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Evangelical Society. I have been deputed to | Committee. Now there shall be union in a | fellowship meetings, the sea-side sermons, Auxiliary Societies in Scotland, and to the Committee between Presbyterians and Inde- and the lonely prayers of the Highlanders, Free Church, which have sent many contribu- pendents, and some other Nonconformists. Iwe regard as among the strongest bulwarks tions; and my friends, Monod and Roussel, hope, also, that you will go hand in hand like of the Free Church. have been sent by the Paris Society for the Christians who love the Lord. The Rev. But we have wandered from our object. same ohject. They are both friends of France; Doctor then intimated that he intended to The proceedings of the Inverness Assembly and I desire that this breakfast may not be a hold a public meeting on the following Mon- have been already read and canvassed by all personal business, but a Christian business, day evening, with the congregational body, our readers : nor will we repeat them. There having in view the honour of the Lord, and and he invited all to be present who love the is, however, one speech which we will repeat, the progress of truth on the Continent. The Lord.

and one subject to which we must make a state of the Continent is very important just

special reference-we mean the speech of Mr. What I have told you of the German

Nisbet, imploring that the Free Church would Church shows there is a crisis, and then the FREE CHURCH ASSEMBLY AT IN- send us more labourers. We were the first state of the German Catholic Church is most


to bring this subject under the notice of the interesting. In one town there is a congrega

Free Church Assemblies, and could easily tion separated from Rome of 12,000 people; THE Assembly at Inverness forms a new era perceive we met with less sympathy than we and in all the towns there are such congrega- in the history of the Highlands and of the deemed the cause entitled to demand. We tions, and they are increasing. It is true | Free Church of Scotland. All respectable made then, and make now, every allowance they are not all sound in the faith; some are bodies in this railway-age of ours are become for the peculiar difficulties of the Free Church. rather Rationalists, and others have a sound peripatetics. The English Presbyterian Sy- Her very success has entailed these difficulties Christian faith, and I hope all may be brought nod itinerates. The British Association for upon her. She has a greater number of adto something better. They say, if we remain scientific purposes peripatizes. The Wes- herents than she can supply with ordinances. Rationalists, we cannot stand two years to leyan Conference is migratory; and the Free We grant all this, and make every allowance gether—we shall be Roman Catholics again. Church Assembly has broken through the for the policy she pursued. But still we It is only by the power of faith, the true faith, stereotyped headings of three centuries on its must claim the liberty of questioning the that a Christian Society can stand.

Record; and for once in 200 years the General wisdom of that policy. She is anxious, and Again, in France the state of things is very Assembly of the Church of Scotland has met very naturally and properly, to provide a miimportant. We founded two Evangelical Só- not at Edinburgh.

nister for each of her congregations. But cieties some years ago, for the diffusion of the The welcome, the cead mille failte of the might it not occur to her sagacious leaders truth of God everywhere, but especially in warm-hearted Highlanders, we, who know and more profoundly sagacious leaders no France and among the Roman Catholics. We them well, never doubted. Their fathers Church ever possessed), that some of these strove not to diffuse Presbytery, Indepen- were the staunchest adherents of the Stuart ministers might be more usefully employed dency, or Episcopacy, but Christianity; to cause in Church and State. Into that cause, somewhere else than in the depopulated bring souls to God, that they might be saved. which they had embraced with the charac- parishes in which they were placed. And Our two Societies have been blessed by the teristic ardour of their race, they threw their why should mere fragmentary skeletons Lord, and many, by the preaching of the whole souls, and with their own glorious, of congregations in other parishes detain word, have been converted in the villages and disinterested, self-sacrificing devotion, they men from Newcastle, Manchester, and Leeds, towns, and these gathered together form perilled all and lost all for an idea—a passion not to mention other places? Viewed in Evangelical Churches, where no Christian instinct with life and energy, for a Prince the light of the soundest policy, would not Protestants were to be found some years ago. they loved and a Church they venerated. these men advantage the Free Church more And now for two years that is something quite Sadly mistaken though they were in their in our populous cities, than they can ever new, it was only soul by soul before, but now judgments, their hearts were sound. Much as accomplish in their present spheres ? Were for two years we see a whole population. For we would have deplored the success of their our voice to sound in the Free Church couninstance, quite lately in the town of Sens, col- heroic struggles, we yet cannot but applaud cils, we would say, whatever you neglect, porteurs were sent with the Bible there, and the emotions of the actors—nay, though we lost overlook not the high places of England. In they wrote to say, “There are people here an ancestor on the other side, and possess a the coming conflict, England must be the desiring to hear the word of God.' A minis- hereditary attachment to the successful cause, battle-field, and on the positions previously ter was sent them. First he preached to 100, yet, as we traversed the field of Culodden secured, must the issue of the struggle and now he preaches to 1,500. A minister Moor, and even as we stood by an ancestor's hinge. has been procured for that people, and the grave, our feelings rebelled against our judg

