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must feel himself immeasurably inferior to such a performer, and absolutely at

his mercy,

in whose veins runs the blood of heroos, the rulers of the world have become so spiritually enslaved and degraded that one great difficulty in the way of their receiving the evangelical truth is the degradation into which they have sunk, in body, mind, and circumstances.

Much more might be said, but this is surely enough to show that Rome should not be forgotten in our efforts to evangelize the world. If Satan is never more to be dreaded and resisted than when he is transformed into an angel of light; if poisoned food is more dangerous than poison honestly labelled as such; if, as we have been told, “ A lie that is half a truth is over the worst of lies;"—then paganism named and disguised as ChrisChristianity is the worst of all paganism; and if our Lord were here, and were to give His great commission afresh, surely instead of making the city of the Popes an exception, He would say: into all the world and preach the gospel to every creature; but as I once enjoined you to begin at Jerusalem, so now I charge you, before all other places, go to that city “where Satan's seat is," “and preach the gospel to them that are in Rome.”

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And while Romanism is so false in theory, it is, as might be expected, mischievous in practice.

1. It is essentially cruel to those who do not adopt its theories. Millions of martyrs have shed their blood in illustration of this truth. The devilish schemes and machinery, and the indescribablo tortures and butcheries of the inquisition attest it. These have not been merely the accidents of the system, but its natural fruits. The men who have been most cruel to so-called heretics were only so because they were truer to the genius and spirit of their system than others, and Rome has never denounced their deeds, but has openly praised, rewarded, and even canonized the doers of them. Even to-day a Pope that some thought was going to be liberal—as if the Ethiopian could change his skin, or the leopard his spots—metaphorically shakes his fist, and gnashes his teeth; but (thanks for the progress of events under the guiding band of a gracious Providence) the sword of the State is not, in Italy, in the hand of the Church; Church and State are disunited, and so, although the persecuting spirit is there, the power is absent, and the Pope can do little more than frighten the timid, as his namesake, in John Bunyan's immortal dream, is represented as having tried to frighten the travellers through the dark valley.

2. But if Rome is cruel to those she calls heretics, she is by no means kind to those that receive her teachings. Wherever Romanism prevails, there Ignorance, the mother of such devotion as Rome demands, abounds. And not only ignorance, but its concomitants—degradation and beggary.

In the west of Ireland, in those parts of our large towns in England, where Roman Catholics congregate, we see how Romanism degrades and keeps in degradation a people who, but for it, would be noble.

On the Continent of Europe, and especially in Switzerland, the lines which divide Protestants from Romanists are also the lines which divide intelligence from ignorance, industry and enterprise from dependence and beggary, cleanliness from filth, and almost all that is noble from all that is ignoble in man.

Nowhere, indeed, is the degrading influence of Romanism seen and felt more than in Rome, its great centre and stronghold. Men who are the descendants of the most illustrious ancestors,

It will interest us, and be instructive, if you will tell us what are the reasons which have led you to decide that it is your duty to undertake this mission ?

A little more than four months ago I had neither intention nor desire to undertake a Mission to Rome. When the deputation, appointed to look out a suitable man, met me in London, in June last, and said that they had fixed on me, I felt indeed that an hononr had been done me, and the work was not without its attractions for me, yet the predominant feeling was one of repugnance. I was fond of England and English life. The politics and social problems of England had for me a perhaps unusual charm. I was afraid of cutting myself off from certain influences tending to my own culture; and, moreover, I failed to see in myself any special fitness for mission work in Rome. Thus my patriotism, tastes, affections, and interests and I must add my prejudices—all urged me to say “No," to the deputation. But I experienced a difficulty in uttering that little word. It is a difficulty by no means uncommon, but in my case the reason for it was perhaps not so common. I feared that it might be God's voice that was calling me to Rome, and though strange but complete revolution. So changed were my views and feelings in spite of myself that I could find no adequate explanation of the change, excepting such as is expressed in the words: “It is the Lord's doings, and is marvellous in our eyes.” Henceforth, not reluctantly, but with eagerness to go, and I trust in humble reliance on God, I could present myself to the Committee and say: “Here am I, send me."

III. Will you kindly explain, as far as you at present are able, what are your purposes, and the grounds of your hope in going as the representative of the churches to Rome ?

like Moses, when he incurred God's anger at the bush-if the comparison may not be thought presumptuous on my partI was unwilling to go, I did not dare to say I would not, but promised to consider the matter.

