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his congregation had collected for foreign | the Presbytery, and who has been for up- tuted by Johannes Ronge, and J. Czersky, missions, 31.;, for educational schemes , wards of fifty years a minister in the Presby- on occasion of the
Pilgrimage to the Holy 31. Os. 6d. ; Mr. Anderson intimated that terian Church in England, gave the charge to Coat at Treves.-By SAMUEL LAING, Esq. 41. 10s. had been collected in his church for the minister. It was truly impressive and London: Longman, 1845. the schools ; that the Foreign Missions would affecting to hear this venerable and aged be assisted out of the funds of the Congrega- minister give the solemn charge. The Rev. The Apostolic Christians, or Catholic Church tional Association, when the same had been Mr. M'Clymont gave the charge to the
of Germany. A Narrative of the present
congreascertained ; Mr. Edwards, that 16s. 10d. had gation. The members of Presbytery and
Movement in the Roman Catholic Church, been appropriated for the Home Mission; elders then gave Mr. Anderson the right
comprising authentic Documents, &e. de. Mr. Gillespie, that 30s. for the same cause ; hand of fellowship, after which, the con
Edited by HENRY SMITH, Esq., with a Mr. Huie, that 31. for the schools, and 11. 158. gregation gave him most cordial wel
recommendatory Preface by the Rev. W. for Foreign Missions ; Mr. Thomson, St. After the services, the Presbytery
Goode, A.M.---London: Wertheim, 1845. James's Church, Alnwick, that 31. for Foreign were entertained at dinner in the Black SINCE the paper on Ronge and the New ReMissions; and Dr. Hutchison, that 21. for Bull Inn, when about one hundred gentlemen, formation in Germany, which appears in a Home Missions. Mr. Davison, Elder in St. ministers and laymen of different denomina- preceding part of this number, was in the James's Church, Alnwick, compeared tions, sat down. The Rev. Mr. Blythe, sen., printer's hands, the above works have been and requested the Presbytery to ap- in the chair, and John Angus, Esq., in the sent us. They are well worthy of perusal, and point an early day for the induction of the vice-chair. The Chairman proposed Mr. we accordingly recommend them most corRev. J. Thompson to the pastoral charge of Anderson's health in a neat speech and took dially to all our readers. The former contains that congregation. It was agreed that said occasion to pass a merited eulogium upon Mr. not only very full information regarding induction take place on Wednesday, 15th Anderson's talents, piety, and great usefulness Ronge and Czersky, and the religious more October, Mr. Gillespie to serve the edict on in the Presbyterian Church in England which ment they have commenced in Germany, but 21st inst., Mr. Hoy to commence the service, was enthusiastically responded to by the whole gives one of the best and fullest accounts of the Mr. Anderson to preach, Mr. Lennie to ask company. Mr. A. replied in an eloquent and social, moral, intellectual, educational, politithe questions, Mr. Blythe to address the appropriate speech, expressive of the compli- cal, and religious condition of Germany, espeminister, Dr. Hutchison the people, and Mr. ment and honour which had been conferred cially of the Prussian dominions, which we M'Clymont to conclude. A Presbyterial upon him, and the pleasure he felt in being have met with in the English language, and certificate for Mr. Gibb, of Thropton, being surrounded with so many gentlemen of various being written by an enlightened Scottish drawn, was read over and approved, and denominations. In the evening, a public presbyterian, our readers may trust both his ordered to be signed by the Clerk, and sent meeting was held in the Church, when several premises and conclusions. The latter consists to Mr. Gibb. The Moderator, having left the ministers delivered impressive and interesting very much of documents, the Creeds, Protests, chair, and the same having been taken by addresses upon the Evangelistic and educational Resolutions, Formularies, &c., of the newlyMr. Hoy, pro tem., rose to make the motion of schemes of the Independent Presbyterian reformed Church or Churches, and is partiwhich he had given notice, " That the Presbytery Church in England. The Rev. Dr. Hutchison cularly valuable for the exhibition of resolve to hold one additional Meeting in the of Warrenford spoke at considerable length authentic materials