From what has now been said, we wish minister sent from Paris to aid him, could not ment, and in imagination we were almost it not to be supposed that we accuse the return, for one was not able to do the work. rebels to our politics, though not exactly Free Church of any apathy, or anything apIt is not a single circumstance, but every apostates from our faith. But the Highlanders proaching to indifference towards the proswhere the same in France, Something more now are as loyal to the crown rights of Jesus perity of our Church. Very different, indeed, is must be done. But, alas! we have not minis- as then they were to the pretensions of the our conviction. The Free Church, we are very ters enough; that is the complaint in Scotland, Stuarts, and as devoted to the Free Church fully persuaded, would, next to the promotion many Free Churches have been built without as their fathers were to the Church of Rome. of her own interests, labour and, if need ministers to fill them. It is the same com- Were the claymore now to decide claims of were, suffer to advance ours. What we mean plaint with us, but we have founded in Geneva policy or solve questions of right or of faith, is this, and we repeat it, that the Free Church an institution for training young ministers, as the Free Church could, with one resolution, is not aware of the actual state of matters in you have done here, and we have young summon forth arms as stalwart, and hearts as England. This ignorance we owe principally people from every country, French, Swiss, brave, as ever marshalled around · Mace- to our own conduct. We have been sinfully Belgian, who were all Roman Catholics before, donia's madman or the Swede.” And though silent regarding our position. It may have even from Canada, and the old Church of the the sword be not now the arbiter of a Church's arisen from a desire not to embarrass our Waldenses. But these people are very poor, privileges, or of a people's faith, the High- Scottish brethren with our difficulties when they must be helped by us first, even to live, landers possess weapons which they know they were overwhelmed with their own. But and I ask you, will you not come and give us how to wield, an which may yet be more our reticence and delicacy have been carried your aid? I was lately among our congrega- successful than the faulchions of their fathers. too far, and we have suffered in consequence. tional brethren, in the library after breakfast

, Mary Stuart and her contemptible son feared We rejoice, however, to know, that our and they have resolved to take up the work on more the prayers of John Knox than the position is now getting better known, and the Continent. Now, will you co-operate with forces their mailed barons and plaided chief- the necessity of coming to our aid better the Foreign-Aid Society, or will you make a tains could bring into the field; and there appreciated in the north. All the ministers special one of your own? I know not what

are now in many a lowly cottage, in many a from Scotland that we have conversed with, will be the ultimate arrangement, but I appre- Highland

glen, wrestlers of the seed of Jacob, and they are not a few, nor of little standing hend there will be two "Committees formed, of whom it may with truth be said, that they in their own Church, have with one voice one specially Episcopalian, and one specially are princes, and have prevailed with God. declared, that the claims of England cannot Free; but both free from any connexion with And though the rich and the wise and the longer be overlooked. This is a conviction the Establishment. These two might be disputers of this world, may despise such that must gain ground, as our actual position united ; but it would perhaps be better to have auxiliaries, we would rather, "reasoning from becomes better kuown, and it is on this acan Episcopalian Committee, and a Free Com- the principles of our philosophy, have such count that we so much rejoice that Mr. Nisbet mittee, because there are people in both bodies agency on our side than mere secular princes, had the manliness to declare what every man who will not like a mixture. I hope by and however great their power, or godless par- in England thinks, although they may not by it will be found better to have but one liaments, however profound their policy. The have the courage to avow it. We have only

one explanatory remark to premise. The destitute of the means of grace, and where story mainly, as much of the interest of the allusion to Mr. Bonar's speech refers to the ministers and people have been called to work lies in the manner as well as the matter; report he gave of the destitution of Canada, suffer so much in their adherence to the and, we doubt not, occasional abruptness will and the claims that our brethren there have principles of the Church of their fathers. The be pardoned, for the sake of brevity. upon the sympathy and support of the Church Assembly renew their expression of brotherly The commencement is simple and characat home. The speech is as follows:

affection towards the ministers, elders, and teristic.-" I was borne (near Prescott) in the “ Mr. NISBET shortly addressed the Assem- people of the Presbyterian Church in Eng- month of September, 1623, about the middle bly. Referring to the strong claims which land, and earnestly pray that their efforts for of it, but upon what particular day of it I could the English Presbyterians have on the mother the advancement of Christ's cause at home never learne.” The diary is divided into chapChurch, he said he just begged the attention and abroad may be crowned with success, ters, each recording the events of seven years. of this great and respectable Assembly to the resolving to give them all the countenance The first septennium contains a narrative of speech of Mr. Bonar, on Thursday night, on and support which it may be in their power several hair-breadth escapes and accidents, his the claims of Canada. To all the statements to afford.”

