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And let all who are mighty at a throne | ranteed is not so extensive as could be consisting now, and henceforth, of English, of grace be instant in their prayers, wished, yet the commendations of Christ- Scotch, and Irish members, must possess a that the Great Head of the Church ianity expressed in the edict must have ministry suited to the character of its memberwould himself provide a man for this a good effect, and in time be made the ship. English must be its basis, but English

interwoven with the excellencies of the Sister work, open up


before him, means of procuring permission to preach Kingdoms. And where are such ministers to and crown his labours with success. the Gospel throughout the whole empire. be got but from among ourselves ? Let young The following is the translation of the me

men, then, be induced to prepare for our morial sent in by Keying to the Emperor of


ministry. Can parents regard it a sacrifice to China, relative to the toleration of Christian

dedicate their sons to Christ? or, if a sacrifice, ity:

We have much to say about the College. ought it not to be offered willingly to him who **Keying, a High Minister, Imperial Com- At present, indeed, we lack space to do yielded up himself a sacrifice to God for us? missioner

, and Viceroy of the provinces Kwan- justice to the subject. There is, however, one tang and Kwansi, respectfully presents this or two things to which we must call attention. whether it be not their duty to prepare themduly prepared memorial to the throne. I, your Minister, find that the Christian religion our friends must have books, to them of no

1st. The Library. We are certain many of selves for this glorious work. Let our minis

ters encourage their children in the Lord to is that which the nations of the western seas venerate and worship-its tenets inculcating houses with such works ? Let them at once use, lying beside them. Why lumber their consecrate their talents to the service of the

sanctuary. Let all in their stations labour to virtue and goodness, and reprobating

wicked- be sent up to our library. Or if our friends provide for our Church men who may bear ness and vice. It was introduced into, and cannot find it in their hearts to part with up our glorious standards in the face of the has been propagated in China, since the times works endeared to them by associations, or of the Ming dynasty, and for a period there ornamental on account of their binding, we

And then our students must be patronised was no prohibition against it. Afterwards, shall be happy to compound the matter by and encouraged. Instead of taking missionbecause natives of China, who professed to accepting of the value in hard cash instead. | aries, teachers, and catechists from other follow its maxims, frequently made use of it Indeed, of the two, we must candidly confess Churches, our own students must be employed. to commit mischief, the authorities made exawe should prefer the latter. Our friends oc

Among our present students will be found mination, and inflicted punishment, as is on casionally send us works which can be of no

young men equal to any that can be got from record.

other Churches. It is surely a duty incumbent use to them, without, however, taking one was first enacted in the penal code, for the pu- any use to us. * In the reign of Kia-kin, a special clause moment's time to ask whether they can be of upon our ministers and members to lend every

But if they send us money,

aid to these future hopes of our Church. They nishment of this offence, and hence the natives of China were in reality pro

we shall then select the works we really need have hitherto borne their own charges, and in ented from com- Our friends, we are sure, would feel for us, mission into the College.

addition have paid the required fees for admitting crime—the prohibition not extending when showing strangers through our rooms,

But in order to ento the religion which the foreign nations of and obliged to exhibit our mere skeleton of a able them to do so in future, the Church must the west worship.

library: "It now appears that the present envoy; I apologizing for the indifference of our friends the summer months. The man who puts a Lagrene (the French Envoy), has requested to this essential part of our machinery, and student in the way of providing for himself

, those Chinese who follow this religion, and are trust they will soon convert our apologies into

we hold equal to him who provides a bursary. in other respects blameless in the eye of the laudations, and our shame into pride, as we

We urge on all our people to keep these matlaw, be held free from punishment for so doing; point to our shelves. In our last and present ters in constant remembrance. and as this seems what may be carried into numbers we have given the titles of all the effect, I, your Minister, accordingly request works sent us, with the names of the donors.

HOME MISSION. that hereafter all who profess the Christian There is a number of other works purchased religion be exempted from punishment, and, from funds granted for the purpose by the The only contributions received for the Home looking up, beseech the Imperial grace. If College treasurers. Our friends, therefore, can Mission Fund, by the Treasurer, since the any should walk in their former ways, or com- easily see that our present appeal is much meeting of Synod to the 15 August last, were mit other offence, they will be adjudged ac- needed.

the following: cording to the established laws.

We shall, in the columns of the “Messen- Framlington, per Rev. J. Gillespie £1 10 0 “ With reference to the subjects of France, ger," insert all the donations we receive, Widdrington, per Rev. Mr. Edwards 0 16 10 as well as of all other foreign countries who whether in books or money; but, again, we No contributions or collections have, since follow this religion, they are to be permitted

the commencement of the mission in April, to erect churches for worship only at the five say, pray send us the latter in preference.

The importance, the necessity of a well 1844, been received from the following Cons ports open for foreign trade; and they are not furnished,'well selected library, both to our gregations, viz. :to presume to enter the interior to propagate professors and students, must be too obvious

LONDON. Gateshead. their doctrines. If any disobey this regulation, to need any proof. Neither professors nor River-terrace. and rashly exceed the fixed boundaries (of the students can purchase all the books they re


Hampstead. ports), the district authorities will at once ap- quire. Professors are in the habit of referring


Edward-street. prehend them, and deliver them over to the to works which treat at length of subjects to


Southwark, nearest consul of their respective countries to which in their publications they can merely be restrained and punished: they are not to be allude. But what is the use of referring to

ManchESTER. Carlisle. precipitately punished with severity, or killed. works to which students can have no access ?

