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Two vols.

spiritual meaning; though, certes, they have a DONATIONS TO THE COLLEGE somewhat effeminate character and appear


ASSURANCE SOCIETY FOR MU. ance. I shall briefly describe those referred

TUAL ASSURANCE. Incorporated by to in the poem... ALB: an ample tunic

, or The following list is arranged according to Royal Charter. Established in 1831. Founded robe of white linen, worn

on the model of the “ London Equitable." cassock and amice, and reaching to the feet. the order in which the donations arrived :It was at first worn loose and flowing, but at

From Rev. D. Ferguson, Liverpool.

London Office, 614, MOORGATE ST.


(Omitted in former List.) present is bound with a sash or girdle, mysThe Critici Sacri. Seven vols., folio.

William Cook, Esq. tically signifying continence.-Rochet: a lawn From Thomas D. Thomson, Bloomsbury.


Solicitor. garment, the ordinary garment worn in public

Paxton's Illustrations of the Scriptures. Three vols.

Joseph Laurie, M.D. Charles Lever, Esq. by bishops during the middle ages; though

From Mr. and Mrs. WILLIAM Aiken.

Head Office, 26, St. ANDREW'S-SQUARE, traceable only as far back as the 13th century.

Edwards on Original Sin.
It differs little from the surplice, except having M'Crie's Scottish Church History.

President. the sleeves narrower, and gathered at the

From a FRIEND, London.

His Grace the Duke of BuccLEUCH AND wrists.-Chasuble, chasible casula : the outerWaddington's History of the Church.

QUEENSBERRY, K.G. most garment formerly worn by the priest at

Vice-Presidents. From R. Hardie, Esq., Hampstead. mass. When the Roman toga fell into disuse,

Rev. Robert Hall's Works. Six vols.

The Right Hon. Lord Gray: The Right Hon. the pænula was substituted for it. The


Lord Abercromby. pænula formed a perfect circle, with a hole in Leighton's Works. Two vols.

Manager. the middle to admit the head, while it fell Bickersteth on Prayer.

Robert Christie, Esq. down, so as to envelop the whole person. Scott's Memoirs of Melvil.

This Society is founded on the most afDr. Calamy's Life and Times. The Romish Church has altered it much,

M·moir of Alexander Waugh, D.D.

proved principles of Life Assurance, the whole cutting away the sides, so as to expose the Life of Heywood. arms, and leave only a straight piece before

of Gilpin.

PROFITs being secured to the roLICY HOLDERS. of Col. J. Blackader.

The importance of this advantage is apand behind. The Greek Church retains it in

Memoirs of Mrs. Huntingdon.

parent from the fact, that at 1st March, 1841, its primitive shape. The old monumental

of Halyburton.

the Society made vested additions, varying

of General Burn. Two vols. brasses in England show the same form.

of James Halley.

from twelve to twenty per cent. on the sums Amict, amictus amice: an oblong square of

of Rev. Pliny Flisk.

assured, to all Policies of Five Years' endurfine linen, worn by priests : it is tied round the Life of John Erskine, D.D.

of Spencer, by Raffles.

ance, and at 1st March, 1844, a similar vested neck, ne ad linguam transeat mendacium, and

of Rev T. Scott.

addition of six per cent.; besides further procovers the breast and heart, ne vanitates cogitet. of Henderson,

Haldane's Evidences. Two vols.

spective additions of two per cent. per annum, It is sometimes called humerale, and is also

Witsius on the Creed. Two vols.

calculated on the accumulated amount, in the worn by deacons, sub-deacons, &c., when Sermons by the Rev. Dr. Gordon.

event of their becoming claims before 1st ministering at the altar. The amict was first Dwight's Ser nons.

Dr. Owen's Works. Twenty five vols.

March, 1847, being the next period of allocaintroduced to cover the shoulders and neck;

President Forbes's Works. Two vols.

tion. For example-on a policy for 1,0001. it afterwards received the addition of a hood,

From Lady Pirie.

effected on 1st September, 1831, there will, if to cover the head until the priest came before

Howe's Works. Eight vols.

it become a claim after the 31st August, 1846, the altar, when the hood was thrown back.MANIPLE, manuple : originally a narrow strip

From a Friend, per Alex. Gillespie, jun., Esq. be 1,3481. 6s. 3d., payable ; viz. :
The Scottish Christian Herald. Six vols.

Sum originally assured £1,000 0 0 of linen, suspended from the left arm of the Macgill's Sermons.

Vested Addition at 1st March, priest, and used to wipe his face when per

Thomson against Universal Pardon.
Sermons on various Subjects.

1841, 20 per cent.

200 0 0 spiring. Gradually it received embellish

Luther on the Galatians. ments; was bordered with fringe, and deco. Knox's History of the Reformation in Scotland. Rutherford's Plea for Presbytery.

1,200 0 0 rated with needlework. In the 11th century

Durham on the Revelations.