on which those who year specially for the purpose of devotional upon the schemes of the Church. The Rev. cannot read German, or have not seen the exercises and conference upon ministerial Messrs. Hoy and Huie delivered excellent and original documents, may be enabled to form work.” To this motion, seconded by Mr. stirring addresses upon the Home Mission. The for themselves a judgment of the actual conM'Clymont, and supported by Messrs. Blythe, Rev. Mr. M'Clymont gave an admirable addition of the German Catholic Church. Anderson, and others, the Presbytery cordially dress upon the educational scheme, pointing out Along with the works mentioned above, we agreed. Said Meeting to be held on the last the great importance of having a day-school gladly seize on this opportunity of recomWednesday in June. Dr. Hutchison moved attached to every church within the bounds mending to all our readers what we ought to that the roll of members be called at every of the Synod. The Rev. Mr. Lennie enlarged have recommended before this stage of our exisregular Meeting; absent members to pay a in a speech of great power on congregational tence, viz., “The Continental Echo and Profine of 3s. if no adequate reason be adduced. activity. The Kev. Mr. Froggat of the Contestant Witness," Snow, Paternoster Row, Agreed. The Presbytery agreed that the gregational Church, addressed the meeting on London; a monthly periodical, which, like next half-yearly Meeting be held in St. the principles of Catholic union. And the ourselves, publishes a stamped edition for James's Church, Alnwick, on the last Wednes- Rev. Mr. Coates of the Wesleyan connexion, transmission by post, and which we believe, day in March, 1846. The Presbytery then spoke on the friendly sympathy with which he owes its existence, if not also its continuance, adjourned to meet at Morpeth on the follow- in cominon with his brethren regarded the pro- to one to whom evangelical religion owes pering day in the Manse at eleven o'clock. ceedings and prospects of the English Presby- haps more than to any single individual in MORPETH.—On Thursday, Sept. 18, 1845, terian Church.
the British empire—Sir Culling Eardley an adjourned Meeting of Presbytery being The Rev. Mr. Edwards spoke with great Smith, Bart. This work is devoted princiheld here, was duly constituted. Mr. effect upon the active opposition with which pally to the state of religion on the Continent, McLymont, the Moderator, Messrs. Blythe, Christianity had to contend. The Rev. Mr. and contains the earliest, fullest, most recent, Trotter, Hutchison, Hoy, M'Clymont, Ander- Thompson of Alnwick, concluded with an and authentic account of the New German son, Edwards, Gillespie, Lennie, and the Clerk, able and eloquent speech. After praise and Reformation. with Mr. Hood, Elder. In regard to Blythe, the prayer the congregation dismissed much grati- While on this subject we may mention that Presbytery appointed Mr. Gillespie to mo- fied with the whole proceedings.
we have been favoured with some letters from derate in a call at the request of the congre- [We cannot help wishing we had been one of the priests of the Church of Rome, gation on Sabbath 28th inst. In the minutes present at Mr. Anderson's induction, and the who has joined the recently-formed Church of the Meeting of Presbytery, held at Felton, solemn services connected with that interesting in Dantzic. This autograph letter in the on 17th September, it was omitted that the and important occasion—important to the original German has been handed us by Mr. Moderator preached from Rom. viii. 9. The Church at large as well as to Morpeth. But Wilson, of River-terrace church, London, Presbytery then proceeded to the church for although absent, no one then present partici- who had written to that individual. We the purpose of the induction of the Rev. pates more heartily in the sentiments appro- have not room for it in this number, but shall James Anderson.
priate to that joyful occasion, or more fervently take notice of it in our next. [We have received from another Corre- prays for the blessing of Almighty God on We deem it of the very last importance spondent the following Report of the pro- the union then formed, or more confidently that British Christians should lend a helping ceedings connected with Mr. Anderson's in- anticipates the happiest results not only to our hand to those recently-converted priests and duction.—ED.]
