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ILLNESS OF MR. PIKE, RETURN TO CUTTACK. 195 sionaries, one with wife and two children, after a coin which had been thrown in, and a Church missionary; also a German and which they invariably secured. baron and a coffee planter. At Colombo We have passed several steamers the we received two more passengers with last two days, not less than fourteen, all two children.
outward bound. We were off Jeddah, We reached Aden on the morning of the nearest port to Mecca, this morning. March 6th, after a run of nine days from To-morrow evening we hope to be at the Colombo. I went ashore with several mouth of the Suez Gulf, and at noon on more, and visited the celebrated water Wednesday at Suez. It is possible we may tanks, one of which will hold above four reach London on the 28th March, though million gallons of water. The only trees I fancy it will be April before we arrive. and shrubs in Aden are planted here. We have a service on the poop on SunThey are nicely laid out, and seem to day morning, and prayers each morning. flourish through being daily watered. We have among our passengers every There had been no rain in Aden for four- variety of character, though all aro teen months, hence most of the tanks agreeable, and take pleasure in helping were dry. What a strange looking place each other. Our captain is a general Aden is! How distinct are the two favourite, and does all he can to promote races, Arabs and Africans, who form the the comfort of those on board. I am bulk of the native population. Some of wondering whether any letter is awaiting buildings are good, and the roads excel- us at Suez. I shall feel greatly relieved lent. On returning to the steamer we to know that all our friends in India and found a regular bazaar on deck. Arabs England are well, and that the Sumbulwith ostrich feathers; Parsees with In- pore party has reached safely. dian lace, toys, work boxes, &c.; Somulees I am thankful to say my dear wife, with coral baskets, &c.; all zealously
who has suffered much from sea sickness, plying their trade, and making a deafen- is now feeling better; also Jessie. Fanny noise; while outside the steamer, in tiny has kept up best. Edith and Florry canoes,
Somulee woolly-headed Pike are well. I must now close until boys shouting out, “I dive, sir; I dive, we reach Suez, where I hope to post this. sir; throw sixpence in sea.”
March 12th.—Now we are quite near indeed wonderful to see these boys jump Suez, and I fancy just where the Israelfrom the top of one of our small boats ites crossed. It is quite cold to-day ; ther(twelve feet above our deck) into the sea, mometer 58°. All is bustle preparing for and dive apparently almost to the bottom posting letters.
WIIness of Mr. Pike, and Return to Cuttack. The following communication, relating to the serious illness of Mr. Pike, will be read with feelings of sorrow and sympathy. To him, as well as to friends at home, the present frustration of his ardent desires must prove a great disappointment; but trying as the event is we must believe that in some way it will turn out for the furtherance of the Gospel.
Under date of Feb. 25, Dr. Buckley, writing from Cuttack, observes : “Man proposes, but God disposes.” hear that our brother was suffering from Such seems to be the lesson of our what was supposed to be fover; but as presont trials and disappointments. You soon heard of his being better, will know that Mr. Pike left Cuttack for nothing serious was apprehended. Again Sumbulpore a month ago, accompanied we heard of unfavourable symptoms, by Mrs. Pike and the two younger chil- which indicated something like a sundren; also by Mr. Heberlot, two native stroke. But an extract from a letter preachers, and two colporteurs. I am of Mrs. Pike to Mrs. Buckley will tell sorry to say that a serious attack of ill- the story better than I can. "We found ness, which appears to have been con- it quite impossible to travel on with my gestion of the brain, has necessitated the
After leaving the return of our friends; and they reached bungalow at Hada Bunga we got over Cuttack this morning.
They went three miles with great difficulty with the nearly a hundred miles on the way, poor invalid, and, without knowing it, when they were satisfied that it was the we pitched our tont close by a village path of duty to retrace their stops. A that had just been deserted through few days after they left we were sorry to cholera. We were obliged to use the
water from their well. We left the place however, add that she had much kind the next morning, fearing for our ser- assistance from Mr. Heberlet in her time vants, but could only get on another of overwhelming anxiety. What a comfour miles; so we had to remain in the fort to think of Psalm lxi. 24"From the midst of the jungle My poor husband end of the earth will I cry unto theo was very ill, and it was quite impossible when my heart is overwhelmed ; lead for us to journey so. I was afraid he me to the rock that is higher than I.” would die. Oh, you do not know what I The scene
now happily much have gone through.” It was a most try- brighter, and it is hoped that dangerous ing position for Mrs. Pike with her two symptoms have subsided; but little children and sick husband in the brother is still very weak. Let us hope midst of the jungle, where none of the and pray that all may fall out to the furcomforts that an invalid needs can be therance of the gospel. obtained; and no doubt she would feel I returned from Berhampore last night like an ancient sufferer—“Unless thy after an absence of eighteen days, but law had been my delight, I should then have not time now to give particulars of have perished in my affliction.” I should, my journey.
