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THE

MISSIONARY OBSERVER.

SEPTEMBER, 1879.

Missionary Committee Meeting.

The next meeting of the Foreign Mission Committee will be held on Wednesday, September 10th, at Friar Lane School-room, Leicester, at Twelve o'clock. Ministers of subscribing churches are eligible to attend.

Northern Orissa Mission. We received some time ago the Forty-fifth Annual Report of the Freewill Baptist Foreign Missionary Society, from which we are pleased to learn that our brethren in Northern Orissa are steadily prosecuting their important work. Unhappily their operations have been hampered and hindered for the want of funds. Upon this point we prefer to let the Report speak for itself, and quote from the introductory paragraphs. They are as follows:

In presenting our friends with another annual report of our work, our prospects, and our wants, the latter suggest themselves to our mind with peculiar emphasis, and we give them a first place, hoping that these necessities, brought prominently before the minds of the friends at home, will bring a hearty response to the present imperative call for funds.

The unexpected withholding of the regular home appropriation for support of native preachers, schools, etc., for two successive quarters, has brought us to the verge of bankruptcy, but, knowing the fatal effects of disbanding our schools and discharging our force of native helpers, we have succeeded, thus far, in sustaining our work in its full proportions, constantly hoping to be relieved before the extremity is reached.

Why this dearth of funds, it is difficult to understand. Certainly, there is no corresponding degree of poverty in the home churches, and the only conclusion at which we can possibly arrive is this, that the money is not wanting, but only the art of getting it. It is, perhaps, true, that “there is no royal road to fortuno," but we are confident that there is a way to get hold of the denominational purse-strings, and most sincerely do we hope that the holder of this important secret will soon find his appropriate sphere.

True piety, untiring zoal, perfect consecration, faith in God, and love for souls, are all vitally essential to the success of missionary effort, but all of these combined, in the absence of commercial coin, are as useless as a locomotive without a track upon which to run, or minus fuel and water.

Efficient native holpers are the strength of foreign missions, and when we soo talented Christian young men entering tbe secular professions because their services

cannot be retained for mission work on account of the meager salaries allowed, we are forced to the conclusion, that it is a mistaken economy which so limits our resources that we cannot utilize all available native Christian talent for mission work, and then tries to supply the deficiency with re-enforcements from home.

The importance of impressing upon the minds of native converts the real beauty of self-sacrifice in the cause of the Master, is evident to all, and this spirit should be encouraged in every foasible way; but we ought not to expect them to show a spirit of self-denial possessed by only the few of those engaged in the ministry in Christian lands.

To make the most economical use of the missionary force now in the field, we should at once double our native agency, and add largely to our other facilities for carrying on the work.

Many a time have we seen luxuriant fields of grain returning to their mother earth ungathered, because, we were told, men could not be found for the harvest; but never yet have we known the man who always had money in band to pay his labourers when their work was done, to thus lose his crops. The world over, missionary writers and journals lament the scarcity of labourers in the great moral harvestfield, and griove over the fewness of those who are ready to enter in and reap; and yet we dare affirm that thousands of loyal Christian hearts, as faithful and true to the Master's cause as any now in the mission field, stand ready to engage in this blessed work whenever there are funds in hand to ensure their support. You cannot find them now; and why? An empty treasury, a heavy debt, no provision for nor assurance of permanency-all return a most emphatic answer. To say that God's work is not dependent upon money, is to say that it is in no way dependent upon human agency; but God works by means, and no more necessary is the missionary to the evangelization of the heathen world than is the money which is to sustain him in that work.

The difficulty of our American friends has been more the want of money than of men, and from remarks in the Morning Star it would seem that if the American Treasurer of the Mission has funds in hand he sends them out to India; if not, the brethren are left to do as best they can. Now, this is a state of things which ought not to exist, and which is as impolitic as it is embarrassing. If brethren are encouraged by a Committee to incur liabilities in doing a certain work, in all fairness those liabilities ought to be regularly met. And, sympathising with our devoted brethren and sisters in Northern Orissa in the pecuniary difficulties in which they now and again find themselves, we shall rejoice to hear that some means have been devised by which the needful funds from America can be sent out with regularity.