own branch of the Church but to the whole people who still groping in thick Morpeth PRESBYTERIAN Church.-The household of faith in that quarter from the zeal, darkness, although struggling to reach the induction of the Rev. James Anderson, A.M., judgment, energy, and devotedness by which light. Much confusion and even serious formerly Minister of the Free Church of St. Mr. Anderson is so eminently characterized. errors exist in their published formularies. Fergus, Aberdeenshire, into the pastoral charge Let the people of Morpeth but second their Besides the various congregations or sections of this Church took place on September the minister, and our hopes will be more than are far from being unanimous in the con18th. The services on this occasion were realized.--Ed.]
clusions they have adopted, although their conducted by the Presbytery of Northumber
General Assemblies recently held have had land. The Rev. A. Hoy commenced the
the effect of drawing them more closely toservices. The Rev. Mr. Lennie of Glenton,
gether, and causing them to be more of one preached the sermon from Philemon ver. 10, Notes on the Rise, Progress, and Prospects of mind and one judgment. The June Meeting the Rev. Mr. Huie offered up the induction the Schism from the Church of Rome, of the EVANGELICAL ALLIANCE, to which prayer. The Rev. Mr. Blythe, sen., father of called the German Catholic Church, insti- | their priests and chief members will be invited,
Watts's Works. Six vols. 4to.
will, we doubt not, be of the most signal ad- | circulation of the · Messenger,' is to advocate | hope our friends will send us such papers as vantage to these enquirers. Butas matters may | the formation of Lay Associations in each con- we described in our last. take a turn before that time, which it were gregation, and in districts where congregations We have thrown off a large impreswiser and easier to prevent than correct, some- are not yet formed, but where we have Pression of M. D'Aubigné's speech in a small thing should be done in the meantime. Of all byterian friends. We think Lay Associations neat tract form of 17 pages 18mo., a part of the churches of this country we believe the new will form the most efficient agents for taking the impression to be stitched in neat coloured Reformers look with most respect and admi- | the subject up. But we do not know of any- paper covers. As no profit is expected (our ration to the Free Church of Scotland. The thing so well calculated to excite an interest | only desire being that so valuable a document prestige acquired by that Church entitles it to in the Messenger,'and to answer the purpose might be as widely circulated as possible) it interfere before any other denomination of all others for which it was designed, as will be sold for what will merely cover the amongst us, while this interference will be keeping up a regular supply of local informa- cost of printing. Our publisher being at more graciously received at their hands. tion. Nothing excites such an interest in a present out of town prevents our stating the Could not the Free Church then send over one paper, as to see occasionally a paragraph to price, but we believe it will not exceed 2s. 6d. of their eminent ministers to confer with shew what is doing amongst ourselves, and or 38. the hundred, or one halfpenny for Ronge and Czersky ? Were not the com- Lay Associations will be useful for supplying single copies. Those desirous of a supply mencement of the session too near to permit this information.
will have the goodness to order them imhis absence at present we would at once have “If you could in November present us with mediately through their booksellers or in any Dr. Cunningham appointed and commissioned an abstract showing what Presbyteries or other manner most convenient for themselves. to proceed to Germany. But why not send Congregations have supplied information, and By an alteration in our type we give in over Dr. Keith and Mr. Lorimer of Glasgow? how many have been defaulters, it would have this number, as we did in our last, about a men, whose name, acquirements, and know- effect of arousing a spirit of enquiry in third more matter without any addition in ledge of the Continent qualify them most some quarters.