survival of which he records with suitable exand appeals of that address he (Mr. N.) would The kind expressions of sympathy and re- pressions of gratitude. An incident which a hundred times say ditto, if, instead of Mont- gard contained in this Deliverance we most gave a colour to his future destiny is thus real, and such places, the name of London, or cordially reciprocate. To the full extent of graphically told :-"About this same time, Liverpool, or Manchester, or Newcastle, were our ability, and even beyond it, we have when I was neere six years old, one Anne substituted. (Ilear, hear.) He entreated all hitherto evinced our regard for the Free Simpkin, who was one of my sureties at the the members of Assembly just to read that Church ; and nothing will afford us purer satis- font, being grown low in the world, but not speech, and apply it to England. Such an faction than for the future to be found shoulder in goodness, out of a reall principle of conapplication of it he considered a hundred-fold to shoulder” with her in the field, “ striving science to perform her promises and engagemore important. Why were they now met in together for the faith of the Gospel.” Our ments for me at my baptism (as I verily beInverness? It was because they had ne- principles, our interests, our dangers, are the lieve), bestowed an ABC upon me—a gift in glected their countrymen in London-because same. We lean on one another; and the more itself exceedingly small and contemptible; but they had neglected Scotsmen holding most that both bodies understand their true interests, in respect of the designe and event, worth influential situations there. He was for letting the more closely will they be united, and the more than its weight in gold. For till that by-gones be by-gones, but he could not help more cordially will they co-operate. A sense time I was all for childish play, and never telling them, that it was because they had not of mutual obligation, a conviction of identity thought of learning. But then I was freattended to their brothers and sisters, their of interests, and a sentiment of brotherly sym- quently importunate with my mother, who had sons and daughters in London, Manchester, pathy, will thus spring up between the two | laid it up (thinking I would only pull it in Liverpool, Newcastle, and similar places, Churches, and the affections of the fathers pieces), to give it into mine own hands, which where they were now filling important offices, will thus be transmitted to the children, and being so small a trifle, she accordingly did; some of them under the Government, and in link us together in all time coming in the and I, by the help of my brethren and sisters fact the men who do the work of the Govern- bonds of a holy brotherhood, never, never, that could read, and a young man that came ment, that they were now suffering so much we trust, to be broken.

to court my sister, had quickly learned it, and from the conduct of the landlords in this and

the primmer also after it. Then, of my own other parts of the country. (Hear, hear.) He

accord, I fell to reading the Bible and any rejoiced that a better feeling now appeared ; LIFE AND TIMES OF ADAM MARTIN-other English books; and such great delight Í in return for which, he could assure the As


took in it, and the praises I got from my sembly, that if they found it necessary to send

parents, that I thinke I could almost have read up another deputation to England, there was Without staying to inquire into the cause, a day together without play or meat, if breath still wealth and good feeling there to do ten we think there is little doubt of the fact, that and strength would have held out; and thus times more than had been done for the Free the trials and sufferings of the Nonconformist it continued to the end of the first seven Church hitherto. At the same time, they and Presbyterian ministers of England are

yeares of my life." must not be surprised should a deputation much less known than those of their contem- Next comes a notice of Martindale's schoolfrom the English Synod be sent down to per- poraries north of the Tweed. Those two boy life. “ About the middle of January, ambulate the parishes of Scotland in behalf of THOUSAND godly men whom the Act of Uni- 1630, when schooles began to be revived after the contemplated mission to China, or the formity in 1662 drove from their benefices and Christmasse I was sent to the Free-school of existing mission to Corfu. (Hear, hear.) He homes, were a noble band, and in these times St. Helens, about two miles from my father's rejoiced at the progress of the Free Church, of fearful declensions, when incumbents of the house, a great way for a little fat short-legged which had so much exceeded all their expec- Protestant establishment of England have lad (as I was) to travel twice a day; yet, I tations; and he knew that in England 'the avowed the lawfulness of holding the doctrines went it cheerfully. My first master was a disposition to support that Church never was of one Church and receiving the emoluments young ingenious sparke, having a good full beiter : only, they wanted in England a few of another, their prompt and cheerful surren- schoole, but so bad an husbande (i. e. manager) more men from the Free Church. A great der of earthly good for conscience sake, though that he quickley spoilt all, and left us. А deal had been said the other day about Inve- not unparalleled in our own day, deserves to worse followed him, viz., an old humdrum rary as a missionary station. Why, was such be recalled as worthy to be held in everlasting curate, that had almost no scholars, nor dea place as Inverary worth naming in the same remembrance.

served any, for he was both a simpleton and day with London as a missionary station ? The memoirs of the more eminent of these a tipler. "The third I went to, was a woman, (Hear.) After urging the Assembly to send worthies have long been in the hands of the daughter to a famous schoolmaster, that had twelve or fourteen more men to England, public; but of the mass of the lesser stars, some smattering of Latine. . . . With her I Mr. N. concluded by expressing the sympathy those who took no prominent part in public did something better than quite lose my time, which was felt amongst the English Presby- affairs, or whose names have not come down but not much. The fourth was brought up at terians for the sufferings of their Highland to us in connexion with the rich experimental the then famous schoole of Wenwick, (the brethren, and assuring the Assembly of their theology of the period, there is almost nothing great ecclesiastical foundation of Lancashire,) anxiety to do everything that was in their known. Yet to a large class of readers this is and was scholar sufficient for me then. The power" on behalf of their brethren in the the very section, the narrative of whose trials fifth was a learned and efficient teacher, and Highlands." (Hear, hear.)

and deliverances would probably prove most under him, young Martindale made rapid We give below the deliverance of the As- extensively useful and interesting.