The principal STATIONS of the Mission are Midnapore, Bhimpore, Dantoon, Santipore, Jellasore, and Balasore.

The following is a list of the MISSIONARIES, and shows the year they entered the service of the Society. J. PHILLIPS 1836 Miss PHILLIPS...

1865 MRS. PHILLIPS... 1840 Miss S. L. CILLEY

1873 0. R. BACHELER, M.D. 1840 A. J. MARSHALL, B.D. 1873 MRS. BACHELER 1847 MRS. MARSHALL

1873 Miss CRAWFORD

1851 R. M. LAWRENCE, M.A. 1874 J. L. PHILLIPS, M.D.

1865 Miss M. W. BACHELER 1876 MRS. PHILLIPS... 1865 Miss S. O. PHILLIPS

1877 In consequence of severe illness the senior missionary, Mr. Phillips, is obliged to quit the field; but our friends in Orissa were expecting to be reinforced by a missionary and three young ladies—among them another daughter of Mr. Phillips. An interesting feature in connection with the Freewill Baptist Mission is that instead of the fathers there come up the children.

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NORTHERN ORISSA MISSION.

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On the native staff there are six preachers, besides several lay preachers and “workers." The number of members in the various churches is four hundred and forty-four. The different departments of Mission labour include itineracy, zenana work, press, dispensary, day and Sunday schools, normal and training schools. Among the Santals an interesting work is being carried forward ; and, scattered throughout the country, there are about fifty schools, which contain a thousand scholars.

The Mission is highly favoured in having on its staff two properly qualified medical practitioners. For many years Dr. Bacheler has rendered great help among the people in healing all manner of diseases, as well as in directing them to the Healer of souls. In surgical cases he has been quite famous, and has performed more than a thousand operations in a single year. His report for the past year is as follows :

easo. was,

Disease has its laws of change. This is seen by the varying draft on different kinds of medicines, This year quinine and its accompaniments have been in far greater demand than usual, indicating that fever has been the prevailing disease. For the last three years, there has been comparatively littte cholera, only occasional and isolated cases, with no wide-spread epidemic; but, instead of this, fever everywhere, and in an aggravated form. What is here popularly known as “malarious fever,” has been prevailing in a new form for several years. It commenced a hundred miles to the north of us, and, selecting the most insalubrious districts, following the course of rivers, and carefully avoiding the more elevated and salubrious portions of the country, it kept steadily on its way southward. Two years ago it had reached the neighbourhood of the town of Midnapore, but, swerving around our borders, it took up its onward march towards Orissa, spreading to the right and left in its course. The past year it has been raging with great violence along the banks of the Subarnareka, fifty miles to the south of us. Cholera attacks a community, sweeps away the susceptible ones, a certain percentage, but leaves the rest intact; but this fover comes and goes, and comes again, rapidly disposing of the weak, but gradually undermining the strength of the strong, till but few remain.

Passing a tract of country which had been thus affected last cold season, from ten to thirty miles to the east of us, I made inquiries in regard to the ravages of the dis

To my first question, “How many have died of fover?” the answer usually

“From one-half to three-quarters ;" but, upon inquiry from house to house, I would find the proportion much reduced. In answer to the question, “How many have died from this house ?” the answers would run something like this: “Two out of six; one out of five;" “ four out of ten;" and occasionally, “none;" so that onefourth dead would be a fairer estimate. But what of the living? My next question was, “How many have had fever?" and the answer was, “ Everybody.” But when I separately questioned each one of a group of men, their answers vary something as follows: “ Have you had fever ?” “Yes.” “Have you ?”.

6. Have you?” “No;" and so on. But of the affected ones, some were having fever every other day; some once a week; and some occasionally. Some were bloated with enlarged spleen, some with diseased liver, plainly indicating that without speedy relief, in a few days or months, they too, would be gone. Some villages have been decimated over and over again; some completely depopulated; most of the inhabitants dying; a fow, only, baving strength to run away.