Throughout the remaining sittings of the Association I was unhappy. Many friends spoke with me privately, urging me to go to Rome, while I complained within myself: “Why should all my friends conspire to transport me?” But on returning home I talked over the matter with my best earthly adviser, my wife, and we both made it the subject of earnest prayer, as well as of thought; and although for a time my decision was made more difficult by receiving an invitation to the pastorate of a church which had many attractions for me, the result of our waiting on God was that I came gradually to the conviction that I ought to go to Rome, and then the whole bias of my mind, and that also of my wife, were brought over to the side of the conviction.

I will not weary you with an enumeration of all the steps by which I was led to my decision. I will only give a brief indication of the way in which my thoughts travelled.

I had been one of those who warmly approved of the project of a Mission to Rome, and now I felt that some one must go there. I asked myself, “ Why not I?” To this question I gave many answers, but not one of them perfectly satisfied my conscience, and I felt that if the opinion that I was the man to do this work should prove to be unanimous, or nearly unanimous, among my brethren, I should incur, at least, a fearful risk of going against Providence, if I turned a deaf ear to the call.

I devoted considerable time and trouble to ascertain what the desire of my brethren in the denomination really was, and the advice which came to me on all sides, except from my own church, was: “By all means, if you can bring your mind to it, go.”

Rightly or wrongly, I came to the conclusion that there was but one opinion among my brethren: that they wished me to go; and taking this not only as an indication of Providence, but as a pledge of confidence, and therefore a prophecy of success, I resolved that in spite of my doubts as to my present fitness, in spite of attractions elsewhere, in face of the pain I must suffer and give to others in severing myself from a muchloved people, I ought, I would, I must go to Rome. My mind had undergone a

I thank you for the words, “ As far as you are at present able;" for respecting the future I can say but little. I never like to prophecy except in view of all the facts out of which the prophecy is to be realized. It is easy to sketch the design of a building for the proper erection of which there are no materials to be obtained. I must therefore speak in only very general terms.

My aim and purpose are to do at least something—all that in me lies whether little or much-as your representative, to pull down the dark prison-house of Roman superstition, in which so many millions are kept hound, and to bring out the prisoners into the light and the possession of that liberty wherewith Christ hath made us free.

The instrument on which I rely for effecting this purpose is that book which Romanists are wise in regarding as inimical to their system. I hope to spread copies of the Scriptures, and to preach that gospel which is the heart of Scripture, and which I am persuaded only needs to be proclaimed in its grand simplicity to displace much of the false teaching of the Roman Church in the reason and affections of the people. “I am pot ashamed of the gospel of Christ,” &c.

I hope to be the representative of the denomination in its brotherly sympathy, and Christian love, for our first Evangelist, Senior Grassi, and, as occasion offers, enlist other like-minded noble converts in the same work in which he is engaged.

I hope to utilize to the utmost degree possible the premises we have now in our possession on the Monte, that a church of Christ may be formed and built up there, from which the light of Christian truth may radiate as far as the present darkness extends. Of course my first work will be to acquire the

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language; then I shall study Italians, As to the grounds of my hope, I am and endeavour to become conversant not going to Rome to seek my own ends, with Italian ideas.

and so I expect that I shall not be left to I trust I shall be found actively sym- my poor self. I rely on the confidence pathizing with all that is liberal and and the prayers of my brethren in liberalizing in Italian politics, and I shall England, whom I entreat not to expect at least be under no temptation to place too much from me; and as the Lord of theological barriers across the path of the the harvest has so manifestly thrust me people's progress.

forth into this field of work I feel I may I shall hope that by a constant study confidently expect His presence and help. of the people, as well as their language While in humble dependence on Him, I do and literature, I may so Italianize myself Ι

my best-not in rivalry with other Chrisas to fittingly represent the warm sym- tian evangelists, but standing shoulder to pathy and Christian love which you feel shoulder with them in the attack on the for the Roman people, shewing them- strongholds of superstition, I expect to selves in care for their material and find the Psalmist's assurance once more social well-being, but especially in a verifiod: “ They that trust in Him shall fervent desire to bring them to a know- never be confounded." ledge of Christ Jesus the Lord.

We are thankful to state that Mr. and Mrs. Shaw, accompanied by Mr. Cook, arrived safely in Rome on Saturday, November 23rd. The want of space compels us to defer an account of their journey until next month.

