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is the same. A grass cutter's wages is the same ; though his Mrs. Pendarves was married to Dr. Delany, with whom allowance is three cakes a day. There are some serviceable it appears she had been long acquainted; the marriage servants, who get four and five cloths* a year. A musket
was a very happy one, and her husband is said to have reman's, or soldier's pay, is ten cloths a year; but he finds him- garded her almost to adoration. Upon his decease, in self, and makes his own powder. The shieldsmen have the same. These soldiers cultivate as much ground as they like May, 1761, she intended to fix herself at Bath, but the for themselves, and pay no tithes. A horseman's pay is Duchess Dowager of Portland, having in early years twenty cloths, who also finds himself and horse.'
formed an intimacy with Mrs. Delany, wished to have her of the chiefs, Pearce says,
near her. Her Grace succeeded in her solicitations, and Mrs. Ras Walder Serlassey is the strongest prince in Abyssinia, Delany now passed her time between London and Buland has of his own eight thousand five hundred matchlocks, strode. On the death of the Duchess, his Majesty, George besides a great quantity belonging to his chiefs, about two the Third, who had frequently seen and honoured Mrs. thousand horses, and above twenty thousand shieldsınen; still Delany with his notice at Bulstrode, assigned her, for her he is as mean as a common Jew, and a great liar; though one summer residence, the use of a house completely furnished, thing is to his credit, he is very mercitul to prisoners, and he in St. Alban's Street, Windsor, adjoining to the entrance is a brave hard fighter.'
to the castle ; and, as a further mark of his royal farour, Ras Gabi has about seven hundred muskets; Guxar bis Majesty conferred on her a pension of 300l. a year. has eight thousand horse, but few muskets. Ras Ilow is On the 15th of April, 1788, after a short indisposition, she not very strong; and Libban has about ten thousand departed this life, at her house in St. James's Place, havhorse. Goga, another chief, is uncommonly barbarous, ing nearly completed the eighty-eighth year of her age. and always at war. Those are the great princes of Abys- Dr. Darwin, in allusion to the elegant and ingenious sinia, who have the whole country in their hands.
amusements of Mrs. Delany, has the following lines :We offer no remarks on this curious narrative, the principal • So now Delany forms her mimic powers, parts of which we have given; but the author, Pearce, in Her paper foliage and her silken fowers; the conclusion of it, declares to Sir Evan Nepean, “your Her virgin train the tender scissors ply, honour may depend upon this to be a real true account, Vein the green leaf, the purple petal dye; and no hearsay whatever.' It will be observed, that this Round wiry stems the flaxen tendril bends, account confirins the much abused statement of Bruce, Moss creeps below, and waxen fruit impends. with respect to the Abyssinians eating raw meat ; and as
Cold winter views, amid his realms of snow, Pearce is declared to be a man not likely to deal falsely,
Delany's vegetable statues blow; we think his statements generally entitled to credit, how
Smooths his stern brow, delays his hoary wing,
And eyes with wonder all the bloom of spring.' ever much probability may be staggered in some of them.