progress in the classics. He was diligent sembly after hearing the deputation from our Such a biography has been incidentally fur- enough in looking to us, not only as to gramSynod, consisting of Mr. Munro, of Man- nished by the Chetham Society, which was mar learning, but as to our profiting in the chester, and Mr. Nisbet, of London, and a recently established in Manchester for the catechetical grounds of religion. He also deputation from the London Lay Union, con- publication of historical and literary remains tooke notice by himselfe (and admonitors sisting of Mr. Wm. Hamilton, and Dr. A. P. connected with the palatine counties of Lan- appointed for the purpose) who was absent Stewart. After the usual preamble, it pro- caster and Chester; and as its issue, like that from the publick ordinances, or carried himself ceeds thus :--" The General Assembly heard of the Roxburgh Club, Wodrow Society, &c., unsuitably there." with delight their brethren from England, is confined to subscribers, and will, therefore, Martindale had now reached his fourteenth whose appearance in the Assembly in this be accessible to only a very few of the readers year, and on his recovery from a severe attack of distant part of Scotland they take as an ex- of the “ English Presbyterian Messenger," small-pox was put to some branch of trade. pression of their unabated interest in the pro- some notice of the autobiography of Adam Having the offer frankly made by his father, ceedings of this Church, and more especially Martindale will, we think, find an appropriate whether he would continue at it or return to as showing how deeply they feel for those place in its pages.

school, he promptly and gladly chose the districts which are at present so peculiarly We propose to let Martindale tell his own | latter. His previous teacher having fallen


into dissipated habits, he left him to attend | eventful epoch. He thus describes it, as a was that bustling yeare wherein the Presbyanother at Rainford; "a man made for a cordial helping to support his spirit:—" A teriall and Congregationall governments were schoolmaster, and who was most excellent to sermon that I heard at St. Helens, preached like Jacob and Esau struggling in the womb, give the finishing stroke to a country scho- by Mr. Smith, the minister there. He was and the latter not waiting for a civill sanction, lar.". He was a great favourite with "the under no great account for his abilities, but being got into possession at Duckinfield, within Popish gentry in the neighbourhood; be- pious and serious, and in that sermon he did two and a half miles, I found I was come into a cause, though a Protestant, he was a strong so lay forth the desperateness and damnable- wasp's nest.” Presbyteriall government, howAnti-Puritan, which that place never had be- ness of a natural estate, without conversion, ever, with some limitation, was established fore.” From this incidental remark, it is evi- (which before that time I had little minded, throughout the county of Lancaster, which dent “ in what direction the current of reli- that I was roused to purpose, and this proved was divided into nine classes or presbyteries, gious opinion had long been steadily flowing like a sharp needle, drawing after a silken with ministers and others nominated as fit to bé in this part of the country, at least.”. This thread of comfort in due season, so as if I of each classis. “For the promoting of this pubteacher " was also very notable in making us may, without presumption, lay claime to a lic work, three very worthy ministers of great observe all allusions in profane authors to the worke of grace (as I humbly hope), he was the abilities, piety, and learning, living at the same sacred Scriptures, insomuch, that any thing chiefe instrument, under God, and accordingly distance of two and a half miles, besides diverse leaning that way should hardly passe his I honoured him as my spirituall father to his gentlemen and tradesmen in and about Manobservation.” Under this able master, Mar- death."

chester, were deeply engaged, Mr. Harrison, of tindale continued till his sixteenth year; when Finding Rainford unendurable as a resi- Ashton-under-Line, Mr. Hollingsworth, of the (1629), " being allowed to be ready, he left to dence, he went to live, as his clerk, with Collegiate Church, Manchester, and Mr. Dean, go to the University. But the worst was, the Colonel Moore, who had just been sent from of Dean, but then living in Manchester also. University was not so ready for me; war London to Liverpool to garrison the town, These were very zealous (commonly called being come on very soon after, turned Oxford and recruit for the Parliament. The family, Rigid) Presbyterians, that were for the setting (wbither I was designed) into a garrison, and however, was so profane that he was glad to up of the governance of the Church of Scotmany scholars into soldiers. ... The Scots undertake a less honourable and profitable land among us (some few circumstances exhad invaded England, and entered New- employment, “ the chief clerk’s place in the cepted) and the utter extirpation of Independcastle. Great animosities were set on foot foot regiment, where he lived in peace, and ence, root and branch, as schismatical and regarding monopolies and ship-money, chief enjoyed sweet communion with the religious inconsistent with the Covenant. John Angier, ministers of State, such as the Lord Lieu- officers of the company, which used to meet of Emmanuel College, Cambridge, a man emitenant of Ireland, Lord Keeper Finch, and every night at one another's quarters by nent for piety and learning, on his coming Secretary Windabanke, almost everywhere turns, to read Scriptures, to confer of good down from London, joined with his brethren spoken against. Archbishop Laud and se- things, and to pray together."

in setting up the Presbyteriall government, veral bishops, and their chaplaines, taxed After various vicissitudes, he opens a but for all that was very moderate towards all with innovations, licensing Popish and Soci- school near Chester, without having seemingly that be judged godly of the Congregationall nian bookes, and persecuting many godly any thought beyond it; a clerical friend per- way, and spoke with very great reverence of ministers to deprivation itself. The censures suaded him “ from the necessity that poor Mr. Eaton and Mr. Taylor, his neighbours at also and deep sufferings of Prynne, Bastarik, souls lay under, and the excellency of the Duckingfield, praising them for pious men, Burton, Layton, Lilbourne, and others, were work,” to prepare himself for the office of good scholars, and excellent preachers. much ventilated.". Thus summarily are de- the Christian ministry. Though at first much Martindale, who had a very catholic spirit, picted the civil and religious discontents then startled at a motion to a thing so far above would have been content to preach the Gospel, fermenting, which were soon to break forth in him," he soon fell in with it. He was and hold friendly relations with both of the civil war. Martindale, meantime, not choosing already a tolerable Grecian, and by his contending parties. He

to have to join the student garrison at Oxford, became friend's advice commenced the study of inquired carefully and conscientiously into the tutor in the family of Mr. Shevington, of the Hebrew and Logic. The want of proper form of church government, most agreeable to Boothes, in Eccles parish, near Manchester. books, or a teacher, retarded his progress, the word of God. He brought his doubts, as