St. Andrew's.

Bewcastle. By this will tender compassion be manifested Our students must be well read. The Trinity.

Falstone. to those from afar as well as to the black- necessities of the times, the claims of

Alnwick. haired race; the good and the bad will not be


Glanton. own Church, demand this. But how confounded together; and by your Majesty's are they to study if books are not pro


Blyth. gracious assent will the laws and principles of vided for them? We do trust our friends


Wark. reason be displayed with justice and sincerity ;) will not longer overlook this matter.. To

Monk wearmouth. Haltwhistle. -and this is my petition, that the practice of those who have laid us unđer obligations

Some of these congregations, no doubt, the Christian religion may henceforth entail by their past contributions, we return, in our have been vacant, and others may be consino punishment on those who are good sub

own name and those of the students, our cordial dered merely as missionary stations; still it is jects. Whereof I respectfully prepared this me

thanks, and beg to ask if they have not got desirable that people should be interested in

some other works they could afford to send us ? the prosperity of, as well as enjoy the privilege morial; and, looking up, 1 beg the Imperial But to those who have not yet sent us any of contributing to, all the schemes of the grace do cause it to take effect. A respectful contribution, what can we say, but just this

, Church, if they are to be maintained in life

that it will afford us great pleasure to tender and vigour; and the Presbyteries are urgently (On the 9th day, 11th month, 24th year of to them also our thanks for favours received, requested to see that an opportunity is afforded Taukwang, the Imperial reply was received, and apply for more?

to congregations for this purpose. assenting to the petition.)

We would also beg ministers, guardians,

We hear that the deputation appointed at The above mandate was received at Suchan and parents to look out for students for us-

last Commission of Synod, to collect funds for on the 25th day, 12th month, 24th year of young men of talent, piety, and promise. Our the Home Mission, are to be in town in a few Tau kwang

Church must now lean upon her own resources. days. We need not again express our hope This is now part of the law of China; Our future ministers must be taken from our that they may be received with all the liberality and although the toleration here gua- 1 own families and congregations. Our Church, I for which our people are so distinguished, when


the claims of other bodies are pressed upon | from which they suffered not a little, and Church, and can the Scottish Establishment them. The above statement, which has been our reforming ancestors have told us of certain really imagine it can be endured from her? received from the treasurer, will show how inquisitorial questions that used to be pro- Should there be active hostilities between us it pressing are the claims of the Home Mission pounded to them, but we had heard so much is her own fault. We defy her to injure us. Committee.

of the light and the liberty of this self-lauded She may if she pleases discover whether we We have just one word more on this sub- nineteenth century of ours, that we had in our can injure her. As for Mr. Murdoch and his ject. The expenses of the deputation must, of folly began to fancy that the days for demanding congregation, let them, as we do, smile with course, be paid by the Committee. Now are of men to accuse themselves, had passed away compassion at the pitiable proceedings of the there any parties in London who keep a pro- with the dark ages, and the darker systems in said Dumfries Presbytery. phet's chamber for the servants of Christ and which they had originated. Our Dumfries Preshis Church? Our meaning, we hope, will be byters, however, have convinced us of our igno- PRESBYTERIES' PROCEEDINGS. understood. We shall be happy to receive the rance, andwe thank them for the boon. So then address of all such good Shunammites. we are to understand that this said Presbytery of

Dumfries, having no evidence whatever against This reverend Court held its ordinary monthly

our friend, just clapped him from the bar into meeting on Tuesday, the 12th August; the ESTABLISHED PRESBYTERY OF the witness-box, and demanded that he should Rev. W. Nicolson, Moderator, in the chair. DUMFRIES.

criminate himself; and because he was enough The Clerk produced and read (1,) an ex

of a British subject and a Presbyterian minister tract minute from the records of the Synod, By a letter from the Rev. Alexander Murdoch, to refuse, they saved him and themselves all instructing the Presbytery of Lancashire to of Berwick, in the “ Border Watch,” we ob- further trouble by just at once declaring loose Mr. Campbell from his charge at Anserve that the Established Presbytery of Dum- him guilty, and in the absence of all coats, Manchester; and appointing that the fries have declared that gentleman to be no evidence whatever, inflicted upon him all the professors be members of the Presbytery of longer a “ minister of the Church of Scot- punishment that lay in their power. These London, with full power as constituent memland.”

gentlemen who, Borderers though they be, did | bers of Court : and (2) an extract minute Who are the parties that constitute the said not not know that Berwick-upon-Tweed was from the records of the Presbytery of LanPresbytery of Dumfries, we really do not not a Scottish town, prove that they have not cashire, bearing that said Presbytery had obknow, and we do not think it worth the trouble forgotten certain ancient Border practices of tempered the instructions of the Synod, and to refer to Oliver and Boyd's “ Edinburgh the bold Buccleughs and the Netherby Gra- loosened Mr. Campbell accordingly. WhereAlmanack" for the year of grace 1845, to as- hams o' that ilk. Evidence of guilt is of no upon it was unanimously agreed that said certain their elsewhere unknown names. They account with the self-termed Presbytery of documents be sustained, and that Mr. Campmay, for aught we know, or are likely Dumfries. If the accused does not criminate bell be admitted a member of this court in to inquire, be most erudite scholars, most himself, let him be punished as if he were terms of the Synod's appointment, which was profound divines, most evangelical preachers, guilty.

