Renaissance Beasts: Of Animals, Humans, and Other Wonderful Creatures

Front Cover
Erica Fudge
University of Illinois Press, Oct 1, 2010 - Literary Criticism - 256 pages
Animals, as Lévi-Strauss wrote, are good to think with. This collection addresses and reassesses the variety of ways in which animals were used and thought about in Renaissance culture, challenging contemporary as well as historic views of the boundaries and hierarchies humans presume the natural world to contain.

Taking as its starting point the popularity of speaking animals in sixteenth-century literature and ending with the decline of the imperial Ménagerie during the French Revolution, Renaissance Beasts uses the lens of human-animal relationships to view issues as diverse as human status and power, diet, civilization and the political life, religion and anthropocentrism, spectacle and entertainment, language, science and skepticism, and domestic and courtly cultures.

Within these pages scholars from a variety of disciplines discuss numerous kinds of texts--literary, dramatic, philosophical, religious, political--by writers including Calvin, Montaigne, Sidney, Shakespeare, Descartes, Boyle, and Locke. Through analysis of these and other writers, Renaissance Beasts uncovers new and arresting interpretations of Renaissance culture and the broader social assumptions glimpsed through views on matters such as pet ownership and meat consumption.

Renaissance Beasts is certainly about animals, but of the many species discussed, it is ultimately humankind that comes under the greatest scrutiny.
 

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Contents

Introduction
1
Talking Animals and Reader Pleasure in Early Modern Satire
19
Pets and Perversion at the Court of Frances Henri III
37
Metamorphosis and Civility in English Werewolf Texts
50
On Dominion Purity and Meat in Early Modern England
70
5 Why should a dog a horse a rat have life and thou no breath at all? Shakespeares Animations
87
The Impersonal Rule of James VI and I
101
James Shirleys Hyde Park 1632 and Gervase Markhams Cavelarice 1607
116
8 Can ye not tell a man from a marmoset? Apes and Others on the Early Modern Stage
138
9 Plinys Literate Elephant and the Idea of Animal Language in Renaissance Thought
164
Animals and the Experimental Philosophy
186
Animals at Versailles 16621792
208
Contributors
233
Index
237
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