A lady, thus honoured with the society and confidence of royalty, could not fail of often witnessing those amia
ble traits of character for which their late Majesties were so Letters from Mrs. Delany, (Widow of Dr. Patrick De- much distinguished. Of a visit to Bulstrode, in 1779,
lany,) to Mrs. Frances Hamilton, from the Year 1779, by the royal family, ten in all, Mrs. Delany says, to the Year 1788; comprising many unpublished and
•The day was as brilliant as could be wished, the 12th of interesting Anecdotes of their late Majesties and the August, the Prince of Wales's birth-day. The Queen was in
Royal Family. 8vo. pp. 106. London, 1820. a hat and an Italian nigbt-gown of purple lustring, trimmed These letters owe all their interest and importance to the with silver gauze. She is graceful and genteel; the dignity illustrious personages on whom they treat. The memory thing she says or does, satisfies every body she bonours with of their late Majesties, endeared by a long and ainiable her distinction so much, that beauty is by no means wanting to life of conjugal felicity, gains an increased veneration make her perfectly agreeable; and though age and long refrom the contemplation of passing events. George the tirement from court, made me feel timid on my being called Third, while he preserved all the dignity of the sovereign, to make my appearance, I soon found myself perfectly at ease; was a kind husband, an affectionate father, a sincere for the King's condescension and good humour took off all friend, and a truly good man. His illustrious consort awe, but what one must have for so respectable a character, possessed all those virtues which adorn private life, and the three princesses were all in frocks; the King and all the
(severely tried by his enemies at home, as well as abroad.) shed lustre even on the throne itself. Any anecdotes, men were in an uniformn, blue and gold. They walked therefore, that make us better acquainted with such dis- through the great apartments, which are in a line, and atten, tinguished personages, and which confirm most amply the tively observed every thing; the pictures in particular. I estimable character they possessed, must be read with in- kept back in the drawing-room, and took that opportunity of terest by every good subject; by every one who respects sitting down; when the Princess Royal returned to me, and virtue either on the throne or in the cottage.
said the Queen missed me in her train, I immediately obeyed Mrs. Mary Delany, a lady of distinguished ingenuity the summons with my best alacrity. Her Majesty met me half and merit, was boro May 17, 1700. She was the daughwayand seeing me hasten my steps, called out to ine, ter of Barnard Granville, and neice of George, afterwards and fatigue yourself." They all returned to the great drawLord Granville. When in her seventeenth year, she was ing-room, where there were only two arm chairs placed in married to Alexander Pendarves, Esq. a gentleman of the middle of the room for the King and Queen.- The King large property at Roscow, in Cornwall. In 1724, Mrs. placed the Duchess Dowager of Portland in his chair, and Pendarves became a widow, upon which occasioni she walked about admiring the beauties of the place.' quitted Cornwall, and fixed her principal residence in • The King desired ine to show the Queen one of my books London. For several years, between 1730 and 1736, she of plants ; she seated herself in the gallery; a table and the maintained a correspondence with Dean-Swift. In 1743, to ask some questions about the mosaic paper work, and as I
book. laid before her.--I kept my distance till she called me * A cloth is equal to a dollar. Rev.
stood before her Majesty, the King set a chair behind me.
turned with some confusion and hesitation, on receiving so Mrs. Delany was invited to the Queen's house to hear great an honour, when the Queen said, “Mrs. Delany, sit Mrs. Siddons read the · Provoked Husband.' The party down, sit down; it is not every lady that has a chair brought was quite select:her by a King;” So I obeyed. Amongst many gracious things, the Queen asked me why I was not with the Duchess
• Besides the royal family, there were only the Duchess when she came, for I might be sure she wonld ask for me? Dowager of Portland, her daughter, Lady Weymouth, and I was flattered, though I knew to whom I was obliged for the her beautiful grand-daughter, Lady Aylesford ; Lord and distinction, (and doubly flattered by that.), I acknowledged and the gentlemen attendant on the King. There were two
Lady Harcourt, Lady Charlotte Finch, Duke of Montague, it in as few words as possible, and said I was particularly happy at that time to pay iny duty to her Majesty, as it it gave
rows of chairs for the company, the length of the room. me an opportunity of seeing so many of the royal family; princesses on each hand, which filled it. The rest of the la
• Their Majesties sat in the middle of the first row, with the says her Majesty, you have not seen
all my children yet;" dies
were seated in a row behind them, and as there was a space upon which the King came up, and asked what we were talk- between that and the wall, the lords and gentlemen that were ing about? which was repeated, and the King replied to the admitted stood there. Mrs. Siddons read standing, and had a Queen, you may put Alrs. Delany into the way of doing desk with candles before her, she behaved with great prothat, by naming a day for her to drink tea at Windsor Castle priety, and read two acts of the Provoked Husband, which The Duchess of Portland was consulted, and the next day head's parts, &c. ; but she introduced John Moody's account
was abridged, by leaving oyt Sir Francis and Lady Wrong. fixed upon, as the duchess had appointed the end of the week of the journey, and read it admirably. The part of Lord and for going to Weymouth. • We went at the hour appointed, seven o'clock, and were made it very affecting. She also read Queen Katharine's last
Lady Townly's reconciliation, she worked up finely, and ihrough a large room with great bay windows, where were all speech in King Henry VIII, She was allowed three pauses, the princesses and youngest princes, with their attendant la- to go into the next room and refresh herself, for half an hour dies and gentlemen.
