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even of the common feelings of human stances, we are acquainted with their sin in that matter required that they nature. But how are we to provide for feelings, and as we have no personal in- should reject his aid when granted for the our aged fathers, and our broken down terest to promote, no selfish feeling to dissemination of truth. The Scottish brethren-disabled in the service of God gratify, in advocating their case, we ask Covenanters could not approve of the and of the Church by the superabundance any man to place himself in our position, State's endowment of “ black prelacy,” of their labours ? There must be a fund and then say, whether he would not feel but they did not conceive that this fur. for this purpose, and as it would be inju- it his most bounden duty to call, in his nished any ground why they should redicious and injurious to multiply funds, a loudest tones, the attention of the Church nounce their benefices. The Scottish Central Sustentation Fund would accom- to this most painful matter? And we Reformers, in the reign of James I., deplish the object. Let a certain graduated are the more encouraged to proceed, that nounced many of that monarch's acts, sum be allotted to such cases, and the we know the more judicious, munifi. and were not slow in telling him, his end would be answered.

cent, and influential lay members of our council, and his parliament, of their sins, But without dwelling at greater length Church entertain precisely our own views, but still they remained in their parishes. upon matters that must be obvious to all, and are anxious only for some scheme by And why should Irish Presbyterians now we close with inculcating one point, which our ministers' income may be aug- refuse to follow the example of Ezra and which will soon force itself upon the mented.

Nehemiah, of Knox and Henderson, and attention of all our people, viz., that We trust that before next meeting of Melville ? whether the fund be central or supple- Synod, some plan may be maturely or- In fact there is a fallacy and something mental, a fund to meet the necessities of ganized for establishing a Sustentation worse in maintaining that if the State errs, our present condition there must be, and Fund. We shall be glad to receive sug- the Church should at once renouncen that without loss of time. We have al- gestions on the subject from any of our not its patronage, for there is no patronage ready said, that the want of some such correspondents, and if they seem to us to in the case_not an Erastian usurpation, fund must and does, as we know, operate deserve it we shall give them insertion in for no such usurpation is here pretended, to prevent ministers of the Irish and the “Messenger."

but that support which the State is bound Free Church from joining us, and to in

by its allegiance to its great Sovereign to duce some of our present ministers to GENERAL ASSEMBLY OF THE PRES- give, and the Church is entitled to ask. return to Ireland, where there is a Regium BYTERIAN CHURCH IN IRELAND. In relationships and alliances much more Donum, and to Scotland where there is a

intimate than subsists hetween the Church Central Sustentation Fund. It is all very The General Assembly of the Presbyte- and the State—that, for example, between well for some to say, those ought not to rian Church in Ireland closed its sittings husband and wife—the sin of the one does be ministers at all, who are actuated by before we went to press last month, but not warrant repudiation on the part of such motives? But that is not the ques- we had not space owing to a press of the other. But the proper illustration in tion. We are not here concerned with matter to notice any parts of their pro- this matter is not a husband and wife, but what ought or ought not to be, but with ceedings, and even now we can notice a trustee, and the parties for whom he what actually is. It is for this we are to only two subjects that came before that acts. And will any one maintain that if provide, for actual existencies, and not for venerable court.

a trustee errs in the mal-appropriation of Utopian visions. And why ought not A memorial was presented, signed by a part of the funds committed to his ministers to be actuated by such motives ? some hundred individuals, praying the charge, the parties entitled under the trust Can any man say, that a minister ought Assembly to repudiate its connexion with are to throw up the funds to which they to remain in England, with fifty pounds the State, and to renounce the Regium possess a just claim ? a-year, when he has only to go to Ire- Donum. The Assembly refused to ac- That if the State errs, the Church is to land or Scotland, where he can do as cede to the prayer of the memorial; and renounce all connexion with it has never much good, and get three times the sum, they did wisely and well. The matter been a principle recognised or acted upon at the very least? Or why look only at being so far disposed of, it may be by the Church of Scotland. The only the minister's duty, but shut our eyes to thought that we too should allow it to body we know of that ever put forward the duties of the people ? If it is the drop: and assuredly if we were indifferent that principle are those commonly denominister's duty to labour in the word, is to the maintenance of our principles, or minated Cameronians. But erroneous it not the people's duty to support him? to the well-being of the Sister Church, though we deem then to be on this point, And if bis own congregation are unable we would not write one more word about they are at least consistent in "going to do so, then the Church must step in it; but as we conceive from the signs of through with it." They not only refuse, and assist them. It is vain for men to the times that this is only the first of such although maintaining the principle of an talk, “Oh ministers should live as did memorials, and that year after year it is Establishment, to receive an endowment the apostles.” Ministers will have no most probable the Assembly will be me- from what they consider a sinning State, objections whatever to do so, provided the morialized on the subject, we think it but but they also refuse to contribute to its people will act like the apostolic be. an act of brotherly kindness, which our support, except "for wrath's sake," lievers. We read that in the apostles' | brethren are entitled to at our hands, that They refuse also to accept of any Governdays, “those that had possessions went we should apprize them of the views ment employment, or to exercise any poliand sold them, and then came and laid which their friends on this side of the tical rights, such as voting for a member down the proceeds at the apostles' feet," channel take of what is their duty in the of Parliament-and, in short, to do aught and received what the apostles were matter.

