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the union temporarily effected between an account of Martindale’s diligent and suc- | ing those minor points on which they differ, the two bodies in America issued in the cessful labours as a pastor. "I preached and coalescing on those essential doctrines on same lamentable results. Taught by the twice every Lord's-day to a great congrega- which they agree. . The experience of our experience of our fathers let us have no

tion, besides expounding, catechising, and all journalist is on this head most instructive more such attempts at incorporated of the sicke, and other employment in private sent times. other public worke, together with visitation and monitory, and quite pertinent to the pre

“ How happie had it been, both unions. We are not ripe for them. not here to be named; preaching at many for themselves and me, had both parties beene There are points of difference between us, funeralls and baptisings, besides no few oc- of such a sweet condescending frame thirtoo vital to be compromised, too essential casionall sermons at the chapells in the parish. teen years before when I first went to Gaton ; to be concealed or held in abeyance. Iih

had my part, also, in maintaining one exer- but time, afflictions, and dangers helped But there are at the same time more im- cise in Staffordshire yearly, two in Lanca- mollifie men's spirits. Now both parties portant points still on which we

shire, and four in Cheshire, besides the great seemed desirous of union, but it was too late;

morning one of many speakers, in those opportunities for it were frequent before, but perfectly at Let us, therefore, eastern parts, and the lecture in Chester. now no more to be had.” A year, however

, follow the scriptural maxim “Whereto How I did this worke I am no competent had now elapsed since the death of the Proye have attained let us walk by the same judge, or what good I did, as God alone per- tector. Neither in his own family, nor rule, let us mind the same thing,” and tectly knows; so, if I knewe myselfe, it among his generals, was one found who, posthen we may hope for the fulfilment of would be Pharisaical in me to repeat it. All sessing equal decision, sagacity, and strength the promise, “and if in anything ye


I will say is, that by his helpe I went cheer- of will, was fitted to assume the supreme otherwise-minded, God will reveal even though not without some discouragements.” fully through it, when I had mine health, power. There were frequent risings in con

sequence in various parts of the country, and that unto you.” And thus by God's In 1653, something like a Presbytery was some idea of the general alarm and anxiety blessing—that God who is not the author again formed at Wilmslow (Cheshire). « The may be formed from the confession in the auof confusion or disunion, but of peace ministers of the classis being now formed, tobiography. “ But I had often shown my and love in all the Churches of Christ, went on freely upon such worke as was dissatisfaction with that Protean vagrant we may entertain the hope that we shall brought before them, received ministers into Government by a succession of usurpers, and all grow up into the fulness of the and ordained severall ministers for the con- my heart, that if I were sure that the usurpers

their association, approved of ruling elders, went so farre on to say, from the bottom of stature of perfect men in Christ until gregations of Goosetree, Knutsford, Chelford, would continue my libertie (as they had hiwe shall all be perfectly united in one and afterwards others. One congregation therto done), and that a King and a free mind and in one judgment.

was somewhat backward to make use of Parliament would throw me out (as I supWe hear occasionally in the present them, having too many of the Independent posed they would), yet if the business lay day of great facts, but we regard the judgment; yet, at length, in July, 1655, six upon my single vote, I would vote for the Liverpool Meeting as one of the greatest ruling elders were chosen, whereof three only King and a free Parliament, as the only Gofacts of the age. It is a fact pregnant the classis .... We agreed in our classis tion of lawes under which I would comfort

accepted the choice and were approved by vernment for the regular making and execuwith great principles, and prolific we by mutuall consent, upon such rules for the ably act and suffer.” Martindale, however, trust of great results. But we have more administration of baptisms and the Lord's had many enemies, like every faithful

, conthan exhausted our space for the present Supper, as also of the solemnization of ma- sistent Presbyterian clerygyman of the and must close, although we purpose to trimonie, as my religious neighbours seemed period; and for his personal safety found it return to the subject. well pleased with."

necessary to have a certificate drawn up by We close as we commenced, by stating from the meetings of the classis was a vigo- peaceable and loyal deportment. Sir George

One of the practical advantages resulting his people and neighbours, vouching for his our convicticn that there must be no

rous and united effort to promote personal Boothe had headed a movement in Lancaattempt for the present at uniformity of religious instruction among the masses of shire for the King, but Martindale did not rites and modes of discipline. Let us the population. Very effectual means were identify himself with it. Nothing can be aim at first, only at agreement in doctrines taken for this important purpose. “Multitudes more graphic than his description of the and even there let us not attempt to of little catechisms we caused to be printed, Baronet's forces, or show more forcibly the

“ His impose upon one another all the tenets designing one for every family in our parishes, chaos of opinion that then prevailed. that we hold ourselves. Let it suffice if and to all

, or most, they were accordingly armie (if I may call it one) was like Mahoothers profess what we esteem ourselves tion of the truth should have been distasteful snow.