the price. specially to be entrusted with the mission. Birmingham, Oct. 9th, 1845." We do trust the Free Church will take this Nothing would delight us more than to N.B. All communications to the Editor, matter into their most serious consideration. give local and congregational information
whether official or personal, are requested to Rome will not be idle, and why should not judiciously selected, generally useful, and con
be addressed, 22, Myddelton-square. the Protestant Church counterwork her cisely expressed. We have been most anxious machinations ? from the outset to have a correspondent in
DONATIONS TO THE COLLEGE
LIBRARY. Works of the English Puritan Divines. hitherto properly appreciated the vast in. The following list is arranged according to
every congregation, but our people have not Select Works of John Bunyan; with an fluence of the press. Let local information, the order in which the donations arrived: Introductory Essay and Biographical Me- as above described, be communicated to us, moir. By the Rev. James HAMILTON, of and we shall feel it both a pleasure and a
From Rev. JAMES HAMILTON. the National Scotch Church, Regent privilege to give it insertion. Square, London, Nelson, Paternoster- Statistical information regarding the suc
Russell's Nubia and Abyssinia. row, London; 1845. cess of the schemes is what, above all things,
Hannah More on Practical Piety. Two vols. This is the first of a series of reprints of we desiderate, such, for example, as that we Fraser's Mesopotamia and Assyria.
Bennet's Christian Oratory. Two vols. the doctrinal and practical works of the great give in this number from Regent Square. We
Sheppard's Christian Encouragement. Puritan divines. The theological works of entreat all parties to furnish us with full sta- Read and Matheson's Visit to the American Churches. Bunyan are not so well known as they ought tistics of what they are doing—their plans and to be, but we are certain this volume will have their success. It is thus that each congrega
Lorimer's History of the Protestant Church in France.
Hine's History of the Jews. the effect of making him known as advanta- tion can benefit by the collective counsel and geously as a theologian as he has always been experience of the whole Church. From
Coles on the Sovereignty of God. as an allegorist. The Introductory Essay, Presbyteries' proceedings, as given in the Mather's Essay to Do Good. which is worth far more than the price of the present number, some few details will be From a FRIEND, per Rev. James Hamilton, entire volume, is in the happiest vein of Mr. found, but we desiderate further information,
Hill's Lecture's in Divinity. Three vols. Hamilton's characteristic style. The work is Will the official parties connected with
Campbell's Rhetoric. Two vols. got up in the neatest style of typography and Congregational Associations, Treasurers of
M'Farlan on the Sabbath. binding, and when we inform our readers that General Schemes, Clerks of Presbyteries, &c.
Aiken on the Application of Natural History to Poetry. the price is only One Shilling and Sixpence not supply us with the information we desire ? Clarke's History of Justin, with two handsome plates, or One Shilling It must be obvious that for all matters of a Sherlock on Death.
Brown on the Equality of Men. and Fourpence without the plates, we afford local nature, we are dependent upon local Weston on the Rejection of the Christian Miracles by them additional grounds of gratitude for the agents, and if such fail to send up reports,
Orton on Secret and Family Worship. age they were born in. The next volumes of one great object of the " Messenger” is the series, as we understand, are to consist of frustrated, and the Church in some of her Dodd's Comfort for the Amicted. some of the works of the great John Howe, to most real interests grievously injured.
Weston's Dissertations on the Wonders of Antiquity. be followed by some others of the works of As our Correspondent has referred to the Bunyan; all to be prefaced by Introductory circulation of the Messenger," we may state Elegantiæ Latiniæ. Essays, by some of the leading divines of the that our present issue is about 1,700, and it
With Life by Erskine. Two vols. day. It is intended to reprint four volumes in has increased steadily at the rate of some the year, and we deem it a duty to press upon fifty or sixty for some months past. But Knox's Christian Philosophy. Two vols. all our readers to become subscribers to a what is 1,700 compared with what ought to
Experimental Religion. Two vols. series of works which no modern publications be our circulation, and what it might be made Gagnier Vie de Mahomet. Amsterdam, 1732. Two vols. can rival, and sold at a price at which no without the slightest possible difficulty, pro
Lowth's Lectures on the Sacred Poetry of the Hebrews. modern publisher could produce modern works. vided all our friends were just to use a little,
a very little exertion in our behalf ? We Stackhouse's Body of Divinity. Three vols.
shall not be satisfied till our issue is doubled, THE EDITOR'S OWN COLUMN.
nor even then. In fact we have very sanguine
hopes of what the “ A much respected correspondent at Bir- become. We trust before next meeting of
Messenger” will yet
advertisements. mingham, than whom our Church possesses Synod some of our expectations will be not a warmer friend, or more devoted agent realized.