even in civil matters, which would tend pleased to return them for their support. It is not necessary that we should enter to recognise even the civil rights of a sinWould those who desire a return to the into the argument on Church Establish- ping State. This, however erroneous, is apostolic practice conform to this model ? ments: that we regard as settled, at least at least honest. Granting the premiss,

But to speak in solemn earnestness so far as to justify those who hold our the conclusion is legitimate. Erroneous upon a serious enough subject, something views in receiving a State endowment. in political ethics it is sound in logic. In must be done, and that right early too. Neither is it necessary for us to show fact, there is no escaping from the conseOur ministers have too high a sense of that a sinful course on the part of the quence. If it is sinful for a Church to propriety, too keen delicacy of feeling, State does not necessitate the Church's receive an endowment from a sin ning State too much regard for themselves and their repudiation of national support. Ezra it must be equally sinful for an individual office, to expose their difficulties, or dun and Nehemiah could not approve of the Christian. "If it is sinful for the Church men for their personal and domestic ne- “Great King's" endowment of heathen- to perform her functions in alliance with cessities. But we know their circum- ism, but they did not consider that his | a peccant Government, it must at least be equally sinful for any of her members to sures. In regard to the Scotch Church, | is true there are points of difference beperform any service which supports an they in the most offensive, and indeed, tween us, and, were the Methodists less erring Government and magistracy. And intentionally and propensely offensive pious, these differences would be more are our friends prepared to act out and manner, insisted upon exercising the vital. But, if uniformity either of tenets out upon such principles? We hope not. grossest Erastian usurpation. But in re- or polity are essential to brotherly fellowBut if not in one department, why should gard to the Irish Popish Church they ship and friendly co-operation, we despair they in another?

were profusely prodigal of their pledges of ever seeing intercommunion of kindly We hope, therefore, our Irish brethren, that they never entertained the remotest feelings and action between the various so long as no Erastian interference is at- shadow of an intention to interfere with branches of the Church of Christ. With tempted with their spiritual affairs, will its internal economy. In the case of the our Wesleyan brethren we shall always continue to receive their Regium Donum. Scotch Colleges they insist upon the esteem it a privilege to cultivate the Should the State, indeed, attempt to rigorous administration of tests which closest fellowship, and co-operate in our usurp their spiritual functions, or abridge would exclude from their chairs all who common Master's cause. their spiritual freedom, as she did with do not subscribe to the tenets of an The past history of Wesleyan Methodthe Church of Scotland, then, but only Establishment which ninety-nine out of ism proves that body to have been always then, our brethren ought to follow the every hundred in the kingdom, regard as distinguished for pre-eminent exertions noble example of the Free Church minis- based upon a compromise of most sacred in three great departments of ecclesiasters. And we have no fear whatever but principles, or at the least, all the true and tical labour. First, the dissemination of they would do so.