each time.' We passed on to the bedchainber, where the Queen stood in the middle of the room, with Lady It was in the autumn of 178.5, on the death of the Weymouth and Lady Charlotte Finch. (The King and the Duchess Dowager of Portland, that Mrs. Delany reeldest princes had walked out.) When the Queen took her ceived an invitation to Windsor, and had a bouse preseat, and the ladies their places, she ordered a chair to be set pared for her by their Majesties. The following is the actor me opposite to where she sat, and asked me if I felt any count of it, as related in one of Mrs. Delany's letters:wind from the door or window ? - It was indeed a sultry day.
* At eight, the King, &c. came into the room, with so much On Saturday, the 3d of this month, one of the Queen's cheerfulness and good humour, that it was impossible to feel messengers came and brought me the following letter from her any painful restriction.
It was the hour of the King and Majesty, written with her own hand :Queen, and eleven of the princes and princesses' walking on
My dear Mrs. Delany will be glad to hear that I am the terrace. They apologised for going, but said the crowd charged by the King, to summon her to her new abode, at expected them; but they left Lady Weymouth and the Windsor, "for Tuesday next, where she will find all the most Bishop of Lichfield to entertain us in their absence; we sat in essential parts of the house ready, excepting some little trithe bay window, well pleased with our companions, and the Aes, which it will be better for Mrs. Delany to direct herself brilliant show on the terrace, on which we looked; the band in person, or by her little deputy, Miss Port*. I need not add of music playing all the time under the window. When they that I shall be extremely glad and happy to see so amiable an returned, we were summoned into the great room to tea, and inhabitant in this our sweet retreat ; and wish very sincerely the royals began a ball, and danced two country dances, to that my dear Mrs. Delany may enjoy every blessing amongst the music of French horns, bassoons, and hautboys, which
us her merits deserve. 'Ihat we may long enjoy her amiable were the same that played on the terrace. The King came company, Amen! These are the true sentiments of up to the Prince of Wales, and said he was sure, when he con
My dear Mrs. Delany's sidered how great an effort it must be to play that kind of
Very affectionate Queen, music so long a time together, that he would not continue Queen's Lodge, Windsor,
CHARLOTTE their dancing there, but that the Queen and the rest of the
Sept. 3, 1785. company were going to the Queen's house, and they should
"" P.S. I'must also beg that Mrs. Delany will choose her renew their dancing there, and have proper music.'
own time of coming, as will best suit her own convenience."