VREE CHURCH OF SCOTLAND. FREE
ACTS OF ASSEMBLY. in all her schemes, has sent us a communica
Our kind and zealous friend at Newcastle Published this day, the ACTS and PROtion, from which we extract the following par- has partially misapprehended us. Most of those CEEDINGS of the GENERAL ASSEMBLY, ticulars
, which we beg leave to commend to with whom we have to do deem us just held at Edinburgh in May, and by Adjournthe careful consideration of our readers.
rather too severe a disciplinarian. But any ment at Inverness in August, 1845. With the To the Editor of the Presbyterian Messenger. disregard of the Church's interests, any dis- Proceedings of the Commission of the Assem"Dear Sir,-Can you not procure, or at all obedience of the Synod's injunctions, any bly, 1844, pp. 132, folio. There is appended, events unceasingly urge the transmission of, omission of the prescribed collections need the Report on the Public Accounts of the statistical details, so that the contributions of expect no mercy from the “ Messenger." Church, for the year ending 31st March, 1845. Churches may be compared with their posi- Our appeal for contributions has brought pp. 40, folio. Price 5s. tion and numbers, and other claims upon them? us three papers, one of which appears in this W. P. Kennedy, Edinburgh : and to be
“ The most efficient plan for increasing the number. We still repeat that appeal, and had of all Booksellers.
Gladstone on Church and State.
Reeves' Collation of the Psalms.
Beattie on Truth.
Sherlock on Providence.
Orton's Sacramental Meditations.
Poetarum Scotorum Musæ Sacræ. Two vols.
Scott's Christian Life. Five vols.
Foster's Sermons. Two vols.
Celsius de Plantis. Two vols.
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cause to felicitate herself upon the result of thing like a finished map of the centuries
her undertaking, Nor has she less cause of through which we are to pass, with every The College was opened this winter on Tues- rejoicing in the character of her students. We part laid down with absolute and relative day, the 4th of November, when the Rev. have the authority of the professors for stating minute accuracy. My time allows only of a Professor Campbell delivered a lecture which that they are a truly superior class of young general outline, a mere sketch, a sort of will be found in another columu. The audi- men, and if God spare them and bless their school map, which contains only the more ence was large and respectable. The Rev. studies, they will yet do much honour to the prominent objects in their larger generalities. Wm. Nicolson, Moderator of the London College and the Churclı.
Again, when I speak of the characteristic dePresbytery, opened with prayer, and the ve
velopments or tendencies of an age, you will nerable Dr. Bunting, so well known, and INTRODUCTORY LECTURE AT THE not understand me to mean that it has no where known so highly and justly respected, concluded with prayer and the apostolic bene
OPENING OF THE THEOLOGICAL other developments or tendencies. There are
infinite cross currents, eddies, and vortices in
COLLEGE OF THE PRESBYTERIAN diction. It was altogether a very gratifying
the ocean of human thought. But just as a occasion to the friends and members of the
CHURCH IN ENGLAND, DELIVERED
river which rising in the east discharges itself Presbyterian Church in England. The Rev.