leal-hearted Presbyterians, for whom the Gospel at home; secondly, the exBut while we thus maintain that the these Colleges were really designed. tension of Messiah's kingdom abroad; Sister Church ought to retain her endow. But in the case of these new Irish Col- and, thirdly, the education of the young. ment, we as strenuously maintain that it leges, the same Government will not The following condensed summary of the is her duty to bear a loud and clear testi- admit of any test which would exclude proceedings of the late Conference, which mony against the sinful courses of the even an Atheist from their chairs. What we extract from the “Witness," proves State. And this they have done. The can be the cause of a policy so fearfully that the present generation of Wesleyans Assembly has denounced in the strongest inconsistent ? or rather inconsistent only have not degenerated. One object we terms the recent endowment of Popery in the letter, while it is but too consistent have, in giving the following document, at Maynooth. This is as it ought to be. in the spirit, for in each case the policy is is to stir up our own Church to emulate It is what we knew would be from the very equally and diametrically at variance the exertions of our Wesleyan friends. first, for we know the character of our with truth. Is it that these men wil- We learn from the “ Watchman,” that the brethren too well to doubt them. The fully hate the truth, or are given over to preparatory Committee of the One Hundred sin is flagrant: it cries to heaven for ven- a reprobate sense of men, or know not and Second Annual Conference have been in geance against a guilty nation. In the what they do? Much as we condemn full activity, at Leeds, during the past week. mysterious providence of God, even in their measures, fearfully as we anticipate This gives us an opportunity of learning, by despotic states, the people suffer for the the consequences of their acts, we have Wesleyans in carrying out their spontaneous sins of their rulers, and how much more no hatred to their persons, and would engagement to do all in their power to promust this happen under representative therefore willingly, if we could, believe mote and improve the education of the poorer governments ? Our protests, therefore, that it was in ignorance they have done classes. These statements were made at the and reclamations may not save us from it at all.

meeting of the General Committee on Educaour share of the national and secular cala- Our Irish brethren disapproving of what tion, held on Monday evening, when many mities, but they will save us from personal appeared to be the intention of Govern- ministers and friends of education, not of guilt and future torments. Let us, there- ment in regard to these new colleges, but Report, which was read' by the Rev. J. C.

that body, were also present. From the fore, continue to protest and use all legiti- hoping to induce our civil rulers to listen Pengelly, it appears that meetings to arouse mate and constitutional means to prevent to the voice of truth, have appointed a an increased interest in this great object have further deviations on the part of the State Committee to endeavour to obtain a been held in most of the circuits of the from scriptural and Protestant policy;

nay, proper adjustment of their claims. We Society during the last year, and that the let us put forth all our energies to undo wish them success, but dare not antici- results of the appeals of Conference for pecuthe evil that has already been done. We pate it. Men who have acted as Herniary aid in its behalf

, are as follows :are no politicians, and will neither by Majesty's Ministers have hitherto uni- Moneys promised in connexion

with public meetings . . .£15,837 14 8 ourselves or others suffer the “ English formly and seemingly on principle done, Presbyterian Messenger” to advocate any can hardly now, even by the largest Amount actually paid

12,895 33 mere political measures. But we trust stretch of charity, be expected to pass Proceeds of November collection 4,316 2 4 our friends will strain every nerve to any measure which can satisfy our Irish

Total sum received strip Popery of all national support. Let friends. In that case, the Irish Church

17,211 5 7 the threatened consequences be what they must just adhere to principle at whatever

Still due, pearly. £3,000 00 may, the God who gave the victory to cost, and the Belfast Memorialists who Gideon's expurgated, and therefore dimi- promised to provide so ample a substi- the means are placed at their disposal, of

The Committee express a hope, now that nished band, will in our case also con- stute for the Regium Donum of the proceeding early to vote grants towards the quer by a faithful sacramental few, while ministers, will have an opportunity of expenses of outfitting schools. Far the largest he would discomfit a heterogeneous mass. supplying an endowment to the profes- portion of the funds had been applied in the “Woe unto them that go to Egypt for sors, and bursaries to the students. due selection and training of masters and help."

mistresses. During the year 136 candidates There is just one other subject that WESLEYAN METHODIST CONFERENCE. been accepted and sent to the Glasgow

had offered themselves for training,—44 had came before the Assembly, on which we

seminary, 59 had been declined, 13 had withintended to offer a remark, viz., the pro- The Annual Meeting of this body took drawn, and 20 remained under consideration. posed Government Colleges in Ireland. place last month at Leeds, when various It was suggested that applicants should not be But we perceive the Irish Church, as they matters of the greatest importance were recommended who were destitute of requisite well might, are not satisfied with the con- transacted. To no body of Christians qualifications. There had been a decidedly

increased demand on the Committee for stitution of the proposed institutions. have we been more indebted than our

teachers; and they had recommended to Indeed, the Government seem to be Wesleyan friends, and in the proceedings various 'Wesleyan schools 51 male and 7 given over to a spirit of infatuation in all and prosperity of no denomination do we female teachers, in addition to 4 trained at their educational and ecelesiastical mea. I take a livelier and heartier interest. It their own expense, and under the patronage