Vested addition at 1st March, it was given to the sub-deacons, as the badge Walker's Treatise on the External Works of God.


72 0 0 of their office; probably its use was to cleanse

Gordon's Translation of Livy. the sacred vessels.-DALMATICA: a garment The Benefits we have by our Lord Jesus Christ. By

1,272 00 with large open sleeves, worn by bishops and Wm. Cowper, Minister of Perth.

Exposition of the Ten Commandments.

Further additions, viz. by ladies! It came originally from Dalmatia,Sermons by the Rev. George Wemyss.

On surviving 31st August, and was formerly the characteristic dress of From Robert BARBOUR, Esq., Manchester. 1844, 2 per cent.

25 the deacon, in the administration of the Eu

8 9 Edinburgh Christian Instructor, 1832–1840. Nine vols. On surviving 31st August, charist. It is not marked at the back, like the Campbell's Lectures on Ecclesiastical History.

1845, 2 per cent.

25 Butler's Analogy. chasuble, but in the Latin Church, with two

8 9 Dr. Raflle's Lectures on Practical Religion.

On surviving 31st August, narrow stripes—the remains of the clavi, worn Gambold's Works.

25 1846, 2 per cent . .

8 9 on the old Roman tunic. The chasuble was Presbyterianism Defended. sometimes worn over the dalmatica. In con- Authentic Report of the Clough Case. Clarke on the Being and Attributes of God.

1,348 6 3 ferring deacon's orders, the bishop clothes the Baxter's Reformed Pastor. sub-deacon with an amict, saying, “ Receive Treatises on the Divine Authority of the Old and New

And if the party be alive on 1st March, Testaments.

1847, another vested addition, with prospecthis bridle of the tongue. He then puts the

on the Canonicity of the Holy Scriptures. tive additions, will accrue in the manner above maniple on his left arm, telling him that it Dickenson's Letters.

M'Gavin's Protestant.

stated; and so on every three years thereafter, signifies the fruit of good works. Lastly, he

From Rev. Prof. Campbell.

This table gives a view of the progress and puts on him the dalmatica, telling him that it

Lardner's History of Heretics.

situation of the Society since its institution. is the garment of joy.-Cope (from Ang. Sax. Michali Notæ Criticæ in Novum Testamentum.

Vitringa de Synagoga Vetere.

Annual Accumulated cæppa; a cap, cape, cope, coif, hood): a Sturtevant's Preachers' Manual. Two vols.

Assured. Revenue. Fund. priest's vestment, fastened with a clasp in

Mitchell's Presbyterian Letters. front, and hanging down behind, from the

At Ist March 1833 £164,624 .£5,300 £6,512
From Rev. Thomas Hall, Crookham.
It resembles a lady's

642,871 21,916
shoulders to the heels.
Leigh's Body of Divinity.


1,019,530 37,539 92,816 cloak! By the canons of the Church of Brown on Poetry.

76,111 295,197 England, the clergy are directed to wear this

Bruce's Sermons.



1836 1839 1842 1845

1,685,067 61,851 191,496 Blacklock's Paraclesis.


Christianæ Theologiæ Libri Duo-stuctio M. F. Wenvestment; “but,” says Dr. Hook, “out of

By the Deed of Constitution the Assured tenderness to the superstition of weaker

Grotius de Muri Libero et Merula de Maribus.

are permitted to visit or reside in any part of

Mornæus de Heritate Christianæ Religionis. brethren," (thank you, Doctor!) “it has Le Clerc's Lives of the Primitive Fathers.

Europe. gradually fallen into disuse_except on such Puffendorf's Whole Duty of Man.

61 A, Moorgate-street. WM. Cook. Etchard's Works. an occasion as the coronation.” N.B.-In a

Moyle's Works. Two vols. drawing of Queen Joan of Navarre, in the Rohaulti Physica.

Printed by ALEXANDER MACINTOSH, of No. 20, Great New. Cotton MSS., she is represented in her coroJoannis Barclaii Argenis.

street, Fetter-lane, London, and published by JAMES Poetarum Scotorum Musæ Sacræ. Second vol.

MACINTOSH, of No. 12, Seymour-street, Euston-square, nation robes. Her dalmatica differs little from

Bishop of Bangor's Answer to the Representation, &c.

at the Office, No. 16, Exeter Hall, Strand, London, by that worn by Queen Victoria, at her corona

Worcester on the Trinity.

whom communications to the Editor (post-paid) and Andreæ Riveti Pictavi Commentarius in Psalmorum.

advertisements are received.-Monday, September 1, 1845. tion.-STOLE: an ornament worn about the

Bishop Lane's Considerations on the Theory of Religion.

Sold by HAMILTON, ADANS, and Co., Paternoster-row; neck of a priest, or deacon, and across his Godolphin's Abridgment of Ecclesiastical Law.

and JAMES NISBET and Co., 21, Berners-street. Golden Remains of the ever-memorable Mr. John breast; denoting the yoke of Christ, and the Hales, of Eton College.