BY THE REV. HUGH CAMPBELL, in the west is said to flow westwardly, alProfessor Lorimer delivered an admirable
PROFESSOR OF ECCLESIASTICAL though in its course, either from external Introductory Lecture on Tuesday, the 11th, HISTORY AND JURISPRUDENCE, ON impediments or from internal agencies, it and the Rev. Dr. Henderson, a truly excellent TUESDAY, NOV. 4.
should flow towards every point of the comIntroductory Lecture on Wednesday, the 19th,
pass,—so, by the tendencies of an age we unboth to large and delighted audiences. (AFTER a short introduction, describing the derstand not its direction at every given period
The number of students that enrolled them- different position and prospects of the Col- of its progress; but viewed at its commenceselves on the first evening exceeded the at- lege at the commencement of the present ment and at its close, its general tendencies tendance of last Session, and at present, there session, from those with which it opened last throughout its whole course. These remarks are upwards of thirty attending the classes
. winter, and paying a tribute of affectionate you will please to bear in constant rememThis is a subject worthy of notice, and de- regard to Professor Lorimer and the Rev. brance throughout the following observaserving of gratitude. It is a well known fact, James Hamilton, who acted as interim Pro- tions. experienced in all infant institutions, that the fessor last winter, and to the Free Church for Every age possesses a specific character as first starting, or year, is no criterion by which permitting, and to the Rev. Dr. Henderson, well as every nation. The sixteenth century, to judge of its prospective condition. Friends of Glasgow, and Mr. Hanna, of Skirling, for for example, was an age of free inquiry. Its will lend you a helping hand when just set- consenting to superintend one of the classes tendencies were more to the negative than ting up for life, will advance you a little credit, for this session, the lecturer proceeded as fol- the positive, more to the analytic than the and lend you a patronizing smile. But you lows:--]
synthetic, to the abstract than the concrete. must not make the same demands upon them Gentlemen who purpose to attend our It was an age of first principles rather than for the second year. You must then lean upon classes this winter, let me for a little address of systems; of demolition rather than of reyour own resources. Your friends have done myself more especially to you. In preparing construction. Luther and his noble band of all that you ought to expect. The rest you to discharge the functions of any public disciples and coadjutors spent their lives in must manage for yourself. Besides, there is office, it is important to obtain a correct ap- destroying error and ascertaining a few first always a little excitement connected with a prehension not only of the abstract functions principles of doctrinal and practical truth. new institution. There is novelty to excite themselves, but also of the characteristics of Calvin, and he, in point of time, belongs not attention--an undefined hopefulness to attract the times on which your lot is cast, and of the to the primary but secondary reformers, was regard. And there is, above all, as has been country in which your functions are to be the first to reduce theology to a system, already noticed, that
kindly sympathy of hu- discharged. While human nature is essen- and organize the Church into constitutional man nature to give the “ young folks” a fair tially the same in all ages and nations, its in- order. start in life. li is, accordingly, always found dividual, national, and temporary develop- Luther came as the angel of destruction, that the second year is much more trying than ments are determined by personal, local, and gloriously did he fulfil his mission. the first. Everything adventitious has then or chronical influences, and with these you Calvin followed as the angel of order, and as evanished. The institution is then tested by must be acquainted if you would be fitted for glorious did he accomplish his destiny. The experience, and subjected to the ordinary or- your spheres in life.
scintillations of truth which others had struck deals by which prudent practical business-like My object in the following observations is out—the disjointed mass of materials which men decide upon the object they mean to sup- to give you an outline of the characteristic others had excavated, were brought to a focus port
. The romance of the thing has vanished developments, and the specific tendencies of as they passed through his powerful intellect, with the first year—the institution honeymoon, the last three centuries, all with the object of and in his plastic hands assumed symmetry and the second year must find it prepared to impressing upon your minds the tenden- and form. He was of a truth, to use stand the test of the stern realities of life.