accordingly done. most laborious pastors, the most popular of But did these gentlemen really not know It was reported that Ranelagh Chapel, orators, and the most beloved of men. But that they have no ecclesiastical power on this Chelsea, was opened on the first Sabbath of there are some two or three matters, of too side of the Tweed?—that the “law of the August, in connexion with the Presbyterian little moment doubtless to engross any part of land” forbids it—that their own General Assem- Church of England; that the attendance at their attention, though of some small import- bly in better days disclaimed it—and that of all all the diets of worship was very encoaraging; ance to more ordinary men, of which those its opponents, its most unflinching antagonists and that the services of Messrs. Coupar of said Dumfries Presbyters are wondrously igno- were those very moderate ministers who now Burntisland, and Brown of Kenneff

, ministers rant or prodigiously oblivious. For example, constitute the Scottish Establishment? Or do of the Free Church of Scotland, had been they ask Mr. Murdoch whether he has signed these gentlemen really imagine that they are secured for the supply, of this place of the deed of demission? Do these learned benefiting the Scottish Kirk by their inquisito- worship during eight Sabbaths. ecclesiastics really imagine that Berwick-upon- rial and ultra-judicial proceedings? We do Mr. M‘Murray, of Seaton Delaval, was apTweed is a parish of the Established Church not believe that even they entertain so fond an pointed to preach at Hampstead on the 17th of Scotland to which our friend had obtained imagination. Or do they then fancy that they instant.

“Crown presentation,” and of which he can injure Mr. Murdoch? This is likely A petition from certain inhabitants of Wolbecame pastor at the point of the bayonet? enough : and if so, we are truly glad to be verhampton was produced and read, praying Sign the deed of demission? Demission of able to assure them that Mr. Murdoch, like the that the petitioners should be formed into a what pray, gentlemen ? What had Mr. Mur- Church to which he belongs, is perfectly inde- congregation in connexion with the Presbytery doch received from the Church of Scotland, pendent of them-repudiates their jurisdiction, of London, and the Synod of the Presbyterian which, in your most paternal solicitude, you and siniles at their assaults. The whole pro- Church in England. The Presbytery unaniwere apprehensive he might, in a fit of foolish ceedings were outrageously inquisitorial, ille- mously agreed that this petition should lie on enthusiasm, have demitted ? Jladhe a bene- gal, and inept.

their table till their next ordinary meeting; fice from, of, or belonging to that Church ? But what can these Scottish Presbyters and they appointed Mr. Chalmers to visit Had he kirk, manse, glebe, or tiends from mean? Are they infatuated ? Have they not Wolverhampton, investigate the state of matthat Church ? Had he any civil rights and enemies enough on their own side of the Bor- ters there, and report. vested interests from or in that Church? der, provoked too by their own unjustifiable Mr. Nicolson reported, that an association Demit! What could he demit? What had proceedings, but they must make a raid had been formed at London-wall to prosecute you given him to demit? Berwick-upon-Tweed, amongst us also? Renouncing Isaac, do they the Synod's different schemes, and that they whatever it may have been before the battle of take Ishmael for their father? Removed by would be prepared to report progress in due Flodden, is not now a part of the ancient territorial position from all intercourse, and time. kingdom of Scotland, nor has the Church of having nothing either to hope or to fear from Mr. Gillespie reported, that the working of Scotland any civil establishment there. Demit! them, we were disposed altogether to forget the association, at Regent-square, in aid of the Before demission there must have been pos- even their existence, and attend to our own said schemes, was satisfactory. session. But Mr. Murdoch was not possessed duties. But they seem to have such a restless The collections appointed by the Synod for or seized of aught of or pertaining to the Kirk craving for notoriety, that they are resolved to the 10th August, were reported to have been of Scotland. What then, gentlemen, can you become as odious in England as they have made at Regent-square, London-wall, Greenpossibly have meant, what did you really un- made themselves in Scotland.

wich, and John Knox Church, on behalf of derstand yourselves, when you asked our Rev. For some time past, indeed from the outset, the School Fund. friend whether he had signed the deed of de- we have, as a Church, done little or nothing to At the request of Mr. Gillespie, one of the mission? We shall feel truly obliged by your injure them. We have indeed done all in our treasurers of the College Fund, the Kirk Sesanswer.

power to testify our sympathy with, and our sions were instructed to collect the moneys But, having commenced a diet of catecheti- regard fur, the Free Church, and we will at all subscribed by the members of the different cal examination, (we jalouse they are not so hazards continue to do so still, let it offend or congregations in aid of the said fund, and very fond of that in their own parishes,) they provoke whom it will. But what is all this to thereafter to transmit the same to the treawere resolved not to rest satisfied with asking the Scottish Kirk? Does she fancy that we one question, and so they go on to ask whether are to have no will of our own—that we are to The Presbytery authorized the Brighton Mr. Murdoch had given “any declaration or be thirled her, that we are to be her mere Committee to take the necessary steps for obindication whatever" of having seceded from echo, her shadow, her humble serf? If so, it taining a lease of Hanover Chapel there. the Church of Scotland, as by law established? is time to undeceive her. Our ministers we will Mr. Henderson delivered a Homily and Our Puritan fathers in this country have told not suffer to be molested by other bodies. It Greek Exercise, which were sustained as parts us of an oath called the oath ex officio mero, I would not be tolerated even from the Free of his trials.





