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I. Analysis of Mr. Locke's Doctrine of Ideas, on a large Sheet.
with an Appendix.
V. Elements of Natural Philosophy.
EXTRACTED FROM THE AUTHOR'S WORKS.
IN TWO VOLUMES.
PRINTED FOR C. AND J. RIVINGTON; LONGMAN AND CO.; T. CADELL;
EARL OF PEMBROKE AND MONTGOMERY,
Baron Herbert of Cardiff, Lord Ross of Kendal, Par,
Fitzhugh, Marmion, St. Quintin, and Shurland ; Lord President of his Majesty's Most Honourable Privy Council, and Lord Lieutenant of the County of Wilts, and of South-Wales.
This Treatise, which is grown up under your lordship’s eye, and has ventured into the world by your order, does now, by a natural kind of right, come to your lordship for that protection, which
you several years since promised it. It is not that I think any name, how great soever, set at the beginningofabook, will be able to cover the faults that are to be found in it. Things in print must stand and fall by their own worth, or the Reader's fancy. But there being nothing more to be desired for truth, than a fair unprejudiced hearing, nobody is more likely to procure me that than your lordship, who are allowed to have got sointimate an acquaintance with her, in her more retired recesses. Your lordship is known to have so far advanced your speculations in the most abstract and general knowledge of things, beyond the ordinary reach, or
common methods, that your allowance and ap-
for all that, be as old as nature, and is certainly not the less genuine. Your lordship can give great and convincing instances of this, whenever you please to oblige the public with some of those large and comprehensive discoveries you have made of truths hitherto unknown, unless to some few, from whom yourlordship has been pleased not wholly to conceal them. This alone were a sufficient reason, were there no other, why I should dedicate this Essay to your lordship; and its having some little correspondence with some parts of that nobler and vast system of the sciences your
lordship has made so new, exact, and instructive a draught of, I think it glory enough, if your lordship permit me to boast, that here and there I have fallen into some thoughts not
wholly different from yours. If your lordship think fit, that, bý your encouragement, this should appear in the world, I hope it may be a reason, some time or other, to lead your lordship farther ; and you will allow me to say, that you here give the world an earnest of something, that, if they can bear with this, will be truly worth their expectation. This, my
This, my lord, shows what a present I here make to your lordship; just such as the poor man does to his rich and great neighbour, by whom the basket of flowers or fruit is not ill taken, though he has more plenty of his own growth, and in much greater perfection. Worthless things receive a value, when they are made the offerings of respect, esteem, and gratitude; these you have given me so mighty and peculiar reasons to have, in the highest degree, for your lordship, that if they can add a price to what they go along with, proportionable to their own greatness, I can with confidence brag, I here make your lordship the richest present you ever received. This I am sure, I am under the greatest obligations to seek all occasions to acknowledge a long train of favours I have received from your lordship; favours, though great and important in themselves, yet made much more so by the forwardness, concern, and kindness, and other obliging circumstances, that never failed to accompany them. To all this, you are pleased to add that which gives yet more weight and relish to all the rest : you vouchsafe to continue me in some degrees of your esteem, and allow me a place in your good thoughts; I had almost said friendship. This, my lord, your words and actions so constantly show on all occasions,