Before the Industrial Revolution: European Society and Economy, 1000-1700 (Third Edition)
The Third Edition includes substantial revisions and new material throughout the book that will secure its standing as the most useful history available of preindustrial Europe.
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activity agricultural Amsterdam Antwerp areas artisans average Baltic Bologna charity Church Cipolla cloth coins consumption craftsmen demand denarius distribution Dutch East Economic History eighteenth century England English epidemics estimates expansion expenditure exports fact factors famine fifteenth fixed capital Florence Florentine florins fluyt foreign trade fourteenth century France French Genoa Germany gold guilds Holland horses important income increase Industrial Revolution innovations investment Italian Italy labor land London Low Countries manufacturing medieval merchants metal Middle Ages Milan million monetary Montaldeo mortality northern percent percentage period Pistoia plague poor Popolazione preindustrial Europe production Renaissance Republic of Venice rich sail saving second half sector seventeenth century ships silk silver sixteenth and seventeenth sixteenth century social Source southern Spain Storia Sweden Table techniques technological textiles thirteenth century total population towns Tuscany twelfth century Venetian Venice wages water mills wealth wool woollen workers wrote