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of the Society. All their candidates had been the present year would not be less than But the formation and operation of trained in the building connected with the 105,0001., and it was hoped that the income such associations are not left exclusively Free Church of Scotland, and arrangements would reach that amount. There still remained in the hands of congregations. The had been made provisionally for a large an unliquidated balance for 1843 and 1844 number. The project of the Normal seminary of 4,7751., and there was also an outstanding Synod, at its last meeting, enjoined upon was not, however, abandoned. Sub-Com- | debt of 3,0001., arising out of the extra expen

all Presbyteries:—“ I. That Presbytemittees would probably soon recommend to diture for the Gold Coast. It was stated that ries shall take special care that associathe schools a collection of works in the various there are new stations requiring eleven mis- tions be formed in all the congregations departments of general knowledge which would sionaries; none of these demands can at present within their bounds, for the purpose of be suitable to them ; but a new series of lesson be acquiesced in. There are claims on sta- obtaining subscriptions and donations in or reading books might be found desirable. tions already formed for at least thirty mis- aid of the funds of the Synod's various The duty of having the school buildings free sionaries, only fifteen of which can be now

schemes. from debt was strongly urged in the Report granted, without the prospect of involving the

II. That Presbyteries shall on Local Committees. After announcing that Society in further debt and difficulty.”

give diligent heed that such associations the committee's agent had been engaged in On Friday evening the adjourned meeting of are not only well organised, but kept in visits of inquiry throughout the country, and the Committee for the review of chapel affairs active operation; and for this purpose in inspecting the training seminary at Glasgow was held. These concerns are exceedingly shall once a-quarter, at least, ascertain and the schools near London, and that next weighty, and of the deepest importance to the what sums liave, since the preceding inyear he would extend that inspection to other welfare of Wesleyanism. It appears that from districts, the committee expressed a hope that 100 to 120 chapels have been erected annually

quiry, been contributed by each congrethe great work of scriptural education would for several years past; and the Chapel Building gation within the bounds, shall insert the be still more seriously considered and zealously Committee, without whose permission

same in their records, &c. [We hope pursued.

chapel can be built or enlarged, during the last this rule is observed throughout our Mr. Pringelly then furnished a variety of year gave permission for the erection of up- Presbyteries.] VI. That inasmuch as statistical details connected with Wesleyan wards of 130 chapels, the estimated expense of the success of the various schemes must, education, of which the following is, we be- which is upwards of 50,000). Nearly a quarter under God, depend upon the manner in lieve, a tolerably correct summary:

of a million of money has been expended which the associations are organised and Sunday Schools.—England

3,810 within the last few years in reducing chapel Scotland


debts, which had become oppressively burden- worked, it is a special instruction to all

some, and the great object of the Committee Presbyteries and congregations to have Total

3,875 is to devise some means of preventing the such associations organised without loss Sunday Scholars.--England 403,061 recurrence of evils so detrimental to the pro- of time, and to see to their active and Scotland 3,776 gress of the work of God in this branch of the effective operation.” It is also required Church of Christ.

by rule IV., “ That each association Total 406,837

shall elect its own chairman, treasurer, Sunday-school Teachers in England, 78,850. Annual cost of Sunday-schools, 22,6001.

CONGREGATIONAL ASSOCIATIONS IN and secretary; shall, on the second MonOut of the 78,850 teachers, 53,246 were in

AID OF THE FUNDS OF THE day of each month, hold a meeting for Christian Society:

CHURCH'S VARIOUS INSTITU- associational purposes, and shall at such In North Wales there were about 12,000 TIONS.

nieeting pay such sums as may have been scholars.

received during the past month, into the WEEK-DAY AND INFANT Schools. BEFORE these lines can reach our readers, hands of its own treasurer, who shall, Boys


we hope associations shall be formed in all without loss of time, remit the same Girls


the congregations. What now, therefore, (according as each sum was destined by Mixed

162 Infant

remains is, that these associations be the donors) to the several general trea. 34

strenuously and systematically worked. surers of the Synod's schemes, and shall Total

331 The formation of such societies is worse also by next post communicate the Scholars in do.- Boys 16,116 than useless if they are not kept in active amount to the Editor of the • English

