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words "everlasting" and "eternal,” mean one thing in some places, and another thing in others.
“Still, while we are thus fortunately relieved and guarded, let us not think that we are in no danger from that restless and unlicensed spirit of rationalism which has been the source of all these evils. We are in danger from it; and it is our duty-I venture to address myself specially to my brethren of the Clergy—to guard ourselves, and our people against it.
“For ourselves, let us cultivate a humble and prayerful spirit in our dealing with God's Holy Word; seeking, in our study of it, the illuminating presence of the Holy Ghost, as well as all aids of human learning; and bearing in mind that our duty is not to make, but to "keep" the Faith. I believe facts will warrant me in the assertion, that the boldest dogmatizers against the Scriptures have been those whose study and knowledge of them have been most superficial. As the astronomer finds disturbances and anomalies in planetary systems, which farther study proves to be only deeply planned and far-reaching compensations, tending not to destruction but to harmony ; so, difficulties and apparent discrepancies come up, from time to time, in Holy Scripture, on which a hasty captiousness builds up a theory of denial, but in which a believing, patient spirit finds, at last, new harmonies of truth, and fresh supports of faith.
“And for our people, let us be more anxious to build them up in the Faith, than to amuse them with our speculations. Let the exposition of God's Word form a large part of what we preach to them. Let us lead them, ever in penitence and faith, to the Cross of Christ, as the only way of their salvation, and to the Comforter, the Holy Ghost, as the only source of living effort and real holiness. Let us
strive to keep them in the unity of the Church of God; in the regular • and devout use of prayer, and Holy Sacraments, and means of Grace;
that so, by God's mercy, we may save both ourselves and “them that hear us;" remembering always, that error is best avoided or displaced, by bringing men to understand, to appreciate, and to be settled in the truth.”
Several meetings of the Bishop Clergy and Laity having been held, a Society has been formed with the above name. Its objects are in part as follows:
I. To assist the Clergy in maintaining and diffusing the Church of Christ, in its Creed, discipline, worship, and charity; in all pertaining to the general work of the Church in the City of Chicago, and the special work of the parish.
II. To revive and maintain the religious observance of the worship and offices of the Church, by seeking those deprived of, or neglecting its privileges; to provide enlarged accommodations for public worship, and increase the number of Churches, Chapels, or Schools, in the destitute parts of our city; to promote the regular attendance on Divine Worship; the due observance of the Festivals and Feasts of the Church; the reception of Baptism, Confirmation, and the Holy Communion, with the catechetical instruction of children; family worship; personal religion; and the demonstrative advance of the whole Church life.
VII. To promote and effect the creation and endowment of a Church HOSPITAL, a Home for ORPHANS, FOR AGED AND INDIGENT PERSONs, and such other institutions, under the authority and charge of the Church, as may conduce, by the Divine blessing, to mitigate the suffering, protect the exposed, and “train in the nurture and admonition of the Lord.”
VIII. The members of this “Church Guild," in each parish, shall be known and recognized as the “CHAPTER" of the same, bearing its distinctive parochial name. Under the Rector, the “Chapter" shall endeavor to advance and carry on the work of the Guild, in such Parochial Association as may be formed for Church work within the special district of the City adopted by that parish; and the “Chapter” shall be the representative of the same in the Church Guild."
AMERICAN CHAPEL IN PARIS,
The Consecration of the Church of the Holy Trinity, on the 12th of Sept. last, was a note-worthy event in our Church history. The service of the venerable Bishop McIlvaine, as Consecrator, the admirable Sermon of Rev. Dr. Morgan, one of the most eloquent and effective of our preachers, the representatives from the English and Russian Churches, and the presence of the learned Abbé Guetteé, of the Romish Church, all gave to the occasion a Catholic character. The 12th of September has thus become thrice memorable in the history of this noble enterprise of our American Church. The 12th of September, 1858, saw the beginning of this work, in the setting up of the altar of our worship in Paris, since which time, that worship has never been interrupted there. The 12th of September, 1 863, is marked by the ceremony of the laying of the corner-stone: a service of great interest and solemnity, which our readers will remember. Again, the 12th of September returns, to witness the crowning of the work, in the consecration of a beautiful Church. The cost of the building and ground was about $36,000; and the Church, which is a modest, beautiful structure, will seat about 600 persons. The building, and completion, indeed, of this edifice, reflects the highest credit upon the American Church in general, and more especially upon its Chaplain, the Rev. Mr. Lamson, and those who have more immediately aided him in the enterprise.