Stamped (to go post-free).... Four Shillings. cord that bound him.”—The War of the Sur

From Rev. T. D. Nicholson, Lowick.


... Three Shillings. plice.

Advertisements received not later than the 20th of each Robertson's History of Scotland. Two vols.





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PAGE Address of the College Committee to the Members of the Presbyterian Church in Letter from Lowick

91 England

81 Letter from the Rev. Mr. Murdoch, Berwick-upon-Tweed, to the Established PresProceedings of the College Committee...................

bytery of Dumfries...

92 Dr. M. D'Aubigné's Speech........................... 83 Congregational Associations.... .......

ib. Free Church Assembly at Inverness ................... 85 Missionary Intelligence ....

03 Life and Times of Adam Martindale...........

86 Collections for School Sustentation Free Church Finances ..........

88 To our Friends and Correspondents Periodical Press; its Importance and Drudgery.... 89 The Synod of the Presbyterian Church in England

96 Home Mission Deputation 90 Donations to the College Library

ib. Presbyteries' Proceedings .........





ADDRESS OF THE COLLEGE COMMIT- | bright era, this portion of the empire has place of primary consideration on behalf

TEE TO THE MEMBERS OF THE greatly lacked the sound theology, the of the Presbyterian College. It may PRESBYTERIAN CHURCH IN ENG- systematic effort, and the exalted piety appear to some that a college is a needLAND.

which marked the palmy days of less expenditure, or at the best a preina

Presbyterianism. In the peculiar state ture apparatus for a Church of less than Dear Brethren,-Two hundred years of modern society, it will also be al- a hundred congregations. And so perhaps ago there flourished in this land a race lowed, that there exists no better hope it were—if we meant that our Church of Bible Theologians, whose equivalent for the cause of the Gospel, than in the should never number any more. But no subsequent period of English Chris- well-directed and simultaneous efforts of whilst doors are opening on every side, tianity has produced. They were men of men who love the Saviour, and under whilst every large town throughout the God. They devoted to study, to medi- stand one another; men who shall pro- kingdom would welcome a faithful ministation and prayer, an amount of time claim Christ crucified with the simplicity ter of our persuasion, and whilst the scarcely credible in this more bustling of Thomas Brooks, the affection of fields for our Home-Missions are almost age. Mighty in the Scriptures, they had Joseph Alleine, and the pathos of Richard countless; and whilst, on the other hand, also mastered all that was most valuable Baxter; but who, instead of dispersing no sister Church is able, without serious in the researches of their predecessors, their strength in insulated and fitful intrinsic loss, to supply our existing conand their accurate learning was only ex- efforts, shall distribute their gifts, and gregations with pastors, the college, withceeded by their ardent piety. The sanc- concert their evangelistic measures, and out which any scheme of Church-extentity of their character diffused a wide and cheer one another's hearts in such meet- sion is hopeless, becomes almost essential sacred influence upon their cotempora- ings of the brethren as brought men like as a means of ecclesiastical self-preserries; their profound and systematic ex. Brooks, and Alleine, and Baxter toge- vation. positions of Scriptural truth were fre- ther.

Under a temporary arrangement three quented by large and intelligent audiences, Whilst, therefore, we rejoice unfeign- theological classes were opened, and as who grudged no self-denial, and deemed edly in the successful labours of Christian many courses of lectures delivered by the no morning hour too early when thus ministers in other communions, we will Rev. Messrs. Campbell, Lorimer, and bestowed: and whilst their affectionate not disguise our belief, that nothing can Hamilton, last winter. The attendance exhortations roused multitudes to flee so effectually meet the present crisis in - twenty-three professional students, befrom the wrath to come, their holy wis- English Christianity, as a revival of the sides as many amateurs, proved that the dom and experimental skill enabled them Presbyterian polity, and the Presbyte- effort was not premature. to speak words in season to weary, anxious, rian pastorate—that polity and pastorate, ficiency of the regular students was very or declining souls. And the large results which in ten years did more to render satisfactory, and already one who had of their close thinking, their Scriptural England a Christian nation, and the previously almost completed his studies learning, and above all, their hallowed English a religious people, than all the in Scotland, has been licensed to preach walk with God, still live in the matchless discursive efforts of different denomina- the Gospel by the Presbytery of writings of the English Nonconformists. tions since. To revive this compact | London.

