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The principal works consulted in the preparation of this volume are the following:

LIFE AND OPINIONS OF JOHN DE WYCLIFFE ; by Robert Vaughan, D. D. 2 vols. 8vo. London, 1828.

JOHN DE WYCLIFFE, A MONOGRAPH; by Robert Vaughan, D, D. 1853.

The first of these works is not superseded by the second, which omits many interesting details of the earlier memoir. To the two I am chiefly indebted for the facts of Wickliffe's history, and for the extracts from his writings.

The HistorY OF THE LIFE AND SUFFERINGS OF THE REVEREND AND LEARNED JOHN WICLIFFE. D. D. By John Lewis. London, 1720.

PREFACE TO WICLIFFE's BIBLE ; edited by Forshall & Madden, Oxford, 1850.

HENRY'S HISTORY OF GREAT Britain; 4th ed. London, 1805.

Of this writer the Halle Encyclopædia (Ersch u. Gruber's) says:-" Tho affairs of the church, the inner history of the people, government, manners, commerce, the arts and sciences, engaged his attention to a greater degree than they did that of Hume; and all these he combines in a series of graphic and instructive delineations, the result of his own careful and impartial researches." For the character of the Romish priesthood, and the condition of England under their sway, this author has been chiefly relied on in the present work.

HENR. KNYGHTON, CHRONICA ANGLIÆ, (in Twysden's Scriptores decem, Vol. II.)

HALLAM'S MIDDLE AGES.

ANNALS OF THE ENGLISH BIBLE; by Christopher Anderson, 8vo. London, 1845. 2 vols.

The materials for the personal history of Tyndale and Frith have been chiefly furnished by this work.

MEMOIR OF WILLIAM TYNDALE, by George Offor; (prefixed to Bagster's reprint of Tyndale's New Testament, London, 1836.)

INTRODUCTION TO BAGSTER'S HEXAPLAR New TESTAMENT.

WRITINGS OF TYNDALE AND Frith; (Works of the Eng. Reformers, ed. by Thomas Russel, London, 1831.)

RUDHART's THOMAS Morus, aus den Quellen bearbeitet; 2to Ausg. Augsburg, 1852.

Fox's ActS AND MONUMENT3 ; folio, London, 1641.

BURNET'S HISTORY OF THE REFORMATION ; 2 vols, 4to., London, 1850.

Tue Works of Sir Thomas MORE, KNYGATE, sometime Lorde Chancellour of England, wrytten by him in the Englysh tonge ; 4to., pp. 1458. London, 1557.

The only edition of his English writings. It was published by Rastell in the last year of Queen Mary's reign ; and was dedicated to her majesty, as an important aid to her efforts for the re-establishment of Romanism.

ARCHBISHOP PARKER, DE ANTIQUIT. Brit. ECCLESIÆ; London, 1729.

MEMORIALS OF MILES COVERDALE; London, Samuel Bagster, 1838.

Memoir of Mohes COVERDALE; prefixed to Bagster's reprint of Coverdale's translation of the Bible.

Lewis' HISTORY OF THE TRANSLATIONS OF THE HOLY BIBLE INTO ENGLISH ; London, 1818.

PREFACE TO THE Genevan New TESTAMENT, 1557 ; Bagster's fac-simile reprint, London.

PREFACE TO THE GENEVAN BIBLE, AND DEDICATION TO QUEEN ELIZABETH, 1560; (from the Edition of 1583).

STRYPE'S MEMORIALS OF ARCHBISHOP CRANMER; 2 vols., 8vo. Oxford, 1840.

STRYPE'S LIFE AND ACTS OF ARCHBISHOP PARKER, 1 vol. fol. London, 1740.

Strype's HISTORY OF THE LIFE AND ACTS OF ARCHBISHOP GRINDAL ; 1 vol. fol. London, 1710.

STRYPE'S LIFE AND ACTS OF ARCHBISHOP WHITGIFT; 1 vol. fol. London, 1718.

These Memoirs of the English Protestant Primates in the sixteenth century, were written by their ardent admirer and apologist, himself a zealous High-Churchman. From his representations of the growth of Puritanism in the English Church, and the measures used for its suppression, has been drawn the account given of them in this volume.