Manchester was at that time held for the but nothing could damp his ardour or slacken will subsequently appear, for resolution, before Parliament, and the Earl of Derby, being re- his perseverance, till, by mastering the com

the Manchester Presbytery. Finding, however, pulsed in an attack upon it, overran the pendiums and systems of the day, some of that his peace and usefulness were greatly hinadjoining country. At Shavington, after for-them crabbed enough, he attained a very dered by the contentions of the Presbyterian tifying his residence, he broke up housekeep- considerable proficiency in “Hebrew, Metaphy- and Independent parties in his congregation at ing, about Christmas, 1641, when Martindale sickes, Physickes, and Éthicks.” Lest the name Gorton, he wisely left it, and out of five or six was released from his multifarious and some of a 'mere country scholar, too, should be places to which he was immediately called, he what incongruous duties. Resolving not to some prejudice to him, he procured himself chose Postherne in Cheshire. About this time be idle or burdensome to his father, who had to be entered of University College, Oxford, he was married to Elizabeth Hall, second suffered heavily from the marauders then rife but what attendance he gave there does not daughter of John Hall, of the clockhouse in in the neighbourhood, he became teacher in a appear. He was in truth a man of strong, Droylsdon, a freeholder of good rank. school that was vacant at Holland, near though not of brilliant natural talent, and, Finding delays interposed to his ordination Wigan. “But I was then subject,” he nar- though mainly self-taught, became a very ripe by the Manchester classis on unimportant rates, “to so many great inconveniencies by scholar.

grounds, and great inconvenience resulting the discouragement that many lay under to In 1645, Manchester was visited by a most from the non-performance of sealing ordinances send their children in these dayes of constant virulent pestilence. The burials, as appears in so populous a parish, he went to London, alarms, by the uncomfortableness of my habi- from the register of the Collegiate Church, in and received his orders by the laying on of tation, in a public-house, to which many August of that year, just 200 years ago, were the hands of the Presbytery there, the well Papists and drunkards did frequently resort, 310,-which was the culminating point. After known Dr. Manton presiding on the occasion. by the disturbance given us by the soldiers this visitation, and in consequence of the ab- The times, however, were still troublous. “The often quartering among us, to the depriving us sence * of many clergyınen at the famous ministers of the classis also were become great of our beds and chambers; by the suspicion of Westminster Assembly then sitting, there was sufferers. The Cromwellian army was become being a Roundhead (that is, one for the Par- a great demand for ministers to supply pulpits. rampant, destroyed the King, put down kingly liament), and I would not clear myself from In this juncture the same minister who had government, with the house of Lords, and seit by swearing and debaucherie, but would advised Martindale to complete his studies for cluded the most worthy members of the House have been quiet, and meddled on no side, the Church "being of a very publicke spirit,” of Commons, and acted many other villanies, that I left the place in a quarter of a yeare.' and like some of our Presbyterian brethren in Diverse of the ministers of the classis hurried He next moved to Rainford, where he was the same quarter at this day, “endeavouring about, and imprisoned at Liverpool, and Ormesstill exposed to great disturbance from "se- to get supply for as many places as he could,” kirke, till it came even to peaceable Mr. Anveral Papists," and "a pragmatical constable,” urged him in the existing dearth of preachers gier. Those of Manchester, viz., Mr. Heywho would not take his excuse as "a price of to make trial of his gifts. "This he refused, but ricke, and Mr. Hallingworth, put to pensions, a clergyman," but warned him to attend the by a little friendly artifice was got to comply, if they get them) the college lands being sold, military drill of the King's forces. There it and preached with considerable acceptability. and the college itself to Mr. Wigan, who now was, however, that a change was wrought in In 1646, he accepted a call from a congre- being turned Antipædobaptist, and I know not him that determined his future fate—a change gation at Gorton, near Manchester. “Ï'his what more, made a barn there into a chapel, which moved him with a courage and endued