The greater number of these memo- system and this efficient ministry, is the Encouraged by this auspicious outset, rable divines were Presbyterian, and the great problem which we believe the Provi- the Synod proceeded in April last, to fill most gifted among them compiled the dence of God suggests to us, and to which up two professorships. The unanimous well-known documents which, beyond all as a Church, we now stand publicly and choice fell upon the Rev. Peter Lorimer, other human compositions, have tended solemnly committed. Whilst in number of London, and the Rev. Hugh Campto consolidate the faith, and preserve the so few, and with resources so limited, our bell, of Manchester; the fornier being orthodoxy of the Reformation Churches position is as arduous as it is responsible ; appointed to the chair of Hebrew and -the Westminster Catechisms and Con- but we look for the strength and the Biblical Criticism, and the latter to the fession. And although it must be ac. means to Him who has given us the hope chair of Church History. What added knowledged, with devout gratitude to the and the desire.

much to the Synod's satisfaction in electGreat Head of the Church, that England To detail the various measures to ing these reverend brethren, was the cirhas never been without its eminent Wit- which our Church is now resorting in cumstance of their belonging beforehand Desses and Evangelists, it must also be order to restore with new adaptations the to our own body, and so being thoroughly conceded, that since the hand of violence old Presbyterian agency, is not the pro- identified with all onr schemes and intestruck down the shining lights of that I vince of this Committee; but we claim a rests, coupled with the assurance, that in

The pro

the range of allied Churches, none could English Presbyterianism and Home Chris- funds, it can only regulate expenditure. The have been found more adapted for their tianity, we commend the cause to the funds then by which our college is to be mainrespective offices, each now occupying liberality and prayers of the true and tained in efficiency must be obtained, and we the sphere for which his genius predis willing-hearted.

have no fear whatever, that obtained promptly,

cheerfully, and liberally they shall be. The posed him, and the labours of a life-time Signed, on behalf of the Committee, noble response made by our people last year fitted him. A third professorship-Sys- WILLIAM HAMILTON,

to the sudden demand that was then made tematic Theology-is indispensable to ALEXANDER GILLESPIs, jun.} Treasurers.

upon them, at the opening of the college, is a complete the Theological Faculty ; but

proof of the interest they feel, and an earnest until it should be seen to what extent the

of the sacrifices they will make to promote Church is prepared to support the col- PROCEEDINGS OF THE COLLEGE

the prosperity of an institution so identified

with the honour, the success, the existence of lege scheme, the Synod did not feel war


our Church.

'The second Sabbath of Noranted in making any further appoint

vember, we are most fully persuaded, will ment; and but for an act of generosity At a meeting of the College Committee, show by the most conclusive of all demon, on the part of the Free Church, for which held at London, on the 16th of September, it strations, that the interest has increased, and we cannot be sufficiently grateful, the was finally arranged that, according to the that the liberality will be proportionate. We Theological course of the ensuing session powers and instructions given them by the have no fear, we repeat, we never had, of the must have remained imperfect. The Free Synod, viz., to make the necessary arrange- liberality of our people; but, may we confess

ments and obtain the requisite party or it? we are by no manner of means so conChurch Assembly in May passed a reso parties to teach systematic theology for the fident of the active agency of our ministers, lution renewing the kindest expressions ensuing winter, Dr. Henderson, of Glasgow, elders, and members of Committees. Let a towards our body, and besides other va- and Mr. Hanna, of Skirling, should be ap- cause be but fairly placed before them, and luable enactments, enjoining any two mi- pointed to that office. These gentlemen will let but a fair opportunity be afforded of testing nisters whom this Committee might select, accordingly, come up as soon as the order their appreciation of its claims, and our to repair to London for a period of two in which they are to officiate is finally people will for the future, as they have done months each, and give the requisite lec- arranged. We are certain the Church at for the past, perform their duty. But it de

large will hail with devout gratitude to pends upon our office-bearers whether or not tures and instructions in divinity proper. Almighty God, the appointment of these two this opportunity shall be properly afforded; In such a body as the Free Church it eminent individuals to superintend for the and we do trust, that on this occasion, we, was not difficult for the College Commit- ensuing winter the doctrino-theological in- even we, shall have no ground for com

Our plaint. tee to find theologians abundantly qua- struction of our future ministers. lified for such a service. They addressed readers are aware that this appointment is But it is not only by congregational coltheir invitation to two of its distinguished itself the permanent appointment of a pro- We must have also individual donations, but

only temporary, the Synod having reserved to lections that this cause is to be supported. members, the Rev. Dr. Henderson, of fessor to the above department.

particularly subscriptions. Our collectors will Glasgow, and the Rev. William Hanna,

It was further agreed to secure the services of course, be very happy to receive annual doof Skirling; and they have now the ex- of a tutor to give instructions in Latin and nations of any amount, from the hundreds of treme satisfaction of announcing, that Greek for two hours each day during Session, pounds of the opulent, to the single pounds notwithstanding the inconvenience and to such students as may desire to prepare for and even shillings of the less wealthy; but sacrifice involved in it, both have acceded future admission into the theological classes, happier still to receive the permanent subscripto the request of the Committee. The ments for conducting their education during demonstrations of Dr. Chalmers have failed

in the hope also that he will make arrange- tions of all classes of our members. The Session will therefore be opened in No- the recess; and it was referred to the pro- to convince, and even his eloquence to envember, under the auspices of the Synod's fessors along with Mr. Chalmers, to look force, the superiority of regular subscripprofessors, in conjunction with their emi-out for a person properly qualified for the tions over occasional donations, and yet the nent coadjutors from Scotland. office.