Taliboodeen, the Converted Mahomedan. REFERENCE was made in the last Annual Report to Taliboodeen, the converted Mahomedan, who had been added to our staff of preachers. An account of his conversion, by Mr. W. Bailey, appears in the Sunday at Home” for 1877, p. 165. Respecting this brother, who is now in Cuttack, Mr. Miller furnishes the following interesting particulars. He writes :

It may not be out of place here to is, I believe, full of desire to work for mention that our long cherished desire Jesus. He is intelligent, and has a gift to bave a man whose knowledge of Hin- of speaking conversationally or otherdostanee and the Mahomedan religion wise, and has long been in God's school would fit him for evangelistic work of discipline. His being in receipt of among the numerous Mussulmans of

pension does not prevent his being emCuttack and the district is most likely ployed as an evangelist, &c. However, soon to be realized. Sometime before having thus briefly put the matter before the last Orissa Conference a letter was you, it is for you and the other brethren received from Captain Woodhouse, in and Taliboodeen to take counsel from the which he states: “I received a letter, a Lord about it. I have written to Talifew days ago, from Mr. Bailey (England), boodeen, and should you wish to comin which the following passage occurs, municate with him, his address is-Penrelative to Subadar Taliboodeen, late of sioned Subadar Taliboodeen, Raipore.”. the 11th N.I. :—'I have wondered whether The subject of the above was brought he (Taliboodeen) might not be usefully before the Conference, and I was requested employed in our Mission at Cuttack; he is to communicate with Taliboodeen, who, certainly not too old to do some work for in reply, expressed his willingness to the Lord. Would his receiving a pension remove to Cuttack. All who know him from Government prevent his being speak in the highest terms of his Christhus employed ? If the thing seems to tian spirit, knowledge, preaching, and you practicable, you might confer with conversational powers. If our hopes are Mr. Miller, of Cuttack. There are a realized he will form a most invaluable good many Mussulmans there, and there and interesting addition to the Mission would be a good sphere of usefulness staff, and will, I am sure, have the symfor him.' Captain Woodhouse adds: “I pathy and prayers of all the friends of should very much like to see Taliboo- the Mission. deen employed somewhere. His heart

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Concerning Gifts to Charitable Objects.

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QUESTIONS are frequently asked as to the legal aspects of this subject; we therefore print the following for the guidance of our friends :

I. As to BEQUESTS or DONATIONS, of MONEY or stock, to pious or religious objects.

(1.) It should be remembered that the “Act for the amendment of the laws with respect to Wills,” which came into operation Jan. 1, 1838, contains the following section :

1 VICTORIÆ, cap. 26, sec. 94"And be it further enacted, That no Will shall be valid, unless it shall be in writing and executed in manner hereinafter mentioned; (that is to say it shall be signed at the foot or end thereof, by the Testator, or by some other person in his presence and by his direction; and such signature shall be made or acknowledged by the Testator, in the presence of Two or more Witnesses present at the same time; and such Witnesses shall attest and shall subscribe the Will in the presence of the Testator; but no form of Attestation shall be necessary.”

(2.) It may also be worth while to add that Wills executed prior to the 1st day of January, 1838, are not affected by the New Act; but any alteration therein, or Codicil thereto, must be executed in the manner before mentioned.

(3.) What property may not be left by Will.

“ The Statute of 9 Geo. II., c. 36, called the Mortmain Act, is not repealed or altered by the 1 VICTORIÆ, C. 26; and therefore legacies to charities out of real estate will still be void. If a Testator desire to leave legacies to charities, he must take care to make them payable, either expressly, or by ordinary course of law, out of such personal estate as may be applied for that purpose. A bequest to a charity of a term of years, or leasehold property; or of money to arise from, or be produced by, the sale of land ; or by the rents, profits, or other interest arising from land; or a bequest of money, to be laid out in land; or a bequest of money secured by mortgage; or a bequest of annuities charged on land, or rather rent-charges; or a bequest of money, with a direction to apply it in paying off mortgages on schools or chapels; or a bequest of money secured on parochial rates or county rates, or turnpike tolls—is,

in each case void ; and even where no particular fund is pointed out in the Will, for the payment of charitable legacies, and they are consequently a charge on the residue, and the residue consists, in part, of property of all or either of the kinds above specified; so much of the legacies will become void as shall bear the same proportion to the entire legacies as the exempted property bears to the entire residue.”

Therefore all devises of land, or of money charged on land, or secured on mortgage of lands or tenements, or to be laid out in lands or tenements, or to arise from the sale of lands or tenements, are void; but money or stock may be given by Will if not directed to be laid out in land.

