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cerning the said statutes, and take the benefit and privilege of the same, nor correct and punish offenders against her most royal perfon, and the regality and dignity of the crown of this realm, and the dominions thereof, as the kings of this realm, her most noble

progenitors, have heretofore done, enjoyed, used, and exercised.

“ For the avoiding and clear extinguishment of which said error or doubt, and for a plain declaration of the laws of this realm in that behalf;

“ Be it declared and enacted by the authority of this present parliament, that the law of this realm is, and ever hath been, and ought to be understood, that the kingly or regal office of this realm, and all dignities, prerogative royal, power, preheminences, privileges, authorities, and jurisdictions thereunto annexed, united, or belonging, being vested either in male or female, are and be, and ought to be as fully, wholly, absolutely, and entirely deemed, judged, accepted, invested, and taken in the one as in the other."

I blush to overcharge such plain matter with arguments and proofs ; but I trust, that the liberality of those, who themselves stand not in need of them, will countenance and


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encourage every attempt to enlighten others
who may. Dr. Price has said truly, * Our
first concern, as lovers of our country, must be
to enlighten it; and is it not because they are
kept in darkness, and want knowledge, that
mankind submit to be treated as if they were a
berd of cattle? Enlighten them, and you will
elevate them. This is wholesome doctrine,
and if rightly applied, will produce much
good. But I wish daily experience did not
fatally convince us, how grofsly it is misap-
plied and abused. I presume not absolutely
to determine, that the effects of the scholars
imbibing these precepts, are strictly attri-
butable to the intention of the teacher in in-
culcating them. No error nor abuse was ever
attempted to be supported, but under the
cover of fome uncontrovertible general po-

sition. Thus protected, the malcontents of
tents under se the day are taught voraciously to catch at
neral propofi-
tions catch at
every novelty. every novelty, that can throw disrepute and

disaffection upon our present establishment
in church and state, with the intent to weaken,
if they cannot dissolve, the bond of their
union and submillion to it. Every novelist,
every theorist, is now a politician, inform-
ing, instructing, illuminating mankind; and

The maicon

. Price, ubi fupra.


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feldom does the barb or poison within these glittering baits of knowledge and liberality shew its deadly effects, till the wound is irremediable. With all the boasted preferences, Falle policy which our present existence gives us over our known and repredecessors, I find, that about two centuries jectel's ago this fort of political angling was also the favourite amusement of the malcontents of those days ; and whether the shoals of gudgeons were then more or less numerous than at present, certain it is, that there then were, in fome of our predecessors, fufficient knowledge, penetration, and firmness, to detect and reject the flattering delusion. *"Amongst many errors concerning religion, which are currant in this unfortunate age, none is more dangerous or pernitious, than the opinion of such, as are commonly called politikes ; so named, not because they practize true and perfect policie, but because they esteeme themselves, or are of many falsly reputed for prudent and politike men; and, therefore, as the Latin word tyrannus, which at first did fignify a monarche and absolute kinge, came afterwardes, by the abuse of rcial authority to signify only a tyrant, and as in like manner the word latrones signified

• Fitzherbert's Preface to his Treatise concerning Policy and Religion, printed in 1605.

at the first, such as were the guards of princes, and grew in time by their difoyalty to be understood of robbers and theeues; fo also, though the name of a politike doth signify in deede luch a one, as practizes that parte of humaine prudence, which concerneth ftate, and is properly called policy, yet by the abuse of such, as professe the same, it beginneth in all languages to be taken in euil parte, and is commonly applyed only to those, who framinge a policy after their own fancy, no lesse repugnant to reason, than to conscience and religion, change all the course of true wisdome and prudence, and peruert the order of nature it selfe, preferring things lesse worthy before the more worthy, inferiour thinges before superiour, corporal before spiritual, temporal before eternal, humane before deuine, the body before the soule, earth before

heauen, and the world before God.” The same pro True propositions may be so applied to position often productive of persons, times, and circumstances, as to pro

duce the most opposite effects: the same the same per

idea will impel the same individual, according to the disposition or affection of the moment, to the most contrary emotions. I will instance a passage in Dr. Price's sermon, which would probably excite very different sentiments in the breatt of the fame person,

the most opposite effects in

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in the full glow of gratitude for royal favour, in the chapel of St. James, and soured with the loss of place or pension in the discontented congregation of the Old Jewry: *“Civil governors are, properly, the servants of the public; and a king is no more, than the first servant of the public, created by it, maintained by it, and responsible to it; and all the homage paid him is due to him on no other account, than his relation to the public; his sacredness is the sacredness of the community; his authority is the authority of the community; and the term of majesty, which it is usual to apply to him, is by no means bis own majesty, but the majesty of the people ; for this reason, whatever he may be in his private capacity, and though, in respect of personal qualities not equal to, or even far below many among ourselves, for this reafon, I say, (that is, as representing the community and its magistrate) he is entitled to our reverence and obedience. The words most excellent majesty + are rightly applied to

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• Dr. Price's Disc. on the Love of our Country, p. 23, 24

+ The word majesty is not, at least was not always, elfential to express that constitutional deference and respect, which are due to the sovereign; for, according to history, king Henry VIII. was the first of our sovereigns, to whom the term majefty was attributed,

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