Doctor, with that practical sagacity which The Synod has enjoined that the col

Mr. Hamilton read a draft of an appeal in after all is his most wonderful endowment, lection for the College shall take place on

aid of the college, which was approved of, has been enunciating and enforcing only what the second Sabbath of November, and the "

and ordered to be transmitted for insertion in is but a primary axiom, a mere practical

Messenger," and will be found else- truism in the science of economics. Dothe Committee await with much anxiety where.

nations the most splendid are but a waterthe result of this appeal. The donation's The full programme of the course for next spout, which may occasionally inundate your of last year have enabled the Treasurers Session will appear in our next, at present we fields, but will much oftener leave them dry to meet all bygone expenses; but it will merely state that the classes will open on and unproductive, while subscriptions, minute require a twofold amount of steady con

Tuesday, the 4th of October, in the very in individual magnitude, are the shower, the tribution to maintain the institution even

commodious apartments occupied last winter. dew-drops which, constantly falling, irrigate on its present restricted footing, and in posing to attend, are requested to apply to if you will, and they will be gratefully received,

Any parties desirous of information, or pur- and fertilize. Give us your donations then order to give it that efficiency which the Rev. Professor Campbell, 16, Exeter Hall, but as they lie beyond the range of calcualone will make it worthy of the Presby- Strand, or at his private residence, 22, lation, our institutions can never depend upon terian name, we must entreat a liberality Myddelton-square, London.

them. Let us then have subscriptions, which still larger. The Committee would re

We trust it is altogether unnecessary, after possessing the certainty of a polf-tax, will enjoice in being warranted to recommend the truly admirable address of the College Com- able us to form our measures in safety, and to the Synod in April next the appoint- institution to the prayers and liberality of all monize.

mittee, to say one word to commend this make our receipts and expenditure harment of a permanent Professor of Sys- our people. The importance, the absolute We have been delighted to hear from Protematic Divinity. They are also desirous necessity, of the college to our prosperity and fessor Lorimer

, that he has got an efficient that some arrangement should be made even our existence as a Church, is too obvious Committee formed in Liverpool, and had no for the encouragement of such meri- to need any proof. The whole Church has doubt he would succeed equally in forming one torious students as are not in afluent cir- felt this and has acted accordingly. And the in Manchester, whither he was just proceed

success which has hitherto blessed the insti- ing when he wrote cumstances,

The Liverpool And they are extremely tution, leads to the conviction that the Great Committee entertain no doubt they will be anxious that nothing essential should be Head of the Church has owned, and will able to furnish 3001. to the college fund this wanting in the form of books and the continue to bless it. But in order to enable winter, and we are just as certain that Manother requisite apparatus on which the the college to accomplish the ends of its chester will contribute as it ought still more pre-eminence of an Academic Institution institution, and realize the expectations that largely. What will London give? so greatly depends. Earnestly hoping have been excited, several things are pe- We have only to add, that we hope all our that the response of their brethren may ample, must provide the requisite funds

. very day specified, and apprize their people of

remptorily demanded. Our people, for ex- ministers will attend to the collection on the hold out not only a high promise of The most rigid economy has been employed it in sufficient time. If they but do this

, as prosperity to the College, but through it, in this as in every other department of our we have already said, we will cheerfully the prospect of new days in the history of affairs. But even economy cannot create pledge our word for the people.



DR. M. D'AUBIGNE'S SPEECH. divided. It was a time of divisions. Now | tractive preacher. And if they get a good

we are come to another time, another era, the attractive preacher, they have made a good In regard to the admission of speeches era of union, where not these different distinc- business of it. The church is filled. But the into our columns, we have laid down the tions, but the great unity; Christian unity will poor preacher's health fails. He is ill. He

be the principal thing. following rules, which we trust our

cannot any more preach, and the hearers by

But, nevertheless, I must say there is a cer- and by drop off, and the benches are empty. friends will bear in mind. Ist. In tain something in the different distinctions of Then the people say to the minister, the busigeneral we admit no speech that has Church government. I am, for my own ac- ness is bad, my dear friend, this will not do, appeared elsewhere, and only something count, a Presbyterian. Perhaps had I been the church is bad, empty, you must . . . . go extraordinary will induce us to violate the born in England, I might have been an Epis-away-we must have another. And so they rule. 2d. We admit no speech which copalian–I do not know. But I am a Pres- try to have another attractive preacher, and does not bear directly on the interests of and choice. The great thing, it is true, is 1 declare that is to me as bad as the Papacy.

byterian, not only of situation, but of conviction thus they act. I must say, that is dreadful. Presbyterianism, and particularly on those Christ, but there is certainly an advantage in It is just the other extremity.