where he and many of his persuasion preached him with a panoply which enabled him, by * Richard Heyricke, son of Sir Richard Hey- doctrine diametrically opposite to the minister's the grace of God, to sustain and overcome all ricke, and Warden of the Collegiate Church, persuasion, under their very nose." Like the the trials and anxieties of that perilous and / Manchester, was a member of the Assembly. Presbyterian body of which he was a member, Martindalc was a Royalist. “Wee had been the utmost importance. From replies to some | Guthrie. After deducting these sums, which brought by severall removes into the power of queries that were issued by Mr. Handyside to must be considered as extraordinary, there a remnant of the House of Commons, influenced the Presbyteries of the Church, it appears that remains for the four and a half months which and enslaved by Cromwell and his party, after there are no fewer than 263,000 persons have elapsed since the close of our last financalled the Rump. That these were grand connected with the Free Church, who con- cial year, 12,6701. belonging to the ordinary usurpers against the known laws of the king- tribute nothing to its funds. It may be said, revenue of the Missionary and Educational dom, I had not so much as the embryo of a in answer to this, that a large proportion of schemes of the Free Church, showing an indoubt, but supposing them such, how to carry that number are represented by the high crease for the present year, as compared with under them was the grand question, wherein contributions of other members of the Church. the corresponding period of last year, of many learned and good men were divided.” Now, supposing this were the case, and sup- 3,8161." Keen and very ably conducted debates which posing this were a right state of matters, a point In this latter Report, viz., on Missionary took place among tlie clergy upon “the engage- which the Committee are by no means wil and Educational Funds, there is one class of ment”of fidelity to the Commonwealth, imposed ling to concede, and that the proportion so re contributors to which we wish to draw special by Cromwell, which Martindale at last sub- presented were to be rated so high as 163,000, attention ; it is the contributions of the young; scribed, but not without misgivings at the time there would still remain 100,000 persons in Sabbath-school and weekday-school contribuand afterwards.

the same position. It is believed the pro- tors. In last number we inserted a letter [The concluding, portion of this paper, portion is decreasing; but the Committee from a “ Sunday-school Teacher,” stating which is still more interesting than the part hope that Associations, and Presbyteries, and that the Juvenile Association, in connexion now given, will be inserted in our next num- ministers will not cease their efforts till it with St. Peter's-square Church, Manchester, ber.-E..]

be regarded as a thing quite anomalous to contributed last year 101. towards the Home find a member of the Free Church who is not Mission Fund. This, however, we believe, is a contributor to its funds."

only a fourth of the funds contributed—an FREE CHURCH FINANCES.

This Report is certainly most gratifying equal sum having been given to the Jewish In order to stimulate our own people to in- But there was one fact elicited in connexion and to the India Missions of the Free Church; creased exertions and liberality, we mean, as

with the contributions to the Free Church funds and similar donations appear in this number, often as facts come to our hand, to-set before the Northern Warder," of September 4) that spondent (of whom we may add, we know no

worthy of consideration. It appears (we quote from the Church at Woolwich. Our correthem the labours and the sacrifices of other

about 80,000 persons contributed the 80,0001. more than that his letter bore the London Churches. This is our object in quoting the of the Sustentation Fund of last year,” and post mark) recommended that similar Associathe Sustentation Fund, which was laid before consequently that the other members of the tions for similar purposes, should be formed

Free Church contributed nothing, no, not one the Free Church Assembly at Inverness :

in all our congregations and schools. This " The Report related to the income of the farthing to that fund. Matters have, it ap- recommendation we followed up with some Sustentation Fund for the last three months, pears, improved in this respect during the remarks of our own, intended to second our

present year; but still, from Mr. Handy-correspondent's suggestions. We now show beginning with the 15th of May, and ending side's statistics, founded upon returns by Pres- what the Free Church is doing in this respect. with the 15th of August. During that period byteries, it yet appears that the astounding And any man who remembers the number of it was gratifying to the Committee to be able

mass of 263,000 seatholders of the Free pence and sixpences that passed through our to state, that from the Associations there was

Church even now contribute nothing ! hands when we were schoolboys, and the pur. a material increase over the income from the

We allude to this subject at all, only to poses to which they were commonly devoted, same source for the corresponding quarter show our own members, who manage the must surely desire that our children should last year. The account stood thus:

financial affairs of our Church, that they are be wiser than their father's, and from earliest Amount raised by Associa

not to despond, although they should not get youth have an opportunity of becoming, contions from 15th of May to

so many to subscribe to our schemes as they tributors to mission funds. The following is 15th of August of the pre

desire. If even in the Free Church this the extract we alluded to: £18,926 11

11 happens, we need not yet despair. But “ The Rev. Doctor then referred, in terms “Do. do. for last year

16,299 17 41 neither let us relax. In all Churches every of the warmest satisfaction, to the progressive

member ought to make it a matter of con- increase of the contributions from the children “Leaving a clear increase of £2,626 13 9

science to contribute to all her financial of the Church. The contributions derived last “ It was also gratifying to find that the schemes. The man who neglects is guilty of year from this source amounted to 3941. ; he contributions were now much more widely a clear dereliction of duty before God and had now to report that at the present time, diffused over the Church than they had been man.

and at the stage to which they had advanced the former year. But while such and so gra- Having thus communicated an abstract of in the present year, the contributions from the tifying was the increase from Associations, the Sustenation Fund of the Free Church, let children of the Church amount to 265l. 6s. 100. it was to be observed that, in regard to the us now submit the budget of the Treasurer of -a sum for this brief period being not very whole income for that time, the increase was the MISSIONARY AND EDUCATIONAL FUNDS ; far the amount of contributions during not by any means proportional. The whole and we wish our own various Treasurers might the whole preceding year. Should these conincome of the Sustentation Fund, during these be able to lay before our Synod a Report tributions go on increasing at the same rate, three months last year, was 19,9321. 138. 8d., equally gratifying.