Messrs. James Stewart and Adam Stewart, another meeting, at which the call to Mr. was offered up by the Rev. Mr. Ferguson, who students of divinity, were examined on the Cowe was sustained, and the usual steps ap- afterwards read the sixth chapter of the Second different subjects prescribed by the Presbytery, pointed to prosecute the translation ; the Rev. Book of Chronicles, and the first verse of the and the Court expressed themselves satisfied D. Fergusson, and A. C. Dunlop, Esq., being seventh chapter. The eighty-seventh Psalm with the progress which they had made in appointed Commissioners for the purpose. was then sung, and the Rev. Dr. Macfarlan, their studies.

We do sincerely trust that Mr. Cowe will re- Moderator of the Free Church, took the pulpit. The Presbytery met, by appointment, at the gard this a call in Providence, and as such after a brief and effective prayer

, the Rev. Presbyterian Church, Southwark, on Tuesday, at once aceept of it; and that the Presbytery Gentleman delivered a most impressive disthe 19th August, for the induction of the Rev. of Edinburgh, and the congregation at Porto- course, of an hour's duration. À liberal colJoseph Fisher to that Church and congregation, bello, will throw no obstacles in the way. Our lection was made. In the evening a sermon and other business.

friends in Scotland have no conception of the was preached by the Rev. Dr. Raffles. ImMr. Wilson preached an able and eloquent position of matters in England, otherwise we mediately after the services of the morning, sermon from Acts xiv. 3; and Mr. Chalmers feel persuaded we should not encounter such | the members of the presbytery of Lancashire, inducted and delivered a very excellent and difficulties in getting ministers to occupy our the ministers of the various denominations suitable address to the minister and people vacant pulpits.

who had been present, and the deacons and respectively.

FOUNDATION A New PRESBYTERIAN elders connected with the St. George's Pres'T'he attendance was very gratifying, and Church at Manchester.—The foundation- byterian Church, sat down to a substantial there is every reason to hope that Mr. Fisher stone of a new Church and school-room, to be repast, prepared in the school-room, under will soon have a flourishing congregation at called " The Trinity Presbyterian Church and Mr. Lister's chapel. The Rev. Mr. Ferguson Southwark.

School,” now in course of erection in the occupied the chair; various toasts were proA call from the Church and congregation New Bridge-street, Strangeways, was laid on posed and responded to, and the proceedings at Leicester-square, in favour of the Rev. Wednesday, 13th of August, at twelve o'clock, throughout passed off in the pleasantest manWilliam Ferrie, minister of the Free Church of with the customary ceremony. Among the ner. On Thursday night a very numerous Scotland at Anstruther, in Fife, was laid on gentlemen assembled were the Rev. Mr. Fer- and highly-respectable social meeting of the the table of the Presbytery.

gusson, of St. George's, Liverpool, who acted congregation and friends was held in the The Presbytery unanimously agreed to sus- as Moderator of Presbytery on this occasion; Music Hall. On the motion of Dr. M'Cultain the same, and appointed Messrs. Nicholson the Rev. Dr. Cooke, D.D., LL.D., of Belfast; loch, the Rev. Donald Ferguson was called and Chalmers as their commissioners to pro- the Rev. Alexander Munro, of the Scotch upon to preside. The Meeting was addressed secute the translation of Mr. Ferrie according Church, in St. Peter's-square; the Rev. Mr. by the Chairman, the Rev. Mr. Fergisson, of to the rules of the Church.

Gardner, of Birkenhead; the Rev. Mr. London, Rev. Mr. Bevan, Rev. Dr. CunningA Committee of Presbytery was appointed M'Gill, of Bolton ; the Rev. Mr. Cathcart, of ham, Rev. Dr. Cooke, of Belfast. The beneto meet with the congregation at Westminster, Wigan; Mr. Robert Barbour, Mr. George F. diction was pronounced by the Rev. Dr. to consider what steps should be taken to ad- Barbour, Mr. A. Waddell, Mr. Walter Clark, Crichton. vance the interest of that important station. Mr. George Longmore, Mr. W. Longmore,

The Presbytery adjourned, to meet at 9, Mr. James Longmore, Mr. John Rea, Mr. King-street, Parliament-street

, on Friday 22d John Stewart, Mr. William Allen, Mr. W. The Presbytery held its ordinary meeting instant, for the purpose of receiving the re- M-Ferran, Mr. Thomas M'Blain, Mr. David at South Shields, on Tuesday, the 5th of mainder of Mr. Henderson's trials; and, in Duncan, Mr. Thomas Haslett, Mr. William August. After the minutes of a former the event of their being satisfied therewith, of Kirk, Mr. John Hall, solicitor, and Mr. Galt, meeting were read, and some routine business licensing him to preach the Gospel.