Writing on the 3rd of March, in reference to Mr. Pike's illness, Mr. Heberlet states :
The foregoing was penned weeks ago back but determined to proceed and and soon after receipt of your letter. I dismissed the boat back to Cuttack, thus was then in the mission boat with Mr. as he thought offoctually cutting off the Pike and family, journeying towards only practicable means of retreat. We Sumbulpore. Opportunity for posting got on four miles farther on Friday, and letters there was but little, and our two the following morning, when it bebrother's rapidly increasing indisposition came apparent that it would be impossible so discomposed all our plans that I have for him to go on, and that we must turn had to defer writing till this next mail. back. I told him what my opinion was
Of course you will hear, ere you and in answer to his objection that, as receive this, that brother Piko's serious the boat was probably then half-way to illness forced us to turn back when we Cuttack we had no means of returning, had got but half over our journey. We added that I had anticipated this breakstarted on Friday, and he began to be down, and so had given orders privately unwell on Monday. The Monday follow- for the boat to follow us a certain dising he was ill in earnest, and when we got tance. He yielded then, and we set our him into the bunglow at Hada Bunga, on faces homeward, being guided safely Wednesday, he was very weak and bither by the good hand of our God upon getting still weaker from the fever that I believe it would not have been so clung to him, though I think this was well with us had we pressed on to Sumonly a symptom of his complaint, which bulpore. The Lord dealt very graciously I believe to have been congestion of the with us_blessed be His name. brain. He would not hear of turning
On the 11th of March Mr. Pike wrote:You have doubtless heard of my illness We had an exceedingly kind and in several directions. Mrs. Pike wrote,
sympathetic letter from Dr. Harrison, the and, I believe, several others.
Civil Surgeon of Sumbulpore, the other thankful to say I am, I believe, surely, day. He mentions in his letter that though slowly, recovering strength. It cholera had been very bad in Sumbulhas seemed mysterious, as it has been pore; that it had broken out in the gaol, disappointing, that the project of occu- and many prisoners had died. They pying Sumbulpore this year should have were now ordered to camp out some disbeen stopped in this way; but we are tance from the town. I hope Mr. Heberbound to believe (and I trust I feel it too) let will send you an account of the that an overruling Providence has só journey: owing to my illness I feel that ordered it. We shall have more time to I could write but little on the subject. make deliberate preparations for the I began to be unwell after I had been on future. It may be that we should have the boat four or five days, and very risked our healths in going to such a gradually got worse, till it ended in what station (much hotter than Cuttack or Mr. Harrison thinks was congestion of Berhampore in the hot season), with but the brain. For about a week I imagined the meagre shelter of the Dak bungalow, that I did not have one moment's sleep an exceedingly small place, and not in day or night, though I am assured I frethe best situation.
quently dozod ; still my brain soomed to
WILD BEASTS AND SNAKES IN INDIA.
be always working, until I feared I should go mad. Indeed, one night I felt I could not be responsible for my actions, and called up Mr. Heberlet to keep Mrs. Pike company.
I fancy the anxiety in which I have been for several months past, owing to the uncertainty in my movements, the worry of very hastily breaking up home, and the parting with our dear children, the really hard work of removing, &c., has had something to do with my illness. Once on the boat we had rest, and then the reaction came.
Mr. Heberlet may not be writing just yet, so that I will mention a couple of interesting particulars, which I dare say he may mention again. At a spot, not very far from Banki, two of the native preachers came up with a small party (two or three) of pilgrims. One of them no sooner saw our books than he showed himself extremely anxious to possess
them, and they speedily bought eight
Wild Beasts and Suakes in India.
The total number of persons killed in India in 1877 by wild animals and poisonous snakes, was 19,695 as compared with 19,273 in 1876; the total number of cattle destroyed was 53,197 against 54,830 in the previous year; the number of snakes destroyed was 127,295 against 212,371 in 1876; and the number of wild animals killed was 22,851 against 23,459.