cies of the present century, that thus your Gnostic term, the very Demiurgus of theoHow the College has stood this ordeal , the studies may be directed to prepare you for logy and ecclesiastical order
. The wild chaos preceding facts abundantly evince. Its cha- the due discharge of the duties which the of conflicting opinions—the disjecta membra facter is now established, and the Church of age demands at your hands. You will not, of disorganized truth, under the influence of which it is so essential a part
, has abundant however, expect that I should give you any- I his all but creative and literally constructive
genius, sank down and settled into the order | in matters of faith, have always allowed a Church. There is surely some medium beand symmetry of a harmonious system. certain interpretative authority to the ancient tween exalting her into an absolute arbiter
And it is a most remarkable phenomenon Church, and in matters of polity and ritual of all truth, and depriving her of all authority, which shows how the soul of a great founder avow a considerable deference to her deci- if not as a judge, at least as a witness. For perpetuates itself in his disciples, the fol- sions. They feel, therefore, a vital interest my own part, I will candidly confess
, that did fowers of Luther and Calvin present till in the investigation of ancient Christianity, I not find the fundamental principles of this hour the characteristic features of their and as the result of their labours, they have Presbyterianism, aye, and its leading provjrespective leaders, in all the sharpness given to the world those magnificent monu- sions too, in the Church of the primitive age
: and distinctiveness of their original deve- ments of patient research and mature erudi- I should less esteem it, with all its scriptural lopment. The Lutheran divines have never tion to which all students of ecclesiastical evidence, than now I most heartily and conyet been able to produce one single standard history are accustomed to make their daily scientiously do. But a new era dawns upon work of systematic theology, while their pilgrimages. The Calvinists, on the other us, and Christian antiquity will assume its Church, in all its forms of polity and ritual, hand, repudiating the authority of the an- proper place in our schools. The stain that still remains precisely as Luther left it. These cient Church, feeling but little veneration has been so long attached to our Calvinistie great men are still employed, as Luther was, for her character, and less sympathy with name, of having produced no standard work in ascertaining first principles, demolishing her spirit; conceiving, moreover, that she upon the general history of the Church, will from generation to generation the theories very soon lapsed into numerous errors, con- not, I hope, continue for ever. There was formed by their predecessors, but utterly in- cede no authority whatever to her decisions; indeed one who, had God spared him, would capable of constructing any system which can and if at any time, in the ardour of contro- have rolled away our reproach. But he was stand the test of half a century. And what versy, they have investigated the monuments called to his rest in the noontide of his days, renders the phenomenon still more remark- of antiquity, it was only to decry their value, and his work remains but as the blossoms able, inasmuch as it proves that this singular and, in a clearer and louder tone than be- on the vernal tree, exciting the most sanguine fact arises from no peculiarity of the national fore, to shout the Shibboleth of their school, hopes of its mature autumnal fruits-hopes mind, but from the genius of Luther having the Bible, the Bible only, is the religion of alas! doomed to be blasted in the bud; or, to transmigrated into his followers, the Calvin- Calvinism, and that not more exclusively in change the figure, a work which, like the pe istic or Reformed Germans, such as Schleier- faith than in rites and polity.
ristyle of an unfinished fane, evinces by its macher, Usteri Twesten, and others, while That this is the true explanation of the beauty what would have been the perfection abundantly betraying the peculiarities of the phenomenon is perfectly manifest from two of the whole, had he but just been spared 10 national mind, yet display in full perfection well-known facts. First, with the Calvinists, finish his noble design. But he has gone the systemizing constructiveness of the soul the Reformation, and the origin of their par- where history is intuition; and while we of Calvin. The Calvinists again, like their ticular Churches, is the only antiquity to cannot but weep for ourselves, we may not immortal leader, however divers the results which they refer, and in which they feel any weep for him. "Nor has God in his proriat which they may arrive, are all constructives vital interest; and in consequence, the ge- dence left us without consolation. The and system makers