bookseller. Documents, &c., put in the foun- transacted, the Rev. Dr. Paterson reported dation-stone:-1st. “The Confession of Faith, that he and Mr. Lamb, two of the Commis

with Assembly's Shorter Catechism.” 2d. sioners appointed by the Presbytery, had On the 6th ult., the ordinary meeting of "Catechism of the Government and Discipline attended the meeting of the Commission of Presbytery was held in the session-room of St. of the Presbyterian Church.” 3d. “ Pastoral Synod lately held at Manchester. He gave a George's Presbyterian Church, Liverpool; the Letter of the Presbyterian Synod of England." short verbal account of what had been done Rev. D. Fergusson Moderator. The Rev. the 4th. “Abstract of Minutes of the Synod of the at that meeting; and suggested to the breModerator of the Free Church of Scot- Presbyterian Church in England (session 9th,) thren the necessity of paying special attenland, and the Rev. James Ferguson, of held at Birmingham, on the 15th, 16th, 17th, tion to the schemes of the Synod. The London, being present, were requested to sit and 18th days of April, 1845.” 5th. “Declara- Presbyteries and Sessions, with their local and act as members of Court. There was a tion of Independence passed at the Meeting knowledge and influence, must attend to them large attendance of members owing to services of the Synod, held at Berwick-upon-Tweed, The deputations which the Synod, or its connected with the opening of St. George's April, 1844.” 6th “The Standards of the Committees sent out would utterly fail, and Presbyterian Church.

Church of Scotland, and the Presbyterian might do more harm than good, unless the The only important business that occupied Church in England and Ireland, or History of inferior courts did their duty, and wrought the Court had reference to the congregation of them.” 7th. "Metrical version of the Psalıns of them out in such a manner as to interest

, St. Andrew's, Manchester. The Rev. Mr. David, as used by the Presbyterian Church." | encourage, revive, and strengthen the several Gardner was appointed to preside, at the 8th. “The English Presbyterian Messenger congregations, as well as attempt to raise moderation of a call from the said congrega- for August. 9th. The " Manchester Courier,' money for general purposes. tion, to Rev. Robert Cowe, of the Free Church, “ Times," “Guardian,” and “Advertiser,” of The Rev. Mr. Storie reported that he and Portobello, and the Presbytery appointed to this date. 10th. Coins of the realm, reign of his Session had engaged a room and a meet on the 18th inst. to sustain the call. Victoria I. A plate was laid over these docu- schoolmaster at a considerable expense, and On Tuesday, the 12th of last month, a callments, on which was inscribed, " The founda- asked the concurrence of this Presbytery in in favour of the Rev. Robert Cowe, of the tion-stone of Trinity Presbyterian Church in applying to the Synod Fund for some assistFree Church, Portobello, by the congregation connexion with the Synod of the Presbyterian ance to help them in the outset. There of St. Andrew's Church, Manchester, was Church in England, and for the use of the was already an encouraging attendance of moderated in by the Presbytery of Lancashire. Irish Presbyterian Church assembling in the pupils; and the school, after a year or so, It is much to the credit of this congregation Corn Exchange, was laid on the 13th August, might be expected to support itself. that despite of all their disappointments and of 1845, by the Rev. H. Cooke, D.D., LL.D., Å deputation from the people adhering to the many difficulties they have had to en- of Belfast."

the Rev. W. Blackwood, in Newcastle, precounter, they have yet persevered in hope and Opening of St. George's PRESBYTERIAN sented a list of persons desiring to be formed activity, and we trust they will at length ob- Church, MYRTLE-Street, LIVERPOOL. - On into a Church under his pastoral care. tain a pastor after God's own heart.

Wednesday afternoon, August this hand- | They assemble in considerable numbers in a On the day following, the foundation-stone some new building—the first in connexion large hall, and are taking steps to provide of Trinity Church, Manchester, was laid. Of with the Free Church of Scotland con- a place of worship for themselves. The this ceremony, an account appears elsewhere. structed in this town—was opened for Divine Presbytery appointed the Rev. Mr. Duncan, This congregation too has had to struggle with Service. The attendance was highly respect and Dr. Paterson, as a deputation to visit many difficulties; and to add to them we are able, though, in consequence of its being a these people, to make up a roll of commuexceedingly sorry to hear that their esteemed business time of the week, not very numerous. nicants, and to report. pastor, undoubtedly through his over laborious The usual plain but impressive service of the The deputation proceeded to Newcastle, exertions, has been for a time, although we fer- Scottish Church was gone through, without on Tuesday, the 12th, and met with Mr. vently hope, but a short time, laid aside from any inductory ceremonies as regarded the Blackwood and his people, assembled in his active duties.

Rev. Donald Ferguson, the respected pastor the Music Hall. Dr. Paterson opened and On the 18th ult., the Presbytery held of the congregation. An appropriate prayer | addressed the meeting, and after divine


worship, a roll of about 140 communicants ( hitherto been kept ignorant of? And how | excellency and strength, and to show that he was made up; exclusive of several indivi- large a portion of the sacred volume has, by was to be the Lion of the tribe of Judah ; and duals present who had not with them their this ignorance, been a sealed book even to the the face of an eagle to denote victory and certificates, which they promised to produce learned. For we confidently aver, that much dominion. The wings spread over the mercyhereafter.

of the marvellous beauty and moral force of seat, showed that the mercy-seat was to be There are still three Churches vacant in numerous passages cannot be seen or felt by under the protection of Him who was the Newcastle, which the Presbytery find it those who are ignorant of the awful mystery of promised seed of the woman ; the hands under impossible to supply as they could wish. the cherubim. Besides (adds Dr. Hutcheson, the wings denoted his omnipotence, or alThey are all promising fields of labour, in a with much force), besides (which is a great mighty power to save; the wings that covered place where faithful labourers are much point) the goodness and impartiality of God the feet showed, that the mystery was not yet wanted.