sent." That this close and practical applica- met's angelical cockes, made up of fire and the fundamental articles of our creed. to those whose tenor of life and conversation and soldiers, were not only different but con

In many, both of the commanders Time, study, brotherly conference, and a was in opposition to it, is just what might have trarient in their principles ; so as they were larger effusion of the Spirit of all truth, been expected. “But when we actually set upon more likely to soder firmly together will, we believe, gradually remove our

the worke, even such as had but comparatively than the iron and clay feet of Nebuchaddoctrinal differences, and bring us all to small parishes or chapelries to deale with, nezzar's image. Some were zealous for

met with great discouragements through the restoring the King in pursuance of their one mind and one judgment upon the

unwillingnesse of people (especially the old covenant which excluded the prelates, and essentials of salvation. And then, ignoramusses) to have their extreme defects some resolved that they would have both although we hold that every distinct in knowledge searched out, the backward- or neither. Mr. Henry Bridgeman (afterbranch of the Church ought to practise nesse of the prophane to have the smart wards Dr. Deane, and Bishop Bridgeman) the most literal uniformity even in rites plaister of admonition applied (though told another minister and me at Donham, and modes of discipline, still we would lovingly) to their sores, and the businesse that he forsook them at Manchester because never suffer diversity, in these to break Creall or pretended) left as an excuse, why he perceived that some of the guards were the bonds of charity, or violate the the time appointed for their instruction." the persons concerned were gone abroad at cordial for the King and not for the Church."

Shortly afterwards Martindale, for refusing claims of peace between different branches

The violent hostility which has already to read from the pulpit an informal notice, of the united Catholic Church. It was been adverted to as existing between the In- restraining all manner of persons from as. thus with the apostolic and the early dependent and Presbyterian parties, had now sembling on pretence of preaching or praying primitive Church, and if ever there is to in a great measure subsided. On the 13th out of their own families, except in churches, be a catholic union, it must be based July, 1659-60, terms of accommodation

was subjected to much annoyance, and even to upon the same principles. Let us all ob- or, to use a modern phrase, “co-operation but imprisonment, from which he was only reserve the golden rule of Augustine. scribed by the leading ministers of both de- thousand pounds. He owed his liberation to “In essentials, unity; in non-essentials, nominations in Manchester. The distance at the intervention of Richard Baxter, then on liberty; in all things, charity.

which Christians of different sects stand at terms of intimacy with Lord Chancellor

the present day is the scandal of our common Hyde, “ who was courting him,” we need not THE LIFE AND TIMES OF ADAM faith, and emboldens the virulence of its ene- say in vain, " for a bishoprick." MARTINDALE.

mies. Sharper trials it may be than have
yet befallen may be in store in order that all brief narrative of this zealous church-and-King-

There is something sly and caustic in this (Concluded from our last number.)

who hold one faith and one baptism, may man's ecclesiastical progress. Mr., Dr., Deane, The diary for the next Septennium contains | dwell together in unity and peace, disregard- I and afterwards Bishop.


The reins of profanity and licentiousness Martindale took his sorrowful departure | laureated—that is, admitted Master of Arts.” were let loose at the Restoration. The re- from the vicarage about Michaelmas, 1662, The only name mentioned as connected with straints upon immorality and ungodliness, and removed his family to Campgreeve, about the Glasgow University, in the “ Diary,” is which the ascendancy of the Puritan-Presby- a quarter of a mile off

, where he resided till Burnet, afterwards Bishop of Salisbury; then terian party had imposed, were removed. about 1666. His principal employment dur- in the Glasgow Divinity chair. King James's famous “ Book of Sports ing this period was teaching." He seems to Martindale's desire to be fully employed in was re-enacted, and a large part of the popu- have made no attempt to continue in the his ministerial office, appears from the alalation, too ready at all times to embrace a exercise of his office of the ministry. “ It crity with which he abandoned teaching, and similar indulgence, broke out on the hitherto was my custom,” he


“ as long as it would gave himself up to the ministry, whenever he well observed Sabbath into all the profanity be borne, to heare my successor constantly, could do so with safety. The greatest conand riot of holiday. The opportunity of and to recite his sermons, and that evening to nivance at public and private preaching offending a minister whose fidelity and strict repeat his sermons at home to an handful of seems to have been shown in the parish of ness had imposed a decorum and purity of parishioners of the devoutest sort, adding a Bolton. He availed himself of the opening, manners irksome to bear, was too good to be discourse of mine owne, and praying for a and though he did not escape persecution, he lost. Martindale narrates, accordingly, “the blessing upon all, and the people would say did not suffer any serious harm. Others, rabble of prophane youth, and some doting that they liked his sermons beiter in the re- however, did not escape so easily; Mr. James fooles that took their part, were encouraged to petition than in the preaching.... I had at Wood, of Chowbent, was imprisoned. What affront me by setting up a May-pole upon my this time very great libertie and employ- follows from the Diary is very graphic. way to church."