• I received the Queen's letter at dinner, and was obliged On a subsequent visit to Bulstrode, in 1783, we are to answer it instantly, with my own hand, without seeing a told,
letter I wrote. I thank God I had strength enough to obey The King had no attendants but the equerries, Major the gracious summons on the day appointed. I arrived here Digby and Major Price. They were in the drawing-room be about eight
o'clock in the evening, and found his Majesty in fore I was sent for, where I found the King and Queen and the house ready to receive me. "I threw myself at his feet, the Duchess of Portland, seated at a table in the middle of the indeed, unable to utter a word; he raised and saluted me, and room. The King, with
his usual graciousness, came up to said he meant not to stay longer than to desire I would order me, and brought me forward, and I found the Queen very every thing that could make the house comfortable and agreebusy in showmg a very elegant machine to the Duchess of able to me, and then retired.' Portland, which was. a frame for weaving of fringe, of a new The next day the Queen paid a visit to Mrs. Delany, and most delicate structure, and would take up as much paper and begged that all ceremonies might be waived, and that as bas already been written upon to describe it minutely, yet the King and herself might be allowed to visit her as it is of such simplicity as to be very useful. You may easily friends. She also delivered to her a paper from the King, imagine the grateful feeling I had when the Queen presented which contained the first quarter of 300l. per annum, it to me, to make up some knotted fringe which she saw me about. The King, at the same time, said he must contribute wbich bis Majesty allowed her out of the privy purse, something to my work, and presented me with a gold knotting Never a day passed without Mrs. Delany seeing or hearshuttle, of most exquisite workmanship and taste; and I am at ing from one of their Majesties. In a letter, which gives this tiine, while I am dictating the letter, knotting white an account of Margaret Nicholson's attack on the King. silk, tu, fringe the bag which is to contain it.'
Niece of Mrs DelanyREva
we see the characters of their Majesties displayed in the blended with the advantages of royalty; and of George the most amiable light towards Mrs. Delany. She says,- Third, it may truly be said, in the words of Dryden :It is impossible for me to enumerate the daily instances I
"He was a man receive from my royal friends, who seem unwearied in the Above man's height, e’en tow'ring to divinity; pursuit of making me as happy as they can.
I am sure you
Brave, pious, generous, great, and liberal ; must be very sensible how thankful I am to providence for Just as the scales of heav'n that weigh the seasons. the late wonderful escape of his Majesty from the stroke of as- He lov'd his people,-him they idoliz'dsassination; indeed, the borror that there was a possibility His goodness was diffused to human kind.' that such an attempt would be made, shocked me so much at first, that I could hardly enjoy the blessing of such a preservation. The King would not suffer any body, to inform the Sketches descriptive of Italy, in the Years 1816 and 1817; Queen of that event, till he could show himself in person to her. He returned to Windsor as soon as the council was over.
with a brief Account of Travels in various Parts of When his Majesty entered the Queen's dressing-room, he
France and Switzerland, in the same Years. found her with the two eldest princesses; and entering in an
(Concluded from p. 500.) animated manner, said, "Here I am, safe and wel!!", The From Rome, our fair author travelled to Naples, where happened, on which he informed her of the whole affair. The she dashed about until she saw every thing except an Queen stood struck and motionless for some time, till the eruption of Vesuvius, which was not sufficiently complaiprincesses burst into tears, in which she immediately found sant to exhibit its terrific splendour during her residence relief by joining with them. Joy soon succeeded this agitation there. This was really a disappointment, for although of mind, on the assurance that the person was insane that had our countrywoman says, she and her party were not quite the boldness to make the attack, which took off all aggravat- wicked enough to desire an eruption to happen entirely ing suspicion ; and it has been the means of showing the for their amusement, yet, if an eruption there was to be whole kingdom, that the King has the hearts of his subjects. withiu any reasonable space of time, they could not resist I must tell you a particular gracious attention to me on the wishing it might be a little hurried on their
account.' Of occasion; their Majesties sent immediately to my house, to give orders that I should not be told of it till the next morn
Naples we are told, thating, for fear the agitation should give me a bad night. Dow- 'Among the peculiarities which strike a stranger in the streets ager Lady Spencer was in the house with me, and went with at Naples, when he becomes so habituated to the stir ana bustle me to early prayers, next morning, at eight o'clock; and after as to be able to observe any thing, are the odd looking little chapel was over, she separated herself from me, and had a carriages, called Calessi, carrying one or two persons, who long conference with the King and Queen, as they stopped hold the horse's reins, the driver standing behind, and directto speak to ber on our coming out of chapel. When we re-ing the horse with his voice and whip,--the temporary stages turned to breakfast, I taxed her with having robbed ine of an on which the wit of the illustrious native of Naples, Punch, is opportunity of hearing what their Majesties said to her, by displayed,—the moveable shops for the sale of niacaroni, standing at such a distance. She told me it was a secret; but melons, lemonade, &c.,--and the characteristic groups who' she had now their permission to tell me what it was, and then surround them and crowd the streets, in varied but always' informed me of the whole affair.