in his dealings with the nations of old, so far revealed, and the cloven feet with the sole of Seaton DeLavAL.—Mr. M.Murray is at as the diffusion of religious truth is concerned, a calf's foot showed, that the whole fabric of present in London collecting money to build cannot be so fully and satisfactorily vindicated redemption was based on the atonement of a church at this station, where it is very much to his intelligent offspring as they are capable the cross.”—Page 8. needed, and where, from the success that has of being with the right and correct knowledge We trust our readers are now convinced attended his labours, there is every prospect of of the cherubical mystery.".

that a great “theological discovery” has verily a large congregation being soon collected. We Such being the difficulties and such the been made, and that it “throws an immense hear that Mr. M.Murray means to visit Man- importance of the undertaking — difficulties flood of light on the Old Testament history, chester and Liverpool early this month, and which have hitherto baffled all the efforts of which our author says cannot indeed be fully we trust the liberality that has always distin- the world's literati — an importance which understood without this exposition." Our guished our friends in those towns will be must be doubly appreciated in this age of space does not permit our following our audisplayed in favour of this cause. We assure missions to the Jews, and of controversies ther in the prosecution of his learned labours, them that the claims of Seaton Delaval are among the Gentiles, Dr. Hutcheson has laid which go to“ illustrate the theological history most pressing. We have shown our liberality the world under the deepest obligations by of ancient nations, and to show how pagan idohitherto as a Church, chiefly in the aid we removing the veil which has hitherto hung latry in all its peculiar and revolting forms have extended to other Churches. We trust over these cherubims, and disclosing to the arose (from a perversion of the cherubical the habit of giving, which has thus been world " a right and correct knowledge of the symbols) but especially to open up the great formed, will now tell in favour of our own cherubical mystery.”

mystery of godliness, God manifest in the congregations, who need aid as much as any But what were these cherubim ? They flesh, that has hitherto been concealed under people whatever.

were not angels. How can those who fancy these mystical emblems." The mystery which

they were repel the force of the following Paul apologised for not unfolding, is now fully REVIEWS

arguments ? “ Can we conceive that God disclosed to the world: And if our readers

would give to his angels four faces, three of feel interested in the subject, we recommend A Theological Discovery; or, an Exposition which should resemble either those of brute to them forth with to purchase “A Theolgical

of the Cherubim of Glory. By the Rev. A. beasts, or of birds that fly? The conjunction Discovery; or, an Exposition of the Cherubim
Hutcheson, D.V., St. Andreæ Coll. et is unnatural, the appearance uncouth, the of Glory,” but we have already given the
Glascui Coll. Honorarius, Author of “The stature terrific, the feet uncomely. It is im- title-page at the commencement of this
Guide to the Apocalypse,” &c. (Minister at possible, therefore, that the cherubim could be notice.
Warringford.) -Alnwick : printed by W. angels, especially when we further consider
Davidson, and sold by John Johnstone, the uses that God made of them. They were

The Catholic Claims. A Letter to the Lord Hunter-square, Edinburgh, and other book- not made messengers, nor did they excel in Bishop of Cashel. By Baptist W. Noel, sellers. 1845. Price Sixpence. strength, nor did they fly on wings of light

M.A. Second Edition. London, J. NisDr. Hutcheson is one of the very few ning's speed to execute the Divine commands. bet and Co., Berners-street, 1845. pp. 54. Hutchesonians whom the progress of scientific On the contrary, they were stationary, and This is an honest, an able, and a fearless procriticism has spared to the present age. But were used as places of worship, or as pocket duction. Whatever may be thought of the he must not be supposed to be a servile fol- | Bibles, to remind men of some great and author's prudence, there can be no doubt of lower even of his great namesake. Hutche- momentous truth.”—p. 6.

his powers; and his integrity and courage are sonianism, like every other-ism, is capable of “ But if they were not angels, the question beyond all question. progression; and much as our author has done, is, What were they? What can they mean? Mr. Noel, like all other true Protestants and we trust will be spared to do, for the sys- We reply, they were symbols or representa throughout the land, who know aught of tem, no man will be more ready to admit that tions of a great truth.” But what is that Popery in its spirit, its tenets, or history, he will leave much, very much, for future truth? Not the Trinity, as "Mr. Hutchinson opposed the increased national grant to May Hutchesonians, before the principles of their in his . Principia,' and Lord President Forbes, nooth. In that Parliamentary Act

, he beheld system are fully understood and properly appre- in his book entituled. Christianity as old as in principle a concession fatal to Protestantism, ciated in this unimaginative and ratiocinative the Creation, vainly imagined. These great and to Protestant Establishments. But, failing world of ours.

