objected further to the archbishop, “ that having obtained the sole licensing of the press, by a de.

claration of the star-chamber in the year 1637, he had • prohibited the reprinting sundry orthodox books formerly

printed, and sold by authority, as the Geneva Bible with notes Gellibrand's Protestant Almanack, in which the popish saints were left out of the kalendar, and protestant martyrs put in their places; that his chaplains had refused 6 to license the confession of faith of the Palatine churches, Fox's book of martyrs, bishop Jewel's works, some

* Prynne, p. 172,511.

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* part of Dr. Willets, and the History of the Gun-Powder. Treason, as was attested by the clerks of Stationer's. • Hall, and this reason given for the refusal, that we were

not now so angry with the papists as formerly, and there'fore it was not proper to exasperate them, there being a • desigo on foot to win them by mildness. That the arch• bishop had suppressed sundry new books written against arminianism and popery, and had castrated others, ex“punging such passages as reflected upon the superstition

and idolatry of that church;' † a large catalogue of which the commons produced; many authors appeared in maintenance of this part of the charge, and among others. Dr. Featly, Dr. Clarke, Dr. Jones, Mr. Wurd, &c. It was said in particular, “that he had expunged divers passages, • which bore hard upon the papists, out of the collection

of public prayers for a general fast against the plague; 6 and that in the prayer-book appointed by authority for the 6 5th of Nov. instead of root out that babylonish and anti6 christian sect, whose religion is rebellion, whose faith is *faction, and whose practice is murdering of soul and body ; he had altered that passage, and artfully turned it against the puritans, thus, Root out the antichristian sect of them, who turn religion into rebellion, and faith 6 into faction.”

“ And as the archbishop had castrated some books, because they refuted the doctrines he would countenance; • so he gave full licence to others, wherein the grossest

points of arminianism and popery were openly asserted; • as Cosins's bours of prayer, Sales’s introduction to a devout life, Christ's epistle to a devout soul, and others, in which the following doctrines were maintained (1.) The * necessity of auricular confession, and the power of priests

to forgive sins. (2.) The lawfulness and benefit of pupish penance, as wearing hair-cloth, and other corporal pun.

ishments. (3.) Absolute submission to the commands of priests as directors of conscience. (4.) That in the sacra. ment, the body and blood of Christ is a true and proper 6 sacrifice; that the natural body and blood of Christ is re• ally and substantially present in the eucharist; and that .there can be no true sacrament or consecration of it † Prynne, p. 179, 180, 182, &c. || Ibid. p. 254, 255, 257, 258, &c. Vol. III,



where there is no altar. (5.) That crucifixes, images, and pictures, may be lawfully set up in churches, and ought • not to be removed. (6.) That the pope is not antichrist. (7.) That there are venial sins. (8.) That there is a purgatory or limbus patrum. (9.) That the reliques of saints are to be preserved and reverenced. (10.) That

the Virgin Mary and saints are to be invoked and prayed 'to. (11.) That the church of Rome is the mother • church, and never erred in fundamentals. (12.) That

there are written traditions of equal authority with the • word of God."1 To which were added, sundry articles of arminian doctrine, as of free-will, total and final apostasy from grace; examples of which the managers produced from the several authors.

And as a further encouragement to popery, they objected his grace's conniving at the importation of popish books, and restoring them to the owners when seized by the searchers, contrary to the statute of 3 Jacob. I. by wbich means many thousands of them were disperged over the whole kingdom; whereas he gave the strictest commands "to his officers to seize all imported Bibles with notes, and

all books against arminian and popish innovations. All which put together amount to no less than a demonstra. tion of the archbishop's design to subvert our established “religion, by introducing doctrinal arminianism and popery.”+

