From Africa to Brazil: Culture, Identity, and an Atlantic Slave Trade, 1600–1830
From Africa to Brazil traces the flows of enslaved Africans from the broad region of Africa called Upper Guinea to Amazonia, Brazil. These two regions, though separated by an ocean, were made one by a slave route. Walter Hawthorne considers why planters in Amazonia wanted African slaves, why and how those sent to Amazonia were enslaved, and what their Middle Passage experience was like. The book is also concerned with how Africans in diaspora shaped labor regimes, determined the nature of their family lives, and crafted religious beliefs that were similar to those they had known before enslavement. It presents the only book-length examination of African slavery in Amazonia and identifies with precision the locations in Africa from where members of a large diaspora in the Americas hailed. From Africa to Brazil also proposes new directions for scholarship focused on how immigrant groups created new or recreated old cultures.
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African slaves AHMF Álvares Amazonia Angola Antonio ANTT APEM arrived Atlantic Atlantic Slave Trade Balanta Banhun Belém Biafada Bijago Bissau and Cacheu black slaves Brazil Cape Verde captives CGPM Christian Church códice colonial communities concubine crioulo cultural eighteenth century enslaved ethnic groups female Floup Francisco Fula Geba gender Guiné Guinea-Bissau Havik História Indian slaves interior Itapecuru River João José Joze Kaabu labor Lisbon lived Livro de registro Luís male Mancanha Mandinka Manjaco Manoel Maranhão Maranhense Maria marriage married merchants mid-eighteenth century mill Ministério do Reino moradores Mota ocean Papel percent planters population ports Portugal Portuguese praças priests re-created region São Luís São Paulo settlers seventeenth sexual relationships shrines Silva slave exports slave named Slave Trade Slavery slaves in Maranhão societies Souza spirits spiritual beliefs supernatural TJEM TSTD2 University Press Upper Guinea coast Upper Guinean slaves Upper Guineans West Central witches women wrote