(4.) Form of Bequest to General Baptist Societies.

I GIVE AND BEQUEATH unto the Treasurer for the time being of the General Baptist

* the sum of pounds of British money, to be paid within months after my decease, exclusively out of such part of my personal estate, not hereby specifically disposed of, as I may by law bequeath to charitable purposes, and I hereby lawfully charge such part of my estate with the said sum upon trust to be applied towards the general purposes of the said General Baptist : and I direct that the receipt of the Treasurer, or the reputed Treasurer, for the time being, of the said General Baptist shall be sufficient discharge for the said legacy.

If a Testator wishes the legacy to be paid free of duty, he will add the following words to the above form :-And I direct that the legacy duty upon the said legacy be paid by my Executors out of the same Fund.

* Here insert General Baptist Foreign Missionary Society, College, or

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(1.) 9 Geo. II. c. 36, enacts that no lands or tenements, or money to be laid out thereon, shall be given or conveyed for or charged with any CHARITABLE uses whatsoever, unless by deed indented, sealed, and delivered in the presence of two or more credible witnesses twelve calendar months before the death of the grantor, and enrolled within six months after execution thereof in the Court of Chancery, and unless the same be made to take effect in possession for a charitable use immediately from the making thereof, and be without any power of revocation for the benefit of the donor.

(2.) Stocks in the public Funds may be transferred within six months previous to the donor's death.

(3.) This has nothing to do with personal estate when not directed to be laid out in land.




Rev. W. MILLER.—We rejoice to state that our dear brother Miller is, with the approach of the cold season, somewhat improved in health. Dr. Coates, the medical gentleman he consulted in Calcutta, says,

66 An immediate change to England is essentially necessary, and the residence there of not less than a couple of years is equally so.' Mr. M. and family expect to leave Calcutta in January, and all will pray that they may have a safe passage—that our brother's health may be restored—and that, according to his desire, he may again be able to resume his beloved work in Orissa.

Rev. JOHN VAUGHAN.-Letters have been received from Mr. Vaughan from Calcutta and Cuttack, as well as from various ports of call on the way to India. In Colombo a very pleasant day was spent in the house of Rev. T. R. Steven

Mr. Vaughan has furnished an interesting account of the voyage ; but, as more than one description has appeared in the Observer, this we intend to publish month by month in the Record until finished. Our juvenile readers, in particular, will be pleased to accompany Mr. Vaughan on his voyage. From the brethren and sisters in Orissa Mr. and Mrs. Vaughan received a hearty welcome as fellow-labourers in the kingdom of Christ. They are to occupy Mr. Miller's house, and Miss Packer, whose presence and help will be most valuable, is to live with them.

THE REV. PERCIVAL EDWIN HEBERLET, our other new missionary, had arrived in Cuttack, and was, likewise, warmly welcomed. For these additions to their staff the brethren heartily thank God and the Committe, and earnestly hope that others may follow.

THE ANNUAL COLLECTIONS for lighting and cleaning the Mission Chapel, Cuttack,

have recently been held. The English collection was on Sabbath evening Oct. 13, and realized 270 rupees (£27). The native collection was on the following Sabbath afternoon, and amounted to a little more than 70 rupees (£7); which will no doubt be somewhat increased as our native Christians who live in the country, generally send a little to this collection.

BAPTISMS IN ORISSA.—Sept. 1st, four were baptized at Cuttack, three of whom were from Mrs Brooks's orphanage.

TaughT TO SING.—That is a very pretty story which Mrs. Ferguson, of Chumba, tells about the wife of a native barrister of Calcutta whom she had taught to read, and who, under the English lady's instructions, had become a Christian. When Mrs. Furguson had to leave for England, she called to wish her native friend good-bye. The parting was a sad one ; but there were compensations connected with it. “ You are leaving me,” said the now changed Hindoo lady;

you are leaving me still a bird in a cage, but at least you have taught me to sing in it!” It was the same native who, after reading “Little Arthur's History of England,” the first book she had ever read in English, said to Mrs. Ferguson, “I am so glad to have read this story of the rise of your great country-it gives me hope for India!” Here she proved her perception of a fact which many Englishmen, who fancy themselves highly intelligent, altogether overlook. Such writers as the author of the malicious articles in the short-lived Tatler on our Missionary Societies point to the comparative paucity of converts in the East, and conclude that all our evangelistic efforts in heathen lands are being made in vain. They should read “ Little Arthur's History of England.”

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