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Candians, and others, and hewing the causes of their differences, which he attributeth to the diversity of men's natures, customs, educations, and other such causes, that made them make choice of such or such forms of government.

“ So as of all this there can be no doubt, but that the common-wealth hath power to chuse their own fashion of government, as allo to change the fame upon reasonable caufes, as we see they have done in all times and countries; and God, no doubt, approveth what the realm determineth in this point; for otherwise nothing could be certain, for that of these changes doth depend all that hath succeeded fithence. In like manner is it evident, that as the common-wealth hath this authority to chufe and change her government, so hath she also to limit the same with what laws and conditions the pleaseth, whereof ensueth the great diversity of authority and power, which each one of the former government hach.

“ So as when men talk of a natural prince, The true sense or natural successors, (as many times I have prince. heard the word used) if it be understood of one, that is born within the same realm, or country, and so of our own natural blood, it hath some sense, though he may be both good or


of a natural

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bad (and none hath been worse, or more cruel, many times, than home born princes): but if it be ineant, as though any prince had his particufar government or interest to succeed by institution of nature, it is ridiculous, for that nature giveth it not, as hath been declared, but the particular constitution of every commonwealth within itself; and so much for this first point, which must be the ground to all the rest, that I have to say.”

* « Particular kinds of government are by the right of nations, not by the law of nature ; for it depends upon the consent of the people to set over themselves a king, consuls, or other magistrates.”—The received opinion of the temporal sovereignty of the court of Rome is, that it is a most absolute monarchy. And the characteristic spirit of the late society of jesuits was always supposed to be their absolute and

even blind obedience to their superiors. UnBellarmine's o- less therefore, the glare of truth had been overpinion forced fro:n the glare powering indeed, Bellarmine, who was admit

ted by all persons to have been a very learned man, and by his enemies was accused of being a very artful, intriguing, and ambitious man, as a jesuit would not have broached doctrines, that would have counteracted the credit and esta

* Bellarmine de Laicis, 1. 3. c. 6.


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of civil govern.


blishment of his own order in different king-
doms; or as a cardinal, under the posibility,
or even expectancy of the tiara, would not
have armed subjects with such powerful wea-
pons of freedom, self-defence, and resistance
against absolute monarchy. The application
of these general and fundamental principles

government to the English constitution
my plan will lead me hereafter to consider.

"Civil government (as I have before ob- The art antages served) is an institution of human prudence for guarding our persons, our property, and our name, against invasion; and for securing to the members of a community that liberty, to which all have an equal right, as far as they do not by any overt act, use it to injure the liberty of others. Civil laws are regulaticns agreed upon by the community for gaining these ends; and civil magistrates are officers appointed by the community for executing these laws. Obedience, therefore, to the laws and to magistrates, is a necessary expression of our regard to the community. Without it a community must fall into a state of anarchy, that will destroy those rights, and subvert that liberty, which it is the end of

government to protect.”

* Dr. Price's Discourse, delivered on the 4th Nov. 1789: P, 20, 21,


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to set over t
temporal fo
that it is an
was always

even blind oi
Bellarminc's o- less therefore,
pinion forced
from the glare powering indes
of truth.

ted by all per
man, and by his
very artful, intris
jesuit would not
would have cou!!

* Bellarmi.

tween the dissenting parties, appears to me to arise in great measure from the generary of the propositions, about which they difer.

T. * « In a subject, where truth and error lie so near to each other, divided by a lire ia se many cases not to be discerned without care and attention, and where preingagerrens of interest to one side or the other are apt to to and corrupt the judgment, it is no Worder to find great perplexity in men's nycons and disputes, or that those, who Le in ... to deceive or embroíl mankind, should

sit a field of controversy, in which triere is
.. '•vn for all the arts of fophiftry. Wnie

pin generalities, (as such disputants
.) some truth will be in their affer-
she sake of which they cannot ab-
nied. To this they retreat for
: r they are pressed. By a little

de conclusions they cppose,
refent them as excesses, with
Ecclamation and invective.
of men are thus amused
1 by artificial terrors of

other, the
of sight,


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