picturesque costuines. All these carriages, stages, shops, and I was commanded in the evening to attend them at the people, are as fine as gaudy paint, a profusion of gilding, and lodge, where I spent the evening; the happiness of being gay, though often ragged stuffs, trimmed with gold and silver with them not a little increased by seeing the fulness of joy tinsel, can make them. This excessive love of meretricious that appeared in every countenance.'
finery pervades all ranks of persons, and covers all sorts of One anecdote, with which we shall conclude, records things with the most false and paltry ornaments. the singular goodness of heart of the Queen, and her at
Our travellers were fortunate to be at Naples during the tention to those little acts of kindness which are the most carnival, when a masked ball touk place at the royal pa
• It was the first fete which had been given since the resto..One little anecdote of the Queen struck me, as a stronger ration of Ferdinand the Fourth to the kingdom of the Two Siinstance of her real tender feeling towards our dear old friend, cilies; and so much was said and thought about it, that it was than all her bounties or honours. As soon as the Duchess of likePortland died, Mrs. Delany got into a chaise to go to her
« O'Rourke's noble fare, own house; the Duke followed her, begging to know what she
Which ne'er was forgot, would accept of, that belonged to his mother: Mrs. Delany
By those who were threerecollected a bird that the Duchess always fed and kept in
And those who were not." her own room, and desired to have it, and felt towards it as
All strangers were dying to obtain tickets. But as those you may suppose. In a few days she got a bad fever, and only who had been presented at their own courts were inthe bird died; but for some hours she was too ill even to re-vited, and as many most respectable travellers, especially collect her bird. The Queen had one of the same sort, English,- had not gone through that ceremony, there were which she valued extremely, (a weaver bird;) she took it with numbers of disappointinents. Indeed, from one cause or anoher own hands, and while Mrs. Delany slept, had the cage ther, this ball excited a monstrous'commotion, both among fobrought, and put her own bird into it, charging every
one not reigners and natives. to let it go so near Mrs. Delany, as that she could perceive
In the forenoon of the day, the Principe di L-, a Sicithe change, till she was enough recovered to bear the loss of lian nobleman of our acquaintance, came to us in great disher first favourite."
tress, to know if my sister or I could send a bird of Paradise It is difficult to imagine a more delicate compliment plume to a friend of bis, who had been chosen by Prince Leothan that thus pajd by her Majesty to her aged friend. | pold, along with four other favourites, to attend him all the But it was by such acts as these that their late Majesties plumes had been procured; but, alas! Naples did not prohave erected a monument to their memories, wore dura duce a fifth ! In all countries, courtiers worship the rising sun. ble than bress. In them all the virtues of private life were Those only who know something of courts, can imagine the eagerness with which this chase of the paradise plume was con rel with the quality, you may have what quantity of people ducted all over the city on this day, and into how much im. you please at Naples; and accidents very frequently happen portance these feathers rose in Neapolitan estimation. in consequence. One day, a better mask than ordinary paslaughed at myself for the interest I took in the business; and sed along the street, and the crowd, rushing after him, reckit certainly did not arise from any admiration for Leopold less and careless what they were doing, pushed a child under himself, who is a fat heavy looking young man, with white the wheels of a carriage which was proceeding rapidly in the hair and eyebrows, and the thick lip of the Austrian family, line. The poor boy's leg was broken. Some notice, it may from which he is maternally descended.