But not the of the Presbyterian Church in England. a certain government of the Church. I believe people only—not the ministry only, but the And 3d. We do not admit long there are in the Church two great principles people and ministry together in good order speeches, even the following we abridge. which must be maintained; first, order, and se

--that is the thing. Now that I find in the Such being our rules in the matter of condly, liberty; order and liberty, and we must Presbyterian Church-the two are in alliance, speeches, we feel not only warranted, but try to have a Church government which will and I believe in this is the force of the Church. required to publish the following speech government and the liberty of the people. The and it became Socinian, but I believe it was

combine these two principles. The order of There was a Presbyterian Church in England, of Dr. D'Aubigné, delivered at the pub free action and influence of all the members of because it was never rightly organised. There lic breakfast given to the great historian the Church. There are in the Church two was no central power. You are now entering of the Reformation by the Presbyterians classes of persons. There is the ministry or on a new field-almost as a new Presbyterian of London, on the 20th of June last. It ministers, and the people. The ministry has a Church, and you must avoid the old dangers, escapes the prohibition of all our rules, right and the people have a right, and the two and become firm in faith, and abundant in love and comes within the range of their rights must be combined in the best manner, and power.

I have seen in my own country some exrequirements. The speech is worthy of there are some denominations where there is cesses of a popular Government; when Dr. D'Aubigné, and that is the highest but one of these two factors or elements to be Government is quite in the hands of the compliment we can pay it.

found, or specially one. For instance, in the people, it is excess. We have in Switzerland We have heard him several times in Episcopalian system, we find, I believe, very twenty-two cantons and twenty-two churches, Scotland and in England, and have no nearly one only, the ministry, acting. The with very different constitutions. Some canhesitation in saying the following is the ministry is acting, the bishop is acting, but the tons are democratic, or rather, I would say, best speech he delivered in this

people do not act. In this country, there are Radical, and they feel something more.

some other denominations where the people one canton, the Church becomes very Radical, country. May we have grace given us

are very nearly all, and the ministry, perhaps, and things are going on there that are not to improve by it! Let us throw out a have not action enough. I believe, dear good. suggestion. Will none of our generous friends, that one of the most important features The election is in the hands of the people, friends get some thousand copies thrown of our Presbyterian constitution, is its com- and in the main it is a good thing. But the off for wider circulation ? We shall keep bining these two elements or factors of order Church and the State are one. The members up the types for some days to give them and liberty, ministry and people, and it of the Church are also the members of the an opportunity. We have only further to that we can subsist, and extend, and make and a commune ; the members of the one

we combine them in a good manner, State. There is no difference between a parish add, that our report, which was taken in progress.

being members of the other. They have not short-hand by the Rev. William Chalmers, There is one thing I very much admired in only the election of the pastor, but they have is very nearly verbatim, and is, in fact, Scotland, in the Free Church of Scotland, the made a law that every five years there shall the best and most characteristic report of Sustentation Fund. It is not properly for the be a new election ; and so, after five years, if any of D’Aubigné's speeches we have yet money, or for the sustentation which it affords, they do not like a minister, they may say to that I admired it, but for this circumstance, him, “ Dear friend, go away.'

I have an seen :