Girls 10,777 operation. It is an easy, and to some Presbyterian Messenger,' in order to its

parties a very pleasant thing to meet to being announced in the succeeding Total


gether, draw up resolutions, makespeeches, number of that publication."
Being an increase of 5,223.
frame regulations, and (so far as a mere

Now we really do hope that these Number of Masters


waste paper constitution goes) form a so- regulations may not be allowed to remain Mistresses.


ciety. But there the matter is very apt to inoperative. Hitherto our meetings of Salaries

£13,460 "take end,” just precisely where it ought Synod have passed laws which have reAnnual cost of Schools, about £17,000 to begin. Now what can be the use of mained a mere dead letter. Ministers and

The Committee did not break up until a such society manufacturing as this? The Elders have had their hearts for the molate hour, and will probably meet again during treasurer, where is he? What is the state ment warmed, and have purposed great the sittings of Conference.

of his accounts—his coffers ? The col- things when they should return to their On Tuesday the Special Missionary, Com- lectors, what is their number-how en- respective localities; but the warmth mittee of Review was then assembled; Dr. Bunting in the chair.

ployed—how succeediug? Is there life seemed to have evaporated on the way The minutes of the Finance Committee, and in the body, zeal, energy, enthusiasm ? homewards, and next meeting of Synod of the General Committee, were then read, Do all parties really feel that they are have found matters just as the last had alternately, by the Rev. Dr. Alder and the engaged in a great and glorious cause ? left them; a good deal of very sensible Rev. John Beecham, from which we take the Do they realize the magnitude of their regulations in the clerk's hand on the following facts :“ The receipts from January to June, 1844, the sanctity of their avocations ? Is it obligations, the dignity of their office, records, and that was all.

But this state of things cannot continue. June in the present year had been 31,7857. in the spirit of prayer they set out on We are now in a better, a more hopeful 16s. 4d.; an increase of 8,1611. 6s. 31.' The their mission ? Are they sensible that condition. Our people are willing, nay, expenses during the first six months of 1844 they are engaged in rearing the tabernacle anxious to contribute; they need only to were 53,8511. 6s. ld., those for 1845 only of the Lord, contributing to the conver- be called upon for their contributions, 39,9721. 5s. 1d., a decrease of 13,8791. 1s. sion of sinners, promoting the glory of and occasionally stimulated to greater The acceptances out in July last year, were

their Divine Redeemer ? 15,8241.; this year, 13,6581. ; a diminution of

And is it with liberality. We hope, then, all our office2,1661. The restrictive regulations of 1844 had

a laggard step, a perfunctory spirit, an bearers and members of committees and operated effectually in reducing the debt, but inanimate heart, that men and women associations, will seriously ponder how no further reduction could be anticipated. should devote themselves to such work of much of our Church's success really rests It was calculated that the total expenditure of faith and labour of love?

upon their labours, and solemnly re

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alize their obligations to God and the into the communion of the visible children, the pupils would be removed Church. If this, only this, is done in the Church.

in a body. How much, therefore, did proper spirit, our success will be certain, Let it be borne in mind, that these we feel our unbelieving fears rebuked, instant, and glorious.

youths are highly educated, equally so, when we learned that only about three or It only remains that we exhort these indeed, with many of our students of four hundred had been forcibly withassociations to collect funds for all the theology; that they are subjected to a drawn? And this notwithstanding an schemes of the Church, the collectors most sifting probation before they are unparalleled panic excited by Pagan entering each contribution under its admitted into the visible Church of priests and Heathen devotees, and kept proper head. There is no necessity for Christ, and that they belong to the alive by the most false and fabulous multiplying associations in a congrega- higher castes and move in the most re- rumours and aspersions on the Christian tion: they would only jostle one another, spectable circles of native society, and missionaries, and despite too of the and perhaps lead to worse consequences. the importance of these conversions will opening of the rival Heathen Institution, One active association in each congrega. be at once acknowledged.

to which we alluded in our last. tion is sufficient; but the association In the apostolic Church native con- We trust our brethren in Calcutta must feel that it acts for all our institu- verts were the pastors appointed to feed will thank God and take courage, and tions—the College, the Home Mission, and preside over their brethren. The that their spirits will be cheered by the the Schools, and Foreign Missions. Each apostles, through the powers with which sympathy, support, and prayers of their of these institutions may have a separate they were endowed, could furnish their brethren at home.