be imagined, was taken of this affair;—but no such thing. It * Though generally known by the name of Prince Leopold, was neither thought of, nor spoken of, again. Accidents of his proper title is Prince of Salerno. He is believed to be his this kind are, indeed, so frequent at Naples, owing to the father's favourite; and I heard it often confidently affirmed, that frightful rapidity with which carriages are driven, that they Ferdinand intended the Duke of Calabria to inherit only Sicily, do not seem to excite a sensation of any kind. Under l'ancien where he was then resident as viceroy, and that Prince Leo- régime, if an old man was run over, a trifling penalty was ex. pold was to be King of Naples. An absolute monarch may do acted; but nothing whatever could be demanded for the demuch-when alive ; but an absolute monarch-when dead-molition of an old woman.' is quite another sort of personage: and I should doubt the
On the return to Rome, our travellers were presented power of Ferdinand to seat his favourite on the throne, inore especialiy as the Duke of Calabria is said to have a strong to the Pope, kissed his hand, and received his benedic
tion. party in his favour in Naples itself, where Prince Leopold is
His holiness was extremely polite, spoke with much less popular than his father. On this occasion, indeed, chearfulness on common topics ; laughed, took snuff, and the old monarch, weak and silly as he is, appeared to inuch the cut jokes about the weather. His dress must have apgreatest advantage of the twó; for his manners were kind, peared somewhat singular to our visitors:frank, and alfable, while his son sauntered about the whole
He had a very small skull.cap, clapped upon the shorn evening as if half asleep, leaning on the shoulder of one of his plumed favourites, and scarcelý deigning to notice any one part of his head, half a dozen white cambric petticoats, one
over another, all edged with a particular kind of lace, a pair else in the room. * The King is a good-humoured respectable looking old and nothing at all on the other, and a scarlet mantle.'
of scarlet silk shoes, with a cross embroidered in gold on one, gentleman. He was dressed in a plain black domino and hat; and seemed to enjoy the amuseinent from his very heart. While at Rome, no less than two miracles were said to La Moglie also wore black, with a profusion of diamonds. have taken place :Though the wife of the reigning sovereign, this lady is not allowed either the title or state of Queen; for she was the sub- • The picture or statue of a Madonna, placed in a niche ject, before she became the wife, of the King. She was near the Campidoglio, was seen to open her eyes by some created Duchess of Santa Florida ; but is more coinmonly cal- persons who were passing. “ A miracle ! a miracle !” was led La Moglie. She is young and rather handsome.
instantly exclaimed; and all Rome flocked to see-not the The Duchess of Genoa, the daughter of Ferdinand, and virgin who did--but the virgin who had opened her eyes; for her husband, brother to the king of Sardinia, were also present she never repeated the performance. Whether she meant at this ball.' He is very uninteresting, and she very plain, in any thing by it is unknown; certain it is, her wishes, if she appearance; but though apparently far from young, she is so had any, remained ungratified, for 'they were never underimmoderately fond of dancing, as to tire out the most youth-stood; and the only effects of the miracle were, that a bro. ful and indefatigable courtiers.
