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Virgin and their hatred of the Protestants, by processions, special masses, etc. On one or two occasions there were illuminations of parts of the city. As we at the Monti, were in the very centre of the commotion, our brother Grassi feared a disturbance of our worship, but nothing serious took place. These cries about the Virgin have been remarkably like that of “Great is Diana of the Ephesians !"

As a samplo of the spirit in which we are assailed, I will translate for you a few sentences from the “ Osservatore Romano,” a Roman Catholic organ:-“ We have received, per post, a printed notice published by the Protestants, a notice which was distributed on Sunday evening to passers by, by the Custode of the Methodist shop in Via della Scrofa. This notice says, “In occasion of the so-called month of Mary, and in reply to the calumnios launched against the Evangelicals by the Catholic press, the Rev. F. Sciarelli will give a series of addresses,' etc. Among the various subjects, all referring to the life and most sublime attributes of the Virgin Mary, most holy Mother of God, on which the sacriligious tongue of the Methodist apostate will convey its infernal poison, there is the following: •Mary, after the death of Jesus: her supposed assumption.' The blood boils in our veins, and our hand trembles to read these and similar infamies, with which the placard overflows. If we were to let the pen write as it would, it would write words of fire, even arrows, not words. But we will be calm.” Then follows an appeal to the authorities to put a stop to this dastardly provocation;" and further on the Evangelicals are styled, Three or four most vile charlatans, who, after having sold their souls to the devil, sell, at so much per cent., their blasphemies and calumnies, which are the only wares with which their most villanous shops are furnished.. The writer—and he is, I fear, a good representative of his superiors—would evidently like to roast a few of us. Thank God he has not the power to do this at present.

Notwithstanding all these things we have great reason for hopefulness. Though discouragements and difficulties abound, hope does “much more abound.” Our Sala is near to a densely populated part of Rome, and large numbers of people come to hear the gospel. Our brother Grassi, besides visiting among the people, under our direction, preaches earnestly; and though many of the people who have come to hear have stayed but a little while, others have formed the habit of coming and listening to the end. Besides our regular hearers, I calculate that several thousands, during the last six months, have listened for from ten to twenty minutes or more each to the preaching of the gospel, and, we cannot doubt, but with some good result. Occasionally a priest, in disguise, will come and try to create a disturbance; but, for the most part, the people are respectful, and now and then we hear one and another manifest their approval of the preacher's sentiments by a suppressed, “Bravo! Bravo !” A few persons are asking for baptism, but have not yet been received.

We have not yet ventured to form a church, as church government, before we are capable of hearing Italian perfectly, and speaking freely, would launch us into many difficulties, and even dangers. We hope to be ready, however, for this in a few moro months.

A kind friend, Mr. Colebrook, of London, has undertaken to try to get us a harmonium, and when we obtain it, we have schemes in prospect which we hope will do much to attract and permanently bless the people.

In the opinion of some, qualified to speak on such a subject, there are very stirring, if not stern, experiences awaiting us in the future, and if Italy is to be saved from such horrors as France has unhappily had to pass through, it can only be by the spread of—I do not say Protestantism-but an Evangelical religion. For us, however, hope is in the ascendant. Our brethren in England must not underrate our difficulties, and must not be surprised if, for a time, their pationce is much taxed; but the signs of coming success can scarcely be mistaken. Would that it were possible for you to send us one or two good Bible women !-true sisters of charity! With such helpers we could do great good. “ A great and effectual door is opened unto us, and there are many adversaries,” and the Lord being with us, in answer to the prayers of His people, we shall, ere long, see such a work done as shall make the heart of every ono of us thank God that we have a Mission at Rome. Amen!