After a little time had ment in private; but now the Act against " When the former Act against Conventicles elapsed to allow their defiant humour to cool, Conventicles comes out, whereby my labour was expired, and no new one made, Adam and that he might not appear to be instigated among my people was so multiplied, by di- Fearneside, a good friend of mine, desired by passion, he (Martindale) took occasion to viding them into so many parcels, and preach- me to joyn with a worthy neighbour of his, preach from Prov. i. 22, “How long, ye simple ing the same sermon over so oft, perhaps four Mr. James Bradshaw, late of Macclesfield, to ones, will ye love simplicity ?” &c. The or five times a-day, that I was under a neces- keep a day of preaching and prayer at his " application” proved so distasteful to some sity to throw up my schoole.” His attach- sonne-in-law's house, in a dark corner of that they solicited Martindale's predecessor ment to his people, and the self-denial he ex- Bury parish. His daughter (the wife of the "to bestow his pains upon a Lord's-day with hibited in ministering to them in such house) being neither able to go on foote nor them.”. To this he willingly acceded; but Mr. fashion as was allowed, were most praise-on horsebacke to any place for her soule's Brooke's little finger proved thicker than worthy. Whilst giving instruction to the good, I consented, and began the exercise ; Martindale's loins, for " he did most smartly wise and virtuous Mr. Charles, afterwards but Dean Bridgman,* being then at his son reprove their folly when he saw the May-pole Sir Charles Hoghton, his pupil's family Greenhalgh's house of Brandeshawe, hearing on his way, calling them by the most oppro- showed him every respect and kindness. of it, people were sent to take us up, and brious names.” Woman's wit, however, But he adds, “ I would not be tied to con- returne our names, &c. But the doore being seems to have been more effectual in re- stant attendance, but still taught one weeke, shut, and they having no warrant to breake moving the nuisance than the eloquence and went home the other, to bestow my it, I went on seemingly unconcerned till I of both clergymen. For thus the diary paines among mine own people, though this had done my worke, and then calmely conproceeds :-"Not long, my wife, assisted was to my worldly losse.". His usefulness, cluded, all my brothers being unwilling to go by three young women, whipt the May-pole however, and that of all his Nonconforming on. All this while the doors were guarded, down in the night with a framing sawe, cut- brethren, was sadly hampered by the tyran- that we might not escape.” He was tried at ting it breast high, so as the bottom would nical and persecuting,

« Five-mile Act,” | the sessions at Manchester for this offence, serve well for a dial-post.” Surely the spirit which provided that all Nonconformist mi- but acquitted by the jury, the costs being paid of Jenny Geddes was here.

nisters were to remove five miles from any by the friend who invited him to hold the The worst grievance to which Martindale place in which they had ever exercised their exercise. was subjected was, a prosecution for not read- office, and not come except when travelling It is due to the memory of a worthy man, ing the Book of Common Prayer. The within five miles of any city or corporate whose conduct does somewhat to redeem that process being at the time, however, illegal, town. However much regret such oppres- of his order at the period, to extract the next Martindale resolved not to succumb to as- sive measures may have occasioned, they do section entire.

“ About this very time, sumed authority, and boldly entered the court not seem to have stirred up a feeling of indig. Bishop Wilkins observing what a great comas defendant, * making himselfe merrie by nation, or of organised and resolute resistance. pany of drunken ministers there was in his comparing the barbarousness of the

Latin (in Martindale, accordingly, left his family, and diocese, and especially near Wigan, his then the Bill) with that of the designe of the pro- went to Manchester, where he was chiefly residence, was resolved to turne such out, or secutors." The Judges sustained his defence, employed in teaching mathematics, a study at the least to suspend them ab officio, and to but the deliverance was only temporary, " for to which he had applied himself with this fill the places with better men ; and having a now came out that famous Acte of Uni- view at his expulsion. Through the patron- good opinion of some of us that he took to be formitie." Like the Free Church ministers, age of Mr. Wickens, then master of the gram- moderate Nonconformists, he proposed terms Martindale seems to have had no misgivings mar-school, once a member of the Presbyte- to us, to which we returned a thankful as to the path of duty, and makes no parade rian classis, he had a good many pupils, and answer

, shewing our willingness to comply in of his sacrifices, which gave him no disquiet. was so successful a teacher, as to excite the anything that would not cross our principles, * As for the losse of the benefice, it was a virulent hostility of the brethren of the craft and instancing in particulars what we would temporal damage to me of 601. per annum. already established in the town. Thinking do. But the Archbishop of York, by his I thank God it troubled me not, I was so well him a novice, they thought to puzzle him by Visitation, took all power out of his hands prepared by a large foresight, the peace of propounding questions to him, which he for a year; soon after which, if not before, mine owne conscience, and hopes that God promptly answered. He soon put his assail- this honest Bishop Wilkins died.” would provide for me and mine.... ants hors de combat, by putting problems to About this time, Martindale was invited by 80 exceedingly weak and sickly that I could them for solution, in return. His scho- Lord Delamere to act as his chaplain for a not show myself so well satisfied with my lars were forward to revenge his quarrels. time, at the Hall, Durham, where he ulti

really was.” His successor “ It was next to impossible,” he writes, " to mately was settled for fourteen years; "all gave the people very little satisfaction. “Sir keep my pragmaticall youths from running the while having the same libertie among Peter Leicester thought him not fit for the down these old soakers with their record's his old people at Rotherstone parish, taking place, as he told me himselfe; and another arithmetic.”