ken bass-bottomed chair, covered with a white-no-not al• Having now dispatched the royal party, I may descend to ways a white napkin or ragged apron,-with a half-penny the rest of the company, which consisted of Turks, Jews, and print of the Madonna pinned against the back, and a cracked infidels of all descriptions_ghosts and devils—gods and god- plate set on it to receive alms, was put forth at every poor desses – Tartars of the desert, Cossack chiefs, Indian princes, man's door to invoke, in the name of this miraculous virgin, numerous sultans and innumerable sultanas-Greeks, Spa. the charity of all pious Catholics. niards, Duchmien, and Laplanders; a variety of Swiss and • Another Madonna, warned perhaps by the ill success of Italian costumes, and an immense assemblage of fancy dres- her sister image, went to work in a more sensible manner. ses. Every one was masked on entering the rooms; but she spoke to an old washerwoman who was kneeling before none of the royal family wore masks, and as the King himself her little shrine, (which was situated in a recess of the citytook them off from some ofthe earlier comers, the whole com- wall, near the Santa Croce, in Gierusalemme,) and distinctly pany were at liberty to get rid of the unpleasant incumbrance desired to have it newly white-washed, A request so reason-. as quickly as they pleased. There was no atteinpt at preserv- able in itself, and so wonderfully communicated, could not ing character, except in dress; but, in that respect, nothing well be denied. The recess was cleaned, and, moreover, the can be imagined more splendid, varied, or elegant. The frame of the picture was fresh gilt. The greater part of the suite of rooms was extensive, magnificently furnished, bril- population of the city went to see the Madonna in her smartliantly lighted, and splendidly filled. The supper was served ened abode. I did not hear that any body went to see the wain great abundance and variety, on gold and silver, and sherwoman.' seemed to forin no inditferent portion of the entertainment to the Italian part of the company; who not only ate pretty Florence, Padua, Venice, Verona, Milan, crossed the
After quitting Rome, our travellers successively visited pockets with cakes and other portable articles. They did this Simplon, and entered France at Les Russes. There are quite openly, not conceiving that any one would think it several interesting descriptions of these places, and some strange, for it is the common practice all over Italy.' very just reflections on the present degraded state of the One extract more and we take our leave of Naples :
Italian states, under the yoke of Austria. Bonaparte de * Few masks, either good or bad, attend the San Carlo mas: lic buildings, and the general improvement of each parti
voted the produce of the taxes he levied on them, to pub querades; and this is also the case in the semi-hebdomadalcular state; not so the Emperor of Austria, who levies parades in the Strada di Toledo; where no better amusement is to be found than seeing twenty or thirty shabby and stupid the same taxes, but the public works are neglected—the masks pelt each other with spoonsful of whitened dough money goes to Vienna, and the countries are sinking into kneaded into little round balls. There is generally a large ruin. At Venice, our travellers visited the tribunals and enough crowd of spectators on foot ; for, if you do not quar dungeons, which served equally for state trials and prison
ers, and those of the yet more dreaded inquisition,-scenes along another passage and staircase of the same gloomy descripwhich recall the accounts we have read with shaddering tion,
to the Ponte de Sospiri, a bridge crossing the narrow cahorror:
nal, on which one side of the Doge's palace fronts, to the pub-'
lic prisons of the city. It is a covered gallery, with narrow • The three grand inquisitors who formed the supreme gratings in the sides to admit air, crossed by an iron door. council, were chosen from among the famous council of ten Å few paces further on, another door, now walled up, forand the private council of the Doge. They were debarred merly opened into a small chamber, into which a prisoner once from common communion with their fellow creatures; entering was seen no more! He was there strangled, and his and the penalty of their unenviable office followed them even body thrown into the canal beneath. Well might this passage into the bosoms of their families, with whom they were not be called the Bridge of Sighs!' permitted to hold unrestrained intercourse, least they might betray the dreadful secrets of their meetings. Of this supreme
In taking leave of this work, we must observe, that alcouncil the doge himself was never a member. The room in though there is much in it familiar to almost every reawhich it sat was hung with black; and, to increase its gloomy der, yet the fair author's descriptions are and terrific aspect, the powerful pencil of Tintoretto was gant and animated, her observations generally sensible employed to depict on the ceiling various virtues, bearing in and judicious, and her style displays much vivacity. A their hands the diff: rent instruments of torture used by this most agreeable travelling companion she must have been; tribunal. This apartinent is not large; it has only two doors, and there is even much pleasure in accompanying her in both communicating with the dungeons; by one of which the
these. Sketches.' prisoners were brought before the council, and by the other taken away. We descended one of these staircases; it was alınost totally dark, and branched off into several passages at the foot. Here our conductor opened a heavy trap-door, fastened by three or four locks, and having furnished himself
Original Communications. with a light, desired us to descend the steep narrow staircase which appeared beneath it, and then followed us, letting the
(FOR THE LITERARY CHRONICLE.] trap door fall behind him. Its ponderous sound rang through
FRENCH THEATRES. the vaults we were just entering, and struck such a deadly chill upon my heart, that I almost fancied I could form some The theatres in France have long been under the im. idea of the feelings with which they must have heard the same inediate control of the government, and various regulations sound whom fate ordained to be entombed alive within these have at different periods been made respecting them. In dreaded abodes. But I deceived myself! It is not in the November, 1790, a decree was passed, and which still power of imagination conceive the horrors of that moment. continues in force, enacting, that a deciine on every franc Though humanity recoils from the contemplation of these of the price of admission at all places of public amusescenes of cruelty and suffering, where thousands of lives were wasted away in unheard-of tortures; yet, those only who ment, should be collected for the use of the poor,-that trod those regions as the victims of that accursed oppression, is, one tenth part of the receipts. can tell the point to which human suffering can reach. But, It is somewhat curious to find this very tax proposed in even in idea, I cannot dwell on this subject, —-let me hasten to England, to Mr. Secretary Walsingham, in 1986, by its conclusion.