they will soon form an important item in the and that for the same period of the present " In regard to pecuniary contributions to contributions to the schemes of the Church; year was 20,0211. 58.91d., leaving only an the schemes, I have to report that they are but they are to be regarded not merely as increase of 88l. 12s. 1 əd. The reason why the in a most prosperous state, there being a con- a growing amount of money, but as indicating increase on the whole income was so much less tinued and very considerable increase in their a degree of self-denial and strength of printhan the increase arising from Associations was, amount. Comparing the four and a-half ciple on the part of these young ones which that while the Associations were getting into a months which have elapsed since the com- ought to be considered as of a very precious more vigorous and healthy state of operation, pletion of the last financial year, at the end kind. The contributions, whether of old or the occasional donations from friends, some of March last, with the corresponding period young, are only valuable when they proceed of them most liberal and munificent, were be- of the preceding year, there has been an in- from a desire for the glory of God--when the coming less frequent. This was only what crease that is calculated to delight the hearts Spirit of God is stirring up the heart to desire the Church had to calculate upon. Many, of all who are interested in the prosperity of to be permitted to be a fellow-worker with indeed most of these large donations arose our Missionary and Educational schemes. In him in his own cause.” from the impulse and excitement attending the corresponding period of last year, the One extract more and we have done. It the disruption, and the Church could not look contributions amounted to 8,8331. 38. 6d. ; relates to the poor Highland parish of North · for a repetition of them. For example, one that is to say, during the four and a-half Knapdale, a parish we know well. Often, gentleman, a clergyman of the Church of months from the end of March. Now the oh, how very often, in boyhood's joyous days, England, but a warm friend of our cause, contributions for the same period of the pre- have we traversed its heath-covered mounhaving visited Edinburgh about that time, sent year amount to 16,4701. 4s. 5£d. In tains, lovelier far in our eyes, and still dearer presented the Church with tire munificent this sum, however, is included 2,0001. re- to our heart than vine-clad hills or flowery donation of 1,000l.; but the Church could ceived from the Sustenation Fund, owing to meads! It is poor in this world's goods, but not look for the repetition of such sums now. an arrangement which it is not necessary here rich in faith, and in the works that faith perIt was to the healthy operation of the Asso- to explain, along with 1,3001. for the build- forms. Its only commerce is with heaven ; but ciations, under God, that she must look for ing of the college, and 5001., which has been of their abundant poverty have the people constability and support. He would draw the given as a special donation by a Wesleyan tributed to the Church they love. Could attention of the Assembly to one other fact of | friend, through his friendship with Mr. I prayers be estimated by any financial standard,

sent year

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we verily believe the Free Church has derived | the observations we allude to, reserving | but for the advancement of a nation's real more advantage from the intercession of Knap- to a future occasion, our proofs and good we would not give 10,000 well-discidale, and Skye, and Ross, than from the illustrations of the two last propositions.

plined British-School Teachers for all the Noprincely contributions of her merchant princes. But the Free Church, like Israel, has men

In the “Dedication" of the volume for bles in the world; and for training, purifying, for every sphere. She has Joshua battling 1844, thus wrote (not less truly than elo- tuous deeds the souls of the Christian portion in the plain, and Moses praying on the moun- quently)the editor of the “ Christian of the British people, we would not give a tain. But we give the extract, remarking Witness”—the political allusions we shall well-conducted Weekly Religious Paper, with only that on the principle applied by our not be regarded as sanctioning.

a circulation of 100,000 copies, and so cheap Lord to the widow's contribution, we believe One of the most eminent Transatlantic as to bring it within the reach of the poorest, the largest collection ever made for the

Free prelates now living, truly says, “ The bishops, for all the Quarterlies that British talent could Church was by the Christian people of North in theory, are indeed the governors of the produce, and British wealth support. Knapdale. When will our congregations act Church:'in practical effect, however, on the say, therefore, whatever else you do, attend to thus ?

minds of the majority, the editorial chair stands the organs of the Millions! 'Would that the * Dr Makellar next referred to a gratifying far above them.” This witness is true.

minds of our gifted ministers, and of our opucontribution which had been received by Mr. Our counsel, therefore, to our people is, to lent, liberal, and public-spirited laymen, were Jaffray from North Knapdale—the name of seize the Printing Press, and to bring its ut- fully alive to this subject, and that they would which, he observed, would be familiar to the most power to bear upon the millions of the direct their energies into this channel! Neghouse and to the Church, from the interesting British Empire. As truly as beautifully did lect what you may, remember the Millions ! account given by Mr. Macbride in the Assem- the Right Hon. George Canning describe its Let your first object and your last be to adbly, in May, of the degree in which the Lord general power when he said, " By means of vance, in all possible ways, your own cheap has been pleased to bless his labours amongst printing, man may speak to all kindreds, and periodical literature. This is your life! Even the people there. The communication to Mr. tribes, and people, and tongues, and make his the opulent, instead of overlooking, should Jatfray set forth, that on the day appointed voice be heard, with simultaneous power, be- most prize the excellence which is cheapest. by the Assembly for making a collection for yond the Atlantic waves, and upon the shores The cheaper it is, the more it approximates to the Continental Churches, the people belong, of the Caspian Sea, and amid the population all God's chief blessings. That which only ing to that section of our Church assembled of Europe. Nay, he may speak to accumula- few can purchase, only few can read.