fit occasions for it as before; mine employgentleman, a Conformist to the bone, curst Martindale meantime was not neglecting ment there (besides accompanying my lord me one Lord's-day, in the evening, for not the education of his own family. His son, oft abroad) was family duty twice a-day; keeping the place from such a bungler:' after being at a private academy, and after- which, before dinner, was a short prayer, a Besides, his readinesse to read the Bishop's wards at Cambridge, went to Glasgow Col chapter, and a more solemn prayer; and order against me made many to account him lege in 1670, whither his father accompanied before supper, a psalme, or part of one, after an intruding wolfe.” " The better sort of the him. It is to be regretted that the notices of the chapter. When it was my lord's pleasure parishioners declined his company, he being this journey are so very meagre. His son that the Lord's-day or any of the king's dayes young and sociable, always tabling (board- seems to have been a forward scholar. should be kept at home, I officiated ; and ing?) in an alehouse, or very near one, was “ After being examined by the Principall and when on the Lord'-day we went to Bowdon, I laid open to the temptation of wild company, Regent for

that year's laureation, he was ad- catechised in the evening, and expounded the and got such an habit of loving strong ale mitted into the class of magistrands.... He and brandy that it prejudiced his studies, and went with approbation through the smart Formerly Mr., then Dr., now Dean, after at last killed him.”

examination of the Black Stone, and was I wards Bishop.

I was

sufferings as

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(shorter) Catechisme in a doctrinall and prac- | lication announced is the “ Minutes of the and a license to each priest to become the ticall way. So as it was as much paines for Manchester, or First Presbyterian Classes of husband of one wife. Aware from their me, and as profitable to the auditory, as if I Lancashire, from 1646 to 1640." had preached a formall sermon."

own experience of the root of the evil, In 1671-2 was passed the Act of Indulgence, NEW GERMAN REFORMATION; RONGE which they had sunk, and urged by a

horrified at the gulf of depravity into allowing all Dissenters, save Papists only, to assemble for worship in licensed places. “So

voice within frenzied into madness by I had a license for the house of Humphrey Some two years ago (for we have not goadings which they could neither ward Peacock, of Morice, where I preached twice the work at present beside us) there ap- off nor endure without remorse, they and (so oft as I could conveniently do it) i peared in the “Quarterly Review” a very poured the groanings of their agony into ended both my sermons so soone, that myselfe remarkable paper on the present condition the ears of prelate and pontiff

, whose and others might hear my successor's after- of Popery on the Continent, expecially in own experience they fancied would noon sermon..... One morning, as I was going France and Germany. The writer was prompt to immediate redress. But they to preach at my licensed place, I called on my evidently most intimately acquainted petitioned in vain. The evils were not successor, which had carried moderately with his subject, while his strong High denied, they were confessed and detoward us, and found him dangerously ill. Church leanings, and his manifest sym- plored. Superficial remedies were apHe prayed God to speed me on my labours

, pathy with very much that ordinary plied, but the disease, uncured, unand desired I would pray for him in my congregation, which I promised to do, and ac

Protestants would regard (and justly too) checked, was left to prey at the vitals. cordingly performed, the people affectionately as Popish, gave his revelations of the Celibacy was useful to the class powers joyning with me." He afterwards wrote him corruptions and abominations that ex- of the hierarchy, and the agony of their in a very faithful spirit regarding his spiritual isted in the Romish Church peculiar instruments was as little heeded as the condition. This, 'tis said, did much trouble value. He averred that causes of se- writhings of the slave, the butchery of a him, and I am glad it did soe, if he sorrowed cession, deep, vital, and wide-spread, pre- soldiery, to the demon of ambition, to to repentance." What follows might have been found in John Bunyan: “I no more

vailed among the Romish priesthood, and the idolater of gold. know how to do a sinner good without foretold that to whatever Church they The article in the “Quarterly" was making him sorrie, than to cleare a foul might attach themselves, or whether they forgotten; even those like ourselves, stomach by a vomit without making the might form a new denomination, multi- upon whose minds it had produced a patient sicke."

tudes of Romish ecclesiastics would deep and lasting impression but seldom The Act of Indulgence was recalled in abandon their old communion. A variety thought of its revelations or prognostics. 1675. The next septennium was not an eventful one to Martindale personally, but

of reasons for this dissatisfaction were No secessions took place from Rome; brought many distressing family trials, which stated, nor were these reasons of recent she rather gained converts, especially he records evidently as one whose warmth of discovery, nor confined to individual from the Protestant (?) University of heart made him feel them deeply, while his priests. They had been avowed for Oxford, and from that “ bulwark of Profaith and patience, by God's grace, nobly sus- years, had been urged upon the con- testantism,” the Church of England, tained him under them all.