some zealous person, as a trifling compensation for the • This narrow steep stair conducted us to an iron door, immorality of stage plays. If this mischief must be towhich admitted us into an equally narrow vaulted passage, tolerated,' says the memorial, let every stage in London tally dark, which surrounded three sides of the small square
pay a weekly pension to the poor; that ex hoc malo proin which the dungeons are constructed—the fourth being occupied by the staircase itself. Another iron door defended veniat aliquod bonum: but it is rather to be wished that the passage at the further end, which opened on a similar plays might be used as Apollo did his laughing-semel in staircase, terminating again in a vaulted passage underneath
anno.' Extremes meet, and thus we see a profligate the one we were now in. There are four of these stories; the French government acting on the principle of an overlower ones, of course, sunk considerably below the water, righteous English puritan. These are now partly blocked up by the rubbish disuse and The produce of this tax for six years, from 1811 to neglect have happily suffered to accumulate—may it never 1816, a period in which so many extraordinary events again be removed Each story contains three or four dungeons; they open shew to how little vicissitude of feeling the public mind of
have occurred, serves as a kind of moral thermometer, to from the vaulted passages I have mentioned, where neither France is subject, and with what regularity the course of wall above the door. The cells are small and vaulted, amusement has gone on during the Austrian campaign,scarcely high enough to admit of a man's standing upright the retreat from Moscow,—the capture of Paris -and the The walls and roof were lined with iron ; an iron shelf
, and a establishment, expulsion, and re-establishment of the broad wooden board, serving at once for table, chair, and bed, Bourbons. The following is the produce of the duty in are all the furniture they contain. Traces of writing were francs :perceptible on some of the walls, but very indistinct. By the light of our lamp we deciphered with difficulty part of one of
Theatres... these, scrawled up and down on the roof with the wandering
Fetes Publiques band of one writing in the dark.
. When the French broke open these dungeons, one old Concerts.. man only was found, who had been immured in them upwards Pauoramas. of twenty years, and was become hopeless of liberation. He Petits Spectacles... is now, or, at least, was very lately, alive in the island of Zante.
Total........ 455,395 437,503 438,855 485,137| 491,826 497,358 After visiting several of these dungeons, I felt myself so overcome by painful emotion and the want of air, that I From this account it appears, that the year which imgladly returned to the trap-door, and emerged into a purer mediately followed the lieaviest calamity that ever befel a atmosphere. When my companion re-appeared, we proceeded nation, the retreat from Russia, witnessed but little di.
421,381 396,940 408,017| 446,551 449,038 452,635 16,572 16,745 9280
13,383) 13,614 10,487 4859 6401 5450 5443 6675 6013 2707 4170 1994 4763
5922 2619 2599 2341 2713 4362 4945 3953 2387
3551 2613 2511 2221 2795 2741 2635 3636 8608 2710 3877 6397 6470 6516 6420