The immediate mortality from this fever, though in rare instances quite as sudden as from cholera, is usually by no means so great; but it returns again and again, and finally, after weeks or months of suffering, carries off its victim by exhaustion.

The Government has established charitable dispensaries in portions of the affected districts, which have afforded relief to those within reach, but the masses have not been reached; for when so many were suffering, who could carry the sick for more than three or four miles to a dispensary? A very large majority of the sufferers have been absolutely without relief.

Our dispensary has had a large number of old cases from the country, while the great increase of fover in the city has largely increased the number of our daily

66 Yes.”

patients. So far as our limited means would allow, we have endeavoured to meet the necessities of all cases that may be presented.

Dr. Bacheler has an able coadjutor in Dr. James L. Phillips; and we trust that in every department of their philanthropic and Christlike work in doing good to the bodies and souls of men they will be abundantly blessed. In our part of Orissa a medical missionary would be of incalculable service; and to any man who found his happiness in doing good a fine opportunity is presented of serving Christ and benefiting mankind.

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A Cold Season Preaching Tour. .

BY MR. W. BROOKS.

THE duties of our esteemed brother Brooks, in connection with the Mission Press, are such as to render it impracticable for him to be away for long together. Besides occasional visits, however, to the out-stations, he generally manages to take a preaching tour or two during the cold season. The following letter, which gives an insight into the condition of the people, will be read with interest. TENT BARAMANIA,

short one on the High Level Canal as far (Near Assureswara,) as Jenapore, accompanied by Sebo Patra :

Jan. 28th, 1879. three separate parties of native brethren Having a little time to spare after attend- had left on tours in different directions, ing the Chatra market, I foel disposed to and Sebo was the only brother who could spend it in commencing a letter to you, be spared; but you know what he is and and to continue and finish it as I may has been as an out-door worker. The have opportunity. I think you have been trip was taken partly for a change, and in this direction; and though it is many partly for labour, not having crossed years since, you will doubtless recollect either river for near upon nine months. something of it.

We did not find as much work as we had We are encamped on a very nice spot hoped, the people being engaged in cutunder a single banyan tree. My tent

ting their crops, and at home only at mid(not a very small one) occupies one side; day to eat. At some of the villages we and on the other is the brethren's tent, went to we could not find a single man, chulies for cooking, &c., and lots of room and could speak only to a few as we met

The Kendrapara road runs on the road going and returning. At close by; and being the direct route to one place we were told the men had gone Chandbali

, numbers of up-country pil- to get out of the way of the License Tax* grims are constantly passing to or from assessors, who were in the neighbourthat place, taking advantage of one of the hood. The people are not backward to steamers running weekly or oftener be- have a fling at us in reference to taxes tween that place and Calcutta on their (“ tickas,” they call it), as, being Euroway to Pooree. The “Pioneer” steamer leaves Cuttack every Tuesday for Chand

* According to the recent License Tax Act, bali, with two or three passenger boats ordinary workmen, such as carpenters, joiners, in tow, with accommodation for both blacksmiths, etc., who earn four annas (i.e. Europeans and natives, and generally has

sixpence) or less per day, are compelled to

take out a license before they can follow their a full complement of passengers. The calling. In connection with this, as with all better class of pilgrims engage a cart to taxation, there is a great deal of lying, cheatand from Chandbali, as they are more at

ing, oppression, and bribery; also of bitter

feeling towards the Government and its agents. liberty, and go direct to Pooree without

Being of the same colour as the “conquering change. Yesterday a number of wealthy race," the missionaries and their religion come pilgrims from Lucknow'stayed to cook

in for no little reproach from the people : and eat under the trees we had taken

moreover they are told to go and preach righ

teousness to the rulers before they come and shelter for the same purpose, near a very

preach to them. For the sake of our holy large market we had come to attend. religion it is to be wished that the heavy My first trip this cold season (and for

taxes imposed upon the poor people could be

removed. They "hinder the gospel of Christ." three or four days it was cold) was a -W. H.

to spare.

