The Physiology and Pathology of the Mind
"The aim which I have had in view throughout this work has been twofold: first, to treat of mental phenomena from a physiological rather than from a metaphysical point of view; and, secondly, to bring the manifold instructive instances presented by the unsound mind to bear upon the interpretation of the obscure problems of mental science. Indeed it has been my desire to do what I could in order to put a happy end to the "inauspicious divorce" between the Physiology and Pathology of Mind, and to effect a reconciliation between these two branches of the same science. The First Part, resting as it does mainly on the physiological method of inquiry into mental phenomena, will certainly not command the assent of those who put entire faith in the psychological method of interrogating self-consciousness; it must appeal rather to those who have made themselves acquainted with the latest advances in physiology, and with the present state of physiological psychology in Germany, and who are familiar with the writings of such as Professor Bain, Mr. Herbert Spencer, Dr. Laycock, and Dr. Carpenter, in this country. The Second Part of the book may stand on its own account as a treatise on the causes, varieties, pathology, and treatment of mental diseases, apart from all question of the proper method to be pursued in the investigation of mental phenomena"--Preface. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2010 APA, all rights reserved).
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acquired acute afferent nerve animal appear attack automatic become blood bodily body brain cause cerebral cerebral hemispheres character child co-ordinate complex conception condition connective tissue connexion consciousness consequence constitution convolutions convulsions corpora quadrigemina definite degeneration delirium delusion dementia derangement disease disorder display effect emotion energy epilepsy excited exhibited existence experience eyes fact faculty feeling force function ganglia ganglionic cells give rise hallucinations hemispheres human ideational insanity idiots impressions impulse incoherent individual innate instinct intellectual irritation kind less mania manifest matter melancholia ment mental activity mind monomania moral morbid morbid action motor intuition movements muscles muscular nerve nerve-cell nervous centres nervous element nervous system nutrition observation organic element painful paralysis particular passion patient phenomena physiological pia mater produced reaction reflex action relations residua result sensation sense sensory ganglia sometimes spinal centres spinal cord stimulus strychnia symptoms takes place things thought tion tissue unconscious volition
Page 58 - O Adam, one Almighty is, from whom 'All things proceed, and up to him return, < If not depraved from good ; created all Such to perfection, one first matter all, Endued with various forms, various degrees Of substance, and, in things that live, of life...
Page 125 - The motion of our body follows upon the command of our will. Of this we are every moment conscious. But the means, by which this is effected; the energy, by which the will performs so extraordinary an operation; of this we are so far from being immediately conscious, that it must for ever escape our most diligent enquiry.
Page 238 - I cannot praise a fugitive and cloistered virtue, unexercised and unbreathed, that never sallies out and sees her adversary, but slinks out of the race, where that immortal garland is to be run for not without dust and heat. Assuredly we bring not innocence into the world, we bring impurity much rather: that which purifies us is trial, and trial is by what is contrary.
Page 238 - Assuredly we bring not innocence into the world; we bring impurity much rather; that which purifies us is trial, and trial is by what is contrary. That...
Page 64 - And therefore it was a good answer that was made by one who when they showed him hanging in a temple a picture of those who had paid their vows as having escaped shipwreck, and would have him say whether he did not now acknowledge the power of the gods,— "Aye," asked he again, "but where are they painted that were drowned, after their vows?
Page 64 - If an act became no easier after being done several times, if the careful direction of consciousness were necessary to its accomplishment on each occasion, it is evident that the whole activity of a lifetime might be confined to one or two deeds— that no progress could take place in development.
Page 374 - I should infinitely prefer a garret or a cellar for lodgings, with bread and water only for food, than to be clothed in purple and fine linen, and to fare sumptuously every day...
Page 125 - We only feel the event. namely. the existence of an idea consequent to a command of the will: but the manner in which this operation is performed. the power by which it is produced. is entirely beyond our comprehension.
Page 90 - If innate be equivalent to natural, then all the perceptions and ideas of the mind must be allowed to be innate, or natural, in whatever sense we take the latter word, whether in opposition to what is uncommon, artificial, or miraculous. If by innate be meant contemporary to our birth, the dispute seems to be frivolous ; nor is it worth while to inquire at what time thinking begins, whether before, at, or after our birth.
Page 195 - Man is all symmetry, Full of proportions, one limb to another, And all to all the world besides : Each part may call the farthest, brother : For head with foot hath private amity, And both with moons and tides. Nothing hath got so far, But Man hath caught and kept it, as his prey His eyes dismount the highest star He is in little all the sphere. Herbs gladly cure our flesh, because that they Find their acquaintance...