THE SHELTERING ARMS.
Among the Christian Institutions which are springing up in the Church in New York, we record one with the above name. opened October 6th,. Its object, as stated by the Rev. T.C. Peters, who we believe was its principal originator, is, to take charge of the children of dissolute, or diseased, or dying parents, who cannot take
care of their own offspring, but are able to pay something towards the expense of their maintenance. Forty beds were ready for occupancy at the opening : and as soon as possible, the accommodation will be enlarged to 100 beds. The present House will then become only the House of Reception, and the children will be sent to the country and reared there on the Cottage Plan, each of a collection of Cottages having 15 or 20 children, with a common School and Chapel. Four devoted Christian women, as Sisters, take charge of the Institution, all of them having had several years of experience in associated labors of love, either at St. Luke's Hospital, or the Five Points Mission, or the House of Mercy. The House will be supported by annual subscriptions and donations of friends, who will pray as well as work, ard enlist the services of others as well as give their own.
The House is the property, and has for many years been the residence, of the Rev. Mr. Peters, who gives a ten years' lease (if he should live so long) to the Charity, of the House and 11 acres of ground, without rent, except meeting the taxes and assessments. He acts as Pastor of the Institution. The need of the Charity may be seen from the fact that, before it was opened, there were already over sixty applications for admission.
The following are the officers :-Pastor, The Rev. T. M. Peters. Treasurer, Herman C. Von Post, 68 Broad street. Trustees, James Punnett, W. K. Kitchen, Simeon Draper, Wm. B. Clerke, Wm. Alex. Smith, Wm. J. Beebe, Benj. H. Field, Wm. Tracey, Bishop H. Potter, F. S. Winston, Gideon Pott, Henry J. Cammann, B. W. Bull, Wm. A. Haines, the Rev. Robt. S. Howland, D.D., D. Tilden Brown, Peter C. Tieman, Chas. H. Pond, John H. Riker, Wm. B. Astor.
THE MORAVIAN EPISCOPACY. Whether the Moravians have a genuine Episcopacy or not, is of course an important question, and one which must be met before any steps looking toward Visible Unity with them, can be taken. But there is another question, equally important; in what regard is the organization and Ministry of the Church practically held by them? In a late No. of “ The Moravian” newspaper, we find the following sentiment, from its “Foreign Correspondent;" and the practice of the Moravians, as far as we know, is in accordance with that sentiment. “ Whatever, in any Church, tends to erect the ministers of religion into a separate order, with a separate policy and interests, is equally unscriptural and dangerous.” A contributor to that paper, of March 2, 1865, writes thus :- -“ If we have not wholly misunderstood the character of our Church, we may, on the contrary, assert with the greatest confidence, that she is well adapted, perhaps better than most others, to carry the Gospel to all men. She holds to no denominational isms, to use a familiar term. She is averse to unprofitable speculations upon controverted dogmas of theology. She does not hold to any peculiarities, as essentials in the constitution of a Christian Church, such as the mode of baptism, or the so-called Apostolic Succession. She professes to know only Jesus, and Him crucified. This is her Shibboleth.” VOL. XVII.
AMENDMENT OF THE NATIONAL CONSTITUTION.
In the House of Representatives, on the 31st of January, the following Amendment was passed, by a vote of 119 to 56 :
“ Be it resolved by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America, in Congress assembled, two-thirds of both Houses concurring, That the following articles be proposed to the Legislatures of the several States as an amendment to the Constitution of the United States; when ratified by three-fourths of said Legislatures, shall be valid, to all intents and purposes, as a part of the said Constitution, namely :
ARTICLE 18. SECTION I. Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime, whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction.
