India: The Dairy Revolution : the Impact of Dairy Development in India and the World Bank's Contribution

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World Bank Publications, Jan 1, 1998 - Business & Economics - 72 pages
Portuguese edition (Melhor Saude em Africa: Experiencia e Ensinamentos Colhidos). Poor health in Sub-Saharan Africa has immense economic consequences. Besides the high mortality and disease rates and the pain and suffering it causes, poor health robs the continent of human capital, reduces returns to learning, impedes entrepreneurial activities, and restricts economic growth. This study argues that despite financial constraints, significant improvements are possible in many countries, as has been seen in Benin, Botswana, Kenya, Mauritius, and Zimbabwe. The book also presents positive ideas on how to make these improvements. Better Health in Africa documents lessons learned and best practices in four major areas. 1) African households and communities need the knowledge and resources to recognize and respond effectively to health problems. Threats to health should be made known and countered through public and private services. 2) Human and financial resources must be used more productively by reforming health care systems. Correcting sources of waste and inefficiency must take top priority. 3) Cost-effective packages of basic health services can do much to meet the needs of households and reduce the burden of disease. Networks of local health centers and small hospitals in rural and periurban areas can facilitate delivery. 4) Additonal funds totaling $1.6 billion a year can help those living in Africa's low-income areas obtain basic health services. Cost-sharing can make an important contribution to health equity and the sustainability of health services. The report emphasizes that no government should delay committing itself to the task, although progress toward better health will vary from country to country and no single formula will apply to all. Better Health in Africa presents action plans and yardsticks for measuring progress. The idea of the core, cost-effective package of health services complements World Development Report 1993: Investing in Health with an operationally oriented perspective on health services. The report also reflects the views of organizations such as the World Health Organization and UNICEF that will work together in helping African countries adapt and implement the report's recommendations. Also available: English (ISBN 0-8213-2817-4) Stock No. 12817; French (ISBN 0-8213-2818-2) Stock No. 12818.

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Candler & Kumar's (1998) India: The Dairy Revolution remains one of the best and most authoritative reports on Operation Flood: 1970-96. Briefly, it praises income-enhancing development programmes as the best way to fight poverty. It goes into some detail on benefits of cooperative dairying such as raising smallholder and women's incomes with benefits for hamily health and children's education, while encouraging ancillary jobs in milch villages. Overall, the report reflects well on the original low-input/low-output Anand Pattern of dairying, which Dr. Verghese Kurien (head of GCMMF and NDDB) resolved must not pit man against beast.
Importantly, the report describes how European dairy aid was carefelyy monetised into productive dairy infrastructure in India - rather than be allowed to decimate indigenous price structures in India. The report also reveals conflict within the World Bank, which apparently led to downplaying the role of farmers' cooperatives and privileging privatisation in the 1991 economic liberalisations. Many lessons were learned from India's White Revolution, and dairy industry development programmes remain important parts of UN-FAO plans around the world.

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Page 71 - Vanjani. 1993. When more means less: Assessing the impact of dairy "development" on the lives and health of women in rural Rajasthan (India). Social Science Medicine, 37(1I):1377-I389.
Page 61 - ... civic' responsibility that makes society more than a collection of individuals.
Page 67 - A Success Story." AsiaPacific Association of Agricultural Research Institutions. FAO Regional Office for Asia and the Pacific. Bangkok. Attwood, DW 1985. "Sociological Aspect of Dairy Development Projects: Report of a Field Study in Madhya Pradesh, India.
Page 71 - Somjee, Geeta, and AH Somjee. 1989. Reaching out to the Poor: The Unfinished Rural Revolution.
Page xvi - For those landless people who own or have been able to purchase a milch animal (a cow or buffalo), it has been a boon.
Page 71 - Sidhu, JS and RS Sidhu (1990). 'Case Studies of Successful and Unsuccessful Primary Co-operative Service Society and Milk Producers' Co-operative Society in Punjab,' Indian Journal of Agricultural Economics, vol.
Page ix - In 1996, it involved 9.3 million farmer-members supplying an average of 10,900 metric tons of milk per day through 55,042 functional village cooperative societies to 170 milk producers unions (MPUs) who sold it as liquid milk and processed products.
Page 2 - ... facilities; an extended milk procurement infrastructure; increased outreach of production enhancement activities; and professionalization of management in the dairy institutions. NATIONAL DAIRY DEVELOPMENT BOARD In October 1964, on the occasion of the inauguration of AMUL's cattle feed plant, the then Prime Minister of India, Lai Bahadur Shastri, spent the night as the guest of a village milk cooperative society near Anand. Impressed by the socio-economic changes brought about by the milk cooperatives,...
Page 56 - For the very poor, education seems to be nearly as important as being able to buy enough to eat.
Page 63 - OF authorities have shown a preference for establishing cooperatives in regions which were far away from the main metropolitan centers thereby avoiding tough price competition with the many small traders near cities....

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