The archbishop answered, that the decree of the starchamber for regulating the press was the act of the whole court, and not his; that the stationers themselves gave him thanks for it; and he is still of opinion, that it was both a necessary and useful act, being designed to suppress seditious, schismatical, and mutinous books. I As to the partiçulars, he replied, that the Geneva Bible was only tolerated, not allowed by authority, and deserved to be suppressed for the marginal note on Exod. i. 17, which allows disobedience to the king's command. Gellibrand's almanack had left out all the saints and apostles, and put in those named by Mr. Fox, and therefore deserved to be censured. As to the book of martyrs, it was an abridgment of that book I opposed (says his grace,) lest the book

4 Prynne, p. 188, 202. + Prynne, p. 349. Laud's Hist. p. 250.

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itself should be brought into disuse, and lest any thing material should be left out. But the licensing of books was left in general to my chaplains, for an archbishop had bet. ter grind, than take that work into his own hands; and whereas it has been inferred, that what is done by my chaplain must be taken as my act, I conceive no man can by law be punished criminally for his servant's fact, unless it be proved that he had a hand in it.

The like answer the archbishop gave to the castrating and licensing books,-his chaplains did it; and since it was not proved they did it by his express command, they must answer for it. He admits, that he altered the prayers for the 5th of Nov. and for the general fust by his majesty's command; and he is of opinion the expressions were too harsh, and therefore ought to be changed.

He denied that he ever connived at the importation of popish books; and if any such were restored to the owners, it was by order of the bigh commission, and therefore he is not answerable for it.

The commons replied, that the decree for regulating the press was procured by him with a design to enlarge his jurisdiction ; and though some things in it might deserve the thanks of the stationers, they complained loudly that books formerly printed by authority, might not be reprinted without a new licence from himself. S-As to particulars, they affirm that the Geneva Bible was printed by authority of queen Elizabeth and king James, cum privilegio; and in the 15th Jacob, there was an impression by the king's own printer, potwithstanding the note upon Exodus, wbich is warranted both by fathers and canonists. Gellibrand's almanack was certainly no offence, and therefore did not deserve that the author should be tried before the bigb commission; and if the queen and the papists were offended at it, it was to be liked never the worse by all good protestants. The archbishop is pleased, indeed, to cast the whole blame of the press on his chaplains ; but we are of opinion (say the managers) that the archbishop is answerable for wbat his chaplains do in this case; the trust of licensing books being originally invested in him, his chaplains being his deputies, be must answer for them

ş Prynge, p. 515.

at his peril. When the archbishop of York in the reign of Edward I. was questioned in parliament, for excommuni. cating two servants of the bishop of Durham, employed in the king's service, the archbishop threw the blame on bis commissary, who was the person that excommunicated them ; but it was then resolved in parliament, that the commissary's act was his own, and he was fined four thousand marks to the king. Now the commissary was an officer established by law; but the archbishop's chaplains are not officers by law, and therefore dare not license any thing without his privity and command.

Besides, it is apparent these books were castrated by the archbishop's approbation, for otherwise he would have punished the licensers, printers, and publishers, as he al. ways did when information was given of any new books published against the late innovations. His grace bas forgot bis refusing to license the Palatine Confession of Faith, which is his peculiar happiness when he can make no answer; and it looks a little undutiful in him to cast the alteration of the prayers for Nov. 5, on the king, when every body knows by whom the king's conscience was directed.]

And whereas the archbishop denies his conniving at the importation of popish books, he does not so much as al. ledge that he ordered such books to be seized as he ought to have done ; be confesses that such books as were seized, had been restored by order of the high commission, whereas it had been sworn to be done by his own order ; but if it had not, yet he being president of that court ought to have erossed those orders, that court not daring to bave made any such restitutions without his consent; so that we cannot but be of opinion that the whole of this charge, which shews a manifest partiality on the side of arminianism and popery, and the strongest and most artificial attempts to propagate these errors in the nation, still remains in its full strength.

The managers went on to charge the archbishop with his severe prosecution of those clergymen, who had dared to preach against the dangerous increase of arminianism • and popery, or the late innovations; they instanced in Mr. Chauncy, Mr. Workman, Mr. Davenport, and others;

|| Pryone, p. 522.

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