## The Scientific Papers of James Clerk Maxwell, Volume 1The publication in 1890 of the two-volume Scientific Papers of James Clerk Maxwell, edited by W. D. Niven, was one of the two objects of a committee formed 'for the purpose of securing a fitting memorial of him' (the other object being the commissioning of a marble bust for the Cavendish Laboratory). Before his death in 1879 at the age of 48, Clerk Maxwell had made major contributions to many areas of theoretical physics and mathematics, not least his discoveries in the fields of electromagnetism and of the kinetic theory of gases, which have been regarded as laying the foundations of all modern physics. He is generally considered the third most important physicist of all time, after Newton and Einstein. These collected shorter works, beginning with a paper written at the age of 15, show the wide range of Clerk Maxwell's interests across mathematics, physics and chemistry. |

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### Contents

On the Description of Oval Curves and those having a plurality of Foci with remarks by Professor Forbes | 1 |

On the Theory of Rolling Curves | 4 |

On the Equilibrium of Elastic Solids | 30 |

Solutions of Problems | 74 |

On the Transformation of Surfaces by Bending | 80 |

On a particular case of the descent of a heavy body in a resisting medium | 115 |

On the Theory of Colours in relation to ColourBlindness | 119 |

Experiments on Colour as perceived by the Eye with remarks on ColourBlindness | 126 |

On an instrument to illustrate Poimots Theory of Rotation | 246 |

On a Dynamical Top for exhibiting the phenomena of the motions of a body of invariable form about a fixed point with some suggestions as to the ... | 248 |

Account of Experiments on the Perception of Colour | 263 |

On the general laws of Optical Instruments | 271 |

On Theories of the Constitution of Saturns Rings | 286 |

On the stability of the motion of Saturns Rings | 288 |

Illustrations of the Dynamical Theory of Gases | 377 |

On the Theory of Compound Colours and the Relations of the Colours of the Spectrum | 410 |

On Faradays Lines of Force | 155 |

Description of a New Form of the Platometer an Instrument for measuring the areas of Plane Figures drawn on paper | 230 |

On the elementary theory of Optical Instruments | 238 |

On a method of drawing the Theoretical Forms of Faradays Lines of Force without calcidation | 241 |

On the unequal sensibility of the Foramen Centrale to Light of different Colours | 242 |

On the Theory of Compound Colours with reference to mixtures of Blue and Yellow Light | 243 |

On the Theory of Three Primary Colours | 445 |

On Physical Lines of Force | 451 |

On Reciprocal Figures and Diagrams of Forces | 514 |

A Dynamical Theory of the Electromagnetic Field | 526 |

On the Calcidation of the Equilibrium and Stiffness of Frames | 598 |

### Common terms and phrases

angle angular momentum angular velocity attraction axes axis blue body calculated centre of gravity circle circuit coefficient colour-blind compression conductor corresponding curvature deduced density depends determine diagram diamagnetic dielectric direction displacement distance disturbance effect elasticity electric current electric elasticity electromagnetic electromotive force equal equations experiments expression fluid force acting given green instrument intensity intersection laws light lines of bending lines of force lines of magnetic logarithmic spiral magnetic force magnetic induction mathematical Maxwell mean mechanical medium method mixture momentum motion negative number of lines observations paper parallel particles pass perpendicular phenomena plane polarized pole polyhedron position pressure produce Prop proportional quantity radius rays refraction resistance revolving ring rotation satellites sensation shew shewn solid solid angle spectrum sphere straight line stratum substance suppose surface tangential theory tint tractory tube unit vis viva vortices waves yellow