That the present collecting card or book of its own, or what converts with the requisite gifts for the panic will soon pass away, that it has is perhaps simpler and better, one card or, due discharge of the pastoral functions. happened for the furtherance of the book divided into corresponding columns At present, however, missionaries cannot Gospel, and will be the means of drawing may answer for them all. If associations intrust the pastorate in the hands of their greater attention to the Christian faith will apply to us, we shall be happy to converts, who, though truly converted, and its Missions, we most confidently furnish them with proper cards or books are yet deficient in the necessary gift of believe. for the purpose.

teaching. But in the Free Church Insti-
tutions the students, while Heathens, are


trained in all the branches of human
knowledge. When, therefore, by the

The following paper is extracted from
To the Editor of the Presbyterian Messenger. grace of God, they are regenerated, jus- our able and pious contemporary, the
London, July 22, 1845. tified, and sanctified, they are at once

“ Border Watch," a journal which we Sir, I felt pleased to find in the " Messen- prepared to become missionaries to their take this opportunity of strongly recomger of last month, that a Juvenile Associa- | kinsmen according to the flesh, and thus mending to such of our readers as take tion, in connexion with St. Peter's Church,

in only a weekly paper. It is published every convert may be ordained a native towards the Home Mission Fund. Now, Sir, others the truths by which he himself son, Horse-market, Kelso, and has agents I think that example might, to a certain extent, be imitated by the juvenile friends of all was brought from darkness to light, and in most of the towns in the North of were the minister, elders, deacons, or Sun- dom of God's dear Son. This proves lish Presbyterians. It takes deep interest the congregations connected with the Synod, from the power of Satan to the king. England. The “ Border Watch” has

strong claims on the patronage of Engday-school teachers but to make known to the the far-sighted sagacity of him who children what our Church is doing, and the founded the Free Church India Mission in our affairs, and has done much to proclaims it has upon them for their assistance. At present I shall not enter into an enumera

mote our prosperity.– [Ed.] Institutions,—the enlightened principles tion of the benefits that might arise to our

on which they are based and conducted, Church from having our youth educated in and the vast importance, relatively as well have attempted a very brief and necessarily

In the former chapters of this series, we reference to her movements and her claims, as personally, of every conversion which imperfect sketch of the condition of the for I know full well that many of your readers happens within their walls. In other Chinese, and of the hopes and difficulties are much more able to write on this subject Missions a convert is merely a soul saved, which are calculated to promote or to retard than myself. Hoping that they may do so, I remain, yours, &c.,

but in the Free Church Missions there is their evangelization.
in addition a minister prepared to preach

We shall now shortly review what we have

already brought forward. Perhaps the scenes [This is a very sensible letter. We hope the Gospel to others.

which we have scattered over so many pages, our friend will immediately start a Juvenile The Mission Institution at Calcutta,

may excite more vivid emotions, if we collect Society in the congregation with which he is previous to these conversions, was at them all in one picture, and make them visible connected, and that the example will be fol- tended by some twelve hundred pupils ; at one glance. lowed by others. Our youth, our children, and can any one rightly estimate the iin

Before doing this, however, we must advert should be interested in the institutions of our own Church. Let a habit of giving to the portance of a seminary in which Euro- to the state of missionary operations in the cause of Christ be formed in them from their pean science and literature in all their Celestial Empire.

We have already alluded to the Jesuits, earliest years. May God give them grace to departments, leavened and sanctified with whose zeal and unprincipled determination be more faithful than their fathers !-Ed.] the Christian faith, are communicated to bore down all opposition, and established them

so many youths who are destined in a few in the very court of the Emperor at an early FREE CHURCH OF SCOTLAND MISSION years to give the tone to native society? period. The varying favour of the emperors IN CALCUTTA,

It has often excited our special wonder was insufficient to subdue their indomitable

how Heathen parents could allow their resolution, and in sunshine and storms they laSince our last publication the most sons to study in such a seminary, and we

boured on—unscrupulous about the means, but cheering intelligence has arrived regard- can account for it only by giving the nexer, for a moment