He was impri- sideration of the prelates who were im- and this latter too, if not with the consoned nearly a month in Chester, under an plored to abate the intolerable evils com- sent, certainly with the most wonderful ters who ipso facto were presumed to be plained of. Nay, matters had gone so equanimity, of the Anglican hierarchy


No murmurs cognizant of Monmouth's rebellion, which far that the Pope had been memorialized

heard of threa. occurred at this time. But this chequered with certification that unless redress ample tened dissension in the ranks of life was now drawing to a close. Personal and immediate was afforded, the parties the Popish priesthood. Sacerdotal matriand relative affliction, with trials of various whose consciences were aggrieved would mony

not conceded. Celibate kinds, threw a dark shadow over its decline. find themselves necessitated to abandon enormities were still perpetrated. Still The Diary comes down to 1685. The parish- the communion of Rome and repudiate no secession. What could be the cause ? register of Rotherstone contains the only

Was the " record of his death, or rather of his burial, the jurisdiction of the Pope and the local

Quarterly” misinformed, or which took place on the 21st of September, prelates.

did the Romish priesthood submit to 1686. The last section of this remarkable The principal grievances complained their fate? We were asking these quesbook may be given entire.“ Soone after my of, if we rightly remember, were auricu. tions, and could find no answer, when returne home, I met with the newes of Mr. lar confession and the forced celibacy of a Continental paper brought us the letter Brissowe's death, who was one of my fellow- the clergy. The latter in particular was

of John Ronge. prisoners, a solid able scholar, and a singular stated to have led to the most flagitious good preacher.... The losse of him was the

Wonderful are the ways of Providence. sadder, because he followed so many worthy consequences. Whatever was reported by “My ways are not your ways, neither men of the Nonconformist persuasion, that the Cominissioners on Religious Houses are your thoughts my thoughts, says the within a year or little more had left their to Henry VIII., whatever was alleged Lord.” Wide-spread simultaneous reearthly habitations in Lancashire, for a better against the monkish and celibate institu- sults are never instantaneous or isolated in heaven, viz., Mr. Bell, Mr. Bradshaw, of tions by the early Reformers, whatever

in their causes. Dorey Lever; Mr. Tilsey, Mr. Wright, Mr. fiction has invented or imagination can

One vernal gale, one Mallinson, and Mr. Scholes, all learned men

beam of April sunshine, does not cover and profitable preachers, and the three first conceive of the most unrestrained licen- the fields with flowers nor cause even one very eminent." How pertinent to the

tiousness, that it was averred was all but crocus to burst its cerements and expand

present times, and how pregnant with sad and solemn universally perpetrated by the Romish | its petals to the sun. The fields do not thoughts is the closing sentence, containing a priesthood throughout the Continent of wave with their autumnal treasures till reflection that will find an echo in the hearts Europe. The more decorous of the each separate seed has been deposited in of God's people in all lands,When God is clergy, shocked and scandalised at the its bed. The cause is as wide-spread as fast, it is a dangerous prognosticke of a storme the evils as their real and prolific source each too minute to arrest attention, but

iniquities of their brethren, and tracing the consequences. A train of causes, ere long to ensue.

NOTE.-Such of our readers as have been up to celibacy and the opportunities af- each essential to complete the result, pre. interested by the foregoing abstract, will be forded by auricular confessions, as one ceded the issue. The train was previously glad to learn that the same Society-the man they implored that secret confessions laid, or the spark would not occasion the Chatham -- to which we are indebted for might be abolished and the priesthood explosion. Martindale's Autobiography, propose shortly permitted to marry.

The plastic mass was preto publish the “ Diary” of the Rev. Henry

Nay, but what pared, and it needed but a fortuitous Newcome, ejected by the Act of Uniformity inay surprise the superficial to learn even contact, so to term it, to determine its from the collegiate church of Manchester in the more guilty of the priesthood were future conformation. 1662, and for whom the now Unitarian chapel the most loud and urgent in their impor- Luther, by the deep agonizing workin Cross-street was then built. Another pub- I tunities for the suppression of celibacy, lings of his own heart was