. In the bold career of in- nius of Calvinism has shone with peerless mantle of Welsh has fallen upon Cunvestigation in the fearless hardihood with lustre on the history of the Reformation and ningham. which, in their process of dissection they lay of the Reformed Churches. Lutheranism has Such, then, was the sixteenth century. bare the nerves and viscera and vital prin- never yet procured a history of the Re- It was an age of first principles. ciples of truth, the Lutherans stand peerless formation or of a Reformed Church which The seventeenth century, again, was the and alone. Unawed by mysteries, incapable can stand a comparison with the magni- age of systems. The whole energies of the of conceiving of fixed and ultimate truths, ficent masterpiece of D'Aubigné, and the Church were then expended in reconstructing enamoured only of fragments, but unable to immortal Memoirs of McCrie. Did these its formularies of faith, discipline, and polity. apprehend or appreciate totalities, they great masters but feel the same veneration All our standard works on theology, our foracknowledge no limit in the career of inves- for the ancient Church, the same sympathy mularies of faith, ritual, and government
, our tigation, no fixed point in the process of in- with her worthies, the same interest in masterpieces on polemics, are all the producquiry; but while unparalleled in their mastery her fate, the escutcheon of Calvinism would tion of the seventeenth century. It witnessed over particles, they lack the genius to dis- bear emblazoned the same trophies on the the Synod of Dort near its commencement, cover relations or arrange their ascertained field of ecclesiastical history as on the domain our own glorious Westminster Assembly conclusions into an organized combination. of systematic theology. But secondly, when about its centre, and the Revolution ConroThe Calvinists, again, while inferior to their ever the Calvinists have been led to enter the cations near its close. All our great controrivals in microscopic intuition, and in the territories of the ancient Church, the genius versies—those, for example
, between Calvinreckless hardihood of dealing with first prin- of their system has shone in the superiority ists and Arminians, Lutherans
or Evangelicals ciples, and consequently inferior also in pio- of their productions. The works of Dalleus, and Reformed, Presbyterians, Prelatists
, and neering discoveries, or accumulating primary Blondel
, Salmasius, La Roque, and many Congregationalists, Jansenists and Jesuite facts, are yet as decidedly superior in the others, on particular questions of antiquity, Erastians and Ecclesiasticals, Papists and genius of discovering relations, in assorting bear ample witness to the
truth of this asser- Protestants, remain at the present day without into classes, in arranging into scientific com- tion. Even the Church of England, Patristic a perceptible alteration, precisely where the binations the facts that have been previously enough though it be in much of its polity seventeenth century left them. There is not amassed. The Lutherans are pioneers and and forms, has yet felt the influence of the a sect worth mentioning at present in existcollectors of facts ; the Calvinists are con- Calvinism of its Articles and of the Non-ence, the Wesleyans only excepted, whose structors of systems.
conformity of the empire, and has, in conse- origin is of a fater date, which did not Another extraordinary phenomenon dis quence, like the other Calvinistic Churches, assume its distinctive principles in the seren: tinctive of the two schools, and which may treated of antiquity only for controversial teenth century. It was the age of systems appear at first sight to contradict the pre- purposes, and not with the con amore en- and ecclesiastical reconstruction; and, take it ceding observations is this. The Calvinists | thusiasm of our Lutheran brethren.
all in all, one of the most important in its have never yet produced one standard work And here may I beg permission to say, influence and results in the history of the on the general history of the Church, (for the that I exceedingly deplore the mistaken Church. pilations of Hottinger , Spanheim, of Le Seuer, this most important department of scientific of dead formalism and superficial sciolism
The eighteenth century, again, was the age and his continuator Pictet, are assuredly theology. It is all very well
, and may sound It was an age of reaction. The passion of no exceptions,) while all our great works on ecclesiastical history are the production of honour to the Word of God, to say that we systems in which all dogmas and rites, the either Lutherans of Papists. This pheno- | repudiate the authority of the ancient Church. least as well as the most important, the taken in connexion with what has just been vestigation, and the sooner we abandon it the realed, were carried to their very minuti, constructive genius of the school of Calvin
. stitution of the human mind
the very nature carried to an extreme. It is true the viracious But it is easily explained, and indeed arises of the case, will and must, and that justly and vigorous piety of the age rendered all it the two schools. The Calvinists regard the thrilling interest,
and shed around her huary energy, but the animating piety was not the of polity, rites, and sacraments, than of faith which time may mellow, but cannot obscures and as little could the scholastic distinctions regard the Scriptures as the ultimate standard I mere sectarian bigotry to decry' the ancient perpetuate, as they could engender its piety.