that every minister was not entirely dependent excellent friend in that country, a very powerDEAR FRIENDS,I am very happy to be upon his congregation. There is a central ful man, full of the Spirit, a good preacher, now in England. I find in England good power doing something for the ministry, a and he has been two or three times expelled friends, very kind hospitality, but I am very power of government over the Church-while by that law. He has been called to a church much rejoiced this morning to be again in there is liberty in each congregation to assist in that country, and it was a very dead Scotland. I have met in Scotland with such its own minister, and these two principles, the Church; but he preached the word with great Christian kindness that I cannot see Scotch power of government in the Church, respecta- power, and they liked him very much. Many faces without having joy in my heart. Sir, we bility, authority in the name of God, and this were converted; but there were others who are assembled as friends, but not to the honour liberty in all the members of the Church, who did not like his success. Habits were altered, of man, simply to the honour of God. Yes, take as much part as possible in the govern- fewer went to the wine-house, and there was dear friends, the great thing in the Church is ment of the Church. I believe it is very im- too much religion for them; and so, at the Christ, the eternal deity of Christ, the blood of portant, for if we have only one of the factors end of five years, people who never went to Christ, the Spirit of Christ in us; and not or elements, the ministry, we come very near church opposed him, and, by a majority of only Christ in past times, but Christ presently to the Romish system, where the Church is eighty-two to eighty, he was expelled ; and -Christ present among us. And I believe we the clergy: And indeed there are people in thus two men, who had never gone near his could not meet with any Church if we had not England who talk in this way, but the Church church, carried his expulsion. You see what Christ with us. Christ must be present every- is not the clergy. The ministers, the clergy, excess may be on that side. There is excess where. He was with his disciples when in the are a part of the Church, but are not the on the side of the hierarchy, when it domiflesh. But he has said, I am alway with you Church itself. There is a danger there. If neers, and excess, too, when the people unto the end of the world : and so we will do you have a priest, and priestly power, you domineers. We must go in the good iniddle as the disciples of Emmaus did, and pray, or will soon have formality and superstitions. way, our Presbyterian way. rather constrain the Lord to enter the house, But go to the other side. If the ministry I believe that is one of the excellences of and be with us, and that all we may say may have no power, and only the people come the Presbyterian Church, and I am sure it is be glory to Christ, and the result of this meet into action, I fear the Church will have no the necessity of the Church in these times that ing may be for the advancement of his king order, and perhaps cease to exist, for so many ministers and members alike should have their dom, his reign every where in England and excesses will come. I have heard of one proper spheres of action in the Church-that on the Continent. I feel I am very opposed country where (it is not in England, and it is ministers, elders, and deacons, be active, and to every bigotry, to Episcopalian bigotry, to not in Scotland) some people will say, “ We not only ministers do something for religion, Independent bigotry, and to Presbyterian will build a church.” It is an enterprise, and but that every member of the Church remembigotry. I believe the great thing is they form a kind of joint-stock company, and ber that he is a child of God, and he must Caristianity and every where Christian feeling, they issue shares, each taking some, and bring forward the light of God ererywhere. and especially in these times. At the these rise and fall in value, are now high and This is one of the great necessities of the Reformation, three centuries ago, we were now low. And then they try to secure an at- times. There is a necessity for order, discipline, and good government, that we may not which the word of God would have us show. the Church in a political way, but not in a lose our force, and become corrupt. I believe I know it is very difficult. For my own part, theological! It is an abomination, for it is you, the Presbyterian Church, have a mission I confess I have often failed, and fail still to ecclesiastical business, and should be dealt in England. I am sure you are fitted very this moment. So I will not judge others with accordingly. Such words, however, and much to meet the necessities of the English wherein I err myself. I have had most diffi- such expressions, are demonstrative that the people, and I had much joy on coming to cult struggles in Geneva, and other places. I Houses of Parliament are no more able to England to find the state of the Presbyterian know that human weakness often errs. The govern the Church. There must be a new Church in it, and that already it was entering carnal mind comes sometimes in the place of government. Before Catholic emancipation it on its mission. all denominations, and perhaps bring a good ourselves in the true way. But we must try It must come to that, and if so, in such a

You are something to unite the spiritual, and we cannot always maintain might be possible; now it is possible no more. spirit in everywhere. I found that in Liver- and do it; we must remember that it is our body they must have laymen. What, indeed, pool, and I find it now in London. I say that duty:

are the Houses of Parliament? They are laythe Presbyterian Church has a mission or I believe in the progress of Presbyterianism. men. There are some bishops, it is true; duty. It is not only for yourselves, or your It is the conviction of my mind that it is a still they are, as a body, laymen, and hence congregations and people, that you are principle which is progressing, and will still pro- they will not give the government of the here. It is for the whole country. Well, gress. I believe that all the different Churches Church to a body formed only of ministers. then, if you have a mission in this country, see that we are in the middle place. I will There must be laymen there not sent by the ah! then certainly a mission can be ful- 1 give you an instance that struck me not a Houses of Parliament. The lay element is filled only by the power of God. When little. In America, they have republished my necessary in the government of the Church. we feel a special duty lying, on us, a "History of the Reformation," and 100,000 If you will, you have that lay element in the great duty, not only specially in our own copies are in circulation. The Tract Society Houses of Parliament; but as they are constinarrow circle, but of a broad and general of America have published an edition of tuted, it cannot work longer. And, if they kind, we must go to the throne of grace to 20,000 copies. This Society is composed of constitute a new body for government, and if find there the power. I believe we can go members of every denomination, Episcopa- they have laymen in it, they must be elders, on no mission without the prayer of faith, and lian, Baptist, Presbyterian, Methodist, &c.; or something very near it. And thus there I believe it is what every friend here will feel and they have followed it as a rule to print will be an approximation to Presbyterianism. the necessity of in the present crisis, the im- only books of general Christian interest, but On the other side of the question, the Indeportant time in which we live, of being filled nothing involving their several differences. pendents will, I think, have to make some with the Spirit of God. I speak not of long Well, they come to my “History.” They say, change. I was breakfasting the other day prayers-public prayers, I must say, that I did “We would like to publish it—it is important. with dear friends of the congregational body, sometimes find in Scotland to be a little long- We have 120 colporteurs ; we can circulate and our reverend friend and brother, Dr. Pre but of the urgent prayers of faith. But there it very widely.” But the Episcopalians say, Smith, used a very good expression as to what must be zeal and decision; and certainly I must "There are some points we do not like--we the congregational body should be. It should say, if I have found in any men zeal, it is in will take them out.” And the Baptists say, be like a cluster of grapes—all united together Scotland. I have been edified by their zeal “There are other points which we do not on one branch. Surely that comes very near and force. That is the first thing, but it is like—we will take them out.” And so indeed to our Presbyterian constitution. I believe not all. There is passage which has often the Society has taken out from thirty to fifty both Episcopalian and Independent will have been quoted from God's word, “First pure pages. Well, that edition is published, and to come to a middle way. then peaceable.” Oh, that is an important the Presbyterian Synod has taken it and said, Now, Sir, Presbyterianism is making proword, and I must say, that if I have to choose “ It is not a true work—it is a mutilation.” gress on the Continent. In Germany, where between purity and peace, between an impure And two Synods have taken rather strong you know there were a few Reformed PresbyChurch where there would be peace, and a resolutions. I think, too strong, as the inten- terian Churches, though the majority were pure Church where there would be some strife, tion was a good one. The design was to cir- Lutheran. Their general organization was I would join the last, because purity before culate it more widely; but the effect has been Lutheran, and they are governed by a conpeace. But I find some people understand that the publication of that edition is stopped. sistory, who, however, are selected by the that word to be thus, “pure not "peace- I hope we can do something towards coming Government, five lawyers, and one clergyable;” but it is pure and peaceable-certainly to an agreement. But I have seen that in- man, and they administer the affairs of the pure before all, but peaceable also; and that I stance to the contrary. We, Presbyterians, Church; but it is, you see, a civil administrathink is important. We must be very strong are in the centre. On the one side we have tion. That is the state until now. The King and firm in principle. Oh! for principle we the Episcopalians, on the other side the In- of Prussia is a good man. He has a difficult can never be firm enough, decided enough. dependents, Baptists, &c. Ours is a strong position ; but he is a man desiring in his heart But we must be very kind for men, for per- position, and we must keep it. I believe that the good of the Church. He has assembled