prepared in his cell at Erfurt for becoming some neighbourhood of Wittemberg, so was its good sense, and apparently as little thing else than a common-place Augus- Ronge when he heard of the pilgrimages calculated to rouse the world, as the tiniad monk. But what was that some- to Treves. Among the wonderful relics “ Theses” of Luther. The time, howthing else to be? Was it the founder alleged to exist in the treasury of the ever, had arrived — “the set time.". of a new confraternity like his cognate Cathedral of Treves, is the identical coat Men's hearts were prepared, and a tiny spirit Loyola, a miracle of agonized but which our Saviour wore when he was led spark was sufficient to kindle a conflagraunimpassioned quietism, like Simon Sty- forth to crucifixion. Twenty-two other tion. No man, we are persuaded, will be lites, or a bustling energetic actor like coats, all aspiring to the same honour, more astonished at the effects of this Dominic or Peter the Hermit? All these are said at this moment to be exhibited letter, or more disposed to ascribe its were kindred spirits ; in every lineament on the Continent; all sworn to as the results to a higher power than Ronge and feature the very counterparts of the only authentic garment by the priestly himself. Unknown to him, as before to Augustinian monk. At Erfurt transfer exhibitors, and all believed in by their Luther, the age was prepared for the them into his cell, incarnate their spirits respective votaries. War with the Turks, issue. He only put into articulate into his personality, and they would have and the erection of St. Peter's, was the phrases what everyone confusedly fasted and prayed and groaned and seen pretence, but the love of pleasure the thought. He gave a form and a subvisions precisely like Luther. Remove cause, that induced Leo X. to send forth stance to their vague, impalpable imaginthem to Wittenberg, expose them to the Tetzel to amass money with his indul- ings. His heart, symptomatic of the age same influences, and, humanly speaking, gences. What induced Arnoldi of Treves and sympathetic of its latent emotions, they would have been transformed into his to exhibit the “Holy Coat?" Whether gave forth a sound; and every heart, unliving acting image. Tetzel was essential to knavery or fanaticism we have not heard. known to its possessor, strung in unison, Luther. Had there been no Tetzel We yet stand too near the actors to see vibrated in accordance. John Ronge was there would have been no Luther, and them distinctly, or at full length. The but the type of Germany; and when he had not God prepared by imperceptible keen eye of history, however, will disappeared all his countrymen recognised in workings the heart of Europe to respond, cover, and her faithful pen will record, him their own image. and of Luther to act in a special direc- what we must be satisfied with merely Ronge, like Luther, had no intention tion, the sixteenth century would have conjecturing. But, whatever was the to secede from Rome. He saw, lamented, been as the twelfth, and Luther would motive, the coat was exhibited. Miracles and protested against the evils that have lived only in a black letter tome of and wonders, plenary remission of sins existed in the Church, but he ascribed the “ Lives of the Saints.”

and substantial gifts of Providence, were them, not to the system, but to indiviWhen the life of John Ronge is promised to all who, with full faith and dual agents. He had no doubt but when written, it will be found that he too was heavy purses, should repair to the Cathe- these evils were exposed and made known prepared for the scene of his labours, and dral of Treves, perform the prescribed to those in authority, they would be when the heart of Europe is laid bare ritual, kiss the Holy Coat, and pay the abated. In the honest sincerity of his and its history disclosed, it will be seen priest, for it is now as ever with Rome, heart, he judged of others by himself, that it also has had its preparatory train-“No penny no pater-noster." Crowds and fondly imagined that the Archbishop ing. As Luther had his Tetzel, so Ronge and multitudes flocked to the shrine,- of Treves would act as would in similar has had his Albert of Treves. dul- half a million in a month. Since the circumstances the priest of Leurahutte gences roused the indignation of the one, Cossacks rushed down from the Ukraine What, then, was his amazement to find a fabled relic the opposition of the other. till Victoria of England steamed up the himself charged with heresy, and comBoth, though honest of purpose and obe- Rhine, such an attractive object had not manded to acknowledge his fault, recant dient to the voice within, were uninformed been presented to the phlegmatic sons of his errors, and do penance for his sins! and in manifold error when they commen. Deutschland as the Holy Coat of Treves. In vain he remonstrated. In vain he ced their career; although, thanks to the And, then, the poll-tax for a sight of the protested his innocence, and employed light that Protestantism forces even into coat! Railway mania had not absorbed the protective privileges of his Church the thick darkness of Popery, Ronge the money of the Teutons, and a better and order. He found that Rome never knew more of the truth at the outset of investment for sundry spare thalers could owns a fault, never forgives an imputahis public life than his immortal fore- not be desired than a plenary indulgence tion, never tolerates individual indepen

Most striking are the coinci- at so much per head for sins past, present, dence of thought, and never retracts an dences which can be traced in the history and to come. Arnoldi's coat promised fair assumption. She has arrogated in her of these two men, although it will not for to cover a larger space of fertile acres madness God's exclusive prerogatives, one moment be supposed that we mean than the ox-hide of Dido. The tide of infallibility, unchangeableness, and imto set up the priest of Breslau as a rival pilgrims was at a full spring flow, and the peccability; and he has made her sin to to " the solitary monk that shook the shower of thalers an even down pour, be her punishment. Ronge desired to world."