, forgetting the end they

. ing the success with which God has glory to an overruling Providence. That

came to reward their exertions, and to stimubeen pleased to bless the Free Church the sudden and simultaneous conversion late their zeal. Princes of the blood-royal Missions in India. Seven young men, of so many youths should excite a panic became converts to their opinions, and though who had for years attended the Institu- in a Heathen community so constituted some of them were at different times put to tion, and had made considerable progress was to be apprehended, and also that the death, yet they were never utterly extirin their studies, have received baptism, attendance at the Institution should, in pated; and persecution only added fuel to

the flame (as a crown of martyrdom was and other two are under probation, of consequence, be diminished. Indeed, we far more ardently desired than the glory of whom there are no grounds to doubt that feared that, considering the powers which success). But what conversions were theirs ? they too will, in due time, be admitted | Indian laws give the parents over their Observing the similarity which existed


between many of their own superstitions and of usefulness thus afforded, the Jesuits were | Gospel. All these circumstances are favourthe religion of the Budhists, they came to the first to take advantage. The English and able, and point out China as a more hopeful the conclusion that their opinions were sub- American Protestants followed slowly in their field for missions than most countries on the stantially the same. So, by demolishing a wake. Scotland, with its sometimes criminal globe. That difficulties will be found, we turret here, and raising å pile there; by caution and deliberation, has, as yet, done must expect. The character and manners of making some alterations in one place, and con- little or nothing; and it was with the view of the people are decidedly unfavourable. We senting to not a few compromises in another, exciting within our little sphere some interest have to do with a Government noted for jeathey brought the two religions within no great in China, and some pity for the souls of its lousy and caprice, and we have little reason to distance of each other,—so near, indeed, as to numerous inhabitants, that we have written the hope that its conduct towards us will be denude conversion of its glory. They looked chapters which have occupied our attention for different from what it has been in times gone at the superstructures (which were both the so many weeks.

by, when encouragement and persecution purworks of men's hands), and judged entirely Here is a country with three hundred mil-sued each other in quick succession. The from them, while they forgot to examine the lions of inhabitants, of whom not many hun- over-populated state of the empire-necessifoundations on which each were raised. dreds have heard the glad tidings of salvation. tating incessant labour, will also act unfavourThey adopted, for the name of God, the One would think that the mere statement of ably; but what are these difficulties compared Budhist name of Tien (or Heaven)—forget- such a case were sufficient to rouse all to with the insurmountable ones which are geneting entirely to dissipate, at the same time, action, but this it has not done; we are met rally supposed to exist. As long as we have the ideas with which that name was asso- on every side by objections. The Government few or no physical obstacles to contend with, ciated.

is so jealous, that an entrance into the country to conduct missionary operations in China will However, let there rather be corrupted cannot be obtained; the language is so diffi- be comparatively easy. Christianity than no Christianity at all. The cult, that the acquisition of it is next to im- And now we appeal to all if something man who has emerged from the thick possible: intercourse with the natives is strictly should not be done towards the evangelization darkness of Heathenism, into the cloudy, yet prohibited; preaching is on no account allowed, of the Chinese. Three hundred millions of to a certain extent, luminous, atmosphere of and even the reading of the Scriptures is reck- human beings perishing for lack of know. Popery, has made a great step.

oned a crime by the Legislature. Such is a ledge! This should be sufficient to rouse the if his conversion be the result of conviction, sample of the excuses made by many for their Christian's feelings ; but there are circumthe inquiring mind which has led him thus far, indifference to China. They say: Our efforts stances connected with these myriads which (if its workings are not trammelled by the at present would be vain: we will wait and would rouse to action the merely benevolent mother Church, which arrogates to itself the see what God will do; perhaps he will cause man of the world. Night after night a cart exclusive right of saying what is to be some mighty revolution in the Government, or rattles through the streets of Pekin. It sets out believed,) will not be content to remain in the in the feelings of the Chinese, which will make empty, but as it passes on its conductor hears mist, and cease to think for itself. The same the way open before us." Now, is such a a faint cry, as if from some deserted child. It God who made Pascal a Protestant, in the consummation a reasonable object of expecta- is what he seeks. With rude hands he tosses midst of Romanism, may cause a beam of tion? Can we expect that God will put forth it into his vehicle, and proceeds on his way. heavenly light to pierce the cloud, and create his power in a miraculous manner? Can we Another and another experiences a similar a day in the bosom of the night. But it is a ever hope that, without some exertion on our fate, and when the load is completed, the fearful alternative-Popery or Heathenism,- part, the Chinese will become Christians? The whole are thrown with careless indifference and we have to bless God that the Chinese are conduct of the clown, who determined not to into a pit prepared for them. not absolutely reduced to the choice.