Firmness in principle, kindness towards on both sides they will come nearer. For in- | all the Churches of the district, for there are men, towards every man. Strong in zeal, stance, the Episcopalian Church, I am per- sixty-three counties or so in Prussia; and the strong in principle, strong, in doctrine, but suaded, and I have said it to every one I met, ministers being assembled (according to the rather moderate and mild in expression. I whether layman or bishop, “It is important existing law, he could not convene laymen), find that immoderate expressions give strength for you that all the members of the Church and having them met in sixty-three assemto the foe. If you have an expression too may have more action.” I have the convic- blies, the Government of the King of Prussia strong for men, the truth that is presented tion that by and by they will come to it. They has presented to them some questions. loses its force. Powerful truth, but moderate will see that it is only the opposition of the I. Shall some synodical assemblies take expression has a great force. I believe we laymen that has given a check for the time place in the Prussian Church? and they unanimust attend to that. It is very important for to Puseyism. They will feel that the real mously answered—Yes. the mission you have to fulfil, that there may power of the Church is in the members, and II. Shall members of the Church, who are be no reproach. I was yesterday night in a they will by and by give some footing to the not ministers, be admitted into these assemvery respectable house, and the people knew I members. There may come a time when blies? and they unanimously answered— Yes. had just come from Scotland, from the Free what happened in Scotland may happen in III. Shall there not only be sixty-three Church. " But it is a great pity,” they said, England. It would be a shame for a Protes- assemblies, but a general Synod for the whole " that there is so much bitterness of spirit in tant Church to be conducted by Roman Church in Germany ? and again they answer the Free Church." "I must say," was my Catholics. In all political business they may -Yes. answer, “that I have not found any bitter- give their votes; but a Protestant Church Here you have Presbyteries, Synods, and ness there. I have found severity, but I must must be governed only by the members of Assemblies. That is but two months ago. say I have never found bitterness with my that Church. I am satisfied that Episcopalians Their answer is not before the King; but I friends in the Free Church.". 'Well,” the and Parliament will come to feel this

, and apprehend they will come to that end. The persons to whom I was speaking said to me, that a new body must be constituted for the German Church will be constituted as a Presa the Free Church people are very violent.” | government of the Church,—a body composed byterian body, and that is of great importance.

have been some occasions when of bishops and ministers, but also of the There is much Popery in Germany, and much they were so, but they are not angels,” I told laity. I believe the Houses of Lords and Rationalism in Germany, but there are true them. “They are men, and must feel.” But Commons must give up to that body the power Christian people great in force and faith ; and if you have a mission in England, you must they have now. They have already an uneasy when they are well organized, we shall see take away all cause of reproach. Force and feeling on ecclesiastical questions. They do soinething new in Germany, so this progresses power alone will not avail you. You have re- not like to speak it out; but they say, “We everywhere. You know I am not here for ceived that from God in great measure. cannot treat this or that matter in a theolo- myself. I am come to England and Scotland Peace, moderation, love; these are qualities | gical way, but in a political.” What! govern as a deputy and representative of the Geneva


• There may

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