from Midnapore. THE following interesting letter has been received by Mr. Clifford from the Rev. J. Phillips of the Freewill Baptist Mission, Orissa. Our venerable brother and his wife, along with Mr. and Mrs. Noyes, were the first missionaries of the above Society to Orissa, and accompanied Mr. and Mrs. Sutton on their return from America. They landed in Calcutta February 6th, 1835. In consultation with our own brethren Sumbulpore was fixed upon as their field of labour, and was occupied by them for a short time. The district then, however, was very unhealthy; Mr. and Mrs. Noyes became seriously ill; and an infant daughter of theirs and Mrs. Phillips died. Considerable difficulty was also experienced in consequence of the district not being British territory, and the station had to be abandoned. In a letter dated November 11th, 1837, Mr. Sutton writes in reference to these events, “A dark cloud is passing over the brightening prospects of that long neglected region. Poor, wretched, degraded, oppressed land. When shall the day of its visitation dawn? Is it to be now ? So I hoped; but it is now hoping against hope.” Forty years, and two generations of people, have passed away since the above lines were penned, but, alas I from that time to this Sumbulpore has never had a missionary to point its dying millions to the Saviour. In the language of the late Dr. Sutton, again we ask regarding this neglected region, “ When shall the day of its visitation dawn ?” Mr. Phillips writes :A certain poet has said,

The Suttons, Laceys, Browns, Goadbys, “He to no noble purpose lives,

the elder Brookses, Stubbinses, and WilWho much receives but nothing gives,

kinsonses have all left us; the greater Whom none can love, whom none can thank, part for the better land, while others still Creations blot, creations blank.

linger in merry old England, and their Now here is a class described in which

worthy successors push on the work, one would not care to be counted; and bound, not only to hold the fort, but to yot, I have long been an abundant

press the battle to the very walls and receiver, but never a contributor to your doors of the enemy's citadel. As yet, we excellent Magazine. If you admit that have no railroads in Orissa, and hence we it is “better late than never,” perhaps see far less of each other than what you will allow me a corner in which to

seems desirable; still, our cause is one say, that in my estimation, the Magazine and the same, and success or defeat in has wonderfully improved of lato years, one part of the field is felt and symand is truly a wido awake, live paper, pathised in in all parts, and co-operation, performing a most important mission, to some extent, maintained. From the and that it has my most hearty good first, our Mission has been largely dewishes for its abundant success. While

pendent on yours for a supply of verit is free and independent, begs no one's nacular publications. The late lamented pardon for, nor is ashamed of being THE Dr. Sutton, when in America, made uso ORGAN of one of the smaller tribes of

of our Mission as an additional plea for our Israel, it is sufficiently cordial and friends, with which, to provide Bibles, courteous to all, comprehensive in its Tracts, &c.

As to the continuance of aims, extending a helping hand to one these grants I am not able to speak and all in need, and ready to every good definitely, but the supply of books conwork. For this I like it much, and also tinues to be on a liberal scale. for its skill and persistence in stirring up The progress of our work in Orissa people to do their duty, their whole duty, has been, and continues to be, what is and doing it at the right time, whether termed slow. But when I contrast the they will or not. May God greatly bless present with the past, the general feeling and prosper the General Baptist Magazine, and sentiments of the people now, both and make it the means of good to many ! high and low, young and oīd, with wbat

It has been my privilege to be asso- existed forty-three years ago, when I ciatod, in labours, with members of your first came to India, I am ready to exclaim, beloved missionaries in Orissa, both of Behold, what hath God wrought!” I the past and the prosent generations- can 800 abundant reason to thank God

66

and take frosh courage. The strongholds of idolatry have been shaken to their very foundation; multitudes are ready to confess and do confess to the utter worthlessness of Hindooism, as a religion, affording no present help, or any good hope for the future; and but for the social tie large numbers would readily break away from the shackles of the hoary system, and profess themselves Christians. As it is, additions to our churches, year by year, are such as should leave no room for despondency, while native Christians are coming to feel more and more the responsibility resting on them to sustain the gospel, and give it to their countrymen. ORISSA FOR CHRIST! is the motto under which, I fully believe, all are bound to labour, though the faith and zeal of some may still be weak.

