The American Mission and the 'Evil Empire': The Crusade for a 'Free Russia' Since 1881

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Cambridge University Press, Sep 13, 2007 - History - 352 pages
David Foglesong tells the fascinating story of American efforts to liberate and remake Russia since the 1880s. He analyzes the involvement of journalists, political activists, propagandists, missionaries, diplomats, engineers, and others in this grand crusade, paying special attention to the influence of religious beliefs on Americans' sense of duty to emancipate, convert, or reform Russia. He discusses the impact of popular debates about changing Russia on how Americans felt about the United States, showing how the belief that Russia was being remade in America's image reaffirmed faith in America's special virtue and historic mission and that opposition to the spread of American influence in Russia was characterized as evil from the late nineteenth century. While the main focus is on American thinking and action, the book also discusses the responses of Russian and Soviet governments, Russian Orthodox priests, and ordinary Russians to American propaganda campaigns, missionary work, and popular culture.
 

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Contents

origins of the first crusade 18811905
7
culmination and frustration 190520
34
opportunities and obstructions in early Soviet Russia 192140
60
hopes for a new Russia during the Grand Alliance 194145
83
5 Visions of liberation 194553
107
The eclipse of liberation and the pursuit of liberalization 195474
129
renewal of the crusade 197480
155
8 The Reagan mission and the evil empire 198189
174
America and postSoviet Russia
196
afterlife of the crusade
219
Notes
230
Bibliography
310
Index
344
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About the author (2007)

David S. Foglesong is Associate Professor of History at Rutgers University, New Brunswick, New Jersey. He is the author of America's Secret War Against Bolshevism: US Intervention in the Russian Civil War, 1917-1920 (1995).

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