The only serious increase in the number of persons killed is due to deaths by snake-bites. Sixteen thousand seven hundred and seventy-seven persons were killed in the year 1877 as compared with 15,946 in the preceding year. Rewards were paid for the destruction of snakes during the past year in the provinces of Bombay, Bengal, the Punjab, and to a very small extent in the Central Provinces and Mysore.
The Chief Commissioner of the Central Provinces (in which Sumbulpore is situated) said—"It is impossible to consider the appalling loss of human life caused by snakes, without re-opening the question of rewards payable for their destruction, especially as an occasion for remark presents itself in the fact that the Saugor Municipality pays rewards for their destruction. Most district officers have either altogether ignored the matter or have passed it by with an expression of regret that rewards have of late years been withheld. The main reasons for their withdrawal were, first, that it was difficult, often impossible, to distinguish between venomous and harmless snakes; secondly, that the instinct to kill snakes was generally so strong that they would be killed whether rewards for their destruction were given or not; thirdly, that to offer rewards might lead to an increase of deaths by people incautiously poking after them; lastly, that snake-killing might become a profession, and snakes be bred for the sake of the reward granted for their destruction.
The view taken by the Lieutentant-Governor of Bengal, Sir Ashley Eden, that deaths from snake-bites occur mostly in and about human habitations, derives much confirmation from the figures of the past two years, which show that while tigers kill twenty times as many cattle as they do persons, snakes kill nearly twenty times as many persons as cattle. Under these circumstances it is obviously useless to pay large sums in rewards to professional snake-catchers who catch snakes in the jungles and bring them into head-quarters. But the President in Council is of opinion that rewards for killing snakes in towns and large villages may with much advantage be given by municipal bodies, with or without help from the Local Government; and the matter is recommended to the earnest attention of Local Governments. By means of such rewards the common people may gradually be brought to destroy, instead of venerating, the snakes that haunt the roofs and purlieus of their dwellings.
The following letter from Mr. Vaughan has hitherto been crowded ont of the Observer. As it contains information of interest, and refers to a somewhat new department of Christian usefulness—the Zayat, or Christian Book-room-our readers will be glad to read it. Mr. V. remarks :
There are several things about which I have agreed to meet me on Saturday could write, but I cannot help but think afternoons from three to six o'clock. that they have been referred to so often Last Saturday evening I delivered a that I forbear to do so. Mud-houses, lecture in this same building, the subject social customs, the novelty of scenery, being, “Jesus Christ: what do we think trees, and other things, may be interest- of Him?” From fifteen to eighteen were ing topics, but I do not care to refer to
present, and at the close we had converthem even if I had time. Cuttack is sation. They asked whether I should much more like England than unlike it; deliver more lectures. I am hopeful that and at times it is exceedingly difficult to good will result from this one, and from believe that one is so far from home. You others I hope to give. 800 to what a degree I have harmonized
Taking everything into consideration, with my environments--but wait until
we have great cause for thankfulness in the hot weather comes.
regard to this new undertaking, and we The number of details with which Con- look forward hopefully to its future. Mr. ference had to deal was something alarm- Miller took the deepest interest in it. Mr. ing, and the intimate knowledge that the
Heberlet has had plenty to do in arrangbrethren had of the persons mentioned ing books, marking the prices at which soomod very great. But I want to say a they were to be sold, and getting overylittle about the Zayat.
thing into the first-rate working order in
which it has commenced. Our stock of Our Zayat—or reading-room—is a pleasant, cool building, on the site of the old
books comprises English, Bengalee, Hinmission chapel. People are passing and
dustani, Hindi, Oriya, and Sanscrit. It ro-passing all day. It is very conveniently
is delightful to be surrounded with them. situated. The roof would be admired in
Then we have one Almirah fitted up England; indeed it an admirable build
with books for reading in the room.
Wo ; ing altogether. When it was first opened
have some good books, but we trust our we had quite a large number of books,
English friends will send us more. Mr. and they are selling very rapidly. There
Hill will let them know how to send are a great number of Baboos who speak
them; the postage is very reasonable English-many more than I expected to
indeed. Natives may come in and read find. In fact a man who only spoke Eng
the Scriptures and other books in many lish would find ample work to do among
languages; but, as I have said, those who these people. They know English, Ben
read English—and they are many-pre
for to do so. galee, and Oriya; but they prefer to
The desire for thoroughly read and speak English. Although I am
good English books is great Do send assured that the number of those who are
us some at once, please. actual members of the Brahmo Somaj is Everybody who has seen this readingsmall, yet almost all who speak English room speaks well of it. It is so inviting profess to belong to that society. There and cheerful that those who come once appear to be very few indeed, from all will be almost sure to come again. The that I have heard and seen, that know white walls are relieved by texts and English and yet retain faith in Hindooism. pictures illustrative of Scripture, which Hence these Baboos have bought many produce quite a beautiful effect. English Bibles and Testaments.