Truly, “ the harvest is great but the labourers fow.” A Bible school has just been opened at this place, for the proper training of native helpers in the Mission, from which we hope much. It numbers seventeen male pupils, and a female department is being organized for the wives of such of the students as are married, together with other pious young women who aspire to a field of useful labour in the Mission. One Missionary, and an excellent native brother, devote the most of their time (during term time) to this branch of labour, and the wife of

the missionary has the charge of the female department.

New doors are opening in all directions around us, and calls for labourers, both male and female, are far more numerous than we are able to supply. Five of our number are now so far advanced in life that they must soon give place to younger, stronger, and, we would hope, more skilful hands. The health of both myself and dear wife has suffered a good deal of late, and for the past three months I have been laid aside almost entirely from my ordinary work. Under these circumstances we have, with the advice of our colleagues in the Mission, decided to leave our chosen field, and return to our native land, and try the effect of a more bracing climate for the improvement of health. It has been a severe trial for us to come to this determination, for wo desire to remain and help reap the harvest that must soon be gathered in. Still we are consoled with the assurance that this is the path of duty; and while, with the Psalmist, we are enabled to say, “He leadeth me in the paths of righteousness for His name sake," there we can, not only safely, but joyfully, follow. Whether in India or in America, I trust we shall always cherish the same interest in, and, according to our ability, labour to promote the cause of Christ in this dark, dark land. ORISSA, yes, INDIA, and ALL ASIA, FOR CHRIST, being our motto still.

Contributions Received on account of the General Baptist Missionary Society from Audit to

July 15th, 1879. £ s. d.

£ 8. d. Dividends-Gt. Western Canada 14 13 9 London-Miss Rooke, per Mrs. Miller 1 0 0

Gt. Indian Peninsular 12 4 9 Leicester, Archdeacon Lane-for Rome 7 7 0
Adelaide
14 13 9 Leeds, Wintown Street

1 18 6
Queensland
11 15 0 Manchester–T. Horsfield, Esq.

2 2 0 Halifax-Association Coll. for W. &ö. 8 13 1 March

1 1 0 Do. Public Meeting, less exp. 22 12 5 Norwich

0 130 Bridport-Rev. W. E. Davis 0 10 0 Nazebottom

4 12 0 Knipton 13 0 0 Spalding

0 10 0 Kilburn 4 7 0 Thurlaston--for W. & O.

0 4 6 London, Westbourne Park 2 2 0 West Vale-Mr. Horsfall

1 1 0 Borough Road 7 7 2 Wolvey

15 30

General Baptist

Baptist Societies.

I. FOREIGN MISSIONS.—TREASURER: W. B. BEMBRIDGE, Esq., Ripley, nr. Derby.

SECRETARY: Rev. W. HILL, Crompton Street, Derby. II. CHILWELL COLLEGE.—TREASURER: T. W. MARSHALL, Esq., Loughborough.

SECRETARY: Rev. W. Evans, Leicester. III. HOME MISSIONS.—TREASURER: T. H. HARRISON, Esq., Wardwick, Dorby.

SECRETARIES: REVs.J. FLETCHER, 322, Commercial Road, E.,

and J. CLIFFORD, 51, Porchester Road, London, W. IV. BUILDING FUND.-TREASURER: C. ROBERTS, Jun., Esq., Peterborough.

SECRETARY: Rev. W. BISHOP, Leicester. Monies should be sent to the Treasurers or Secretaries. Information, Collecting

Books, etc., may be had of the Secretaries.

The free Baptists of America.

BY REV. DR. CHENEY,

President of Bates College, Lewiston, United States. SINCE October last I have been a European traveller ; and even now I only stop on my way to greet these dear Christian friends—the representatives of the General Baptists of England, or, as we should say in America, the Free Baptists of England. “Why do so many Americans come to England ?” said an Englishman to me the other day. For the reason, I replied, that one visits the old homestead.

This is our fatherland, and you are the father and we are the son. Or to express the thought by a dearer term, this is our motherland, and you are the mother and we are the daughter.

You are Englishmen on one side of the great waters, and we are Englishmen on the other side. We are Englishmen on both sides.

We speak one language; we worship one God; we believe in one Saviour, and we unite in the advocacy of the same principles of civil and religious liberty.