A COLD SEASON PREACHING TOUR.

381

peans, they think, or profess to do so, that we must have something to do with imposing them. And so, in like manner, they try to make it appear that we must be responsible for the dearness of rice and everything else. They would be Protectionists if they could, so far as to prevent all exports, and in that way keep prices down. The drain on the province for some years past has been heavy, as we who have so many children to provide for find to our cost. But “it's an ill wind,” etc., and no doubt both the producer and the merchant share the benefit of higher rates, though no doubt the latter gets the lion's share.

As far as we were able to judge, the crops had been above the average ; but this was more than we could get them to confess to—perhaps for obvious reasons : the water-rates (tikas) stood in the way, though there is no doubt whatever that they derive immense advantages from the canal. The traffic on this canal is at present very limited; it has no opening seaward, and scarcely more than Public Works Department boats ply upon it. Then the tolls on all the canals are doubled during six months of the year. There is only one lock between Chowdwar and Jenapore, a distance of more than thirty miles. This was my first trip on it. The scenery all the way is very good; and a long walk in the morning was enjoyed by both of us, especially by my companion, who could not get warm without it. Only two markets fell in our way. At Jenapore we had several conversations with a trader from near Cuttack, who had been a scholar in one of the village schools during the time of Peggs and Bampton. He had a very good knowledge of the principles of Christianity, but confessed that he had not acted up to his knowlodge. We tried to show him his duty.

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other brethren. This varied but little from past years, except that we thought there were fewer people present. These festivals are always gala days with the bahus, or young wives, and hundreds of them were being led by their mothers-inlaw or other friends—first to the templo, and then to the fair. The old tumbledown temple has been rebuilt; and whilst we were engaged in directing sinners to the only Saviour, the brahmans were intent at the temple door in making the best they could of the day: so much so, that none of them interfered with us, and we continued our work as long as we were able, with constantly changing congregations. The temple here, and one a short distance from our camp, are the only rebuilt ones I have seen to my recollection for many years. The latter has on it in relief, figures that are disgracefully obscene.

From our camp at Salipore, (23rd to 26th), we visited four markets and two villages, at none of which we strangers. Many years ago these markets were more frequently visited than of late. With all of them there are interesting recollections, both of the living and the dead. On the Sunday, at Lachmabar, wo had a long discussion with a brahman : he thought himself a pundit, and that was reason sufficient for interrupting us. Eventually he quieted down; and on the whole we were pleased with our visit. Being the Sabbath, we did not, as on other days, try to sell any of our books, but gave them away as judiciously as we could.

Moving our camp on the morning of the 27th, we attended Nischintakoilâ market, which to me was now, but not to the brethren. It is one of the largest markets in the district, and comparatively now. Forming two parties at opposite extremities, we continued our work till a good many of the people had left. Angry opposition is seldom attempted; but there is a good deal of stolid indifference in our hearers, which it is hard to touch. Many will continue to listen from the first to last; and if the countenance may be taken as an index of feeling, many may be thought to be convinced of the truth of the gospel of Jesus Christ. Of real good results, alas! we know comparatively little ; but we sow in hope, bolieving that sonner or later results will appear, as is being shown in at least one part of the great field. A letter received while in camp from Mr. Marshall gives very cheering news of good results from the labours of past years-proving the truth of our Lord's words, “I sent you to reap that whoreon yo bestowed no labour :

Our second tour was commenced on the 21st inst., with brethren Sebo Patra, Ghanu Shyam, and Bala Krishna, as companions in labour-attending as usual Paga market on the way to our first camping place. Here we had a very good congregation, and our reception contrasted favourably with that of five years ago. We were listened to with a good deal of interest, and conversation was kept up for some time after preaching Brahmins are often our greatest opposers, but here were unusually civil and courteous.

On the 22nd we went to the bathing festival at Boteswara Bhogabati-other festivals being held at other places on the same day, and doubtless attended by

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