Surely this book-room bids fair. SupI found from conversation with the port it in every way, by prayors, contriyoung men who are connected with the
butions of books, and by money. College that they had only read extracts Mr. Pike is expected here in a day or from the New Testament, and were very two en route for Sumbulpore. May God desirous to read the book itself. Hence, bless him! He has our heartiest symduring the recess, they have met me in pathy, our warmest prayers. From all I the afternoon at the Zayat from four to have heard the fields are whitening six o'clock for this purpose. The Col- already unto harvest. The Lord prosper lege opens to-morrow, after which they him and sustain him on every hand.
Pleasant Reminiscences of Amos Sutton.
DEAR MR. HILL-In the Religious Herald of Richmond, Virginia, for March 6, is one of a series of papers headed “The recollections of a long life. By the Senior Editor," which reports the Baptist Triennial Convention, held at Rich. mond, in 1835. The chief feature of the paper is the record of the visit of Rev. Dr. Cox and Rev. Jas. Hoby, who attended as delegates from the Baptist Union of England, and whose chief object was to represent English Baptist sentiment on the slavery question, after the emancipation of West India Slaves. The report of their proceedings is very interesting, and might well be copied into the Baptist or Freeman, especially as the conduct of the delegation was questioned on their return.
Our dear, ever-memorable Amos SUTTON, and other missionaries, were there; and the famous Dr. Jeter, the Senior Editor of the Herald, says: “The addresses of Drs. Cox and Hoby, Rev. Mr. Sutton, and brethren Jones and 0-ga-na-ye, were excellent, and awakened a profound interest. The speeches of Mr. Sutton, especially, were among the most touching and persuasive of any that I have heard from returned misssionaries ; and it has been my privilege to listen to many." I post to you the Herald from which this is extracted.
Yours very truly, Bradford, March 20, 1879.
What is Zemana Edork ?
The question is frequently asked, “What is Zenana work, or what does Zenana mean?” The word is of Persian origin, and signifies the apartments of the women, and means the same as harem in Turkey. As soon as a woman among the higher castes in India is married, custom requires that thenceforward she shall no more go outside the walls of her home, only on very special occasions. Her marriage takes place when she is still quite a child. From the age of eight or nine years, the women of the higher and middle classes are doomed to a life of seclusion and ignorance. In the outer life the Zenana woman has no part, no recognized position at all. She has no knowledge, nor cultivation. She has nothing to do, so the dreary hours are spent in sleeping or cooking, or making garlands for the gods, or looking at her jewels, or braiding her hair. Many of these women are very religious and extremely bigoted and superstitious. Over one hundred and twenty millions of females now are in India.
By Zenana work, we mean work among the women secluded in their homes; carrying to them, what they cannot come forth to receive, a sound Christian education, with all the blessings which follow. It is telling to these inmates the "sweet story of old,” which brings life, light, and liberty. This work must be done by women; the missionaries cannot do it, because they cannot be admitted. This task is given us to do. Formerly it was a difficult matter to get into these homes, but now they are open to the lady missionary. She wins the confidence of these women, and then teaches them to read, and sometimes shows them how to do various kinds of fancy work, which enables them to pass their time pleasantly. Zenana work is one of the most important missionary agencies, for here in these homes is the stronghold of Hindooism. Some of these women are earnestly desiring knowledge. Doors are opening every day. Let us make haste to open them, and give Christian training, and carry comfort to hearts that are without it.-Women's Foreign Missionary Society, New York.
CHATTERIS.— The Annual Foreign Missionary Meetings were held on March 23rd and 25th. Two sermons were preached on the former day by the Rev. J. F. Makepeace, of Bluntisham, and on the eve of the latter day, the annual meeting was held, the pastor (Rev. F. J. Bird) presiding. Addresses were delivered by the Revs. E. Abraham (Wesleyan), W. Hill (Secretary to the Missions), J. F. Makepeace, and the Pastor. Total amount contributed to the funds of the Society, over £11. F. J. B.