men, indeed, were near to the truth, but they in his opposition, he is not of those who quiet Dr. Hutcheson, profound master as he evi- never arrived at it. In their voyage of dis- their consciences by the self-flattering allegadently is of the recondite lore of Hutchesonian covery they stopped short at some island, and tion, we have done all we could to oppose the philosophy, archæology, and criticism, is fully never reached the unknown shores of America. evil, and all that now remains for us, is patient aware that much as has been written on the They applied these symbols to the holy and submission. Such is not the temper of Mr. subject by the school to which he belongs, the adorable Trinity. But it never oc- Noel, nor the measure he advocates. He sees nature and the import of the cherubim are curred to these great men, that this view of something for him to do, and that he is deteryet buried in the profoundest mystery; and the symbol gave a body and a calf's foot, to mined to do actively. He could not prevent keenly alive to the incalculable loss which each of the persons of the Trinity, and carica Popery from receiving a national endowment, thence accrues to our truncated theology, in tured But we must refer our readers but he is not disposed to perpetuate the grant. the otium cum dignitate of his learned leisure, to the author's own prosecution of the argu- To resist any longer the endowment of Popery he set himself to supply the desideratum, and ment, as they will find it at page 7 of his might endanger the endowment of Protestanthaving, as he intimates on his title-page, made work.”

ism in Ireland. To withdraw the endowment “A Theological Discovery,” he now commu- But the question recurs, “What then was of the one, now that it is granted, might nicates it for the information of the world. the grand truth which the cherubim sym- endanger the endowment of the other system.

“ The mystery of the cherubim,” says our bolized ?" And the answer is, “It was the Well, if the question is either, endow both or author at page 4 of his work, “ the mystery great, the awful mystery of godliness, God neither, at once and without one moment's of the cherubim, so far as we know, has never manifest in the flesh,” &c. (i Tim. iii

. 16.) hesitation disendow both. Such is the conyet been unfolded since the days of the ..... This was a truth to which the charac- clusion to which Mr. Noel comes, and this Apostle Paul, who apologized for not entering ters of the symbol were applicable. There conclusion he propounds in the most unammore fully upon it." Our author here refers was the glory above and between the cheru- biguous terms, and advocates with the most - to Heb. ix. 5, and then thus proceeds: “ It is bim to denote his divine nature, his participa- zealous earnestness. probable that Paul often preached on this in- tion of the Godhead. There was the human Mr. Noel shows the enormous evils which teresting topic to the Jews, though he did not form, to denote the humanity of the promised the Established Church has been the direct commit his inspired views to writing. What a Messiah. There was the face of a man, to occasion, not to say the cause, of inflicting prodigious loss has the Christiau world hereby complete the human form; the face of an ox, upon Ireland—an amount of evil absolutely sustained? What a powerful argument for to show he was to be made a sacrifice for the incalculable, as it is unrelieved and uncomconvincing and converting the Jews have we sins of men; the face of a lion, to denote his | pensated by any tangible or computable


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amount of good. To nothing else than the | and if any parties insinuate the contrary, he | DONATIONS AND COLLECTIONS FOR Irish Establishment can be traced the religious has the fullest permission to give them promptly

THE SCHOOL SCHEME. rancour and animosity that prevails in Ireland. and once for all the flattest possible contradicInstead of converting the Irish papists, that tion on our authority. Establishment has rendered Protestantism itself The communication from Blythe has been hateful in their eyes, and prevented their received too late, and is too long, for insertion. Aug. 12. Southwark-Collection

£2 0 4

14. Mr. Welsh's Congregation, viewing it with an impartial judgment. Instead It is not necessary now to prove the importance

Liverpool of cementing the union of the kingdoms, the or necessity of our possessing schools in con

Mr. A. C. Dunlop Irish Establishment has been a wedge to rive nexion with all our churches; that has ever

16. Regent-square, them asunder- a negative element interposed been a settled point with all Presbyterians.

Collection, per Mr. J.

Johnston .............. 25 to render positive union impossible—a repul- Our Correspondent mentions that in his neigh

Donation sive element to make even approximation bourhood the Papists have, through the libe

Monthly Subscription impractible. So long as the Irish Established rality of a wealthy Romanist, a landed proprie

Do., for Morpeth.......... 08 Church exists, there can be no peace in Ire- tor, (would that our wealthy members would

Sunderland, per Rev. Dr. Paterson.. land, and no hope of popish conversions. follow the example!) instituted a school under 19. Birmingham Church, collection from,

per Mr. Wm. Hamilton....... There is no institution in Europe so incapable the superintendence of the priest, which is

20. Manchester - Trinity Church collecof apology, so instinct with mischief, so full of numerously attended, and is made a suc

tion, per Mr. G. Longmore unmitigated, incurable evil. And is this an cessful instrument in the perversion not only

John Knox, London-Collection .... institution which ought to be maintained - for of the children but also of their parents. This the support of which, the nation should forfeit | is an important subject, and we hope our corthe favour of God, by endowing the most mon- respondents will communicate to us any facts strous system of error the world has ever bearing upon it. Our Correspondent from

The Synod at its last meeting appointed beheld? Can any sane man hesitate about an Blythe also states the great destitution of the collections to be made in all the churches on answer? If the question be, either establish means of juvenile as well as adult instruction the 10th of August

, in aid of the funds of the the Church of Rome, or dis-establish the in his neighbourhood, many growing up to

School Sustentation scheme, and ordered imChurch of Ireland, all men who love the truth, maturity who cannot read, and concludes mediate intimation of the sums collected to be will at once answer, dis-establish both. his letter with the following incident, which forwarded to us, in order to their being anSuch is the argument of Mr. Noel. We we give in his own words:

nounced in the next number of the “Mes

Some time ago a young woman was, senger.". It is now the 20th of that monthas will be seen from some remarks we have through the grace of God, brought under con

the last day on which we can insert communioffered on the controversy which has unhappily viction. Her parents : had neglected cations,—and yet all the sums intimated to us sprung up in the Irish Presbyterian Church the education of their child. She desired are those given above. about the Regium Donum. To this extent, knowledge, for she was ignorant, and I was