Section II. Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation."
The amendment was passed by the Senate on Friday, April 8, .1864, by a vote of 38 to 5.
EMANCIPATION.—The following is said to be a carefully prepared estimate of the number of slaves thus far set free by the administration, or by the events of war :
Mississippi, 155,540; Alabama, 145,023; Arkansas, 74,074; Virginia, 163,629; South Carolina, 67,066; North Carolina, 55,176; Louisiania, 201,150; Tennessee, 183,915; Delaware, 592; Maryland, 87,188; Missouri, 114,965; Texas, 30,427 ; Kentucky, 75,163; Georgia, 154,066; District of Columbia, 3,185, Indian Territory, 7,369; Utah, Nebraska, 44. Making an aggregate of 1,368,600.
Brownson's QUARTERLY REVIEW.—This eccentric, spirited and able Review ceased to exist with the October Number. Starting as the organ of Ultramontanism, and with the published endorsements of nearly all the Romish Bishops in this country, it has veered about so that, in its later issues, it has levelled some of the heaviest blows against the Romish System, against Jesuits, &c., &c., which have ever been given. His professed entire obedience to Papal authority, and his inherent Rationalism, have filled the pages of his Review with all sorts of contradictions. Of late, his assaults upon the cardinal principles of the Papal System, though well deserved, have seemed to us almost reckless. Yet he still professes to be a devout “Catholic."
Divorce in MASSACHUSETTS.—The following, from the Newburyport Herald, exhibits a melancholy state of things in Massachusetts. The Herald says :
“In this little State of Massachusetts, one per day would be a mere fraction of what annually occur. There are probably more in this little city in one year, than there were in a generation, in the
whole State, prior to a century ago. There is a single law office here that does more than one a month; and it is not uncommon to have fifty or a hundred upon the docket of a County Court at one term. Go into the Court, and one perceives that sundering the ties is not considered of any consequence. The whole process does not often consume more than a half hour, and perhaps not half of that. It may be the prevailing opinion that this is all right, and tells well on the community; but we cannot help believing, that our entire action in the divorce business is demoralizing and degrading, to the utmost extreme.”
NEW YORK City.—The Divine Liturgy, according to the Use of the Orthodox Oriental Church, was celebrated in Trinity Chapel, on Thursday, March 2d, by the Rev. Agapius Honcharenko, it being the anniversary of the accession of his Imperial Majesty, Alexander II., to the Throne of Russia. Sixty or seventy Slavonians and Greeks, resident in the city, were present. The use of the Church, for such a Service, was cheerfully given by Rev. Dr. Dix, Rector, and approved by the Bishop of the Diocese. Bishop Southgate and Rev. Drs. Dix and Thrall were within the Sanctuary, and the Clergy of Trinity Parish, and others, were in the stalls of the choir. Such a significant event, betokening the tendency to essential Unity between the Oriental and American Churches, has aroused the chagrin of the Romish and Presbyterian press, both of which make severe charges against the Orthodoxy of the Greek Communion. An answer to these accusations appeared in the last No. of this Review. The Methodist newspaper records the event, and appreciates its importance in a more scholarly and Christian manner.
SUMMARY OF FOREIGN INTELLIGENCE.
CONVOCATION.-On Tuesday, February 14th, both Houses of Convocation assembled at Westminster for the despatch of business. The Archbishop of Canterbury presided, and there were present,—the Bishop of London, the Bishop of St. David's, the Bishop of Llandaff, the Bishop of Oxford, the Bishop of Lincoln, the Bishop of Ely, the Bishop of Gloucester and Bristol, the Bishop of Bangor, the Bishop of Salisbury, the Bishop of Rochester, and the Bishop of Peterborough. The Bishop of London presented the following petition, which had been signed by influential Laymen of the Church :
"To the most Rev. the Archbishop, and the Right Rev. the Bishops of the Province of Canterbury, in Convocation assembled, in pursuance of the Queen's writ, the humble petition of the undersigned lay members of the United Church of England and Ireland showeth-
"That, under God, the gratitude of Churchmen is due to the Rev