Shelter is Not Enough: Transforming Multi-storey Housing

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Policy Press, Mar 29, 2000 - Political Science - 258 pages
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Estates of multi-storey housing present some of the most intractable problems for urban policy. Many attempts to deal with these problems have either failed or presented poor value for money. Shelter is not enough is an up-to-date evaluation of the issues. It traces the development of multi-storey housing in Britain from its early beginnings, to the period from the mid-1950s to the early 1970s when most of the contemporary legacy of estates was built. The problems in use are examined as are the responses of the authorities faced with mounting technical and social difficulties. Drawing on an analysis of past practice, a 'model framework' is defined which can help to create successful approaches for the regeneration of multi-storey housing. From the experience of the development of multi-storey housing in Britain, its problems and attempted solutions, implications are drawn for public policy, and a strategic approach is outlined which can reform the estates and reintegrate them into the mainstream urban environment. Finally, the British experience is placed in a broader context - the parallel problems surrounding multi-storey estates in Europe, and the contribution transformed multi-storey estates might make in creating more sustainable cities in the millennium. This book provides valuable information for all those involved in urban regeneration - academics and students of housing, architecture and urban studies; development officers, designers and others working in the practice of estate regeneration.
 

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Contents

Introduction
1
The geographical focus
2
Implications of housing form
4
The main themes
7
Forming the multistorey legacy
11
Nineteenthcentury initiatives
12
Outlines of the urban transformation
17
Slum clearance the means
22
Angel I Town Estate Lambeth
131
Economic regeneration
132
The case for plurality
135
Building a model framework
137
Participation
140
Opening options
143
Open design process
144
Technical adequacy
147

Public policy the ends
29
Architectural theory the ideals
32
The context of the legacy
41
Politics economics and housing form
43
The political framework
44
The debate over standards
50
The economics of access systems
52
The utilitarian product
60
Mixed development the hidden option
62
Social stigma and community action
65
The extent of failure
69
The revelation of community
71
Community action
74
Community architecture
78
A new approach to urban development
84
Redeeming the estates
87
The changing framework
88
Diverse responses to the multistorey stock
90
Islington a practice study
93
Hillrise Mansions Islington
96
Bentham Court Islington
97
The government programmes
100
The dominant centre
105
The scope of estate improvement
107
Facets of regeneration
109
The defensible space controversy
113
The dynamite option
116
The major repairs approach
120
Harvist Estate Islington
123
Northwood Tower Waltham Forest
124
Reforming multistorey blocks
128
Social appropriateness
148
Local management and maintenance
150
Social and economic programmes
151
Testing the model
152
Prospects for transformation
155
The problem estates five case studies
158
Market Estate Islington
159
Packington Estate Islington
161
Gloucester Grove Estate Southwark
163
North Peckham Estate Southwark
165
Priory Court EstateWaltham Forest
167
Lessons from the case studies
169
Completing the picture
175
The ingredients of success
182
Ending the estate syndrome
185
Form follows funding
186
New Labour policies
188
An alternative strategy for regeneration
193
Towards the mixed community
195
The place of social housing
199
On broader horizons
205
The main findings
206
Europes problem estates
208
Reflections of the British experience
212
The sustainable city
217
The future for multistorey housing
220
Bibliography
223
Case study research
237
Index
251
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Graham Towers

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