Now, need we say we are disappointed ? however, we agree with Mr. Noel; the Irish desirous of communicating it to her. In order We are more than disappointed. It is not, Establishment we regard as a great evil—in to give her mind a proper bent, and to assist however, possible but that a greater number of fact, as at present constituted, a moral her in her progress heavenward, I offered her collections must have been made, and yet if nuisance, which no man, be his politics or for her careful perusal and prayerful conside- made, we can hardly account for their not sectarianism what it may, can dare attempt to ration, James's Anxious Enquirer.' She having been remitted to the Treasurer and defend. It must be either reformed or des- hesitated,—she looked at me,-a slight quiver announced to us. troyed. If incapable of reform, the sooner it shook her frame,-a big and bitter tear-drop Is it necessary to prove the importance of is destroyed the better. Let Protestantism filled her eye, and witħ a deep-drawn sigh, having schools in connexion with all our have a fair field, and even no favour, or rather she said, "Ah, sir, I cannot read.' Would churches ? Is not that a first principle with let our glorious Presbyterianism, as represented that the benevolent ladies who commiserate the Presbyterian Church?

But how can by the sister Church, have free scope, and with the condition of the Jewish girls in Corfu, had schools be founded or supported in the poorer the blessing of God, in another century Ireland is seen that tear, and they would no less pity districts without foreign aid? And is not this Protestant, Presbyterian, peaceful, prosperous, the condition of the northern poor

the very reason that led to the formation of and pious. The sister Church" has done

“ Your faithful Servant,

the School Sustentation Fund ? this for Ulster; it can do it for the whole

“Wx. 0. Johnstone." But should any Church, from any reason kingdom.

We are exceedingly obliged to our valued whatever, have failed to make their collection Correspondent at Manchester, (Robt. M'Ewen, on the day specified by the Synod, we entreat

Esq.,) for his interesting papers on the “Life them, as soon as this comes to hand, to make TO OUR FRIENDS AND CORRESPON- and Times of Adam Martindale,” lately pub- that collection. No Church can be excused. DENTS.

lished by the Cheetham Society of Manchester. It is a common cause. Let the sum amount

As the publication is in but very few hands, to no more than five shillings, still let a colWe are happy to announce that our subscribers and the subject extremely important, as throw- lection be made; let the people have an are increasing., Still, we shall not be satisfied ing much light upon the history of Presby- opportunity of performing this Christian duty, till we have obtained at least a third more. terianism in England, we shall give the and enjoying this holy privilege. Let no one We hope our friends will actively canvass for papers, though long, in full. The first of them fear that by making collections for the general us. They will thus do more good than they will appear in our next number.

interests of the Church, they injure their own are perhaps at all aware of.

The communication from Maryport is too local funds. The very reverse will be found To our Correspondents we beg to intimate late for insertion. All we can do is to inti- uniformly to be the case. that no communication can be admitted which mate here, that Mr. Harvey intends to visit Again we beseech our ministers to urge on has not been received prior to the 20th of the the south to collect money in aid of his this duty. We have no fear of the people. month, as by that date, at latest, all our mate- Church. The other parts of his letter, like Our only apprehension is that ministers will rials must be in the printer's hands. We hope that from Blythe, onight to be sent to the fail in their duty in this matter. Let it be all our correspondents will bear this in mind; School-Committee. We must repeat, and will deemed a sacred duty by all parties to conand that, above all things, they will study act upon the principle till it be understood by tribute liberally to all the funds of the Church. brevity. all parties whatever, that no communication

Finally, in future we trust that moneys, as We have again to regret that Presbyte- received so late as the 20th can be inserted.

soon as collected, will be remitted to the ries do not send us an account of their pro- Parties desirous of appearing in our columns Treasurers, and intimation of the amount ceedings. Has the Rev. D. Lennie been in- must have their communications forwarded, at transmitted to us.

In the present instance ducted at Glanton ? We have heard it latest, by the 18th of each month.

the collections for the School Fund should, rumoured that he has, and that is all we know Mr. Murdoch's (Berwick) letter, will ap- without loss of time, be sent by Bank or Postabout the matter.

pear next month, as also M. D'Aubigné's speech. office order, to the Treasurer, William SteWe have received several communications We are gratified to learn, that 4001. were

venson, Esq., 101, Upper Thames-street, rather too flattering to ourselves to be inserted, collected at the opening of St. George's London. but we are not the less obliged to our friends. church, Liverpool ; of which a short account

In next number we shall insert such sums The greatest obligation, however, they can appears elsewhere. of the prosperity of this

as may have been then received. confer is to extend our circulation.

congregation we continue to receive the most Our correspondent (G. B., Stafford,) labours cheering accounts. Indeed, such a pastor, under a most grievous misapprehension regard- supported by such elders, aided by such ma- GARMENTS OF THE CLERGY OF Rome - The ing the subject of his communication. No par-chinery as exists in that Church, must, through garments worn by the clergy of the Church of tiality whatever has been or will be shown; ] the blessing of God, succeed.

Rome are all supposed to have a moral and

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