when a solitary voice was heard from the reform his Church, and he found himWe know too little of the history of parsonage of Laurahutte, and the charm self excommunicated. He attempted to Ronge to be able to trace the successive was dispelled; pilgrims ceased to kiss, and wipe off the stains that her unworthy stages of his personal development, or the money ceased to flow. John Ronge's sons had daubed upon his mother, and training through which he was fitted for spirit was vexed within him at the she cast him as a leper from her bosom. the work that God has assigned him. knavery of the priests and the delusion He endeavoured to restore her to the Whether he was one of those that pro- of the populace. Families starving at affections of men, and she resolved to tested against auricular confession and home to pamper an epicurean priesthood; exclude him from the favour of his God. celibacy, and threatened a secession if pilgrims perishing by the way to bolster Ronge was excommunicated; and with these evils were not abated, we do not up a fragile figment; the blood of Christ all the dread solemnities of Rome deknow.

All we are assured of is that, despised to exaggerate the claims of an livered over to Satan for the destruction although Rome with her usual policy has imposture; sins recklessly perpetrated to of his flesh. The thunderbolt, however, stuck at nothing to blacken his character, be remitted by kissing a rag and paying was powerless. He had previously seen he was a rigid moralist, and an exemplary a dollar. Oh, for the lightning of an enough to convince him that Rome was priest; assiduous in the discharge of his Elijah, for the thunders of a Luther, to not the ideal he had fondly imaged in his official functions, when a casual incident blast the lie, to crush-no, not to crush filial devotions. He was emancipated changed the whole course of his life. the imposters.

from his mental thraldom; and, rejoicing As Luther was engaged in the duties Ronge wrote a letter—a sensible, per- in the liberty with which Christ had made of his office when Tetzel appeared in the tinent production-remarkable only for him free, he would not again be entangled


in a yoke of bondage. His only thought | word to bear on their minds and hearts. A cheap publication scheme of the Free Church, now was, to communicate to others the godly eldership may do much; humble be- and the reprint of the doctrinal and practical truths in which his own heart rejoiced ; lievers in the private walks of life may do works of the English Puritan divines, by nor was he found deficient in the policy, good 'collection of books circulated among row, London, the best and the cheapest pub

Thomas Nelson and Sons, of 8, Paternosterpromptitude, and energy, requisite for the the people, will not be despised by any right- lications of the day. They can be ordered emergency which had now arisen.

He hearted minister. Such books are silent wit- from any bookseller, and for four shillings has proved himself fully equal to the de- nesses for God's truth and grace on the annually four volumes of standard theology, mands made upon him; and will, with Sabbath evening, or in the intervals of week- unequalled for depth and power, may be God's grace, we fondly trust, consum- day labour. They have often been, in the added to the family or congregational library, mate a new Reformation.

hand of the Holy Spirit, the means of induc- -Ed.] But we have arrived at the close of the pray, to believe in Christ, and thus turn to THE ENGLISH PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH

ing sinners to think, to feel, to mourn, to first period in his history, and must delay God. Apart from a faithful ministry this has till another month the narrative of his occurred, and more especially is it to be ex

ALWAYS INDEPENDENT OF THE subsequent labours. pected in conjunction with the preaching of

ESTABLISHED CHURCH OF SCOT. is the truth as it is in Jesus.”

LAND. IV. A Congregational Library tends to CONGREGATIONAL LIBRARIES.

give stability and harmony to the connexion We purpose to give from time to time some between pastor and people. Unquestionably

historical notices of the English Presbyterian OnB of the most remarkable features of it is on the character of the minister's preach- Church. In pursuance of this resolution, we our age is the extensive diffusion of know- ing and visiting labours that such a desirable now subjoin a document of some interest and the Many," we see the press teeming with other matters will avail if the minister be not Classis, or Presbytery, presented to the Geneledge. In order to furnish “ Literature for result will chiefly depend. No exertions in value. It is a memorial extracted from the

minutes of the Northern Northumberland Class, publications, of marvellous and unprece instant in season and out of season. dented cheapness,

Libraries for the Many such institutions as those we are advocating ral Assembly of the Church of Scotland, in the have been formed in many of our cities and will be found no despicable aids in uniting year 1786. From this memorial it will appear towns, by means of which the humbler classes pastor and flock together. In the collection among other matters, that our Church was at may, at small expense, and in their leisure of the requisite funds to maintain them, in that period independent of the Scottish hours, acquire not a little of both useful and the procuring of the most suitable books for Establishment. As we purpose soon to give a entertaining information. The Church may them ; in the maintenance of them in good historical narrative of the position of our employ, and, we think, ought to employ, a working order, the minister has abundant Northern Presbyteries, we make no remarks similar means of diffusing religious instruc- opportunity of showing that he takes a real

at present on the subjoined document farther tion among the people committed to her and disinterested superintendence of his than to state that it is taken from the original charge. This would be effected by well fur people's intellectual and spiritual improve minutes furnished to us by Mr. Murdoch, of nished and well managed Congregational ment. The books form a useful subject of Berwick. The following is the memorial Libraries. We proceed to specify some of conversation in visiting, and often afford an

alluded to, viz:the advantages arising from such insti- occasion of introducing, without abruptness Mr. Kellock, Mr. Aitchison, Mr. Murray, Mr.