The together, and although there was no minister ting generations after his death with all the numbers circulated of half-crown Monthlies, to conduct their public services, they did not freshness and force of personal eloquence. and six-shilling Quarterlies, whatever their fail to desire to draw near to God in a right Printing gives to man a sort of ubiquity and respective merits, must always be limited to spirit at his throne of grace ; nor were they eternity of being; it enables him to outwit comparatively a few hands, and therefore unmindful of the appointment of the Assem- death, and enshrine himself amid a kind of utterly and every way impotent for popular bly to make a collection on that day. The earthly immortality. It enables him to speak objects. writer of the letter conveying the collection, while yet dead. His words that breathe, and

With a body of readers so great, an attempt states that he did not expect more than £1. thoughts that burn, are embodied and em- to please all would be as preposterous as its from people in such humble circumstances; balmed; and with him thousands hold pro- attainment would be impossible. All that we but to his surprise and delight he found that, fitable or hurtful communion till time is no can expect to realize is, sometimes to please, through the money which they subscribed on more. If, then, we are loudly called upon to and sometimes to offend; to please all by the spot, and what they brought with them, be careful what we speak, and what we do, turns, and occasionally to please one class there was a total sum of £11. 10s. This, we are doubly warned to beware what we

and offend another by the selfsame articles; added the Reverend Doctor, was truly an illus- throw into the press, and invest with a power and often to confer most benefit when we tration of the power of the principle of faith to endure, and a strength to pass every sea, yield least pleasure. and love in the souls, when the Spirit of God and to visit every people.” All this applies

To be felt, a public writer must be strong operates in the hearts of his people." with force a hundred-fold increased, to the -and gentle spirits, in his strength, will

Periodical Press. Other things being equal, sometimes see violence; to be understood, he PERIODICAL PRESS; ITS IMPORTANCE circulation is everything. The influence of a must be plain -- and plainness will offend AND DRUDGERY.

book is just in proportion to the number of pride. Nor is this all; to public men in our

its readers. Beyond all question, therefore, present state, the condition of doing much Suort as has been our connexion with the highest application of the power of the that is wise and good is, the doing, somethe periodical press, and little compara- riodicals. Compared with this, all ordinary should remember that error is not confined

Printing Press lies in the issue of popular pe- times, a little that is neither. But the public tively as we can be supposed to know of authorship, how splendid soever

, is work in a to editors and action ; they too may err in the deep mysteries (if any such there corner, labour in a cave: it may benefit the judgment and conduct -- may err through be) of the editorial craft, we have yet few, and conduct its authors to 'fame, but it ignorance, thro'.gh precipitance, through preacquired three lessons, yea four, of which will leave the masses unblessed. What is at judice, through misrepresentation, and inculwe very strongly suspect our readers are

this moment, whether for evil or for good, pate deeds which merit the highest praise. still in very profound ignorance. These feeding, forming, and moulding the minds of An editor, too, has frequently occasion to say

the British people? Is it the folio, the quarto, and do things of strange aspect and appalessons are, Ist, That the vast importance the goodly octavo, or the royal twelves? rently questionable prudence to those who of a monthly periodical is not properly Nay, verily; but small and unpretending look on from a distance. Duty will often appreciated. 2nd, That nine-teuths of the manuals of divers forms and diminutive prompt a deed of which propriety conceals original composition, and the sum total of appearance. But in the more athletic efforts the reason. The function, therefore, demands

of the Periodical field itself, where lies the confidence-strong, full, general confidence. the drudgery of conducting such a period chief power? Assuredly there, too, not in the He who fills the office must deserve this; and ical must be performed by the editor. 3d, larger, but in the smaller publications; not in deserving, he must possess it. The public That no periodical can possibly prosper those of the least frequent, but in those of the creed concerning him should comprise but without a staff of well paid contributors. most frequent recurrence. On this subject, one tenet, and that tenet, INFALLIBILITY! And 4th, That as these contributors, the we think, some wise and good men are mis- Such being the importance of the editor especially, are labouring for the taken; they seem to us to attach a most periodical press, the difficulty of conductgood of the Church, so the Church ought inordinate importance to costly periodical handsomely to remunerate them, not as literature. According to them, no religious ing a Monthly Magazine is, as might be

The editor of an act of grace, but as payment of a without a high-priced and large-typed Quar- the Christian Witness” thus describes

terly Periodical; just as, according to others, it, from personal experience, and, if a So convinced are we of the truth and

no nation was ever respectable and strong man of such resources and power feels importance of these propositions, that we without a rich and privileged Nobility; What the task so onerous, what must it be to had resolved to write an article to con- Nobles have done for nations may be ascer: less gifted men ? firm and illustrate them, when we dis- tained from history; but what Quarterlies covered that the two first of them had learn. A good Nobility, if it can be created, membering how entirely unacquainted the

have done for religious bodies we have yet to Oppressed with these emotions, and rebeen treated with his usual power by ove of the very ablest of our contemporaries

. and a good Quarterly, if it can be established, duties of an editor, we shall aid them in We shall therefore transfer to our columnsin its own little sphere, may be a useful organ; l obtaining a glimpse at his operations, that


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