attempt crossing till the water in the river bad Will a parent not feel for them? At the commencement of 1807, Dr. Morri- rolled past, was wise compared with the beha- To take another example—the condition of son, the first Protestant missionary to China, viour of those who look on with indifference, the Chinese women. Although they are not set sail for Canton. After leaving Romanism while the “sea of death” is rolling its black called by the name, they are really slaves, and in undisputed possession of the scene for up-waves over a mighty empire, and who lift not are treated in a far more barbarous way than wards of five centuries (for the first Popish a hand to stay its progress or to neutralize its are many in that condition, even in America. mission was despatched by Innocent IV. in effects. They wait, forsooth, to see if its face Suicide among them is an every day occur1246,) the sleeping zeal and energy of Pro- will not becoine more calm and smooth ere


It is the only resource left them of testantism were roused, and, to the everlasting they venture to throw a straw to the drowning terminating their miseries. Have the ladies honour of the London Missionary Society, the wretches who cannot help themselves. Thus, who compassionate the Hindoos no pity for mighty empire of China was included in their even were the objections true, those who are those of their sex in China, who are a thouschemes of holy conquest.

indifferent to China would be inexcusable; but sand times more wretched? An association is Without entering into the historical details indifference must not only be inexcusable, but forming at present in behalf of Syria. Is of this mission, for which our limits are criminal, when it is known that the objections there no one to pity the poor Chinese, and to entirely disproportionate,) we may mention are not valid.

form an association in behalf of them? Will that Dr. Morrison was speedily joined by Dr. However difficult it may be for any one to the energies of the Free Church be contented Milne, Mr. Medhurst, and others, who, though get admission into the interior of China, the with their present sphere of action? There they were prohibited by the Government from towns on the coast (especially the five whose are yet many countries to conquer, and if she occupying the same scene with the father of ports were opened by the late war); the island has the missionary spirit which she appears to the mission, yet assisted him materially in of Hong-Kong which is our own, and, there have, she will extend her lines, and endeavour another place; that, through the exertions of fore, possesses peculiar claims upon us; and to obey more nearly to the letter, the comDr. Morrison, an Anglo-Chinese College was many other places, afford arenas large enough mand of our Saviour, “ Preach the Gospel to founded, from which much good has resulted; for the exertions of many more missionaries every creature.”

N. that the Bible and many other books were than have already been sent. The language translated into the language of the country ;

We intimated in our last number, that that a grammar and dictionary of the Chinese tance than at hand. A very slight acquaint-of the Free Church, specially qualified

we have shown to be more frightful at a dis- application had been made to a minister tongue were speedily composed, which has ance with its structure will convince any one obviated a difficulty long and deeply felt; and that it is even comparatively easy.

for the service, to become missionary to that, in short, though many conversions were Intercourse with the natives is not strictly China. It is with very great concern we not made, the devoted men who founded the prohibited, and though preaching openly is not now state, that the party applied to has mission, by acting as pioneers, have conferred very often attempted, a congregation of Chris- declined the office. Whether he may both on China and on future missionaries, tians meeting privately is never interfered with. not yet be induced to consent, remains benefits which are altogether incalculable. The edict, prohibiting the circulation of the in the hands of God; but, at all events,

The war which was carried on between this Scriptures, has recently been repealed, and the Committee will not be inactive in country and the Celestial Empire a year or now a native may walk through the streets of two ago, gave a temporary shock to the opera- Pekin with a Bible in his hand, without risk of their efforts to obtain a fit man for this tions of the missionaries, but out of that evil interruption. The conversion of a native is mission. We trust our friends will not there has resulted much good. The little not opposed, as in India, by the terror and relax their exertions in obtaining constream that flowed slowly and with difficulty bigotry of his relatives, and by the more tributions for the Mission to China. through the stones and rubbish which every- powerful indignation of a dominant priest- Manchest where impeded its progress, was stopped, for hood. The religion of the country will offer

St. Peter's-square Church, a time, altogether; but when the obstruction but a feeble resistance. The Chinese are a

we rejoice to hear, has contributed was removed, it rushed with its accumulated thinking people, and the missionary has not donations in aid of the funds. Let all

already upwards of 1001. by private waters over a bed far more smooth and even than before. Of the increased opportunities mind before he can establish the truths of the other Churches go and do likewise.

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