May 3d. The Class met at Lowick, present, tutions :

or offence, the vital truths of religion. I. A Congregational Library directs into a

We have been proceeding on the supposi- Landels, Mr. Poole, Mr. Wood, Mr. Nichol, right channel the desire of information, tion that the books selected were either di- Mr. Kennedy, Mr. Wallace. The Committee where it already exists. If it be the duty of rectly on religious subjects, or treated general presented to the Class the following memorial, a minister to become acquainted with the topics in a religious way. Whether Congre

which was read and approved of:godly among his people, that with them he gational Libraries should include the popular

"To The Venerable The General Assembly, may take sweet counsel, it is also his duty to literature of the day, from which the Gospel

of the Church of Scotland. seek the acquaintance of the more intelligent is excluded, is a question to be determined "The memorial and petition of the among them, that he may, under God, seek by each minister, or Committee, for them- Northumberland Class of Protestant Dissenting to use their intelligence in the Lord's service. selves. In such works as the volumes pub- Ministers, in behalf of themselves and their The mental powers of such persons may, and lished by Chambers or Knight, we find respective Congregations, probably will be wasted on unprofitable sub- scarcely any reference to religion. Religion "HUMBLY SHEWETHjects, if we do not seek to bring profitable may be to their authors one of many things, " "That Protestant Dissenters in the North ones under their notice. They will acquire a it certainly is not “ the one thing needful." of England have always been accustomed to taste for the literature of the world, if we do Man is not viewed by them as the Bible choose their ministers by the voice of the manot supply them with the literature of the views him—an utterly fallen being, to whom jority of their respective Congregations. But Church. Such persons require solid mental a free salvation is offered in Christ. From of late we have seen with concern, parties food, and we must take care to have our such volumes no aid will be derived by the formed in several Congregations, who have library as well stored, as circumstances per- pastor in his work of bringing his hearers to refused to submit to the choice of the major mit, with really valuable works of past and the knowledge and reception of the truth. part of the Society, which has been the cause present times.

There will probably be found no difficulty in of much disorder and confusion. II. A Congregational Library gives oppor- appropriating all the funds which may be “It is matter of great regret to us to be tunity for creating a desire for instruction raised to the purchase of volumes in which obliged to represent to this Venerable Assemwhere it does not exist. Among our rural God is honoured, and Christ set forth. bly that this spirit of discord and those party population, especially, there are many who We may give, as an exemplification of our views have had too much encouragement from have little taste for reading, and whose stores views, the following list of books procured some Presbyteries of the Church of Scotland, of information are consequently very scanty. during the last year for a Congregational who have ordained ministers to such But we must not consider their case a hope- Library. The people belong partly to the disorderly congregations, sometimes to the less one. They will require books of a cha- town, but mainly to the country :

minority, without taking proper measures to racter quite different from that of the works “ D'Aubigné's History of the Reforma- acquaint themselves with the circumstances of adapted to the former class. Narratives of a tion,”, “ Williams's Missionary Enterprises,” the Society, or with the conduct of the party popular description are best adapted to their Hetherington's History of the Church of who applied to them for ordination. state of mind. Among the publications of Scotland,” « Jubilee Services of the London "To mention every example of this kind the Religious Tract Society, not to mention Missionary Society," “ Lectures to Young that has occurred within our memory would be any other source, will be found not a few Men (Dundee),"

Essays on

Christian unnecessary, it may suffice to take notice of written for such persons, and really suited to Union," " Lewis's Journal and Visit to the following, which happened lately. their wants. United States," “ M.Cheyne's Life and Re

wo The old Protestant Dissenting congrega. III. A Congregational Library is an effi- mains,” “ Bonar and M.Cheyne's Journal of tion at Wooler being vacant, could not agree cient help to the pastor in his labours for the Deputation to the Jews,” “ Ford's Decapolis, in the choice of a minister, and divided into good of his people. A minister in earnest Chorazin, Laodicea,”

;" “ James's Pastoral Ad- two parties. One party applied to us, in will avail himself of all scriptural aids. He dresses,” “ Simpson's Times of Claverhouse," September, 1784, to ordain the candidate sees his people altogether on the Lord's-day, “ Hamilton's Life in Earnest,” “ The Revival whom they had chosen. The other party, and occasionally in private, when visiting at Charlinch.”

having been informed of the intended applicafrom house to house. But he wants addi- [Along with the works mentioned above, tion, came before us at the same time, and tional methods of bringing the truths of God's I we take the liberty of recommending the entreated us not to proceed to ordination,


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