With the exception of the last one hundred years our history is a common one. So that we share whatever is glorious in the record which England has made before the eyes of the world ; and if there be anything shameful in this record—as we must all admit there is—this also must be charged to our account as really as to yours. I mean that if Alfred and Elizabeth are ours in common with you in English History, as we claim they are, so also are Richard the Third and Mary; and we should always be fair enough to acknowledge the partnership.

After wandering a long time over the Continent, two months ago I stepped upon your shores; and I assure you I have felt at home ever since. From my boyhood I have desired to visit England; and it is no dream–I am in England. And as I feel that the ground on which I stand is holy ground, I certainly can do no less than put off, as it were, the shoes from my feet, thanking God for the privilege of so doing.

Allow me, then, to bring you the Christian salutations of those who in America are of like faith with you—the Free Baptists of the United States.

You will bear in mind, however, that I am not a delegate to this Association, I am with you purely on my own responsibility; but I take great pleasure in saying that a brother has been appointed to meet with you, duly authorised to speak for our denomination ; and I hope you may see him at your next session. I refer to President Durgin, of Hillsdale College.

The Free Baptists of America have had an existence as a distinct people for nearly one hundred years; and in round numbers they have

* This admirable address was heard with great interest by the ministers and representatives at the Association, on Thursday, June 19th; and we believe it will be perused with equal interest by the readers of our denominational Magazine.

GENERAL BAPTIST MAGAZINE, SEPTEMBER, 1879.-VOL. LXXXI.-N. S. No. 117.

fifteen hundred churches, fifteen hundred ministers, and seventy-five thousand church members.

To speak of our work,-our first and great business is, as a matter of course, the preaching of the Gospel of our Lord Jesus Christ. But there is another work in which we are engaged-one so closely connected with the preaching of the Gospel that it cannot be separated from it. It is really a part of it; and so by Christians the world over is rightly expected to be performed by every professedly Christian organisation.

This work is that of doing good. Our Saviour went about doing good. And we must do as He did in order to be His disciples. We must give meat to the hungry, drink to the thirsty, take in the stranger, clothe the naked, visit the sick, and go unto those who are in prisons. In other words, adapting ourselves to the times, circumstances, and institutions under which we live, we should always hold ourselves ready, as those following in the footsteps of our Divine Lord, to sympathise with every movement which has for its object the highest good of the human race.

To speak of the work of doing good, as it relates to us as a denomination, I will say that it relates to what we are doing in the Sabbath school cause; in sending missionaries to India; in founding institutions of learning; in looking after the spiritual interests of the people of our own country; in preaching the doctrine of total abstinence from the use, as a beverage, of all intoxicating drinks; and last, and not least, in standing up squarely and manfully for the rights of the coloured people of the United States.

We were early in the field in the cause of Sabbath schools, though some of our churches were quite a number of years in advance of others in the organization of schools. The Sabbath school in America embraces all classes of people as pupils—the young and the old, the poor and the rich, the low and the high-all sitting together at the feet of the Great Teacher to be by Him taught. The interest in the Sabbath school is on the increase in our denomination; and it may truthfully be said that our schools have never been in so prosperous a condition as they now are.

You know very well when it was we became interested in the cause of Foreign Missions; and you know, too, the way we became interested. The time was nearly a half-century ago; and the way was the simple, yet effective one, of your doing your duty to us.

Nearly fifty years ago you said to us, in the spirit of brotherly kindness, and yet in all frankness and faithfulness, that blessed with the light of light ourselves, and having the means to send it, we ought to send to it those who are groping in darkness. I need not say that we received your message in the spirit in which it was tendered, and that we never shall be able to thank you enough for being so faithful to us ; for from that good day when we began to take an interest in the salvation of the heathen, down to the present, God has blessed us in many ways and in large measures.

If, then, we have done anything worthy of mention, in the cause of Foreign Missions, the honour belongs to you—to you, through your faithtul representative, that glorious and sainted man, the Rev. Amos

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