Fuller's Church HISTORY; 3 vols. 8vo. London, 1842.
STRYPE'S ANNALS OF THE REFORMATION ; Oxford, 1824.
ARCHBISHOP PARKER'S PREFACE TO THE Bishops' BIBLE.
HEFELE, DER CARDINAL XIMENES ; Tübingen, 1851.

Bishop BARLOW's ACCOUNT OF THE HAMPTON COURT ConFERENCE; London, 1604.

WILKINS, CONCILIA Magnæ BRIT. ET HIB. London, 1737.

GELL's ESSAY TOWARDS THE AMENDMENT OF THE LAST ENGLISH TRANSLATION OF THE BIBLE; 1 vol. fol. 1659.

FULKE's DEFENCE OF THE ENGLISH BIBLE; (ed. for the Parker Society, Cambridge, 1843).

WHITELOCKE'S MEMORIALS OF THE ENGLISH AFFAIRS; Lon

don, 1732

JOURNALS OF THE HOUSE OF Commons, published by order of the House.

TISCHENDORF'S REISE IN DEN ORIENT; Leipzig, 1846.

TRANSLATORS' PREFACE TO KING JAMES' Revision, (Field's Edition, 2 vols. fol. London, 1659), and DEDICATION TO THY KING.

TABLE OF CONTENTS.

PART FIRST.

ENGLAND WITHOUT THE BIBLE

CHAPTER I.

THE BIBLE THE PEOPLE'S CHARTER. Relation of Wickliffe to his Age. 13-18

CHAPTER II.

The PAPAL ARMY IN ENGLAND. The Secular Clergy. The Monks. The
Mendicant Friars.

19-39

CHAPTER III.

COUNTER-INFLUENCES; THEIR INEFFICIENCY. Edward III. The Barons.

Magna Charta. The Universities. House of Commons. 40-47

CHAPTER IV.

THE BIBLE-APOSTLE. Opposes the Mendicant Friars, on the ground of

Scripture. Summoned to Parliament. Argues against the Papal claim
to tribute. Advocates the exclusion of Churchmen from civil office. Be-
comes Theological Professor at Oxford. His teachings anticipate those of
the Reformation.

48-59

CHAPTER V.
THE POPE AND BISHOPS IN THE FIELD. Wickliffe sent as ambassador to

the Papal Court. Cited before the Convocation as a heretic. Scene at
St. Paul's. Five Papal Bulls for his Apprehension. His advice to Par-
liament. Trial at Lambeth. Vindicates the civil and the ecclesiastical
rights of the Laity. Rescued by the Londoners.

60-68

.CHAPTER VI.
THE NEW-TESTAMENT MINISTRY REVIVED. Wickliffe's Views of the

Clerical Office. Labors of his "poore priestes.” Alarm of the Romish
Clergy. Fraudulent Legislation. True Apostolic Succession. · 69–76

CHAPTER VII.
WICKLIFFE ATTACKS THE CITADEL OF PAPAL INFLUENCE. The Catholic

Theory of Communion. Wickliffe's Protestant stand-point. Silenced at
Oxford. Retires to Lutterworth. -

77-84

CHAPTER VIII.
WICKLIFFE'S WRITINGS FOR THE PEOPLE. Originates Religious Tracts.
Influence of his Popular Writings.

85-89

CHAPTER IX.
THE FIRST ENGLISH BIBLE. Wickliffe's previous labors in Bible-transla-

tion. Right of the laity to the Scriptures. His Version made from the
Vulgate. Wickliffe's Death.

90-96

CHAPTER X.
INFLUENCE OF WICKLIFFE's VERSION. England's only Bible for a hun-

dred and thirty years. Its wide diffusion. Rapid growth of the spirit of
religious freedom. Checked by Henry IV. The Lollards. Statutes
against Wickliffe's Bible. Its Character and Claims.

97-105

CHAPTER XI.

WICKLIFFE's INFLUENCE ABROAD. Effect of his Writings in Bohemia.

Huss, and Jeroine of Prague. Council of Constance. Sentence against
Wickliffe's writings. His body condemned to be disinterred and burned.
Execution of the Decree. Increased spread of his Viows in Bohemia.
Bohemian Bibles. Influence of Bohemia on the Reformation. Wick-
liffe's Relation to Modern Christianity.

106-112

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